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Category
Former Population Estimate

Languages

Language Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
Cupeño small HG medium sedentary no
Cahuilla large AG low seasonal no
Luiseño large HG medium seasonal no
Serrano medium HG low seasonal no
Kawaiisu small HG low mobile no
Western Mono large HG low seasonal no
Chemehuevi small HG low sedentary no
Southern Paiute medium AG low mobile no
Southern Ute medium AG low mobile no
Comanche large AG low mobile no
Northern Paiute large HG low mobile no
Yuma large AG dense sedentary no
Tümpisa Shoshone small AG low mobile no
Yokuts Palewyami small HG medium seasonal no
Central Sierra Miwok large HG medium seasonal no
Esselen small HG medium seasonal no
Gabrielino large HG dense sedentary no
Kitanemuk small HG low mobile no
Maidu medium HG medium sedentary no
Mutsun medium HG medium seasonal no
Nisenan medium HG medium sedentary no
Northern Sierra Miwok large HG medium seasonal no
Plains Miwok large HG medium seasonal no
Salinan M medium HG medium seasonal no
Southern Sierra Miwok large HG medium seasonal no
Tübatulabal medium HG medium seasonal no
Washo medium HG dense sedentary no
Wintu large HG dense seasonal no
Yokuts Yawdanchi small HG medium seasonal no
Yuki large HG medium seasonal no
Yavapai medium AG low seasonal no
Iipay 'Aa medium HG medium seasonal no
Cocopa large AG dense sedentary no
Kiliwa small HG low mobile no
Mojave large AG dense sedentary no
Wappo small HG medium seasonal no
Seri (Comcaac) medium HG low mobile no
Lake Miwok small HG medium seasonal no
Chumash Barbareno large HG dense sedentary no
Chumash Ventureno large HG dense sedentary no
Chumash Obispeno small HG dense sedentary no
Chumash Cruzeno small HG dense sedentary no
Chumash Ineseno medium HG dense sedentary no
Bankalachi Toloim small HG medium seasonal no
Yokuts Yowlumne medium HG medium seasonal no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone small AG low mobile no
Salinan A medium HG medium seasonal no
Baniwa 6000 large AG dense sedentary Riverine
Resígaro 14 medium AG medium sedentary Riverine
Tariana 1500 medium AG medium sedentary Riverine Linguistic exogamy
Wapishana large AG dense sedentary
Yukuna 1000 medium AG medium sedentary Riverine approx 1200 persons within 60-mile radius (Fabre)
Akawaio large AG dense sedentary
Carijona 300 medium AG medium sedentary
Eñepa 3500 medium AG medium sedentary
Makushi 25000 large AG dense sedentary
Guayabero medium HG medium mobile
Macaguan small HG medium mobile
Sikuani 23000 large HG medium mobile
Hodï 300 small HG low mobile
Waorani 1500 medium HG low mobile
Kakua 200 small HG low mobile Interfluvial
Nukak 300 small HG low mobile Interfluvial
Dâw 100 small HG low mobile Interfluvial currently live in a single small community
Hup 1500 medium HG low mobile Interfluvial Clan exogamy
Nadëb/Rio Negro dialect small HG low mobile Interfluvial
Nadëb/Roçado dialect small HG low mobile Interfluvial
Yuhup 400 small HG low mobile Interfluvial Clan exogamy
Cubeo 6150 large AG medium sedentary Riverine Phratric exogamy used as lingua franca
Desano 1800 medium AG medium sedentary Small rivers Linguistic exogamy
Tukano 2000 medium AG medium sedentary Riverine Linguistic exogamy used as lingua franca
Kotiria 1000 medium AG medium sedentary Riverine Linguistic exogamy
Maihiki 300 medium AG medium sedentary
Nheengatu 8000 large AG dense sedentary Riverine exclusively the product of language shift
Ninam 600 medium HG medium seasonal Interfluvial
Sanumá 5000 large HG medium seasonal Interfluvial
Yanomam 9000 large HG medium seasonal Interfluvial
Yanomami 18000 large HG medium seasonal Interfluvial
Bardi large HG medium seasonal no
Nyulnyul medium HG medium seasonal no
Nimanburru small HG dense sedentary no
Yawuru large HG medium sedentary yes
Jabirr-Jabirr small HG medium seasonal no
Wardaman large HG low mobile
Bunuba medium HG low mobile no
Gooniyandi small HG low mobile yes
Kija medium HG low mobile unknown
Miriwung medium HG low mobile unknown
Jingulu medium HG low mobile
Ngumbarl small HG dense sedentary yes
Nyikina large HG medium seasonal yes
Warrwa small HG medium seasonal yes
Jawi small HG medium seasonal yes
Diyari medium HG medium mobile yes
Mithaka small HG low mobile yes
Ngamini medium HG low mobile yes
Nhirrpi small HG low mobile yes
Pirriya small HG low mobile yes
Pitta-Pitta medium HG low mobile yes
Wangkayutyuru small HG low mobile yes
Yandruwandha large HG low mobile yes
Yarluyandi small HG low mobile yes
Yawarrawarrka small HG low mobile yes
Karajarri medium HG low mobile yes
Mangala small HG medium mobile no
Northern Nyangumarta small HG medium mobile no
Nyangumarta medium HG low mobile no
Ngarluma medium HG medium mobile unknown
Gurindji medium HG medium mobile no
Jaru medium HG low mobile unknown
Mudburra medium HG low mobile
Walmajarri large HG low mobile unknown
Warlpiri large HG low mobile no
Paakantyi medium HG medium mobile yes
Kuuk Thaayorre large HG medium mobile
Yidiny large HG dense mobile
Malyangapa small HG low mobile yes
Dhangu small HG dense mobile yes
Djinang medium HG dense mobile yes
Gupapuyngu large HG dense mobile yes
Ritharrngu medium HG dense mobile yes
Gunin small HG low mobile
Ngarinyin large HG medium mobile no
Unggumi small HG low mobile
Worrorra large HG medium mobile no
Wunambal small HG low mobile yes
Northern Mangarla small HG medium mobile
Gajirrabeng small HG low mobile unknown
Djapu small HG dense mobile yes
Yan-nhangu small HG dense mobile yes
Burarra large HG dense mobile yes
Rembarrnga medium HG medium mobile
Ngandi small HG dense mobile yes
Wubuy medium HG dense mobile yes
Yir-Yoront large HG medium mobile
Kurtjar medium HG low mobile
Wik Ngathan medium HG low mobile
Uw-Olkol medium HG low mobile
Uw-Oykangand medium HG low mobile
Pakanh small HG low mobile
Kuku-Thaypan medium HG medium mobile
Kuku-Yalanji large HG medium mobile
Mbabaram small HG low mobile
Tjaapukay medium HG low mobile
Guugu-Yimidhirr medium HG medium mobile
Arabana small HG low mobile yes
Dhuwal large HG dense mobile yes
Dhuwala medium HG dense mobile yes
DiyariREU medium HG medium mobile yes
Djambarrpuyngu large HG dense mobile
Rirratjingu medium HG medium seasonal yes
Gumatj large HG dense seasonal yes
Dhay’yi small HG dense seasonal yes
Koko-Bera small HG low mobile
Makiritare 6000 large AG medium sedentary