cut/hack

Semantic Field
impact
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cortar
Meaning Portuguese
cortar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone -ka7ah "to cut something flexible (sg obj), inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -wek- inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok Te:/p- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi cikwy/ inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7iwawan inheritance Klar 1977:17 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7iwawan inheritance Klar 1977:17 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno 7ywy inheritance Klar 1977:17 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7ywy inheritance Klar 1977:17 Jane Hill
Cocopa cuka/T, 7u:ka/T inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche tykyry (with teeth or sharp edge) inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño ngeti-0 [ŋəti] unknown Jane Hill
Gabrielino 7ara:ke- “rajar” inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa aakatt [aˑˈqat] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu ko7o- “as with knife” inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa qhat, t-qhat-u, qhaw inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk ngychk inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ka/awa unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño woki- inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu wyk'y/s, wyk'y/t unknown Jane Hill
Mojave akyet= (into slices) inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun wa/ra/y! Cut! (w/ knife) unknown O77:102, 136 Jane Hill
Nisenan syk'2lk'2l inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute -ka7a (requires IP) inheritance Thornes 03:324 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok te:py- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok tep:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A e/ck'waL (A only) “cut, saw, hit”; unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) caactim unknown Jane Hill
Serrano cing-kin (cut up as fruit) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute qap:i-, qavi- “to cut (e.g. w/ point, knife)” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok te:p- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute chikevi'na unknown Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tyttyy7in-at inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tsikka7ah (flexible object) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo T'ak'i7 “cut, mow” inheritance Jane Hill
Washo -a:k'im unknown J1958:199 Jane Hill
Western Mono wi/qobi- “chop up”, inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu taka;, takca loan Jane Hill
Yavapai kYa/t (requires prefix for Instr) inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne k'iT'i “to cut” unknown N44W, N 1964 Jane Hill
Yuki ta,y- “cut1” inheritance K1911:Voc Jane Hill
Yuma akye/T H6:148 cut off piece inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa tákhaa, matáka, aakeapíta tákhaa, matáka, aakeapíta inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona akotərɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo burayʉ; cotʉteyʉ; cotʉvayʉ; peopeyʉ; totarĩ burayʉ: totayʉ; tuitóyʉ; tʉtoyʉ; nainóñʉ ('to cut a tree with a machete') buɾajɨ; kotɨtejɨ unknown; doubtful loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw teés [hack], rõk [saw], xʉʉ́t [cut through/off] těʃ, hɔ̃k, xɨ̌t unknown; inheritance; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano wíri-ri (with a machete or knife); tabe-ri (to hack firewood with a machete or axe) wíɾi-ɾi unique See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -ɨkɨtə- (IDS) -ɨkɨtə- (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï wohtai'ta unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani ẽõ to unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup kɨt-, hɔ̃k- kɨt-, ~hɔk- inheritance; inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Kakua bûd, ʔib2 (H&R) unknown; inheritance See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Makushi yaʔtɨ (IDS) yaʔtɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu munuka, yapina munuka, japina inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam pahatra, manɨ (EM72) pahatɾa, manɨ unknown; inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Nukak ʔiibm3 inheritance See Language page Lauren Franklin
Maihiki titoyi, jɨyeyi titoji, xɨjeji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon aketi, kitiuma, charamo, ewanka (A1981); akütü (M2000) aketi, kitiuma, tʃaɾamo, ewanka, (A1981) inheritance; unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro kio?-khú (cut in a half), seu?-khú (cut small things), tuu-khú (cut big things) kioʔ-kʰú (cut in a half), seuʔ-kʰú (cut small things), tuu-kʰú (cut big things) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá nasi to, pati (EM72) nasi to, pati unique; unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani ukúta, nikáta (ka-xiúta, etc. thá:ba 'despedazar' - 'cut into pieces') doubtful loan Carib, cf. Eñepa -ɨkɨtə- See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana písa písa unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano dɨtê dɨtê inheritance See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria be; ~kha; yʉ'so; to cut open: waye kʰã; jʉʔsó; wajé unique See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam paka, manɨ paka, manɨ unknown; inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami hanɨ-aɨ, hanɨpraɨ hanɨ-aɨ, hanɨpɾaɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna mata'akaje mataʔakahe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup hɔ̃k, tǝc ~hɔk, tǝc inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Gajirrabeng gad inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji kataj pa- loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
Kija kaj- inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung gad inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri junga- inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua í:hu, wítʃuéda í:hu, wítʃuéda unknown; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco bacáidaca, dalúaca, wichùaca, íríaca, màchawìaca bakáidaka, dalúaka, witʃùaka, íríaka, màtʃawìaka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari ta-rhú ta-rhú See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero kétsu(a), tsiúka kétsu(a), tsiúka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare tʃátika, yakara tʃátika, jakara See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana čʰuuta-n čʰuuta-n unknown Possibly inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wayuu ačoto-waa See Language page PLE Without a chopping action. ašoʔta, is with a chopping movement/action.
Paresi aikotya aikotya; irikotya inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Ignaciano -'ečuka See Language page PLE Also -'ečatika; -'ečatirika.
Trinitario ečtiko See Language page PLE To 'slice' is -yučtiko.
Baure ašok- aʃok- inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá tuka ~ ɨtuka tuka ~ ɨtuka inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cha'palaa 'wan-nu; 'wane-'ke-nu See Language page PLE Also 'daa-'pu-nu.
Bora kʷá-ʔtaʔɨ́nï, tó-iʔyánʸï (several others very similar) kʷá-ʔtaʔɨ́nɯ, tó-iʔjánʲɯ unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane gáβɨ́rɨ́ɨ́ku-ʔi, kíttɨ-ʔi, tútúku-ʔi gáβɨ́rɨ́ɨ́ku-ʔi, kíttɨ-ʔi, tútúku-ʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio agɨdɨ a'gɨdɨ inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai ihkohnõko ihkohnõko inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana oko, akët oko, akǝt inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó ahkë(të) ahkǝ(tǝ) inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare čūhiya-dɨ; yaʔka-dɨ (IDS) čūhiya-dɨ; yaʔka-dɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo enu'sapë'bë enu'sapɛ'bɛ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai wɨ-hkoto-∅,w-aama-∅ wɨ-hkoto-∅,w-aama-∅ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari -erekyty- -erekɨtɨ- See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yabarana 'wɜɾe ʝake'teɾi, ʝake'tɨɾi (I cut) See Language page Ana Paula B., John Blaha
Yukpa junko, jujko, jütkapo, kámpsimak, kántimak, narek, nariksi, pensusku, punku, sujti, sujtipi, sukté, sukti, tetke, tukje, tukte, tarik, tukesi, utitpo See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca zemascasuca tʂemaskasuka See Language page Daniel Valle
Barí aɨgdaḳan See Language page PLE Colombia: ʔadyikaynə.
Northern Emberá kṍi kṍi See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Epena tʰɨɨ-; tʰɨa-pʰe- See Language page PLE Latter is 'cut-instrument'.
Guayabero tasíapa doubtful loan see Candoshi, Jivaroan See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Macaguan ukápet doubtful loan Carib See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cuiva tʰába cortar, cut Huber & Reed 1992:329 Rebecca Khorram
Playero ukubabáne ('picar' - 'mince', ukúta, ka-híaka) See Language page Rebecca Khorram
Cofán chhiyiye, chattuye tʃhijijɛ, tʃathɯjɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra tsópamaama (~ meat), tapósimaama (~ skin), kpómaama (~ until skin/tree bleeds) tsópamaama, tapósimaama, kpómaama loan, direction unknown Jivaroan See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro avanta' quei'co awandaʔ qɨiʔko See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez gueca, pasha, tuguec geka, pasha, tugek See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2na3che4xe3 (A58) nanatʃeʔe unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina saï saʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa xatɨtɕána xatɨtɕána See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke ʌafo (to saw) ʌaɸo (to saw) loan, direction unknown Ocaina aaßo See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé kǫapá See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-pan] (general term); [-ei] (~ down) pan; ei unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar charúktin tʃaruktin See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa tsupiktasa tsupiktasa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna tsúpit, kúwaut tsupit, kuwaut loan (into protolanguage?), direction unknown Candoshi See Language page Daniel Valle
Nadëb/Roçado dialect gahɔ̃k, gahɔ̃g, ahɔ̃k, ga kɨ:t, ga kɨd inheritance; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Rio Negro dialect hɔ̃̌k, hɔ̃g, ga kɨd See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses sën, te sɨn, te unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Kakataibo tuka-ti See Language page PLE Also tukapa-ti 'to cut apart and let fall'; rani-ti; ka'pɨ-ti; tɨa-ti 'to cut into many pieces'; sɨn-ti 'to saw, to cut'; maṣ̌ku-ti 'to cut the hair'. *Panoan *ṣ̌aʔtɨ- 'to cut off'.
Katukina šatɨ- See Language page PLE
Pacahuara 'kɨɨsakia See Language page PLE Means 'I cut'.
Shipibo-Konibo čapaati; c̷ɨkãti; ṣ̌atɨ- See Language page PLE
Yaminahua ṣ̌atɨ-kĩ See Language page PLE
Chácobo pɨrɨṣ̌a-; c̷ɨiʔawɨ pɨrɨṣ̌a-; c̷ɨiʔawɨ unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua jaruy; xaru:j unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua chillpina, pitina tʃiʎpina, pitina See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kuchui, lisiachii kutʃui, lisiatʃii See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua pitina pitina See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kuchuy kutʃuy See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa kwi'opü kwi'ɤpɯ unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva loadajaha, nañadajaha loadahaʔa, naɲadahaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Bará -ta See Language page Kelsey Neely, Tanja Baeuerlein
Barasano ta- ta- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ji'sé ji'sé See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna boje-re (identical with split); jata-re (with a machete); quẽa-re (with an axe); wẽje-re (with a machete); yije-re (into little slices) boxe-ɾe; xata-ɾe; kẽa-ɾe; wẽxe-ɾe; jixe-ɾe unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'táa- 'táa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jɨʔ're- jɨʔ're- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano di'tí- di'tí- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca taʔ'te ri'ka; to'a ri'ka taʔ'te ri'ka; to'a ri'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jihe jihe See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka taá taá See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja táa(-), wi'dé taa táa(-), wi'dé taa See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje chʉtomʉ dʒʉtomʉ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona te'nteji, tẽ'caji teʔntehi, tẽʔkahi unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya cueñe kwæ̃ñɛ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana sing sing unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama tsaquɨta tsakɨta doubtful loan Arawak See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi -kɨsi -kɨsi inheritance See Language page PLE
Aché piãʔã unique See Language page PLE
Chiriguano kɨ̃ti unknown See Language page PLE
Paraguayan Guaraní kɨtĩ See Language page PLE
Sirionó ɲisia; kʸišĩ̯; ɲui̯ ɲisia; kʸišĩ̯; ɲui̯ unknown; inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá a'ɨp, kɨtsi a'ɨp, kɨtsi unknown; inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina baah; aavo; juubo; xaajo baaʔ; aaβo; hɯɯbo; zaaho unknown; doubtful loan Andoke See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto haidá-de haidá-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto haitá-de, kotá-de haitá-dɛ, kotá-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto tɨede, haita-de, kota-de tɯɛdɛ (B83), haita-dɛ, kota-dɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito sajiini sahiini unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo mahaanu mahaːnu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari wak, wawak; nakamʔ, nakarkamʔ; ta wak, wawak; nakamʔ, nakarkamʔ; ta See Language page PLE E.g., cut grass, cloth, etc. 'to cut (hair)' wiyak.
Araona hikʷi; sasa; hala/laha See Language page PLE With knife, machete, scissors, respectively. Also kʷe, cut with ax or machete. Also semihi, cut in little pieces; sepi, cut in pieces; seo, cut in half. *Tacn form is *śiki-.
Ese Ejja hewi-; ixiasexameeka- inheritance See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo haa-kwe haa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
Tacana ðaða-; raha-; siki-, boď̶eď̶e- See Language page PLE Respectively: with machete, scissors/knife; to cut something soft; to slice; to chop. Also rihi-; and čaðeo- 'prune'.
Cavineña hikʷi-ya; raro-ya (e.g. leaves); tobo; raka-ya (e.g. cloth) hikʷi-ya; raro-ya (e.g. leaves); tobo; raka-ya (e.g. cloth) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara khariña kʰarxa-ɲa; kʰučxa-ɲa See Language page PLE
Cayuvava sɨkɨrɨ; sɨsɨkɨ; kɔæræ See Language page PLE
Itonama itˀiʔtʸe See Language page PLE Various forms for 'cut', depending on the part of the body.
Kwazá ba-, by-, hadai-, hydy- ba-, by-, hadai-, hydy- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Mosetén-Chimané 'tœc̷he See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Movima ɗaha-čo-na ɗaha-tʃo-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) šɨ; (haits) naha (ha) šɨ; (haits) naha unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kym, kykym kɨm; kɨkɨm See Language page PLE
Suyá See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi äre, kuka ǝre, kuka See Language page PLE
Chipaya lar-š; rik-š See Language page PLE To cut with a hard instrument (two hard pieces), such as teeth, pliers, or rocks, is kˀutš. To cut off is murš.
Mocoví i-čaʁa-wek See Language page PLE Lit. '3p actor-cut-out, off'.
Pilagá y-apiat See Language page PLE
Toba i-pelek; y-apiat See Language page PLE
Lengua #NAME? See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Angaité apiɬyikhaayi; ampiɬyikhaayi See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Enlhet neŋyemyekhaam See Language page PLE Also neŋyaʔtamanma; neŋeŋkeem; neŋyetepkeskama.
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay y-i'set See Language page PLE
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja akatam; -ewaxam See Language page PLE
Maca #NAME? See Language page PLE
Nivaclé -tˀowos cut https://ids.clld.org/ PLE
Ayoreo akesuʔ See Language page PLE
Mapudungun kaṭ͡ʀɨ See Language page PLE Same in Ranquel.
Qawasqar c̷era- See Language page PLE Also Em records kenc̷as; oftak. Bo records c̷ereseso for Central QWS. Fi, Hy record kopa for South QWS.
Selknam pˀa See Language page PLE To cut something long. ʔòytè is 'cut fur for clothes'.
Tehuelche 'čˀer-; 'wepˀlpˀ-; 'tˀa/eḳˀnk See Language page PLE The latter refers to a thing cut.
Kanamarí tukmam tɯkmam cortar Magalhães 2018:378 Maria Castillo
Lokono bikhin bikʰin cut Pet 1987:354 Camille Unger
Kariña ỳkoto ɨhkoto cut Courtz 2007:432 Camille Unger