dry

Semantic Field
quality
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
seco
Meaning Portuguese
seco

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim wah'-gah-pun' 205 inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pasa” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -wax- (vb) inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok hew:e- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tava/sy “dry” V”, inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7axwywyk; qiwen B78 unknown Wash 2001:20 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno -k'ymym Applegate 19 unknown A19 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno she unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno axsyw unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa S7ar, S7a:r “to be dry” inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche pasakyry, pasary inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño waxi-sh [waxɪʃ] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino aho:ken, ahokin inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa saay (saych) [saˑi] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu tavasy-kwee-py inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa s7aay inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk wahk inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ka/aj unique Jane Hill
Luiseño wa/xa- inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu p'ik'a/l inheritance? Jane Hill
Mojave iroo= “dry, chapped” inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun chorkon “gets dry” O 32 unknown O77:32 Jane Hill
Nisenan 7e:k'al inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pasa inheritance Thornes 03:46 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok hewe- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hewe:na-, inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ts'o/xwan (A), “shrivel, dry” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) cajOc, O is o umlaut and marks labialization, it is not a vowel unknown Jane Hill
Serrano awa:ki=7 inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute tavacu:u- to dry (intr) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hew:e- (vt), inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute tavasy-, tavasypY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal waak-yt inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pasa” inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo wi/shi inheritance Jane Hill
Washo i/huk' unknown J288 Jane Hill
Western Mono pasa- “to be dry” inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu Xonos “dried up, dried” inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai ru/vi inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami ch'apensi “se seco/” Gamble 91 unknown Gamble 1991 Jane Hill
Yuki kon (dry 1) inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma aru/vek “it is dry” H1:27 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa meétta meét̪a unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona taurune inheritance Bora See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo peneco (f.),penecù (m.), peneno (inan.) pɛnɛko (f.),pɛnɛkɨ (m.), pɛnɛno (inan.) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw xop xɔp  inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano bo'hó- bo'hó- inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa t-ukočike-če t-ukotʃike-tʃe unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï ʰkai unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani abĩbõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup hǝb- hǝb- unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Kakua maɁ-wǐʔ-kɨn-ni [water-not.exist-neg-adjvz] unique See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Makushi awaʔpiʔta (IDS) awaʔpiʔta (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu tikanga tikaŋga inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam wehe wehe inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Nukak kala2 loan E Tukanoan: Barasano, Macuna, Tatuyo kara See Language page Lauren Franklin
Maihiki cuenase ja kuenase xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon akmuung (A1981); akunnu (M2000) akmuŋ (A1981) inheritance N Amaz subgroup See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro makádú makádú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá həwe, hãšiti (both EM72) həwe, hãʃiti inheritance; unknown metathesis? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani tsé:wa inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana mákaɾa mákaɾa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano bopô (gr) bopô (gr) inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria puhsia; puhsiria (both esp. For fruit) (Waltz) puhsia; puhsiɾia (Waltz) inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam wehe, ariki wehe, aɾiki inheritance; unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami weheti-wə, wehi (EM72) weheti-wə, wehi (EM7) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna makajreni makahɾeni inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup hǝb hǝb unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana murrilha unique Claire Bowern
Bardi dalbun dalbun inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba jumbulu unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra -gorla unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu baṉḏany(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal baṉḏany(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala mulka(') unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari muya inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU katara unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 2242 inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu baṉḏany(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang burrdjingi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng dilboo inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi booladi loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu mulka(') unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji pulparr inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru bulbarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri purayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija tilpu inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: punha unique Claire Bowern
Mangala tararr unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung dilboo inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra wurruja Claire Bowern
Mudburra larrwa unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini dinggipa unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi barndany loan Claire Bowern
Ngarluma biju Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl weejool beerrmal <weejool beerrmal> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta punarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 3870 inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina wijool wijul inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul lalk lalk inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ḏaḷa unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta yarlka inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu baṉḏany, mulka' Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu barndany inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri pulparr inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru puli unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa luurraluurra luurraluurra unique Claire Bowern
Wubuy bujbuj inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu 2270 unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha pururru unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka muja inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru burdarra burdarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua míʃii míʃii unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco chuìri tʃuìɾi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari iwá iwá See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero c̷uheta; c̷uweta tsuheta; tsuweta See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare heɻu heɻu See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana arada-ʔu arada-ʔu doubtful loan, direction unknown Wayana ahalap See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wayuu hososɨ See Language page PLE
Paresi iyo, iníra ijo, iníra unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Ignaciano -'ahihika; -'ahaʔa See Language page PLE
Trinitario #NAME? See Language page PLE A drying rack (chapapa), is -ommeru; ʔwomeruko.
Baure moro- moro- unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá uluhɨ uluhɨ unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani šona ʃona See Language page John Blaha
Sape patokwa patokwa See Language page John Blaha
Cha'palaa 'ehke; 'eh'ke-nu See Language page PLE Latter is 'to dry out'.
Bora áraaβéne, táárɨne áraaβέnɛ, táárɨnɛ unique; loan Carijona taurune See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ɸííga-ño ɸííga-ɲo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio akmuung akmuŋ inheritance Pemongan See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai tonore tonore inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ahalap (vb) ahalap (vb) doubtful loan, direction unknown Wapishana arada-ʔu See Language page PLE
Tiriyó unna (become dry / dry) unna inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare ssedēhe (IDS); ssede:he (KH) ssede:he unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai turΦe turΦe inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari temyna temɨna See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa sansan (SM) sansan (SM) See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo igїfїɳGiɳo igїfїɳGiɳo unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca buchua βuʂua See Language page Daniel Valle
Barí buruuni See Language page PLE Colombia: bu'runinə. *Chibchan form is *di'sa-.
Northern Emberá bhegẽaẽmbʉ́ bhegẽaẽmbʉ́ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Epena pʰũa'saa; pʰoo- See Language page PLE Latter is verbal form.
Guayabero siow inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Macaguan pʉ́rre pɨ́re unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cuiva tséwa seco, dry Huber & Reed 1992:300 Rebecca Khorram
Cofán samba samba See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra pooza pooʂa unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro i´ta´antaro iʔtaʔantaɾo See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ujndy See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2 pa2 (A58) napa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina hakuru hakuru unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa boxóxo, buaʃána boxóxo, buaʃána See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Pumé gaǫ, ga, gaǫchjá See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku ka:te ka:te See Language page PLE
Warao waha waha See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar mujúkash muxukaʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa jujuktin xuxuktin See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna búku búku unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Nadëb/Roçado dialect ha-wóñ unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses tanun tanun inheritance? See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Kakataibo ɨ'ɨska-ti See Language page PLE ṣ̌ana- 'to become dry, wilt'. See 'hot'.
Katukina toaš See Language page PLE Also βɨtaš-ta-ʔata.
Shipibo-Konibo c̷osĩti; tanoti; taraṣ̌ti See Language page PLE Also čoši; mɨčama.
Yaminahua mɨto See Language page PLE
Chácobo šina-; hano- šina-; hano- unique; inheritance? See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua {-cada} kanda unique; loan Kokama ikana See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua chaquishca tʃakiʃka See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá tusta tusta See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua huas, isca was, iska See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano chaki tʃaki See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa joa'a hɔaʔa unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva illa (inanim); ipudi (anim) iʤa (inanim); ipudi (anim) unique See Language page Becky Walker
Bará See Language page Kelsey Neely, Tanja Baeuerlein
Barasano kara-se kara-se See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana bo'pó- bo'pó- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna kara-rise kara-rise inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'bópoo- 'bópoo- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana wɨa- wɨa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano bo'hó-ri bo'hó-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca we'i i'taka we'i i'taka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo kára- kára- See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka bo'po boʔpo See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja bóᵽó bóɸó See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje jãjumʉ xãxumʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona kʷenahi; hãhuhi kʷenahi; hãhuhi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya cuenesico kwæ'næ̃sikɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana pipaseep pipaseep unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ikana ikana inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi sini; -tala; -sikã sini; -tala; -sikã inheritance; unknown See Language page PLE
Aché ǰɨpi unknown See Language page PLE
Chiriguano (a)tĩni inheritance cf. Wayampi See Language page PLE
Paraguayan Guaraní See Language page PLE
Sirionó ei̯ru; esi̯i̯; etuba; eči̯mama ei̯ru; esi̯i̯; etuba; eči̯mama unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá pi-kaŋ (M2000) pi-kaŋ (M2000) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina jáánhta hã́ã́ʔta unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto tapé-re-de tapέ-rɛ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto θaɸé-re-de θaɸέ-rɛ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto θaɸe-re-de θaɸɛ-rɛ-dɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito jahuána hawána unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo maawtɨnu (vb.) maawtɨnu (vb.) See Language page Becky Walker
Wari kawainʔ kawainʔ See Language page PLE
Araona azaha; kʷibi See Language page PLE The former is to dry Brazil nuts; to dry in the sun is wae; hala; to dry with a towel is kʷihi.
Ese Ejja eho'kaʔ unique See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kia-habo kia-habo See Language page Joyce McCormick
Tacana e-sara; mori-da See Language page PLE
Cavineña e-ora; rara-ya; pec̷a; e-mano-no (G71) e-ora; rara-ya; peča; e-mano-no (G71) unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara waña waɲa See Language page PLE
Cayuvava ha'reipa; -here ~ -šere See Language page PLE
Itonama wahlahna; yukˀahɨʔna See Language page PLE Also wahɨʔna; kˀosaʔna; yuʔwahna.
Kwazá kara- kara- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Mosetén-Chimané 'čaɲe ~ 'c̷œɲe See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE Cf. 14.770.
Movima we-rel-ni we-rel-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai uatɨta; tsʔa tak uatɨta; tsʔa tak unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang tɔŋ; tuŋtɔŋ (IDS) tɔŋ; tuŋtɔŋ See Language page PLE
Canela pye yakro See Language page PLE
Karajá irəbu See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi hioriru (vb.) hioriru (vb.) See Language page PLE
Chipaya ḳʰoɲi See Language page PLE Verbal form is ḳʰon-š.
Mocoví r-ašiwi-ta; ʔim See Language page PLE Respectively: '3p actor-dry-continuative'; 'dry (swamp)'.
Pilagá ∅-ḳaḳa-ta See Language page PLE Lit. '3pa(zero)-dry-cont.'.
Toba d-aḳaḳa; ʔim See Language page PLE
Lengua #NAME? See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Angaité anyima-awoi See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Enlhet akyamayˀ; akyamaskama See Language page PLE
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay tam'čoʔy See Language page PLE
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja -elyey ~ -ilyey See Language page PLE
Maca yisɬax See Language page PLE
Nivaclé klaxɔx dry https://ids.clld.org/ PLE
Ayoreo ka'n̥or-i; ka'n̥or-e See Language page PLE
Mapudungun piwɨn See Language page PLE Ranquel form is aŋkɨkɨle-, verb; aŋkɨn, adj.
Qawasqar c̷elas See Language page PLE Also c̷elas-na; both forms also mean 'to dry'. Ag records anktsok.
Selknam hàpè See Language page PLE
Tehuelche 'ār- See Language page PLE
Lokono wan wan dry Pet 1987:356 Camille Unger
Kariña a'pota aʔpota dry Yamada 2010:716 Camille Unger