heavy

Semantic Field
quality
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
pesado
Meaning Portuguese
pesado

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pyttyn inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla pele-ma inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok lew:i- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi pyty/ja (V) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno xulxul; xul B78 unknown Wash 2001:179 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno chtiq'u “esta pesado”, myshtik'u “no esta pesado” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno walamys unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa nyix, nyi:x inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche pyhty inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño wim-yax [wɪm-yax] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino poto:7 inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa wenah, wenih [wəˈn̯aɰ̥], [wəˈn̯ɪɰ̥] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pita7a- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa mchaa unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pychy7 inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7i/iwak unique Jane Hill
Luiseño wima~i- “to be heavy” inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu hehe/kpe unknown Jane Hill
Mojave ineeh= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun parki “is heavy” unknown o77:145, 309 Jane Hill
Nisenan wisap' inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nynykwi- inheritance Thornes 03:148 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok lewTeTy-, lew:ywy- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 72l27:2l unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A (kh)me/T'o? (A), “heavy, deep (snow) unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M cmo/T 'heavy, deep (snow)' unknown Mason 1918:150 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) cmotet unknown Jane Hill
Serrano pYTY7 inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok lewe:t-aH- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute pYtija- inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal pyllyt inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pytti(tyn) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo 7ohta/7i:ya unknown Jane Hill
Washo i/shysh unknown J295 Jane Hill
Western Mono na7ny/kwy/- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu jilmas (< jily) inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai no/: inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne may'a- (?) inheritance G1964 Jane Hill
Yuki hanach inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7ane/x “to be heavy” H4:20 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa hamíña hamíɲa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona amətʃisaka inheritance cf. Apalai See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo dʉcʉco (f.), dʉcʉcʉ (m.), dʉcʉrõ (inan.) dɨkɨko (f.), dɨkɨkɨ (m.), dɨkɨɾõ (inan.) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw tâw’ təw’ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano nʉcʉ̃ri nɨkɨ̃ɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa taməʔɲe (IDS) taməʔɲe (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï meki'to unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani te ẽbẽ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup yiwík jiwík inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Kakua ʧǔd [be.heavy] inheritance See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Makushi amaiʔne (IDS) amaiʔne (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu pucé pusé unknown See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam hɨre (EM72) hɨɾe inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Nukak tʃudn4 inheritance See Language page Lauren Franklin
Maihiki dɨkɨ-hɨ̃ dɨkɨ-hɨ̃ missing See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon avenek, teipan (A1981); awe'nek (M2000) avenek, teipan (A1981) unique shared Akawaio See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá hute (EM72) hute inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani a-réwe inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana hamía-peri hamía-peri inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano nɨkɨ̂ nɨkɨ̂ inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria nᵾcᵾ nina (Waltz) nᵾkᵾ nina (Waltz) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam hute missing See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami hute, hutǝa hute, hutǝa missing See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna kachini katʃini inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup wik wik inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana tjurkukarla unique Claire Bowern
Bardi rambin rambin inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba minthini, dirrili unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra -gun.gun loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ŋonuŋ Claire Bowern
Dhuwala ŋonuŋ unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari marrri inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU mati inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu ŋonuŋ Claire Bowern
Djapu ŋonuŋ unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang guṉgan loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng dinymerrng unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi tharidi inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu ŋonuŋ unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngarturr loan unknown Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr djo""ng juung unique Claire Bowern
Jaru marrga semantic shift Claire Bowern
Karajarri minkurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija jumpurn- unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala tanji doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Miriwung dinymerrng unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka ngarda unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra birlbu Claire Bowern
Mudburra birlbu loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini mati inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma ngunggumarnda Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl deeoo, inbunding <deeoo, inbunding> semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi pulubulu unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ramben ramben inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta turn inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta purtuly unknown Claire Bowern
Nyikina durn durn unique Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ramben ramben inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ḏaguli unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta manta inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu gun.guy-yu unique Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru wakirri unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa jirrily jirrily inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy mundurr unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu dhurrpalŋu unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha madri inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka madri inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru minkurr minkurr unique Claire Bowern
Achagua kadúkuni: kadúkuni: unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco íimierí íimierí See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari mija (Ramirez, 2001) mija (Ramirez, 2001) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero sina-hi sina-hi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kimiʃaʔu kimiʃaʔu inheritance Proto North Arawak? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wayuu hawatɨ-sɨ See Language page PLE
Yine hi-no-ľɨ See Language page PLE *Piro-Apuriná form is *(m)ina/o.
Paresi timena timena inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Ignaciano tihitakare See Language page PLE
Trinitario #NAME? See Language page PLE
Baure -'hi-no-; kohino-kon -'hi-no-; kohino-kon inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá ɨmɨna ɨmɨna inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cha'palaa 'adʸu See Language page PLE
Bora pʰátïïkʰḯ-ne pʰátɯɯkʰɯ́nɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane bókkɨ-no bókkɨ-no See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio eetabɨnek eta'bɨnɛk unique shared Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai omoxiny omoxinɨ inheritance cf. Carijona See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana hëwëimela hǝwǝimela unknown See Language page PLE
Tiriyó amïïma amɨɨma inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare tamənɲato (IDS) tamənɲato (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo tamï'ne tamʊ'ne See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai n-awsɨ-na-sɨ n-awsɨ-na-sɨ unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari woxypia woʃɨpia See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yabarana ta'mɨhnɜmɜ See Language page Ana Paula B., John Blaha
Yukpa komójera, komóijira, komosi, kómosi, komoské, tomós, tomosi See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca afihizan mague apihitʂan maγe See Language page Daniel Valle
Barí aabari See Language page PLE Colombia: ʔaabaridirə.
Northern Emberá sɨggʉ́a sɨggʉ́a See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Epena 'čɨa; čɨ'kʰɨa See Language page PLE
Guayabero dém-nik unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Macaguan arré inheritance Central+Macaguan subgroup See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cuiva a-réwe pesado, heavy Huber & Reed 1992:337 Rebecca Khorram
Playero a-rég-we See Language page Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tssai'a tshaiʔa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra kayaka kajaka unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez duj dux See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2ya2 (A58) naja unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina anaito anaito unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa teʃut, úta teʃut, úta See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? -ʝo unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé chachá See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-mə̃m] mə̃m unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar kíjin, méram kixin, meram See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa kijin kixin See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kakaúchu kakautʃu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Nadëb/Roçado dialect jawɨk inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Rio Negro dialect jɨwɨk See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses iuë iuɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Kakataibo ʔiɨ See Language page PLE *Panoan *ʔiwɨ.
Katukina ɨwɨ-(pa) See Language page PLE
Pacahuara 'iwɨ See Language page PLE
Shipibo-Konibo iwɨ See Language page PLE
Yaminahua ɨβɨ See Language page PLE
Chácobo iwɨ; iwi-sɨni (the latter is "very heavy") iwɨ; iwi-sɨni (the latter is "very heavy") inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua jinra; saransara xinra; saransara unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua llasha ʎaʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá llasa ʎasa See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua llashaj ʎaʃax See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano llasaq ʎasaq See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa hamáka'aˈ hamákaɁaɁ unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Bará dɨ̃'kɨ̃́ See Language page Kelsey Neely, Tanja Baeuerlein
Barasano rɨ̃kɨ̃́-sè rɨ̃kɨ̃́-sè See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana dɨ̃kɨ̃́- dɨ̃kɨ̃́- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna to be heavy: rʉ̃cʉ-rise ɾɨ̃kɨ-ɾise inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'dɨ̃́ɨ̃kɨ̃- 'dɨ̃́ɨ̃kɨ̃- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana dɨ̃'kɨ̃-rɨ̃ dɨ̃'kɨ̃-rɨ̃ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano dɨ̃'kɨ̃- dɨ̃'kɨ̃- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca rĩʔ'kĩã; riʔ'ki i'taka rĩʔ'kĩã; riʔ'ki i'taka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo dĩ'kɨ dĩ'kɨ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka dɨ'kɨ dɨ'kɨ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja dɨ̃'kɨ̃-hãjũ dɨ̃'kɨ̃-hãjũ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje rʉkʉmʉ rʉkʉmʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona rëquëji rɨkɨhi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya dëquëco dɨ'kɨkɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana pyti pɨti inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi pɔwɨ pɔwɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Aché puɨʔɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Chiriguano poɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Paraguayan Guaraní po'hɨi See Language page PLE
Sirionó eusi eusi inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá powɨj powɨj inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina mááyi (weight) mááji inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto mée-re-de mέɛ-rɛ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto mée-re-de mέɛ-rɛ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto me-re-de mɛ-rɛ-dɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito iinána iinána inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo inyaka injaka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari šite, taʔ man, teʔ man ʃite, taʔ man, teʔ man See Language page PLE
Araona a-bikʷe See Language page PLE *Tacn form is *bike-.
Ese Ejja #NAME? inheritance See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kia-pexa; kia-bikie kia-pexa; kia-bikie See Language page Joyce McCormick
Tacana bike-da See Language page PLE
Cavineña bikʷe-da bikʷe-da inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara jathi xatʰi See Language page PLE
Cayuvava pɨǰɨ See Language page PLE
Itonama labeʔna See Language page PLE
Kwazá atsile- atsile- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Mosetén-Chimané hauh'ki See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Movima ɗinoʔ-ni ɗinoʔ-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai tsidatox tsidatox unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kufy kuΦɨ See Language page PLE
Karajá iučie See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi kumirü kumirø See Language page PLE
Chipaya liksi See Language page PLE
Mocoví re-salʸi See Language page PLE
Pilagá de-sali See Language page PLE
Toba de-salʸi; sa paʔat-ta See Language page PLE The latter is lit. 'not (zero)3p actor willing-continuative'.
Lengua #NAME? See Language page PLE Also means 'thick' 12.630.
Sanapaná/Dialect Angaité amopi See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Enlhet akyemtaɬnama; tok See Language page PLE
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay ni-čuh'ɲat See Language page PLE Also yuk'thuh.
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja kyoyetiʔ ~ kyoxyetiʔ See Language page PLE
Maca niihet See Language page PLE
Nivaclé kaklek heavy https://ids.clld.org/ PLE
Ayoreo 'peenu-i; 'peenu-a See Language page PLE Also i'meenu-i; i'meenu-a; 'daača-n̥ai; 'daača-n̥a, with much mud.
Mapudungun fane See Language page PLE Ranquel form is vane-.
Qawasqar paḳyel See Language page PLE Fi, Hy record pakel for South QWS.
Selknam ʔàyèn See Language page PLE
Tehuelche 'poʔgney- See Language page PLE Cf. 'weigh' 11.920.
Lokono kydyn kɨdɨn heavy (weight, load, task) Pet 1987:360 Camille Unger
Kariña typune tɨpune heavy; fleshy Yamada 2010:818 Camille Unger