sand

Semantic Field
environment
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
arena
Meaning Portuguese
areia

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim sook'-si 207 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pasiam-pin inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla ngachi-sh unique S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ota/v(y) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno xas inheritance Wash 2001:334 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno xas inheritance A 232 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno qas unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa lysh7a:, ma\TLysh7a:/, ma\Tsh7a:/, sh7a: unknown Jane Hill
Comanche pasi waapI inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño haxa-l [haxal] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino 7o:het inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa Mes-haraay [məs xaˈraˑi] unique Jane Hill
Kawaiisu sihwa-by inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa mat=xiw unique Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7okach inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok Su/kuj unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño 7exva-l inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu bymy/ky unknown Jane Hill
Mojave 7amat saly'ay unique Jane Hill
Mutsun wiis/wis inheritance NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan 7a:hil unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pasiwaby inheritance Stubbs 08 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok wiskala- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hu:ma- inheritance? Jane Hill
Salinan A ts'ensiL (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M tsi/ntsin unknown Mason 1918:133 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hamt cooxp lit. “tierra blanca” (see “dust”) unknown Jane Hill
Serrano O:q-T inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute at:a-S (at:a-vy) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok wiskala- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute siwapY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal shiihpit inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pasingompin, pasingwampin inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo nu/y' inheritance Jane Hill
Washo c'imya/nga unknown J87 Jane Hill
Western Mono pasiya/pY/ inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu c'eri inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai (?)ha\chwa_ “sand, gravel” unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami hicha7 unique JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi wages 243 inheritance K07:243 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne suxsuy inheritance Golla 1964:64 Jane Hill
Yuki nu7, nu7uch, nu:ch inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma saly-7a/y H3:207 unique Jane Hill
Baniwa káida káida inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona samutu inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ẽpa ɛ̃pa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw xeèw xæ̂w unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano imipa imipa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa mičin mitʃin unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï ka'bayu unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani ẽbõdai unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup wæg yɔ̌h wæg jɔ̌h unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Kakua ʔùn inheritance See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Makushi kásapán kásapán unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu iwikũĩ (morphologically complex: iwi = terra) iwikũĩ (morphologically complex: iwi = terra) inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam lãkak, rãkak (EM72) lãkak, ɾãkak inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Nukak ʔuun3 inheritance See Language page Lauren Franklin
Maihiki meja ja mexa xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon osko, wasaka (A1981); wösök (E1980); ö'sökö (M2000) osko, wasaka (A1981); wösök (E1980); əssə'kə (M2000) unknown N Amaz subgroup See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá makamaka (EM72) makamaka (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani tahéta-atsa inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana káido káido inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano nukû-pori (hr) nukû-pori (hr) unique cf. Ticuna? See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria padʉro (Waltz) padʉɾo (Waltz) unknown See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam mrakmrakap (EM72) mɾakmɾakap inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami mrakatahu mɾakatahu inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna ke'epé keʔ-pé inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup wæ̂g wæ̂g unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana wadlijuralja unique Claire Bowern
Bardi gaara kaara unique Claire Bowern
Bunuba walyarra loan Claire Bowern
Burarra jaranga unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu raŋi unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Diyari mitha unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU wadlungadlara unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang munatja inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng rerrabal inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi walyarra loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gurindji warrayarl inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr band band inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru walyarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi barnga barrnga inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri walaŋgar loan Yawuru Claire Bowern
Kija warraye-l inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: pamparra unique Claire Bowern
Mangala mulnyi unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung rerrawalng inheritance NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka pala inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra buyuda Claire Bowern
Mudburra buyuda loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini walyu unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi dhambur inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma nharnu Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl burnda, joolburra <burnda, joolburra> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi miRi unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru band band inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla mulnyi Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta jungka inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta jungka inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina walyarra walyarra unique Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul barnd; baarnd barnd; baarnd inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ḏiṛi unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya makalara unique Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta wayirrhi unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu garminyarr, munatha Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu dhambur inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri walyarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru wulpaya unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa rambala rambala unique Claire Bowern
Wubuy mangarag inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu munatha inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha padla inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi padla inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka padlakiljera inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru mulgurr mulkurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua kái-na kái-na inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco kai[na] kai[na] See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari káʔa káʔa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ka'hac̷i-na ka'hatsi-na See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kʰatʰɨ kʰatʰɨ inheritance Proto North Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka ka-he ka-he See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wayuu hasai (~hasaľi) See Language page PLE Also mma; wɨľeši.
Yine ksatɨ See Language page PLE
Paresi kaiholo kaiholo inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Ignaciano tawaparu See Language page PLE
Trinitario ta'woparu See Language page PLE
Baure ha'hap ha'hap unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá kehɨ-penu kehɨ-penu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani iñãkosa (morphologically complex?) iɲãkosa (morphologically complex?) See Language page John Blaha
Sape inoku inoku See Language page John Blaha
Cha'palaa 'ɲii-pe See Language page PLE
Bora nékwa-yḯḯ-ʔa, néékʷa-yï {sing} nέkwa-jɯ́ɯ́-ʔa, nέέkʷa-jɯ {sing} unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xíínɨ-gai-yɨ-ʔai {earth-piece-?-?} xíínɨ-gai-jɨ-ʔai {earth-piece-?-?} See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio wösök wösök unique Akawaio-Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai isawany isawanɨ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana hamut hamut inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó samu samu inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare sāʔdaʔda (IDS); sa:'da'da (KH) sa:ʔdaʔda unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo saasapa saasapa See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai ašawa ašawa inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari kixinja kiʃiɲa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yabarana ta'kaw See Language page Ana Paula B., John Blaha
Yukpa jájare See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo ñetune ñetune unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca guanza γuantʂa See Language page Daniel Valle
Barí ũũngda See Language page PLE Colombia: ʔuŋdərə. *Chibchan forms are *'u and *'uBa.
Northern Emberá ĩmbʉ́ ĩmbʉ́ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Epena 'ipu See Language page PLE Also means 'beach'.
Guayabero táeh-t inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Macaguan tetap inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán sisipa sisipa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra mazachi maʂatʃi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro heiñuntu´, hañuntu´ hɨiɲuntuʔ, haɲuntuʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez cuetmuse, muse See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna naxnũcũ [4, 5, 5] naʔnũkũ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina okwai okwai unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa kaskáxo (from sp) kaskáxo (from sp) See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Pumé ngãvẽ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave mãi mãi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku lünükü lünükü See Language page PLE
Ashuar náikim, nayákim naikim, najakim See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa yaikim jaikim See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kámatak kámatak unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Nadëb/Roçado dialect hoːd unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Rio Negro dialect huːd See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses masi masi inheritance/Tacanan See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Kakataibo masi See Language page PLE *Panoan *masṣ̌i.
Katukina mači See Language page PLE
Shipibo-Konibo ma-ši See Language page PLE
Yaminahua maši See Language page PLE
Chácobo maṣ̌ɨnɨ; mišpo maṣ̌ɨnɨ; mišpo inheritance/Tacanan See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua ticha tı̃tʃã unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua tiyu tiju See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua playa (Spanish loan) plaja See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano aqo aqo See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa reba rẽb̃ã unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva mesea saji mesea sahi unique See Language page Becky Walker
Bará di'tatupari See Language page Kelsey Neely, Tanja Baeuerlein
Barasano haa haa See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana paa paa See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ha ha inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti di'tátupari di'tátupari See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana pa'dɨ pa'dɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano ĩĩmipá ĩĩmipá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca põ'sia põ'sia unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo páá páá See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka di'ta-tupari diʔta-tupari See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja botířihɛ̀ hitʰá botírihɛ̀ hitʰá See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje meja mexa inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona mẽhã mẽhã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya meja me'ha See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana eje´ĩn ejeʔɨ̃n inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama itini itini inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɨsĩ ɨsĩ inheritance See Language page PLE
Aché ɨwɨ-kui inheritance See Language page PLE
Chiriguano ɨwɨ-kʷĩti inheritance See Language page PLE
Paraguayan Guaraní ɨvɨ-kuʔi See Language page PLE Lit. 'earth-crumbled (or reduced to small pieces)'.
Sirionó i̯ta ki̯i̯šĩ̯ i̯ta ki̯i̯šĩ̯ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ˀɨtsiŋ ˀɨtsiŋ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina llíoonjin, llíoonhin dʒíõõhĩ,dʒíõõʔĩ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto kóniǰï.e kónidʒɯ.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto gúama.e gúama.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto koniǰï.e konidʒɯ.ɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito cacúti (also means beach) kakúti (also means beach) unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo ayawhwa ajawhwa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari namayi namaji See Language page PLE
Araona mezizo See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja meši-hahi inheritance/Panoan See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo meši hahi meši hahi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Tacana hoto-hoto See Language page PLE
Cavineña mehihi; moro mehihi; moro inheritance/Panoan See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara ch´alla čˀalʸa See Language page PLE
Cayuvava ripu See Language page PLE
Itonama a-lɨpɨ kowowoʔna See Language page PLE
Kwazá kãkã-, tsũrũrũnĩ kãkã-, tsũrũrũnĩ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Mosetén-Chimané ha'maiɲ See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Movima wiʔwis wiʔwis See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai ulat̯ ulat̯ unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang rỹnhrỹj rɨ̃ɲrɨ̃y; rĩɲrĩy See Language page PLE
Karajá ɨ̃nɨra See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi mĩkänõrü mĩkǝnõrø See Language page PLE
Chipaya pʰila See Language page PLE Uru-J form is pʰila.
Mocoví l-oʔwaʁan-aʁa See Language page PLE
Pilagá pogaʁanaʁa See Language page PLE
Toba atoʁo See Language page PLE
Lengua yinkamith See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Angaité ɬipop anik See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Enlhet ɬoopʔaktek; ɬoopʔaktek aŋkooʔ; ɬoopʔaktek aanek See Language page PLE
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay hu'lu See Language page PLE
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja isye See Language page PLE
Maca isaχ (m.) See Language page PLE
Nivaclé xosɔx sand https://ids.clld.org/ PLE Arribeños dialect has xosax.
Ayoreo u'n̥a See Language page PLE
Mapudungun kuyɨm See Language page PLE Ranquel form is kulʸpað.
Qawasqar ḳyepc̷aḳs See Language page PLE Bo records kyapc̷akɬ for Central QWS. Hy records [pawntel] for South QWS, from Yagan 'pantel'.
Selknam šinn; teri See Language page PLE First form also occurs in 'medicine' 04.880; prob. means 'powder'.
Tehuelche 'tēm See Language page PLE Same as 'earth' 01.212.
Lokono mothoko motʰoko sand Pet 1987:370 Camille Unger
Kariña sakau sakau sand Yamada 2010:800 Camille Unger