sniff/smell

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
olfatear, oler
Meaning Portuguese
cheirar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Cahuilla -huvi- inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok huka:/-j- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ugwi/-ka(i), ugwi/ loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno jul'uksh inheritance Wash 2001:311 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tYiLhi unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno jut'uxsh unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa xwi inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche ykwihkaty, ykwIsy7ninity loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Cupeño huva'-0 [huˈvaɁ] inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa wehwii [wəˈxʷiˑ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7ugwi- loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa khwisu inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk hukum loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Lake Miwok hu/kSu inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño huSi- unknown Jane Hill
Maidu hi/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave ahwee= (tr), unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun hussen inheritance O77:172 Jane Hill
Nisenan hi: inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute igwi loan into protolanguage Thornes 03:55 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok huka- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hukju- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A me:/s (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M mi/slip unknown Mason 1918:144 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) cosi/i unknown Jane Hill
Serrano hukim (-a-) loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Southern Paiute ugwi- loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok huka:-j- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute ugwi loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone ykwikkan loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Wappo k'u/hsha7 unknown Jane Hill
Washo pa/lal unknown J457 Jane Hill
Western Mono egwi- loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Jane Hill
Wintu sube: inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai hWi/ inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi hOng 236; 249 O is w/ umlaut inheritance K07:236,49 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne *Se:niT' inheritance N1944:39 Jane Hill
Baniwa eémia eémia inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B. primarily transitive
Carijona hoci (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE primarily transitive
Cubeo vĩñʉ vĩjɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein primarily transitive
Dâw ʉ̃ʉ́k ʔɨ̃̌k inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps primarily transitive
Desano wĩjĩriñe (transitive) wĩhĩɾije inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein primarily transitive
Eñepa e'muku, e'mu eʔmuku, eʔmu unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross primarily transitive
Hodï bĩkĩwe unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez primarily transitive
Waorani we õgõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE primarily transitive
Hup cĩh-wɨʔ- ~cih-wɨʔ- unique See Language page Pattie Epps primarily transitive
Kakua hũj unknown Nadahup See Language page Katherine Bolaños primarily transitive
Makushi puʔnɨkɨ (IDS) puʔnɨkɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross primarily transitive
Nheengatu uçetúna usetuna inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin primarily transitive
Ninam rĩša, ɨkɨka (EM72) ɾĩʃa, ɨkɨka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely primarily transitive
Nukak wĩĩh3 loan Tukanoan: e.g. Desano, Wanano, Macuna wĩhĩ See Language page Lauren Franklin primarily transitive
Maihiki yieyi jieji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Pemon transitive: kuika, intransitive: kenuma, ikenuma, keneta (A1981); ikui'ka (M2000) kuika, kenuma, ikenuma, keneta (A1981) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza primarily transitive
Resígaro mókhó mókʰó inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B. primarily transitive
Sanumá niša, ususa (EM72) niʃa, ususa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely primarily transitive
Sikuani itaboxo (3) tuxúne, tuxúba(pl) inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE primarily transitive
Tariana emé emé inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B. primarily transitive
Tukano wĩhî wĩhî inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak primarily transitive
Kotiria ~wihi w˜ĩh˜ĩ inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein primarily transitive
Yanomam rĩša, rĩarišipra (EM72) ɾĩʃa, ɾĩaɾiʃipɾa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely primarily transitive
Yanomami ũkũkaɨ, ũkũkũaɨ, ũkũkũmaɨ ũkũkaɨ, ũkũkũaɨ, ũkũkũmaɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely primarily transitive
Yukuna ama'akaje amaʔakahe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE primarily transitive
Gajirrabeng ngooyi unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngapuk ma- loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
Kija ngart unique Claire Bowern
Miriwung ngooyi unique NJ Claire Bowern
Walmajarri parntima- inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua miédéda miédéda inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE primarily transitive
Piapoco sàni sàni See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE primarily transitive
Kabiyari meʔa meʔa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE primarily transitive
Yavitero ľ̥imeta ľ̥imeta See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE primarily transitive
Wapishana dama-n dama-n inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B. primarily transitive
Wayuu aaľa ehu See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Paresi aexetya aeʃetya unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE primarily transitive
Ignaciano -hiuka; -hiukaʔaka See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Trinitario #NAME? See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Baure hišhik- hiʃhik- inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino primarily transitive
Waurá kã-iyãla (intransitive verb); ãɨta; eteme ĩyãla (transitive verb); ãɨta ("sniff") kã-ijãla; ãɨta; eteme ĩjãla; ãɨta unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick primarily transitive
Cha'palaa 'iš-'ka-nu See Language page PLE Lit. 'wind-get'.
Bora árahjúcu (trans), cuva (intrans) (T98) áraʔxɯ́kɯ́ (trans), kʰɯβa (intrans) unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE primarily transitive
Muinane xɨ́gíkku-ʔi (sniff), úsu-ʔi, nɨ́nɨɨkkɨ-ʔi xɨ́gíkku-ʔi (sniff), úsu-ʔi, nɨ́nɨɨkkɨ-ʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE primarily transitive
Akawaio iigöknuumba igöʔnumba unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin primarily transitive
Apalai ipohnõko ipohnõko inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans primarily transitive
Wayana pok pok inheritance See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Makiritare hyoʔhōdɨɨ (IDS) hyoʔhōdɨɨ (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza primarily transitive
Mapoyo #NAME? #NAME? See Language page Melody Ann Ross primarily transitive
Wai Wai w-esunku-∅ / ∅-koto-wa-sɨ w-esunku-∅ / ∅-koto-wa-sɨ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross primarily transitive
Yabarana potihie See Language page Ana Paula B., John Blaha primarily transitive
Yukpa jümujke, sumuske, turakie, türakümak See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross primarily transitive
Muisca zmuysquysuca tʂmuɨskuɨsuka See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Northern Emberá nẽʉ̃́ĩn nẽʉ̃́ĩn See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE primarily transitive
Epena ɨ̃- See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Guayabero xatúka inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram primarily transitive
Macaguan túk inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram primarily transitive
Cuiva tuxúba oler, smell Huber & Reed 1992:362 Rebecca Khorram primarily transitive
Playero tuxúba, tuxúne, 'está oliena' - 'he is smelling' See Language page Rebecca Khorram primarily transitive
Cofán shonchañe, tssu'juye ʃõtʃaɲɛ, tshɯʔhɯjɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS primarily transitive
Taushiro a´tohon aʔtohon See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Páez putáa putáa See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Tikuna naʔpaʔáka (Alv44) naʔpaʔáka unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE primarily transitive
Urarina aona aona unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE primarily transitive
Camsa xongɨtsetɕiána xongɨtsetɕiána See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino primarily transitive
Andoke -fã -ɸã unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE primarily transitive
Pumé pjĩdö See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE primarily transitive
Puinave [-'ha-si + hik] ha-si + hik unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett primarily transitive
Ashuar nekápratin nɨkaprati See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Huambisa nekapratsa nɨkapratsa See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Aguaruna kugkúut kungku:t unique See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Nadëb/Roçado dialect hɨ̃:k, hʌ̃g inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps primarily transitive
Nadëb/Rio Negro dialect hã:k See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps primarily transitive
Matses shëd ʃɨd inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker primarily transitive
Kakataibo ṣ̌ɨ-ti See Language page PLE βɨ'ṣ̌ɨ-ti 'to smell the face (loved ones)'.
Katukina šɨtɨ- See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Yaminahua ṣ̌ɨtɨ a-ki See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Chácobo čopiši (intransitive "smell"); ṣ̌ɨtɨ- (transitive "smell"); ṣ̌ɨta- ("sniff") čopiši (intransitive "smell"); ṣ̌ɨtɨ- (transitive "smell"); ṣ̌ɨta- ("sniff") inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick primarily transitive
Yagua baya (int.); nari (trans.) baja:; nari unique See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Southern Pastaza Quechua muctina muktina See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Ingá asnai asnai See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Napo Lowland Quichua muctina muktina See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Quechua Ayacuchano muskiy muskij See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE primarily transitive
Piaroa kɨrɨ'puɨh kɨrɨɁpuɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker primarily transitive
Sáliva ñoajaha ɲoahaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker primarily transitive
Bará wĩ'dĩ́ See Language page Kelsey Neely, Tanja Baeuerlein primarily transitive
Barasano wĩdĩ́- wĩdĩ́- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein primarily transitive
Carapana 'wĩ́dĩ́- 'wĩ́dĩ́- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein primarily transitive
Makuna sᵾti-rise (intransitive); wĩji-re (intransitive); ʉ̃ñi-re (probably intransitive) sɨti-ɾise; wĩxi-ɾe; ɨ̃ji-ɾe unknown; inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein primarily transitive
Yuruti 'wɨ̃́dĩĩ- 'wɨ̃́dĩĩ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein primarily transitive
Waikhana wĩ'hĩ- wĩ'hĩ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein primarily transitive
Siriano wĩ'hĩ́- wĩ'hĩ́- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely primarily transitive
Tanimuca wĩʔ'ĩ ri'ka; hĩ'ã ri'ka wĩʔ'ĩ ri'ka; hĩ'ã ri'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely primarily transitive
Tatuyo 'wĩdĩ- 'wĩdĩ- See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco primarily transitive
Tuyuka wĩ'dĩ wĩ'dĩ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B. primarily transitive
Waimaja wĩnĩ́ñã wĩnĩ́ɲã See Language page Kelsey Neely primarily transitive
Koreguaje sʉmʉ, vʉomʉ sʉmʉ, vʉomʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Siona yi'eji jiʔehi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely primarily transitive
Secoya sëñe sɨ̃ñɛ̃ See Language page Amanda N primarily transitive
Karitiana hĩn, hynnãnã hĩn, hɨnnãnã unknown See Language page Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Kokama tsetuni tsetuni inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle primarily transitive
Wayampi -ɛ̃tɔ̃; -tũ -ɛ̃tɔ̃; -tũ inheritance See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Aché weno unique See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Chiriguano (a)ẽtu inheritance See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Paraguayan Guaraní aⁿdu; h-etũ See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Sirionó setõ (P85) setõ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker primarily transitive
Kamayurá etun etun inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans primarily transitive
Ocaina dyooro (verb 'oler') dʲooro (verb 'oler') unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE primarily transitive
Nɨpode Witoto hadʒé-de hadʒέ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz primarily transitive
Minica Witoto hadʒé-de hadʒέ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz primarily transitive
Murui Witoto hadʒe-de (intr) hadʒɛ-dɛ (intr) inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE primarily transitive
Iquito apiraani (used for things that smell, not the action of smelling/sniffing) apiraani (used for things that smell, not the action of smelling/sniffing) unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen primarily transitive
Záparo nahuunu nahuːnu See Language page Becky Walker primarily transitive
Wari nac (E&K97) nak (E&K97) See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Ese Ejja/Huarayo šiye-ʔaxa- (Girard 1971) šiye-ʔaxa- See Language page Joyce McCormick primarily transitive
Tacana waniba- See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Cavineña wani; hiro-ya; wani-da; hiro- (G71) (wani is the transitive verb, hiro-ya is intransitive; wani-da is specifically "sniff"; wani also means "smoke") wani; hiro-ya; wani-da; hiro- (G71) unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker primarily transitive
Central Aymara mukt´aña muktʔaɲa See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Cayuvava mɨrɨ See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Kwazá hẽu-, nũ?ỹhỹ, ĩ- hẽu-, nũ?ỹhỹ, ĩ- See Language page Joyce McCormick primarily transitive
Mosetén-Chimané hœʔ'seʔ See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE primarily transitive
Movima pa-yes-na pa-jes-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker primarily transitive
Kaingang kã´ĩ kãʔĩ; mɛ̃ŋ; mɛ̃ŋ-mɛ̃ŋ See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Suyá kupã kupã See Language page Rebekah Evans primarily transitive
Djeoromitxi ĩ ĩ See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Chipaya mukš See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Mocoví i-ta See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Pilagá yi-ta See Language page PLE Lit. '3pa-smell (trans.)'.
Toba i-ta See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Lengua #NAME? See Language page PLE Other senses are incorporated in this word; see 'feel' 15.720. Also tikhan-či.
Sanapaná/Dialect Angaité antikhanki See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Sanapaná/Dialect Enlhet nentekhaneem; neŋleŋayˀ See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay la-'nih See Language page PLE Noun form.
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja -xnewene ~ -xniwene See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Maca #NAME? See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Nivaclé -nsiȼˀaʔ sniff https://ids.clld.org/ PLE primarily transitive
Ayoreo o'hareʔ See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Mapudungun n̯ɨmɨ-tu See Language page PLE Ranquel form is nɨmɨ-.
Qawasqar xanḳstas See Language page PLE Fi, Hy record oks for South QWS. Cf. 'fragrant' 15.250 and 'stinking' 15.260.
Selknam ṣ-we See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Tehuelche 'hēl- See Language page PLE primarily transitive
Lokono kiadoma kiadoma sniff at Pet 1987:371 Camille Unger
Kariña y'nory ɨʔnorɨ raw smell; smell Yamada 2010:831 Camille Unger