leg/foot

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
pierna
Meaning Portuguese
perna

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim in'-gin “whole leg” 175 inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone oon, oom-pin (knee to ankle) inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -'i inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok ho:chonu- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ju7(u)/ inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7yl inheritance Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno nimel (foot, leg), pHkyt?? 0121R unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno -yl' "leg" inheritance A 285 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno kmoLho unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7yl unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa 7imi:/ inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche omo-, oomO (lower) semantic shift Jane Hill
Cupeño -xuchi [xutʃi] unique Jane Hill
Esselen piya-s unknown Shaul 1988:696 Jane Hill
Gabrielino nene:v “my foot, leg” inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa emily [əˈmɪʎ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu ju7u-vy inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa ny-7-miy inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk cakac inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok lo/olo inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño 7e-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu to\li/ unknown Jane Hill
Mojave iime inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun ka:tYul unknown O77:253 Jane Hill
Nisenan lu:l inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute kaupa unknown Thornes 03:241 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok kaw:ali- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok kaw:al, kaw:ali- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A so/non (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M sa/nan 'leg' unknown Mason 1918:128 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ito/aa unknown Jane Hill
Serrano -ca:q leg, lower leg inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute jy7u-S, ju7u-S “leg” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok ho:con- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute ju7uavI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal uukkappyyl loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone nungkwappyh, hungkwappyh inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo T'a/7\ inheritance Jane Hill
Washo a/hl unknown J355 Jane Hill
Western Mono hu/qA inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu tole inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai mpa/ra “leg, wheel” unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami tsi-ah/-tel/-kin “whole leg” (caya/\tel “foot” K63) CHM tsi- is /tsay/ unique CHM Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi kHatasha (poku) “lower leg” inheritance K07 ; G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne k'alassa' (n1), inheritance Golla 1964:63 Jane Hill
Yuki T'a,7a,ch, T'a,:t leg 1 (CHM “thigh”) inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma i:me/ see “foot” inheritance Jane Hill
Arabana parda unique Claire Bowern
Bardi midi midi inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra jerra unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu balwak unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal yaŋara(') Claire Bowern
Dhuwala balwak unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari diltja loan Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 2846 unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu yaŋara(') unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang rnu unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng yambalng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi birdi Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu balwak unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji jamana loan Worrorran? Claire Bowern
Jaru yubarn inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi nilangga nilangka unknown Claire Bowern
Karajarri midi inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija thamparla- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: mangka, unique Claire Bowern
Mangala kanjimanga inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung yambalng inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka pirna inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra birida Claire Bowern
Mudburra yunba inheritance? Claire Bowern
Ngamini tara inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma watha Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl nimmardee nimardi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi wandi unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru midi midi inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla nyunyjurl Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta jina inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta jina inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina midi midi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul midi midi inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi garaga Claire Bowern
Pirriya punkurl Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta pirna inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu maka Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu baltharr Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kanyji loan Nyikina Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru mala unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa -midi -midi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu mukarr unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha maltji unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi tharra inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka miliri unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru nimirdi nimirdi inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua húi: (M), káwa húi: (M), káwa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco càwa kàwa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yukuna tajneji tahnehi unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana kawána kawána inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa kawa kawa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro íphíkuba, hii?pákuba ípʰíkuba, hiiʔpákuba unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Kabiyari nukawa nukawa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ku¢u kutsu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana tabaɨj tabaɨj unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wayuu ta-saʔa See Language page PLE
Yine ksɨxe; tpaľi See Language page PLE Respectively: lower and upper leg. 'Femur (thighbone)' is tpaľ-hapɨ.
Paresi ehose, hoseti ehotse, hotseti unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Ignaciano #NAME? See Language page PLE
Trinitario -pueɣe See Language page PLE 'Shin-bone' is -noɣi.
Baure ni'pes ni'pes inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá -katɨ -katɨ unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cha'palaa 'neepa See Language page PLE Refers to entire leg and foot. The lower leg, including foot, is 'ne-'milʸa. The backside flesh from the knee to the heel is 'ne-'čanbe.
Bora (mé)-tʰáxkʰii (mέ)-tʰáxkʰii unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xúúnu-ga xúúnu-ga See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio eekmada eʔ'mada unique; inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect pisi pisi See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai axi axi inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana wasi wasi inheritance See Language page PLE
Carijona hətɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó (pï)repa (also shin) repa inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Eñepa ëjpëto, yëjpë ǝʰpǝto, jǝʰpǝ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makiritare hētɨ (IDS) hētɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Makushi i-peʔ (IDS) i-peʔ (IDS) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Mapoyo pEtï (petï); pore-ri (knee); pore yï'bï (kneecap); pEtï yë'bë (shin); pEtï punu'bë (calf) pətʊ (petʊ); pore-ri (knee); pore jʊ'bʊ (kneecap); pətʊ jɛ'bɛ (shin); pətʊ punu'bɛ (calf) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Pemon piechi'to (M2000) piechi'to (M2000) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai hrefu (SM) hrefu (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari kyse kɨse See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yabarana ehne po'ɾeɾi See Language page Ana Paula B., John Blaha
Yukpa jauna, pitchi, sako, uaunuj, yusi, yuse See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca goca γoka See Language page Daniel Valle
Barí kain See Language page PLE Colombia: bidiinə; 'shin' is kaynə. *Chibchan form is *ka'ra.
Northern Emberá bhaakará bhaːkará See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Epena 'hĩru; 'bɨɨrɨ See Language page PLE Respectively used for: human or animal; human, animal, thing. The latter also means 'bone' 04.160.
Guayabero peh tit unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Macaguan pe-bémɨtɨ unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Sikuani pe-tópa: inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Cuiva pe-tópa pierna, leg Huber & Reed 1992:25 Rebecca Khorram
Playero pe-táɨ-to, pe-tópa See Language page Rebecca Khorram
Cofán ttena'ngo, tsu'tte thɛnaʔŋgo, tsɯʔthɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra paazich paaʂitʃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ana'hu' anaʔhuʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez čida ('leg, foot') čida ('leg, foot') See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna perɛmã unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina anaaé anaaé unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa mɨntxá-xa mɨntxá-xa See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Waorani õdõ-ti unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï kʰiə unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Pumé dyaí jú See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-pep] pep unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar máku maku See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa maku maku See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kagkág kangkang unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Nukak naat3 unique See Language page Lauren Franklin
Kakua wɨ̂-naʔ [leg-cl.tree.like] unique See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Hup tɔk [thigh], j'ɨ [calf] tɔk [thigh], ɟ'ɨ [calf] unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw seèj [cotovelo até joelho], wâár [coxa] ʃæ̂ɟ (ankle-knee), wə̌h (thigh) unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect tǝ̱:m (or ɟɨːm?; same as 'foot') unknown same as foot (poor data?) See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses nite nite unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Kakataibo i'taṣ̌ See Language page PLE Calf of leg' ipoko. *Panoan *wiʔtaṣ̌ɨ 'shin, lower leg'. *Panoan *wipoko 'calf of leg'.
Katukina hiṣ̌aš See Language page PLE
Pacahuara 'wiko See Language page PLE d'Orb huiko.
Shipibo-Konibo witaṣ̌; kiši; wi- See Language page PLE
Yaminahua kiši čičia See Language page PLE
Chácobo wiko; wiko kiri wiko; wiko kiri inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua (upper ~) muda; (lower ~) duse muda; duse unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua changa tʃanga See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá changa tʃanga See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua changa tʃanga See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano chanka tʃanka See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa tɨhtárema' tɨhtáremaɁ unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ũja ũha unique See Language page Becky Walker
Bará jĩ'kã See Language page Kelsey Neely, Tanja Baeuerlein
Barasano jĩkɨ̃́ jĩkɨ̃́ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo ãraðo ãɾaðo unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana jĩ'kã́ã jĩ'kã́ã See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano ñigagᵾ jigagɨ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Kotiria ~yʉchʉ; da'po jʉ̃ʰʧṹ; daʔpó inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Makuna ñicʉgʉ̃ (for 'lower leg') jikɨgɨ̃ inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'jɨ̃́kãã 'jɨ̃́kãã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jẽ'kɨ̃ jẽ'kɨ̃ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano jĩ'gã́ jĩ'gã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca dyĩkã ʎĩkã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jĩ'kãã jĩ'kãã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tukano dɨ'pô-kã dɨʔpô-kã inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Tuyuka jĩ'kã jĩ'kã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ñĩ́kʰã́ ɲĩ́kʰã́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ɨsotada ja ɨ̃sotada xã unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Koreguaje kũʔa-pɨ kũʔa-pɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona guënso gɨnso inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya quëso kɨ̃'sɔ See Language page Amanda N
Nheengatu etimã etimã inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Kokama tsutɨma tsutɨma inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi -l-ɛtɨmã -l-ɛtɨmã inheritance See Language page PLE
Aché kmakã unique See Language page PLE
Chiriguano (če-)tɨ̃ma; (če-)tɨmãka inheritance See Language page PLE
Paraguayan Guaraní t-etɨma See Language page PLE
Sirionó etimã; ekʷi etimã; ekʷi inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá etɨmɑkɑŋ etɨmɑkɑŋ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina odzákõa, odzááβũa odzákõa, odzááβɯ̃a inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto ïdá-kairo ɯdá-kairo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto ïdá-kairo, rḯ.aï-kairo ɯdá-kairo, rɯ́.aɯ-kairo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ɨdacaìro ɯdakaìro (B83) inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Ninam makosi (EM72) makosi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam mathak matʰak inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami matha matʰa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sanumá wakɨ (EM72) wakɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito áaja áaha unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Wari pišiyašiʔ; kokošiʔ piʃijaʃiʔ; kokoʃiʔ See Language page PLE Respectively: 'lower leg; upper leg'. 'Leg bone' is arašiʔ (at).
Araona tiǰada; eta See Language page PLE 'Shinbone' is tabesese; cf. 'back' 04.190. ebai refers to animals; cf. 'arm' 04.310.
Ese Ejja e-kise; e-ahoho inheritance See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-'sa; e-kise (Girard 1971) e-'sa; e-kise See Language page Joyce McCormick
Tacana e-tidada See Language page PLE 'Shin-bone' is eta; e-taboc̷e.
Cavineña e-c̷a-ka e-ča-ka inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara chara čara See Language page PLE
Cayuvava 'daǰɨ See Language page PLE 'Lower leg' is βera; ri-βera.
Itonama uh-sawano; uh-mukakano See Language page PLE The 'shin' is oh-niwasčačano.
Kwazá -kai -kai See Language page Joyce McCormick
Mosetén-Chimané xœɲœk See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Movima ɬari-kʷa ɬari-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) dak (ha) dak unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang fa #NAME? See Language page PLE
Canela ii-pa See Language page PLE *Jê form is *ma.
Suyá See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi hetã hetã See Language page PLE
Chipaya lis See Language page PLE Uru-J form is lis.
Mocoví li-či See Language page PLE
Pilagá li-či See Language page PLE
Toba l-či See Language page PLE
Lengua #NAME? See Language page PLE Also means 'bone'; see 04.160.
Sanapaná/Dialect Angaité apiɬkapok; aɬkapok See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Enlhet eŋyok See Language page PLE
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay -ɬe'če See Language page PLE
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja -akyoxna ~ -ekyoxna See Language page PLE
Maca #NAME? See Language page PLE
Nivaclé -kaklɔʔ leg https://ids.clld.org/ PLE
Ayoreo oota'di See Language page PLE
Mapudungun čaŋ See Language page PLE Ranquel form is čan ~ čaŋ.
Qawasqar ḳʰat See Language page PLE Sk, Bo. Be, Fe, Lu, Gui record the same for Central QWS. North and Central form also means 'foot'. Fi, Hy record kʰot for South QWS.
Selknam hali See Language page PLE Lower front of leg is koʔč.
Tehuelche 'no See Language page PLE Also 'yorn; 'eškrkˀn, 'de cintura a rodilla'. Also 'ha, from the knee to the ankle, from which bone marrow (caracú) is taken.
Kanamarí -am -am perna Magalhães 2018:351 Maria Castillo
Lokono dana(-ha) dana(-ha) leg Pet 1987:362 Camille Unger
Kariña sei sei leg Yamada 2010:802 Camille Unger