man/male

Semantic Field
human
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
hombre
Meaning Portuguese
homem

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim taht-wŏl/wāl 171, no'-no 225; dātwal (K1907) loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tenkwan “man, adult” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Cahuilla naxanish loan S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok nang:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi taw7a/-ci “man” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7yhyj' inheritance Ono 1996:19 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7alamujun unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7yhy/j' inheritance A 14, K1977:133 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno Lmon'o unknown Klar 1977:141 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7at'axach' loan Harrington 1974:4 Jane Hill
Cocopa 7apa/, 7apa:s inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche tenahpy7 loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Cupeño naxani-sh [naˈxanɪʃ] loan Jane Hill
Esselen exe/-noch unknown Shaul 1995:197, 199, voc Jane Hill
Gabrielino woroyt inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'iikwich [Ɂiˑˈkʷɪtʃ] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu ta7ni-pyzi loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa kw-umiiy inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pachuk loan Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ta/jh inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño ya7a/-sh unique Jane Hill
Maidu je\p'i/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave 7iipa inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun Ta:res inheritance O77:150 Jane Hill
Nisenan jep' inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nana loan SAA 1982 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok nang:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok saw:eh unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A lu:wa/' (A), ); *luaya/to (pl); unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M lu:wai/ unknown Mason 1918:134 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ctam unknown Jane Hill
Serrano wyTY-ST inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute tang7wa- “man” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok nang:aH- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute ta7wachI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal taatwa-l loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tangummy, tangwammy loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Wappo k'e/w unknown Jane Hill
Washo t'e:liwhu unknown J62 Jane Hill
Western Mono na/na loan Jane Hill
Wintu wi:ta inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai pa\:hmi/(ya) inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami lo:tep unique JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi no\no inheritance K07:274 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne no:n'o7 inheritance G1964 Jane Hill
Yuki 7iwop, 7iwa,p, 7iwup, inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7i:pa:nyc “that man” H1:29; 7i:pa: “man, male” H3:154 inheritance Jane Hill
Arabana karna inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi wamb wamb inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra wurra unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu 2254 unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ḏarramu Claire Bowern
Dhuwala ḏirramu inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari matharri inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu ḏirramu Claire Bowern
Djapu ḏarramu Claire Bowern
Djinang gumbirr maringgalgiṉingi Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng jiwoogeng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngoombarna Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu 2254 Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngumpit inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru mabun doubtful semantic shift Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4250 inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija jiyile- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa ŋura loan Claire Bowern
Mangala iliado Claire Bowern
Miriwung jawaleng inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka tyiritayiri unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngarrka Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngarrka semantic shift Claire Bowern
Ngamini matida unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma kartu Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi karna inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru wamb wamb inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla jipi Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta nyampali Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 5200 inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina wamba wamba inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul wamb wamb inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi maḷi semantic shift Claire Bowern
Pirriya bamːa Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta palku inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu 2254 Claire Bowern
Walmajarri piyirn inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru palku inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ḏarramu unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha karru unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi karna inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka karli, pula unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru wamba wamba inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua waʃíalikua waʃíalikua inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco asìali asìali See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yukuna achiñá atʃiɲá inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana čãɾi, čiãɾi tʃãɾi, tʃiãɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa atsíanli, newíki atsíanɺi, newíki inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro atsáagí atsáagí inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Kabiyari t̪ijá-ri t̪ijá-ɾi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero enami enami See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare heñaɻi heñaɻi See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana ˀdaunaiura ˀdaunaiura doubtful loan Carib: Makiritare danwa, Makushi warayoʔ See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka aʒína-he aʒína-he See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wayuu wayuu tooľo See Language page PLE
Yine xexi See Language page PLE *Piro-Apuriná form is *'keki.
Paresi ena ena inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Ignaciano ahaira; ačane See Language page PLE
Trinitario oʔʸono See Language page PLE Also ʔčane-kunano.
Baure hi-ṛ̌ hi-ṛ̌ inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá enɨža enɨža inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani maʔkya maʔkya See Language page John Blaha
Sape kwa kwa See Language page John Blaha
Cha'palaa lʸu-pu See Language page PLE Lit. 'penis-is'. Also ['un'bee]-'ruku, from Span. 'hombre'. Cf. Quichua.
Bora kwa-xphi, mɨ́amḯnáa-xpʰi {being-male} kwa-xphi, mɨ́amɯ́náa-xpʰi {being-male} inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane gáí-ɸi {being-male} gáí-ɸi {being-male} See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio warawok warawɔk inheritance Venezuelan See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai orutua orutua inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana eluwa eluwa inheritance See Language page PLE
Carijona gɨrɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó kïrï kɨrɨ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Eñepa apok; apo' (MM) apok; apoʔ (MM) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makiritare danwa (IDS, KH) danwa unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Makushi warayoʔ (SIL) warayoʔ (SIL) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Mapoyo warastëkomo warastɛkomo See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Pemon warato, kurai (A1981); pemon (M2000) waɾato, kuɾai (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai kɨɨrɨ kɨɨrɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari wykyry (man), tahkome (elder man) wɨkɨrɨ (man), tahkome (elder man) See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yabarana wa'raisto'komo See Language page Ana Paula B., John Blaha
Yukpa atene, küpa kipa See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo itoto itoto unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca muysca muɨska See Language page Daniel Valle
Barí la See Language page PLE Colombia: darə.
Northern Emberá mmákĩra, dyĩmákĩra mmákĩra, dʒĩmákĩra See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Epena ɨmɨ'kʰĩra See Language page PLE
Guayabero poi inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Macaguan pébi pébi inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Sikuani jiwitanü (2), jiwitonü (2), jiwi (2)(humans, indigenous people) pé:bi inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Cuiva pébi-n hombre, man Huber & Reed 1992:38 Rebecca Khorram
Playero pébi-nɨ See Language page Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tsandie tsandiɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra kamooza kamooʂa unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ava´vu awaʔwu See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez piz piz See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna yatũ [3-5, 5] jatũ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kaʨa katʃa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa entɕá entɕá See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke yo'hʌ ʝoʔhʌ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Waorani õgĩyæ̃-gã unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï mari unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Pumé ǫãĩ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Tinigua tsɨtsia See Language page Zach Burnett
Puinave bon bon unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku la:səba la:səba See Language page PLE
Warao nibora, noboto (boy) niboɾa, noboto (boy) See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar áints, áishmang aints, aiʃmaŋ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ashmag aʃmaŋg See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna áishmag áiʃmang inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Nukak t∫aʔ4bu1 unique See Language page Lauren Franklin
Kakua newěʔ unique See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Hup tiyǐʔ [1st syllable comes from 3sg pn tɨh] tijǐʔ inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Yuhup jîʔ jîʔ See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Dâw xut xut inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect jɨ̰ːʔ, maɾahud inheritance cognate in Dâw See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Rio Negro dialect jɨ̰ːh, maɾahud See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses dada; bɨnɨ daɾa, bɨnɨ unknown; inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Kakataibo nukɨ βɨnɨ See Language page PLE
Katukina honi See Language page PLE
Pacahuara 'honi See Language page PLE d'Orb uni. Heath tsé-que. Arm juni.
Shipibo-Konibo βɨ̃βo See Language page PLE
Yaminahua noko βɨnɨ See Language page PLE
Chácobo honi honi inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua vanu wanu doubtful loan, direction unknown cf. similar forms in Yanomami, Carib See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua cari kaɾi See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kari kari See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua cari kaɾi See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qari qaɾi See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa chimi, ubo tʃĩmi, ubɤ unique; inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ũbe ũbe inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Bará baho'kɨ See Language page Kelsey Neely, Tanja Baeuerlein
Barasano ~ɨbɨ ~ɨbɨ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo ʉ̃mʉ ɨ̃mɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana caʉ̃mʉ kaɨ̃mɨ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano ʉ̃mʉ ɨ̃mɨ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Kotiria ~bʉ ~bʉ inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Makuna ~ɨbu-gũ̵ ~ɨbu-gũ̵ inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti baso'kɨ́ baso'kɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana ɨ̃'bɨ̃dõ ɨ̃'bɨ̃dõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano ʉ̃mʉ́ga ɨ̃mɨ́ga See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca ĩ'bĩ rĩ'hĩ ĩ'bĩ rĩ'hĩ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo kã-bã'hõ'kɨ̃ kã-bã'hõ'kɨ̃ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tukano ʉmʉ́ ɨmɨ́ inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Tuyuka ɨ̃'bɨ̃ ɨ̃ʔbɨ̃ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ɨ̃́mɨ̃́ ɨ̃́mɨ̃́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki jɨ aquɨ xɨ akɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Koreguaje pãiʉ pãiʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ɨmɨkˀɨ ɨmɨkˀɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ëmë ɨ̃mɨ̃ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana taso taso unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Nheengatu apigá, apigawa (apigawa is an older variety of apiga) apigá, apigawa (apigawa is an older variety of apiga) unknown See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Kokama ahua, ñapitsara awa, ɲapitsaɾa inheritance; unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi kwimaʔɛ kwimaʔɛ inheritance See Language page PLE
Aché kbaeʔe inheritance See Language page PLE
Chiriguano kuiᵐbae inheritance See Language page PLE
Paraguayan Guaraní ava; kuiᵐbaʔe See Language page PLE
Sirionó erãkʷẽ; acuanɨndu (younɡ man), ameɨ (old man) (P85) erãkʷẽ; acuanɨndu (younɡ man), ameɨ (old man) (P85) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá akwama ˀe akwamaˀe inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina oohu ooʔɯ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto ï.í-ma ɯ.í-ma See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto ï.í-ma ɯ.í-ma See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ï.i-ma ɯ.i-ma inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Ninam wãlo, wãro (EM72) wãlo, wãɾo doubtful loan (into proto-language?) MAYBE Carib source; cf. warawok in Akawaio, warayoʔ in Macushi, warato in Pemon See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam wãro (EM72) wãɾo doubtful loan (into proto-language?) MAYBE Carib source; cf. warawok in Akawaio, warayoʔ in Macushi, warato in Pemon See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami wãrõ wãɾõ doubtful loan (into proto-language?) MAYBE Carib source; cf. warawok in Akawaio, warayoʔ in Macushi, warato in Pemon See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sanumá wanotə (EM72) wanotə (EM72) doubtful loan (into proto-language?) MAYBE Carib source; cf. warawok in Akawaio, warayoʔ in Macushi, warato in Pemon See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito icuáni ikuáni unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo iryanaw, tawku irjanaw, tawku See Language page Becky Walker
Wari taramaʔ taramaʔ See Language page PLE
Araona dea See Language page PLE *Tacn form is *dexa.
Ese Ejja e-ɗexa inheritance See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo dexa dexa See Language page Joyce McCormick
Tacana deha See Language page PLE
Cavineña deka deka inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara chacha čača See Language page PLE
Cayuvava 'ki-asi See Language page PLE
Itonama u-mu See Language page PLE
Kwazá exwa, tswa, -rati exwa, tswa, -rati See Language page Joyce McCormick
Mosetén-Chimané 'c̷oɲ See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Movima yeh-čo jeh-tʃo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai kiki kiki unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ũn-grè ũn-ŋre; ŋrɛ See Language page PLE
Suyá mẽmɨĵe mẽmɨĵe See Language page Rebekah Evans
Karajá hãbu See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi txiü tʃiø See Language page PLE
Chipaya luktaḳa; ṣ̌oɲi See Language page PLE Cf. 'husband' 02.310 and 'boy' 02.250. Uru-J form is lukwawa. Uru-I form is luxa.
Mocoví yale See Language page PLE
Pilagá 'leʔem See Language page PLE
Toba yale See Language page PLE
Lengua enɬit See Language page PLE See 02.100.
Sanapaná/Dialect Angaité inɬit; apkinawo See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Enlhet enɬet; kennaawoʔ See Language page PLE
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay hiʔ'nuʔ See Language page PLE
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja ayinye See Language page PLE
Maca xukhew (m.) See Language page PLE
Nivaclé niwakle man (vs. woman) https://ids.clld.org/ PLE
Ayoreo ayo're-i See Language page PLE
Mapudungun wenṭ͡ʀu See Language page PLE Same form in Ranquel.
Qawasqar aḳsenes See Language page PLE Gus, Sk record akses for Central QWS. Fi records akyenes for South QWS.
Selknam čonn See Language page PLE
Tehuelche 'aln See Language page PLE
Lokono wadili wadili male Pet 1987:363 Camille Unger
Kariña wokyry wokɨrɨ man Yamada 2010:828 Camille Unger