live/be alive

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
vivir
Meaning Portuguese
viver, morar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim oo'-lah-pul 177 unknown Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Cahuilla kwapiqalet “living” unknown S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok hi7a:/-mu- (N) unknown Jane Hill
Chemehuevi nywy/-ga7i inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7al'ek'en inheritance Wash 2001:18 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno atyk; satsatik “he is alive” A76:272 unknown A 133 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno chqe7 “esta vivo” inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno k'alitpe, k'alititpe “estoy vivo (not dead” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa 7i:pa/T; ci:pa/y (human) inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche kahtY inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño qusa'-0 [quˈsaɁ] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen enne foila “I am well” unknown Pinart (Heizer) Jane Hill
Gabrielino yaya:yt “alive ones” unknown Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa nyewaayp [ɲəˈwaˑip] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu kary SG inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa ipaa-y, p-ipaa-y “vivo, sanar inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yaynat “alive” inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok Su/kuh unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño 7a:w- (singular subject) unknown Jane Hill
Maidu ho/nwe inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave pi'ipay=, wa 'ipay= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun TiiTi “be alive, get well”, Titi “live” unknown NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan wada “alive” inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nymy (sg); inheritance SAA 1982:62 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok cope- “alive” inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hese- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A o/xoyo:te7 (A), ), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M o/xoyo:ta'p 'live, exist' unknown Mason 1918:145 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ccam unknown Jane Hill
Serrano hi:k “breathe, be alive or well” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok ky:li- “alive” unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute kary (sg.) inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone nuwityhantysy inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo hu/h-shi7 unknown Jane Hill
Washo k'e/she unknown J263 Jane Hill
Western Mono qati/- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu moroq inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai ya\...pe/: “be alive, be born” inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi gho “be, sit, live” inheritance K07:248 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne xo: inheritance N1964 Jane Hill
Yuki me\//-he\/ (CHM), meh-, m2h- “be, exist” inheritance S&S84 Jane Hill
Yuma 7i:pa/y “be alive, be human” H3:205 inheritance Jane Hill
Carijona nai (alive, adj.) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo cʉcʉ kɨkɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw nĩì nĩ̂ doubtful loan (into proto-language?) Tukanoan See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano ojocari-ri ohokaɾi-ɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa onkono; onkono-pe (IDS) onkono; onkono-pe (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï 'hoa bẽɨ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani kẽwẽ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup ʔɨb-, ni- ʔɨb-, ~di- unknown; doubtful loan (into proto-language?) Tukanoan See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi koʔmamɨ (IDS) koʔmamɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu murári murari loan Portuguese See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Maihiki baiyi baiji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon e-pueti, kowama, ichi (A1981); ko'wamü (M2000) epueti, kowama, itʃi (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sikuani itawa (3), aitawa (3), jinawanapa (35), jinawonopa (3), jinonopa (3), panapana (2), ponapona (2) unknown See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tukano ni ni inheritance See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria kha'ti kʰaʔti inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomami kuo kuo unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna i'imakaje iʔimakahe unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup ni ~di doubtful loan into protolanguage Tukanoan See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Gajirrabeng mooling unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gurindji wanji karri- inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija X Claire Bowern
Miriwung mooling unique NJ Claire Bowern
Walmajarri wanji karr- inheritance Claire Bowern
Piapoco nùyaca nùjaka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero hac̷ika; huhe hatsika; huhe See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kakɨp (viver), maʃaʔap (morar) kakɨp (viver), maʃaʔap (morar) unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wayuu ka-ta-a oʔu See Language page PLE Lit. 'to have skin the eye'.
Yine hiweka See Language page PLE
Paresi tyaona 'be, live, stay' tyaona 'be, live, stay' inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Ignaciano -'itaresira See Language page PLE Also -'itareka; -'awiʔa.
Trinitario itoriko See Language page PLE Noun form is itorisra. Also ʔčane, 'alive'.
Baure čo-'ko- tʃo-'ko- inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá kutɨ kutɨ unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cha'palaa 'ču-nu; 'ču-ndu; 'ču-mi See Language page PLE Also 'ču-nu 'tinbu. 'Alive' is su-.
Bora ijcya (T98) ixkʰja inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ícahi (W97) íkaʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio gokmannö gɔʔmannö inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai ehse ehse unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Makiritare wenɲə (IDS) wenɲə (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo anoi-ri anoi-ri See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai wayΦɨ-ra wayΦɨ-ra unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari nyry 'alive' nɨrɨ 'alive' See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yabarana kɨʝaɾima (either "I live" or alive?) See Language page Ana Paula B., John Blaha
Yukpa ochne See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca zica, mica tʂika, mika See Language page Daniel Valle
Barí dobaɨgbari; baɨgbari See Language page PLE Colombia: ʔadyinə.
Northern Emberá zokkáibʉ zokkáibʉ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Epena čo'kʰai bɨ See Language page PLE Lit. 'awake be'. Cf. 'sleep' 04.610.
Macaguan nar ('live, reside') nar unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán canseye kansɛjɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra támaama támaama unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ine inɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez fi´nze- fiʔnze- See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na-mán-ûn (Alv44) naʔmánʔwun unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina ne 'live, be' ne 'live, be' unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa ainá (alive) ainá (alive) See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke '-pĩ́ '-pĩ́ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé kjõrõ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-huk] huk unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar pujút puxut See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa pujustasa puxustasa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna pujút puxut inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Nadëb/Roçado dialect nɨ, nʌ:, na: doubtful loan (into proto-language?) Tukanoan See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses tabad tabad unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Katukina βopi-ʔama; čĩnã See Language page PLE
Shipibo-Konibo nɨtɨ; hiri-a; hati See Language page PLE
Yaminahua nia; iki See Language page PLE Respectively: 'living, standing; to be'.
Chácobo βɨso βɨso unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua cha (also "to be"); vicha, jnuy tʃa; vitʃa, xnu:j unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua cawsana kawsana See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kausgai kausgai See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua causana kausana See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kawsay, yachay kawsaj, yatʃaj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa hɨ'ɨh hɨɁɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Carapana ãnajẽ ãnaxẽ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna cati-re kati-ɾe inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Koreguaje pa'imʉ, vajʉmʉ paʔimʉ, baxʉmʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ba'iji baʔihi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kokama caquɨrɨ kakɨrɨ inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi -wɛtɛyĩ -wɛtɛjĩ unknown See Language page PLE
Aché ekõ inheritance See Language page PLE
Chiriguano -ikowe; t-ekowe inheritance See Language page PLE
Paraguayan Guaraní (ai)kove; (ai)ko; t-ekove See Language page PLE Respectively: intransitive verb; intrans.; noun form.
Sirionó ereko; siki ereko; siki inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina naavi; aan/ uun; xooba naaβi; ãã/ ɯ̃ɯ̃; xooba unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Murui Witoto ite itɛ (B83) unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito ihuiini iwiini unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo ikinyu ikinju See Language page Becky Walker
Wari See Language page PLE
Araona ize; neti; c̷eiɲeba See Language page PLE neti also means 'stand' 12.150, a position morpheme. See 'day' 14.410.
Ese Ejja eše-; baʔe- inheritance See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo ani-kwe; baʔe- (Girard 1971) ani-kwe; baʔe- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Tacana eiď̶e See Language page PLE
Cavineña ani-ya; hoiyomata-ya; honeni-ya ani-ya; hoiyomata-ya; honeni-ya inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara qamaña xaka-ɲa See Language page PLE
Cayuvava porohi See Language page PLE
Itonama siyumaʔna See Language page PLE
Kwazá bukwa-, a- bukwa-, a- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Mosetén-Chimané bœ'yi; c̷aa'ki See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE Respectively: 'live' and 'living'.
Movima i-teʔ-ni i-teʔ-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang rĩr, nĩ rĩr; Φɛ mrir See Language page PLE
Canela twə See Language page PLE
Karajá iru See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi hõna hõna See Language page PLE
Chipaya ṣ̌et-š; ṣ̌eti See Language page PLE Latter form is noun form.
Mocoví nee-ta-lek See Language page PLE
Pilagá ne-kʔal-'eege See Language page PLE Lit. '3pa-alive-out'.
Toba n-kaʔal-eek; l-kaʔal-aʁaik See Language page PLE
Lengua yinnakte -neŋyak See Language page PLE Means 'strength of the chest'.
Sanapaná/Dialect Angaité apmokhamanki; amokhamanki See Language page PLE
Sanapaná/Dialect Enlhet neŋma; nenteyaaskamˀ; neŋeleeywaam; eŋhaɬnaŋkooʔ See Language page PLE
Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay iloy See Language page PLE
Chorote, Iyojwa'ja #NAME? See Language page PLE
Maca #NAME? See Language page PLE
Nivaclé -manɬa; -manɬa-ʔin live, living, life; live, living, life https://ids.clld.org/ PLE Also -manɬa-yaš.
Ayoreo ee'kai; ue'kai See Language page PLE Cf. 'widow' 02.760. Also ee'ka; ue'ka; puk-u'e-kaariŋeei.
Mapudungun moŋen See Language page PLE Same form in Ranquel.
Qawasqar ḳsḳyal See Language page PLE
Selknam wa See Language page PLE 'Life' is wa-hn.
Tehuelche 'aykˀ- See Language page PLE Also means 'awake'.
Lokono kakyn kakɨn live Pet 1987:362 Camille Unger
Kariña emamy emamɨ reach day light; live Courtz 2007:254 Camille Unger