Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Yir-Yoront puy-kunhthn pandanus armband inheritance *puñca (arm), *kuncan (pandanus) pPaman, pPMy Not reconstructible as a compound to any depth Barry Alpher
Dhuwal barka semantic shift Claire Bowern
Dhangu barka semantic shift ‘upper arm’ Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu dyalhi inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu dyarli inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang garnbalaty loan Burarra ‘lorikeet’ Claire Bowern
Nimanburru kankol inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi kankol inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru kondelji loan direction unknown Nimanburu Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl kundil loan Yawuru or Karajarri Claire Bowern
Karajarri kuntiltyi loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu nganybak loan Burarra Claire Bowern
Burarra nganybak unique Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta tyiliminti loan direction unknown Kurrama Claire Bowern
Yulparija wakungana unique Claire Bowern
Nyikina wila loan Walmajarri Claire Bowern
Mangala wila loan Walmajarri Claire Bowern
Gumatj wurrwa unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri wila inheritance wila or simiar not in R&H dictionary wila or simiar not in R&H dictionary Patrick McConvell
Gurindji taman loan Wardaman worn after subincision; WW %taman worn after subincision; can't see why 'semantic shift' assigned, looks unique Patrick McConvell
Miriwung pinpin inheritance cf. Jam.pinypiny also cane sp. From which they were made WW %pinpin Patrick McConvell
Wardaman taman loan direction unknown also yerrel; loan into Gur; and pinpin<Mir. WW %taman Patrick McConvell