Miriwung

Family
Jarakan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
mep
Location
0.00°, 0.00°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (185)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
above encima, arriba acima location gandu- loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar beri inheritance Claire Bowern
all todo todos other yawoorroobtha Claire Bowern
and y e grammar X missing Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body lengkal loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body woondoong inheritance Claire Bowern
ash ceniza(s) cinzas environment boonang loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location m inheritance Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body ngagaj unique NJ Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality gelga- unique NJ Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body jarambelng inheritance Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location yiligin inheritance Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality ngerregoowoong unique NJ Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body jang inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour manype inheritance Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body garrngan unique NJ Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body boomib inheritance Claire Bowern
boil/pimple espinilla, granos espinha, borbulha body boolgoowoong unique NJ Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body yarriny inheritance Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body gameng inheritance NGY Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body ngany inheritance Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment jagabbe unique Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body jangool inheritance Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human woolaleng inheritance Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion berdin inheritance Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment ngoomelng inheritance Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality wanka inheritance Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion X missing Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact woolthib unique Claire Bowern
correct/true verdad, de veras verdade quality yijibbe inheritance Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental X Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental nyurring inheritance Claire Bowern
cut/hack cortar cortar impact gad inheritance Claire Bowern
day día dia time miridmirid unique Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state joowari inheritance Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact goorraj loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna jimirrang inheritance Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality langgen unique Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental gooning inheritance Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body gurl inheritance Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality dilboo inheritance Claire Bowern
dull/blunt sin filo, mocho, desafilado, embotado, romo maçante, desamolado, não afiado quality thalboong unique NJ Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment joordoong loan NGY Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body ngarnderrang unique NJ Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment jilang inheritance Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body jangab inheritance Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna ngalyarrng unique Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body moorlng inheritance Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body googeng unique NJ Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion jid unique Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality marra-biny inheritance Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body ngandegeng loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship ngabang inheritance Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental jilba inheritance Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna minjalng inheritance Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment gajawooleng unique Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna goondarring inheritance Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion X missing Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment thawaleng inheritance Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion duwurr inheritance Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment boondany unique Claire Bowern
foot pie body yambalng inheritance Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora maying inheritance Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality ngoondengi- unique NJ Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state bad unique Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body yambarrang inheritance Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body marlang loan NGY Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar nawoo inheritance Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body goorroonyoong unique Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental rangga inheritance Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality dinymerrng unique NJ Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion woorlaj unique NJ Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact theb unique NJ Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other roo unique NJ Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar ?gaboob inheritance Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar ngayoo inheritance Claire Bowern
if si se grammar X Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location ngerooma unique Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body jarembelng unique Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body yirr unique NJ Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact delwan unique Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental mil unique NJ Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment baliboong unique NJ Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental galbgalb inheritance Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment ganarrang inheritance Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body waregoong inheritance Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body yambalng inheritance Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion yoog inheritance Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment jimilwiring inheritance Claire Bowern
live/be alive vivir viver, morar body mooling unique NJ Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body meling inheritance Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality larrgajang inheritance Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna yalaleng unique NJ Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body gawoogawoong inheritance Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human jawaleng inheritance Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna ngarin inheritance Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment garngeng inheritance Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship ngarrageng loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body thoowerndeng inheritance Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human yinginy inheritance Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body thoowoong unique NJ Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality dhumbu-ga- unique Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body jirawing unique NJ Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality geleng inheritance Claire Bowern
night noche noite time ngayidgeng unique Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar ngoowag inheritance Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body nyoomboorr inheritance Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality gerlilebtha unique Claire Bowern
one uno um number jerrawing inheritance Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other beng unique NJ Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar jerrawoo inheritance Claire Bowern
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body warren inheritance Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human jawaleng inheritance Claire Bowern
pound/beat machacar, golpear bater impact daj inheritance Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment yiwin loan Ward? NGY? Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour nganangbe inheritance Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body joodoomiwadha loan NGY Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture banan inheritance Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora bandhang unique NJ Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality bagoolng unique NJ Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment rerrawalng inheritance NJ Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental wurla loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact yigarr unique NJ Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental derd unique NJ Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality jalgoorrng unique NJ Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact thelbawoob inheritance Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality doodboong unique Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body lawardeng inheritance Claire Bowern
shy/ashamed tímido, vergonzoso timido, com vergonha mental ganybende inheritance Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state looloo unique Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body mathin unique NJ Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment ngandongoorroong unique NJ Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body yoog unique Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality woothoong unique NJ Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment genginy inheritance Claire Bowern
sniff/smell olfatear, oler cheirar body ngooyi unique NJ Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body thebag inheritance Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact lag inheritance Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact nem unique Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact loorrg unique NJ Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state jad loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment thamberralng unique NJ Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other thawoorrb unique NJ Claire Bowern
stick/wood palo pau, vara flora gooleng inheritance Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment gerany inheritance Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body joong inheritance Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body jirrileb unique NJ Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body roomba loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion lilibbi unique Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body nyawang inheritance Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar nganjang inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar boorroo inheritance Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality doodboong unknown Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality larrgajang loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental girr unique Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar nganjaying inheritance Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar nyengoo inheritance Claire Bowern
three tres tres number merrgen inheritance Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body jirawing inheritance Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact ngerr unique Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment derroorr unique NJ Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact derlmerd unique Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body thalalang inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body therriny inheritance Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other luwurrg unique NJ Claire Bowern
two dos dois number ganggoobeleng unique NJ Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body yoolageb unique Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion geli inheritance Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment gelung inheritance Claire Bowern
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar yarroo inheritance Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar yayi inheritance Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality gajoo inheritance Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar gaboo inheritance Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar gawoothag inheritance Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar gama unique Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour thambalgbeng unique Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar gawoothaging inheritance Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship ngulngany loan NGY Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment goonkirring inheritance Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body badang unique NJ Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human gawilang inheritance Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other X Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body dabedab unique NJ Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour garigoolng unique Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar nenggurr inheritance Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (136)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
agile wallaby, river wallaby flora-fauna Macropus agilis walbawung walbawung inheritance warlpawu Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae raging raging inheritance raki Jarragan WW %taparu underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian pelican flora-fauna Pelecanus conspicillatus dabarung dabarung inheritance taparu underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian snubfin dolphin flora-fauna Orcaella heinsohnii missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
baler shell flora-fauna Melo amphora missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bandicoot flora-fauna Peramelemorphia missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
barn owl flora-fauna Tyto alba mun.gawung mun.gawung unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
barramundi flora-fauna Lates calcarifer djaliwang djaliwang inheritance tyaliwa Jarragan underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp ban.gal pankal inheritance parnkal Jarragan WW %pankal underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bindii, caltrop flora-fauna Tribulus terrestris bagang unique 0 0 0 0 0 no
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna djigeng deriwun inheritance tyirike Jarragan WW %tyiriki underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-breasted buzzard flora-fauna Hamirostra melanosternon missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-faced cuckoo-shrike flora-fauna Coracina novaehollandiae yiruyirung yiruyirung unknown reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-headed python flora-fauna Aspidites melanocephalus missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
black-soil yam flora-fauna Ipomoea diamantinensis djanggalan djanggalan unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bloodwood flora-fauna Eucalyptus (Corymbia) bleeseri delinjdjin delinjdjin inheritance thelinytye Jarragan underived 0 1 1 0 0 no
blowfly maggots flora-fauna Diptera, Sarcophagidae missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
blue-tongue lizard flora-fauna Tiliqua species lumugeng lumugeng inheritance lumuku Jarragan WW %luma underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
blue-winged kookaburra flora-fauna Dacelo leachii degagarang degagarang inheritance thelgagara Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bluebone flora-fauna Choerodon cyanodus missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
brolga flora-fauna Grus rubicunda gurandal gurandal inheritance kurrantal Jarragan WW %kurrantal underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
brown goshawk flora-fauna Accipiter fasciatus garrgang garrgang inheritance karrkany Jarragan WW %karrkiny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
brush-tailed possum flora-fauna Trichosurus vulpecula guman guman inheritance kuman Jarragan also nanggung cf Kija underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush cockroach flora-fauna (many species) 'gundu'gundulung unique missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bush stone-curlew flora-fauna Burhinus grallarius windugung wintukung loan into protolanguage wirntiku Jarragan WW %wintuku underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
bush tobacco flora-fauna Lobelia quadrangularis walayerang walayerang inheritance warlayerra Jarragan underived 0 0 0 1 0 no
bush turkey, Australian bustard flora-fauna Ardeotis australis djamud djamud inheritance tyamut Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush yam flora-fauna Vigna lanceolata var. lanceolata walanggalng walanggalng unknown underived 0 1 2 0 1 no
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna Lepidoptera walimarrgung walimarrgung inheritance walimarrku Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
carpet snake flora-fauna Morelia spilota missing 0 1 0 0 0
caterpillar flora-fauna Lepidoptera missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
catfish flora-fauna (many species) djadjan djadjan inheritance tyatyan Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna Chilopoda, Myriapoda bilgulang bilgulang inheritance pirrkula Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
channel-billed cuckoo flora-fauna Scythops novaehollandiae gurawurang gurawurang inheritance kurrakurra Jarragan WW %kurrakurra reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
crested pigeon flora-fauna Ocyphaps lophotes yalumberara? yalumberara? unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
darter/cormorant flora-fauna Anhinga melanogaster, Phalacrocorax species garranggarrang garranggarrang inheritance karrangkarrang Jarragan reduplicated 0 1 0 0 0 no
death adder, five-minute snake flora-fauna Acanthophis praelongus ngadharrng ngadharrng unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 yes
dingo flora-fauna Canis familiaris dingo djimirang djimirang inheritance tyimirra Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis familiaris djulang djulang inheritance tyula Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae djibilyiwung djibilyiwung inheritance tyipilyiku Jarragan WW %tyipilyu underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
dugong flora-fauna Dugon dugong missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
earthworm flora-fauna Annelida, Oligochaeta wanambing wanambing semantic shift? fr wanambi snake? WW %wanampi underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
emu flora-fauna Dromaius novaehollandiae madjugung madjugung inheritance matyuku Jarragan underived 2 1 2 0 0 no
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna gundarring gundarring inheritance kurntarri Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
flower flora-fauna (NA) dawalang dawalang inheritance thawarle Jarragan should be thawalang on basis of other Jarragan lgs underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera buneng buneng inheritance purnu Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
flying-fox (generic) flora-fauna (many species) ganburinj ganburiny unknown cf. Wardaman ganben underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus johnstoni derinjenggen derinjenggen unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater mussel flora-fauna Velesunio wilsoni gerrawung gerrawung inheritance kerrawu Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
freshwater prawn flora-fauna Macrobrachium rosenbergii djilginj djilginj inheritance tyilki Jarragan WW %tyilkiny underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frill-necked lizard flora-fauna Chlamydosaurus kingii gedan gedan inheritance kertan Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frog (generic) flora-fauna (many species) ngaldjan ngaldjan unique also palngawun<proto-form WW %ngaltya underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
galah flora-fauna Eolophus roseicapilla kirrkalaŋ unique 0 0 0 0 0
turtle (generic) flora-fauna (many species) ngulurrng ngulurrng unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ghost gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus papuana (Corymbia bella) walarring walarring inheritance warlarri Jarragan underived 2 0 1 0 0 no
goanna (generic) or sand goanna flora-fauna Varanus spp guding guding inheritance kurti Jarragan WW %walarri underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (NA) ramang ramang inheritance rama Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
grasshopper flora-fauna Orthoptera bilbildjing pilpiltying inheritance pilpiltyi Jarragan WW %pilpiltyi reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
great bowerbird flora-fauna Chlamydera nuchalis djuwidganeng djuwidganeng inheritance tyuwity-SUFF Jarra underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
green ant flora-fauna Oecophylla smaragdina ngubedgung ngubedgung unknown underived 0 2 2 0 0 no
green sea turtle flora-fauna Chelonia mydas ngulurrng ngulurrng unknown underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
green tree snake flora-fauna Dendrelaphis punctulata missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
head/body lice flora-fauna Pediculus capitis, Pediculus humanus yalaleng yalaleng inheritance yalale Jarragan cf. Kija yalaliny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus yawadang yawadang loan Jaru WW from SW Aus WW %yawarta underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna Trochilidae milparrpekeŋ unique missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
humpback whale flora-fauna Megaptera novaeangliae missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic gundugundulung gundugundulung unknown reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
jabiru flora-fauna Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus maliŋtyiŋ unique 0 0 0 0 0
jungle-fowl (scrub-fowl) flora-fauna Megapodius freycinet guluguldjung guluguldjung unknown rel to NGY tyiya? reduplicated 0 1 0 0 0 no
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Macropodidae djireng djireng inheritance tyiyirre Jarragan underived 2 1 0 0 0 no
land snail flora-fauna Gastropoda missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
magpie goose flora-fauna Anseranas semipalmata munamang munamang inheritance munama Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
military dragon flora-fauna Ctenophorus isolepis, Diporiphora spp., Lophognathus spp. missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles spp, Isoptera njiwunj njiwunj inheritance nyiwiuny Jarragan WW %nyiwuny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mud wasp, hornet flora-fauna (many species) burrngunngun burrngunngun inheritance purrngunngun Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native bee flora-fauna (many species) nanggaleng nanggaleng inheritance nangkale Jarragan ground honey' 'beswax' in other languages WW %nangkale underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native cat flora-fauna Dasyurus ngandjalang ngandjalang unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
northern brown bandicoot flora-fauna Isoodon macrourus njinggiyugeng njinggiyugeng unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
northern kurrajong flora-fauna Brachychiton diversifolius wulawulang wulawulang inheritance wulawula Jarragan reduplicated 0 1 no? 0 0 no
nut tree flora-fauna Terminalia grandifolia badiging badiging inheritance partiki Jarragan WW %partiki underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
octopus flora-fauna Octopus australis missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pandanus palm flora-fauna Pandanus spiralis wiyinbung wiyinbung inheritance wiyinpe Jarragan underived 1 1 0 0 1 no
paperbark flora-fauna Melaleuca sericea, Melaleuca stenostachya mendang mendang inheritance mernta Jarragan underived 0 0 1 0 0 no
peaceful dove flora-fauna Geopelia placida gulududug gulududug inheritance kulututuk Jarragan reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
pearlshell flora-fauna Pinctada spp djaguli djaguli loan Worrorra WW %tyakuli underived 1 1 0 0 1 no
peewee flora-fauna Gryllina cyanoleuca wuriyibeng wuriyibeng unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pied butcherbird flora-fauna Cracticus nigrogularis gulbiranggul gulbiranggul inheritance kulpirrangkul Jarragan WW WW %kurrparu underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pike eel flora-fauna Muraenesox arabicus missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna Mantodea missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
prickle bush flora-fauna Sclerolaena bicornis missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
quail (generic) flora-fauna Coturnix species, Turnix species bunbururugung bunbururugung unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
red river gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus camaldulensis dimalan dimalan loan Western Mirndi ALSO %MALAN, ti< Mirndi masc? but very widespread WW %timalan underived 2 0 1 0 1 no
red-tailed black-cockatoo flora-fauna Calyptorhynchus banksi deran deran inheritance terran Jarragan WW %tirra underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
riflefish, archerfish flora-fauna Toxotes chatareus luwarreng luwarreng inheritance leparre Jarragan WW %leparre underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
river mangrove flora-fauna Aegicera corniculatum malawan malawan inheritance malawan Jarragan underived 0 0 2 0 1 no
rock fig flora-fauna Ficus brachypoda nambulang nambulang loan river fig, not rock fig; Jam nampul 'nits' >fig by resemblance of seeds underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
sacred kingfisher flora-fauna Todiramphus sancta djigereng djigereng inheritance tyikere Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
saltwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus porosus dherrmad dherrmad unknown borrowed into Malngin underived 2 2 0 0 0 yes
saltwater mussel flora-fauna Mytilidae missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sawfish flora-fauna Pristis pectinata ngandjalang missing missing 1 0 0 0 0 yes
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna Arachnida, Scorpiones bin.gudjeng bin.gudjeng inheritance pinkutye Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
shark (generic) flora-fauna Selachimorpha gayawung gayawung unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 variable
shell (generic) flora-fauna rumbeng rumbeng unknown underived 0 1 0 0 1 no
short-beaked echidna flora-fauna Tachyglossus aculeatus galaminang galaminang inheritance kalamina N.Jarragan underived 0 2 0 0 0 no
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna ngandjuwarrng ngandjuwarrng inheritance ngantyuwarr Jarragan King Brown>snake underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
snappy gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus brevifolia missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnida, Araneae manggadheng manggadheng inheritance mangkathe Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
spinifex flora-fauna Triodia species missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
spoonbills (yellow-billed spoonbill, black-billed spoonbill) flora-fauna Platalea flavipes, Platalea regia milngudungngudung milngudungngudung inheritance mirrngutungutu Jarragan reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Dasyatidae missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 variable
stripe-faced dunnart flora-fauna Sminthopsis macroura waluwudbugeng waluwudbugeng inheritance warluwujpi Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
sugarbag wax flora-fauna nganing nganing inheritance ngarni Jarragan underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
sulphur-crested cockatoo flora-fauna Cacatua galerita ngalmaring ngalmaring inheritance ngalmarri Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
swamp eel flora-fauna Ophisternon gutturale missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
swamp leech flora-fauna Annelida, Hirudinea missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
tawny frogmouth flora-fauna Podargus strigoides gurrgurrdjing gurrgurrdjing inheritance kurrkurrtyi Jarragan WW %kurrkurr derived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termite mounds, ant hills flora-fauna Isoptera munggung munggung loan Bunuba Bun milnggu; Jam munkut; Walm mungku WW %mungku underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna (many species) malureng malureng unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
ti-tree flora-fauna Melaleuca bracteata munggelng munggelng unknown underived 0 0 1 0 0 no
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna Arachnida, Acarina missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
tiger shark flora-fauna Galeocerdo cuvier missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
torresian crow flora-fauna Corvus orru wanggerang wanggerang inheritance wangkarn Jarragan WW %wangkurri underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna (NA) guleng guleng inheritance kulpe Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
waterlily flora-fauna Nymphaea macrosperma nageng nageng unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
wattle flora-fauna Acacia difficilis wirriling wirriling loan Gooniyandi Goon warrkarli > Mir k deleted by lenition? underived 0 0 1 0 1 no
wedge-tailed eagle flora-fauna Aquila audax waranang waranang loan Nyulnyulan? arriwana<*karriwana Nyulnyulan? WW %warrana underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
willie wagtail flora-fauna Rhipidura leucophrys djiridgeng djiridgeng inheritance tyikirrity Jarragan tyikirrity>tyirrity by lenition? underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
witchetty grub flora-fauna (many species) ladjeng ladjeng inheritance latye Jarragan WW %latyu underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
woma flora-fauna Aspidites ramsayii missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna raging inheritance Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna jigeng inheritance Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna booneng inheritance Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna joolang inheritance ?old loan from Worrorran Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna ramang unique NJ Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna nganjoowarrng inheritance Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna manggatheng inheritance Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (113)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
armband dress pinpin inheritance cf. Jam.pinypiny also cane sp. From which they were made WW %pinpin Patrick McConvell
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool lithpurrk inheritance Gaj. Lijperrk, also Jam. Lijpurrk;also nininy, mantiyany; stone ane axe menintheleng WW %litypurrk Patrick McConvell
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material yawuny inheritance dug out coolamon; Kija, Gaj. WW %yawuny Patrick McConvell
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool kurrupartu inheritance also warrakang, WW %kurrupartu Patrick McConvell
clapsticks culture-mythology kanpity loan direction unknown possibly from Jarragan , but -ij><-ak in lgs not explained WW %karnpity Patrick McConvell
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology wapawapang loan Jingulu dress < Wambaya 'skin' WW %wapawapa Patrick McConvell
club (nulla-nulla) subsistence tool pakung loan Jingulu parrku, also Wambaya WW %parrku Patrick McConvell
corpse food tyuwaring inheritance dead perspn WW %tyuwari Patrick McConvell
digging stick subsistence tool kurratykang derived kurraty 'dig' SUFFIX derived Patrick McConvell
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology kuni inheritance WW %kuni Patrick McConvell
earth oven food kurrku loan Jaru has hole in ground meaning in Ngumoin WW %kurrku Patrick McConvell
fire drill subsistence tool kungkale loan Jingulu WW %kungkale Patrick McConvell
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool watyamang derived waty is 'throw' in Jaru and other lgs ; ama- is a derivational suffix cf, katamang 'knife' <kat cut. WW %watyama derived Patrick McConvell
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food ngarin inheritance Gaj. Ngartin WW %ngarin Patrick McConvell
initiation (circumcision) culture-mythology waling unknown initiand WW %waling Patrick McConvell
ochre culture-mythology tangkang inheritance red ochre;yellow o. palat, pungkalng; proto-Mirndi? Jing. Wamb. Dankurra yellow ochreyellow o. kuntalng yellow cf. jaminjung kuntarrng yellow pollen WW %tangka Patrick McConvell
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology ngamal unique coverb WW %mernta Patrick McConvell
string (from vine) culture-material ngalang inheritance made from ngalwang tree cf. Kija ngerlam WW %ngala Patrick McConvell
tea food nalityan loan Mudburra from plant nalij; final -n unusual; also tiyeng <English WW %nalitya Patrick McConvell
tobacco (European) narcotics walayarang semantic shift from bush tobacco? WW %nguntyu Patrick McConvell
wax cera cera other talang inheritance beeswax; also kankarrng;semantic change? Kija tarla wax lid in beehive WW %tarla Patrick McConvell
white paint culture-mythology kalateng inheritance Gaj. Kaltyeng white clay WW %kaltyi Patrick McConvell
bottle botella garrafa acculturation mulungun loan direction unknown glass spearhead 'bottle' WW %mulukun Patrick McConvell
drone pipe culture-mythology kulumpung loan direction unknown goes E from Jarragan WW %kulumpung Patrick McConvell
headband dress pentuwalung loan direction unknown may be jarragan inheritance spread widely from there WW %pentewale Patrick McConvell
public song cycle culture-mythology tyunpa loan direction unknown from N. Kimberley? WW %tyunpa Patrick McConvell
speartip subsistence tool tyimpilang loan direction unknown quartz/glass spearhead WW %tyimpila Patrick McConvell
tobacco (native) narcotics nguntyukang loan direction unknown also walayarang WW %walayarra Patrick McConvell
shelter (native) other missing Patrick McConvell
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool mantalng inheritance Gaj same; Kija manjany Patrick McConvell
spear (fighting) subsistence tool nguni loan Wardaman Ward. Ngone 'spear; Patrick McConvell
song (for entertainment) culture-mythology tyunpa loan direction unknown from N. Kimberley? Patrick McConvell
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food watyamap loan direction unknown Patrick McConvell
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology yerinting loan direction unknown song type; sorcery song in some other lgs. Cf. Anmaty. Arreny 'song' WW %yarinti Patrick McConvell
love song culture-mythology yirrpintyi loan Arrernte sorcerer's song'; Arr. Ilpityi WW %ilpintyi Patrick McConvell
salt sal sal food karram loan direction unknown Gaj. Kerrelang WW %kerrela Patrick McConvell
spirit child culture-mythology wipiliring loan direction unknown spiri;t of dead man; returns as child; yimarum in E. WW %wipiliri Patrick McConvell
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
awl subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
bag (string) culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool kerung unique Patrick McConvell
body feather decorations culture-mythology mintyalng semantic shift feather Patrick McConvell
boomerang (number 7) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
boomerang (small) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
bowl (coolamon) culture-material walanaring unique type of coolamon Patrick McConvell
broom escoba vassoura culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
canoe canoa canoa transport malampeng unknown log for swimming, boat Patrick McConvell
cat gato gato acculturation ngirrngeleng inheritance semantic shift <spirit type cf Kija, Patrick McConvell
chicken gallina galinha acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
cicatrice culture-mythology kamerreng inheritance Patrick McConvell
cook food food wulthip unique Patrick McConvell
cook in earth oven food kiyintyek kila- unique cover food in earth ovem Patrick McConvell
damper food missing Patrick McConvell
dance (generic) culture-mythology warrk inheritance coverb Patrick McConvell
dipper (small coolamon) subsistence tool missing several entries 'type of coolamon' but no detail of a dipper type Patrick McConvell
dreaming culture-mythology parrpang semantic shift Gaj. Parrkpang 'dreaming place; possibly complex <coverb parrk ? Patrick McConvell
fire-saw other missing Patrick McConvell
fireplace hogar lareira other katyawulang unique fire, firewood Patrick McConvell
firewood leña lenha other katyawulang unique fire, firewood Patrick McConvell
fish poison barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó subsistence tool malawany inheritance river mangrove leaves used as f.p. Patrick McConvell
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food wurrpat kani- missing also tyaluwip kani- Patrick McConvell
fish (with spear) food missing Patrick McConvell
fishtrap (permanent) subsistence tool missing thep kani- make a fish traap Patrick McConvell
fishtrap (woven) subsistence tool missing driving fish with roll of grass called kerlkip in Gaj. Patrick McConvell
flour (bush) food missing Patrick McConvell
flour (European) food missing Patrick McConvell
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology tyumung inheritance Gaj. Tyumeng; also tyarinyin Patrick McConvell
glue subsistence tool piriwiring unique edible gum of trees used as glue Patrick McConvell
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
grog food kelung semantic shift < water, inheritance Patrick McConvell
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation missing thelpawup shoot Patrick McConvell
hair belt dress kutang inheritance Patrick McConvell
hat sombero chapéu dress narangkany unknown Patrick McConvell
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology paramanpeng inheritance magincal-power HAVING complex Patrick McConvell
honey miel mel food ngareng inheritance Patrick McConvell
house (European) other pulming semantic shift < nest; word not apparely inheritance or lobvious loan Patrick McConvell
hunt cazar caçar food tyuk inheritance Patrick McConvell
initiation (subincision) culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
knife cuchillo faca culture-material katamang inheritance kat 'cut' {NOT English loan) SUFF complex Patrick McConvell
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress wapurrng Patrick McConvell
mangrove raft transport missing Patrick McConvell
medicine narcotics missing Patrick McConvell
message stick culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool missing its mother -ie of the muller Patrick McConvell
net subsistence tool kalarr inheritance also Gaj;made from kanpalung Livistona spp. Patrick McConvell
nosepeg other guriling inheritance in Gaj not Kija Patrick McConvell
paddle/oar remo remo transport missing Patrick McConvell
paper papel papel acculturation menta semantic shift < paperbark; inheritance Patrick McConvell
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other missing Patrick McConvell
policeman polícia policía acculturation tyentupang inheritance string (tyentu) HAING complex Patrick McConvell
red paint culture-mythology kamanterang unknown red ochre also tangkang Patrick McConvell
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool katyarrang inheritance spinifex resin Patrick McConvell
school escuela escola acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
shoes zapatos sapatos dress yampalng semantic shift from foot Patrick McConvell
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
spear lanza lança subsistence tool tuwun unknown in Gaj also Patrick McConvell
spear (fishing) subsistence tool wayang loan wire; also yiraking Patrick McConvell
spearthrower subsistence tool ngawaleng semantic shift <corkwood tree, main timber for w. Patrick McConvell
string (from hair) culture-material tyentung inheritance string in general; hair bel kutangt Patrick McConvell
sugar acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
tree coffin culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
windbreak other missing Patrick McConvell
yandy (n) culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture jendoong inheritance Claire Bowern
thatch/roof crisneja palha, caraná culture-material X missing Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture barlawarn unique Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool ganiny inheritance Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture X Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture mandalng inheritance Claire Bowern
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool warragang unique Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool ngawaleng inheritance Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool doowoon loan Claire Bowern
house other mayaroong loan Marrngu Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
medium HG low mobile unknown