Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Yir-Yoront murrn inheritance *murra pEastern Etymology problematic; YY has two senses: clapsticks, and thrown club; putative cognates are 'throwing stick' Barry Alpher
Burarra an-gurdoŋgoldya unique Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu bilhma inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu biḻma inheritance Claire Bowern
Gumatj biḻma inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal biḻma inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhangu biḻma inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang bilmi inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhay’yi birlma inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru kanbak loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul kanbak loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Nyikina kanpak loan into protolanguage WW %karnpak Claire Bowern
Bardi karnpak(a) loan into protolanguage WW %karnpak Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu makpar unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri karnpity loan Gajirrabeng WW %karnpity possibly from Jarragan , but -ij>-ak not explained Patrick McConvell
Mudburra kurntarnnga loan Jingulu Ji kurntalnga Ji kurntalnga Patrick McConvell
Jaru kuntalnga unknown Patrick McConvell
Gurindji karnpak loan Gajirrabeng but ij/al problem Patrick McConvell
Gooniyandi karnpak loan Gajirrabeng but ity/ak WW %karnpity Patrick McConvell
Gajirrabeng karnpij loan Gajirrabeng also in Mir, loan into Jaminjung WW %karnpity also in Mir, loan into Jaminjung Patrick McConvell
Djapu birlma inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung kanpity loan direction unknown possibly from Jarragan , but -ij><-ak in lgs not explained WW %karnpity Patrick McConvell
Jingulu kuntalnga loan Jingulu loan into Mud kuntannga Patrick McConvell