Mudburra

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
mwd
Location
-17.37°, 132.05°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (372)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar juuda Claire Bowern
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar ngayi parnalu inheritance Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar jibilyaku Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar ngayi parlaa semantic shift Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar ngayi inheritance Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar ngayi inheritance Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar nyuntu tartu semantic shift Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar nyundu inheritance Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar nyundu inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar ngalinya-ngalinya Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar nyani tartu inheritance Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar nyani inheritance Claire Bowern
above encima, arriba acima location dimbu Claire Bowern
above encima, arriba acima location kankulu inheritance Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar jandarni loan Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar jandarni loan Claire Bowern
all todo todos other kuwanyja Claire Bowern
all todo todos other burrb loan Claire Bowern
and y e grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
and y e grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body bardbala Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body dangka unique Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body ngabikilyi Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body wanyku loan Claire Bowern
ashamed xx xx mental mabu unique Claire Bowern
ashamed xx xx mental mabu unique Claire Bowern
ashes xx xx environment wubba Claire Bowern
ashes xx xx environment puna loan Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location [missing] missing Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location ngka, la inheritance Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body juurna Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body ngakaj loan Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality wangi doubtful loan Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality wangi doubtful loan Claire Bowern
be alive xx xx body wanka loan Claire Bowern
be alive xx xx body wanka loan Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body majula loan Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body majula loan Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location jadurr Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location kanyju- inheritance Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality dija Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality dija unique Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body bi- Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body bi- inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour mungarramungarra Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour mungarra semantic shift Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body kungulu (rl?) Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body kungulu loan Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body bub ma-rru Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body puma- inheritance Claire Bowern
blunt xx xx quality nyunyuja Claire Bowern
blunt xx xx quality nyunyuja unique Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body kardakarda loan Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body kardakarda loan Claire Bowern
boomerang xx xx manufacture warirtila Claire Bowern
boomerang xx xx manufacture kurrubardu loan Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body ngabulu Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body ngapulu inheritance Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body ngayib (kurni) Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body ngayib inheritance Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment janki-; jangki- Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment kamba- inheritance Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body nyanyambi Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body jabardkarra inheritance Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human 430 Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human karu doubtful loan Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion duwaj (karri-, ku-ya) Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion bardaj loan Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment mardayi Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment mardayi loan Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality makurru Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality makurru loan Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion yan-durru Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion kalama- unique Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact kamb-u Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact kamba- inheritance Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental lungka_x001E_ inheritance Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental lungkarra kayi- inheritance Claire Bowern
cut xx xx impact buj barra Claire Bowern
cut xx xx impact biya-ngku inheritance Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state dikirrij Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state dikirrij loan Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact jibij (ba-rru) Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact jibij ba- loan Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna wurrakina Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna winkuwarnu unique Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality jurdurdu Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality jurdurrdu inheritance Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental kurni Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental bankaja unique Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body bi-ya Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body bi- inheritance Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality wurruja Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality larrwa unique Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment bunku Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment bunku unique Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body langa Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body langa inheritance Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment yulu Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment yulu inheritance Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body nga-lu Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body nga- inheritance Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna kambij Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna kidba loan Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body mila Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body ngabanyji loan Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body jirdi Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body jirit unique Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion jak Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality yiikayiika Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality kari doubtful loan Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body dika Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body dika loan Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship kirda Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship kirda inheritance Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental wilanykarra Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental wilankarra unique Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna binkirr Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna limbu unique Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment buba Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment buba loan Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna kakawi, kakuyu Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna yawu loan Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion nga-lu Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion lurlurlarra unique Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment yina Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment yina unique Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion kunama Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion dim loan Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
foot pie body yili Claire Bowern
foot pie body yunba inheritance Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora yurrwalyi Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora nanbari unique Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality bardawurru Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality bardakurru loan Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state rawarra Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state duma- inheritance Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body winyjalma Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body winyjalma unique Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body nungkuru Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body nungkuru loan Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body ngarla/uka Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body kurlaka unique Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental kurru karri- Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental lankaj loan Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality birlbu Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality birlbu loan Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion marruk Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion marruk doubtful loan Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact luwa Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact ba- inheritance Claire Bowern
hit (with hand) xx xx impact dul Claire Bowern
hit (with hand) xx xx impact darl ba- loan Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other durn Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other durd unique Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar ngadarra Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar ngadarra inheritance? Claire Bowern
if si se grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
if si se grammar abala unique Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location walyaka Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location bub inheritance Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body jirikulukula Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body jirdi unique Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body jikirdikirdi Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact pa-rru Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact bak ba- loan Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental bina karri Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental bina inheritance Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment kilkayi unique Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental kinkilarra Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental kinkilarra unique Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment yurrwalyi Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment yurrwalyi inheritance? Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body jambu Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body jambu loan Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body birida Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body yunba inheritance? Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion manyan Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion mukuna loan Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment 379 Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment janginyina loan Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body jabarrka Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body jabarrka loan Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality wilirla Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality wilirla unique Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna juda loan Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna juuda loan Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body jaalyakbalyaku Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body yaya unique Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human ngarrka Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human ngarrka semantic shift Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna jiya Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna jiya inheritance Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment bardangarra Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment bardangkarra loan Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship [missing] missing Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship jakardi loan Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body barrarrk Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body kangarnda unique Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human yini Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human yini inheritance Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body jikirdikirdi Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body jikrdikirdi loan Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality kajubari Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality kajubari loan Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body ngujbi Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body ngilkirri loan Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality jalirla Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality jalirla semantic shift Claire Bowern
night noche noite time kurulala Claire Bowern
night noche noite time kurulala unique Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar kula(anya) Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar kula inheritance Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body jirrji Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body kilimi loan Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality kamparra Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality larrba loan Claire Bowern
one uno um number jindaku Claire Bowern
one uno um number jindaku inheritance Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other warlk (warnd-u) Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other warlk unique Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar jindaba Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar jindara inheritance Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human -nganyju Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human ngarrka semantic shift Claire Bowern
pimple xx xx body karlaba Claire Bowern
pimple xx xx body karlapa loan Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment yibu Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment yibu inheritance Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour pilyingpilyinga Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour bilyingbilyinga loan Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture wurrumu Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture wurrumu inheritance Claire Bowern
roof xx xx manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
roof xx xx manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora winduru Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora kinyjaka unique Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality buka inheritance Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality nungulyu unique Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment buyuda Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment buyuda loan Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental yurr (ku-ya) Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental ma- inheritance Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact warra Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact karal loan Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental nyang-ku Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental nya- inheritance Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality ngarrangarrarra Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality ngarrangarrarra inheritance? Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact dulk Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact la- inheritance Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality dungkuja Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality dardarra unique Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body ngabarnda Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body laban loan Claire Bowern
sick xx xx body warlard Claire Bowern
sick xx xx body janga inheritance Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state dinkija Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state dak karri- semantic shift Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body kurrnyu ? Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body kurrnyu loan Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment kulumarra Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment kulumarra loan Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body makina Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body mukuna loan Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality wunyu Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality wunyu unique Claire Bowern
smell (tr/intr) xx xx body ngabu Claire Bowern
smell (tr/intr) xx xx body ngabu nya- loan Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment jungkarna Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment jungkarna inheritance Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body jalkirra Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body banga loan Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact dil Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact dil ba- loan Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact bijarrk warnda Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact bijarrk warnda- loan Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact durrb la- loan Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state kutij Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state kudi karri- loan Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment jinkiji Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment jinkiji loan Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other yurrub Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other jawurra warnda- loan Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment puyuka Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment wumara loan Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body mukbiji Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body muk warnda unique Claire Bowern
sun sol sol time wangku Claire Bowern
sun sol sol time wangku doubtful loan Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body jilngirda Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body jilngida inheritance Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion lilaj (yan-durru) Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion lilaj ya- loan Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body jawurd Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body jawurd unique Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar yali Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar yali inheritance Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality larrkaja Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality larrkaja loan Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental ngardjanirrama Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental kunguyarra karri- unique Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar nyama Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar nginya inheritance Claire Bowern
three tres tres number murrkuna Claire Bowern
three tres tres number murrkuna inheritance Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body ngilkirri Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body ngujbi loan Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact warn Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact warn ku- unique Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment durdurdarra Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment dududarra loan Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact dirrk Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact dibid ma- loan Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body jalanya Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body jalanya inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body kanganda Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body kangarnda unique Claire Bowern
true xx xx quality kurlbari Claire Bowern
true xx xx quality yijani loan Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other wirrmin Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other wirrminy loan Claire Bowern
two dos dois number kujarra Claire Bowern
two dos dois number kujarra inheritance Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body baku Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body bagu ku- unique Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion kija Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion kija ya- unique Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment nguku Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment nguku loan Alawa Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality ngukunginyi Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality bandij loan Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar ngadarra Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar ngadarra inheritance Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar nyangu(r)la Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar nyangula inheritance Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar nganangka Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar wanyjiwarra inheritance Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour liwakarra Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour liwakbari unique Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar ngana Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar ngana inheritance Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship mungkaja Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship mungkaja inheritance? Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment burriyib Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment malywa unique Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body marramarra Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body marramarra unique Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human kirri Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human kirri doubtful loan Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other warungali Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other warak loan Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body waburr Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body ngangbarra Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour ngunyjungunyju Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour dankura loan Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (18)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna burnu Claire Bowern
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna karndi inheritance? Claire Bowern
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna kumbari Claire Bowern
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna kindijku unique Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna julaka Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna jurlaka loan Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna kungurlurla Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna kunama unique Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna warlaku Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna warlaku loan Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna 548 Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna bigira loan Claire Bowern
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna wankurra Claire Bowern
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna junumburrgu unique Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna wari Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna wari doubtful loan Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna daru Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna tarru unique Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (119)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
armband dress missing not in M or Jingulu dicts not in M or Jingulu dicts Patrick McConvell
awl subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool mayingka loan Jingulu mayingkini 'tomahawk;bag WW %mayingka Patrick McConvell
bag (string) culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
body feather decorations culture-mythology tiyatiya loan Jingulu down; painted on body with blood or honey WW %tiyatiya Patrick McConvell
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool kurrupartu loan Gajirrabeng killer boomerang' WW %kurrupartu killer boomerang' Patrick McConvell
boomerang (number 7) subsistence tool wartatilya loan Jingulu also warrirtlila; jing. Warrirtili ,?Arrernte urrartelye 'type of boomerang' not id'sd as No, 7 WW %warrirtila also warrirtlila; Patrick McConvell
boomerang (small) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
bowl (coolamon) culture-material piyartu loan Jingulu WW %piyati Patrick McConvell
broom escoba vassoura culture-material likinimi loan Jingulu broom bush used for making brooms; Ji 'shellbush' broom bush used for making brooms; Ji 'shellbush' Patrick McConvell
canoe canoa canoa transport kartiyi inheritance large coolamon; kuntu 'log boat' -single log, not dugout large coolamon; kuntu 'log boat' -single log, not dugout Patrick McConvell
cicatrice culture-mythology kurnparra unknown Patrick McConvell
clapsticks culture-mythology kurntarnnga loan Jingulu Ji kurntalnga Ji kurntalnga Patrick McConvell
club (nulla-nulla) subsistence tool parrku loan Jingulu also kurturu Patrick McConvell
cook food food kampa- inheritance Patrick McConvell
cook in earth oven food julpun kuya- unique Patrick McConvell
damper food kantirri loan Jingulu Patrick McConvell
dance (generic) culture-mythology parntini loan direction unknown women's dance = parntimi WW %parntimi women's dance = parntimi Patrick McConvell
digging stick subsistence tool kapili loan Jingulu Ji. Kapila Ji. Kapila Patrick McConvell
dipper (small coolamon) subsistence tool piyartu loan Jingulu short flat coolamon, spoon WW %piyati short flat coolamon, spoon Patrick McConvell
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology kuni loan Miriwung cf. Gajirrabeng kuning father;s dreaming WW %kuning cf. Gajirrabeng kuning father;s dreaming Patrick McConvell
dreaming culture-mythology puwarraja loan direction unknown Jing…etc ??? Puwarraja dreaming design WW %puwarraty dyullu…etc ??? Puwarraja dreaming design Patrick McConvell
drone pipe culture-mythology pampu loan English <bamboo, also kulumpung<Gajirrabeng WW %pampu <bamboo, also kulumpung<Gajirrabeng Patrick McConvell
fire drill subsistence tool wulmana unknown bama?? Wulmana <plant species used bama?? Wulmana <plant species used Patrick McConvell
fire-saw other missing wulmana - fire drill wulmana - fire drill Patrick McConvell
fireplace hogar lareira other linyarta inheritance charcoal, battery, beetle WW %linyart charcoal, battery, beetle Patrick McConvell
firewood leña lenha other warlu inheritance Patrick McConvell
fish poison barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó subsistence tool jilaminya unknown for barramundi for barramundi Patrick McConvell
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food missing Patrick McConvell
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food missing Patrick McConvell
fish (with spear) food missing Patrick McConvell
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
fishtrap (permanent) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
fishtrap (woven) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
flour (European) food punku unique Patrick McConvell
flour (bush) food mangurlu loan direction unknown NPN prefix + ngurlu WW %ngurlu NPN prefix + ngurlu Patrick McConvell
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food tyiya unknown also ngarina; W.dial tyIya 'kangaroo' also ngarina; W.dial tyoya 'kangaroo' Patrick McConvell
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology kaya inheritance Patrick McConvell
glue subsistence tool tyikala loan direction unknown wax used as glue; in Jingulu but id'd as Kuwarrangu (Mudburra) WW %tyikala wax used as glue; in Jingulu but id'd as Kuwarrangu (Mudburra) Patrick McConvell
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology tarlukurru loan direction unknown also hole also hole Patrick McConvell
grog food nguku semantic shift < water, loan WW %makiti < water, loan Patrick McConvell
hair belt dress tyartukurru loan Jingulu Patrick McConvell
headband dress missing Patrick McConvell
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology missing from Western Desert? from Western Desert? Patrick McConvell
honey miel mel food ngarlu inheritance early loan from Jarragan ngare; kuntarri yellow sweet pollen powder in sugarbag, loan from Jingulu kuntirrimi WW %ngare early loan from Jarragan ngare; kuntarri yellow sweet pollen powder in sugarbag, loan from Jingulu kuntirrimi Patrick McConvell
house (European) other marru loan direction unknown WW %marru Patrick McConvell
hunt cazar caçar food ngunyi unique wutyuk pa- chase away wutyuk pa- chase away Patrick McConvell
initiation (circumcision) culture-mythology marntiwa loan direction unknown ?Alawa WW %marntiwa ?Alawa Patrick McConvell
initiation (subincision) culture-mythology para loan direction unknown WW %para Patrick McConvell
knife cuchillo faca culture-material pinymala loan direction unknown tyalanya not in dict tyalanya not in dict Patrick McConvell
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress missing WW %pinymala Patrick McConvell
love song culture-mythology tyarrarta loan direction unknown run away, elope WW %tyarrarta run away, elope Patrick McConvell
mangrove raft transport missing Patrick McConvell
message stick culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool lartaranga loan Jingulu Patrick McConvell
nosepeg other missing Patrick McConvell
paddle/oar remo remo transport missing Patrick McConvell
ochre culture-mythology nguytyungunytyu loan Jingulu yellow o. ngunytyu tobacco WW %nguntyu yellow o. ngunytyu tobacco Patrick McConvell
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology tyinim piya- unique tyungun 'smoke' painting to make body 'smoke' tyungun 'smoke' painting to make body 'smoke' Patrick McConvell
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool pinytyawunytya unknown cf.piyawutya same<Jing, related cf,. Also pinytayinytya shell ornament, prob. Unrelated WW %pintyawintya Patrick McConvell
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other missing Patrick McConvell
public song cycle culture-mythology watyarra unknown WW %watyarra Patrick McConvell
red paint culture-mythology kalnga unknown WW %kalnga Patrick McConvell
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool tyikala loan Jingulu Patrick McConvell
salt sal sal food missing Patrick McConvell
shelter (native) other purtun loan Ngaliwurru or opposite direction; also nantyi WW %purtun or opposite direction; Patrick McConvell
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology wangka loan Murrinh Patha Patrick McConvell
song (for entertainment) culture-mythology wangka loan Murrinh Patha Patrick McConvell
spear lanza lança subsistence tool pankili loan direction unknown Patrick McConvell
spear (fighting) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
spear (fishing) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
spearthrower subsistence tool tyalkatyi inheritance tyal 'hook up spear' - katyi nomic complex tyal 'hook up spear' +katyi nomic Patrick McConvell
speartip subsistence tool tyimpilang loan Gajirrabeng WW %tyimpila Patrick McConvell
string (from hair) culture-material tyartukurru loan Jingulu Patrick McConvell
string (from vine) culture-material tyartukurru loan Jingulu hair or miyaka (kurrajong) string hair or miyaka (kurrajong) string Patrick McConvell
sugar acculturation wangkurra semantic shift from honey Patrick McConvell
tea food laalitya semantic shift Kuwarrangu, lalitya in Jingulu; also nalitya; from nality tree? WW %nalitya Kuwarrangu, lalitya in Jingulu Patrick McConvell
tobacco (European) narcotics walayarra loan direction unknown WW %walayarra Patrick McConvell
tobacco (native) narcotics ngunungunu unknown Patrick McConvell
spirit child culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
wax cera cera other tyikala loan direction unknown WW %tyikala Patrick McConvell
white paint culture-mythology yatu inheritance Patrick McConvell
windbreak other tumuru loan Jingulu Patrick McConvell
yandy (n) culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
school escuela escola acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
net subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
bottle botella garrafa acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
paper papel papel acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
corpse food missing Patrick McConvell
chicken gallina galinha acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
tree coffin culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology apaapa loan Jingulu Wambaya waba 'skin' WW %wapawapa Patrick McConvell
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material palatya loan direction unknown also pulwa for men Patrick McConvell
shoes zapatos sapatos dress missing yunpa 'foot'> horseshoe, not shoe Patrick McConvell
medicine narcotics missing CF. Jing. Lungkaarru Patrick McConvell
earth oven food missing Patrick McConvell
policeman polícia policía acculturation tyikalawurru derived tyikala chain <spinifex wax HAVING derived Patrick McConvell
cat gato gato acculturation putyikat loan Kriol old name nyurna, Patrick McConvell
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
hat sombero chapéu dress missing WW %murrkarti Patrick McConvell
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture mundiri Claire Bowern
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture muntiri unique Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture kumurru Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture jungari inheritance Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool kabili Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool kabili loan Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture barak (ma-rru) Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture barak ma- unique Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture binyjawunyja Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture binyjawinyja inheritance Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool jalkaji Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool jalkaji loan Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool bankili Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool milarrang loan Claire Bowern
house other marru Claire Bowern
house other marru loan Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
medium HG low mobile