neck

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cuello
Meaning Portuguese
pescoço

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone kutax “larynx, neck” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -qily7i inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok no:no- unknown Jane Hill
Chemehuevi kur(a) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno ni7 inheritance Klar 1977:19 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno ne inheritance Klar 1977:19 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno ni7 inheritance A466 & Klar:1997:100 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno ni7 inheritance Klar 1977:19 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno aqnyw; note that JPY has aqlyw at 91:387 unknown Klar 1977:19 Jane Hill
Comanche toyo, tooyO, toyopY unique Jane Hill
Cupeño -pava [pavə] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen lulusex unknown Pinart (Heizer) Jane Hill
Gabrielino ne-pay-an inheritance Ataylor/MC271 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa eyepuk, iipuk [əjəˈpʊk], [iˑˈpʊk] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu kura-vi inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7iypuq inheritance Mixco 1978 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk ngohoc inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok hele/eki inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño qela/-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu k'u\ji/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave malyaqe inheritance Jane Hill
Nisenan k'ujsok' inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute ggutta (Yerington), kutta (McDonald) inheritance Miller 88 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok tok:olo:la- (front part of neck) inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok to:pa- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A eTca:i/ (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M ei/tc'ai' 'neck' unknown Mason 1918:126 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) yaap unknown Jane Hill
Serrano ngYh-YT (poss -Y7) (also “voice”) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute qura-S inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hyp:yt-:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute kuravI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal kulaa-n inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone kutan inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo hoch “front of neck” loan Jane Hill
Washo d-i:bu unknown K310 Jane Hill
Western Mono ku/tA inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu doki loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai mlqi/, mlqi_ inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami xingits inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi o\gun inheritance K07:241 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne o'gun inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki li7ik'am inheritance S&H 1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa nóoro nóoro inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona ihɨmɨrɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ñamemu jamemu unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw nũr-rũy  nũh-hũj unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano wʉ̃nʉgʉ wɨ̃nɨgɨ inheritance shared Siriono See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -pɨmɨ- (IDS) -pɨmɨ- (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï kwa unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani õdõ-bẽka unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup kaʔtɨ́t kaʔtɨ́t unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi uʔ-mɨ (IDS) uʔ-mɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu ayura ajuɾa inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam oramih (EM72) oɾamih inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ñajetɨca ja ɲaxetɨka xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon pue, pu-mue (A1981); I'mö (M2000) pue, pumue (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá olai (EM72) olai inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani koibosi (13) pe-wɨ:-sí:-to inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana dhinúru dʰinúru inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano wãbɨ̃́ta wãbɨ̃́ta inheritance See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria wamʉa (Waltz) wamʉa (Waltz) inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam orafi oɾafi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami orahitho oɾahitʰo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna núrupiji núrupihi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup ʔǽd tɨ̌t ʔǽd tɨ̌t unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Bardi boda boda inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba winyi unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra manyjirda unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal mayaŋ(') Claire Bowern
Dhuwala mayaŋ(') unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari wakarra unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU wunku unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu mayaŋ(') unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu mayaŋ(') unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang mani doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng jirdoowing unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi wirli doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu mayaŋ(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngirlkirri loan Jaru Claire Bowern
Jaru gulala unique Claire Bowern
Jawi gurrbarl gurrbarl semantic shift Claire Bowern
Karajarri tumpa Claire Bowern
Kija wurlu-m unique NJ Claire Bowern
Malyangapa burnba Claire Bowern
Mangala piji unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung jirawing unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngujbi Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngilkirri loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini ngunku unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-manga unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma ngalyi Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl nimmana nimana inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru nimany nimany inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla kurnankurnan Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta ngalyi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta ngalyi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul nimanj nimany inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi parnpa unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta irlka unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu gurluk unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kangkurl loan Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Wubuy arlwag unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu mani inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha ngaga loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka jutju unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru buda buda inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua wáaʃi wáaʃi unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco canápi kanápi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari kanhapi kanhapi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena nunupi nunupi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ínu ínu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare hn:hnu hn:hnu See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kanaɨ kanaɨ inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka núli núli See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi ihino ihino inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure pi-h; ni-'pi-h; -ča'no-ki pi-h; ni-'pi-h; -tʃa'no-ki inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá #NAME? #NAME? inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora (mé)-kʰéxtʰïʔi (mέ)-kʰέxtʰɯʔi inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane kódááʔe kódááʔɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio pɨmɨ pɨ'mɨ inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect pɨmɨ (SM) pɨmɨ (SM) See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai pymy pɨmɨ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana pïmï pɨmɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó pɨmɨ pɨmɨ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare hɨ̄mɨɨ (IDS) hɨ̄mɨɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai o-Φɨmɨ-rɨ o-Φɨmɨ-rɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa pɨmɨ (SM) See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo ifuŋu ifuŋu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca gyquihicha γɨkuihiʂa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá kokóta , ochirú, nrɨ̃́ mʉsí kokóta , otʃirú, nrɨ̃́ mʉsí See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán tsifo tsiɸo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra yáarponich jáaɾponitʃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ayiva´hu´ ajiwaʔhuʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez tyjicj tyxikx See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna nãʔa nãʔa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina nʉlʉnʉ nʉlʉnʉ doubtful loan Arawak See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa tamoɕá-xa tamoɕá-xa See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé gɔrɔ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Tinigua pajtʃisajtʃa (neck) See Language page Zach Burnett
Puinave [-yə] unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar kuntúj kuntux See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa yasuch jasutʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kuntug, súwe kuntung, suwɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses tënite tɨnite inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo tɨ-poko tɨ-poko inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua jutunuvu, tunuvu xtũunuwũ, tunuwũ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua cunga kunga See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kunga kunga See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua cunga kunga See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kunka kunka See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa curupækæ tʃurupækæ unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva õcua õkua unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ãbɨ̃ã ãbɨ̃ã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana 'wã́bɨ̃́ã 'wã́bɨ̃́ã See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ãmʉma; ãmʉtutu ãmɨma; ãmɨtutu inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti wã'bɨ̃́ã wã'bɨ̃́ã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana wã'bɨ̃-a wã'bɨ̃-a See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano wɨ̃́-rɨ̃gũ wɨ̃́-rɨ̃gũ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca wã'bũ ro'ka wã'bũ ro'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo wã'bɨã wã'bɨã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka wã'bɨã wã'bɨã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ãmɨ̃́tʰutʰù ãmɨ̃́tʰutʰù See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje cavʉ kabʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ñaje ɲahe inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ñajetëcahuë ñahɛ'tɨkawɨ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana hyto hɨto unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama yachuka jaʧuka unknown See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi alɨpɨ alɨpɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ečosoi; eaču; eato; eati ečosoi; eaču; eato; eati inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ˀajut ˀajut inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina ñonmáánhon ɲõmã́ã́ʔõ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto kïmó-kairo kɯmó-kairo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto kïmó-hï kɯmó-hɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto cɨmaɨ́go kɯmaɯ́go (B83) inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito ríquija (also used for collar and nape of neck) ríkiha (also used for collar and nape of neck) unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo arichakwa, imanu ariʧakʷa, imanu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari paramašiʔ paramaʃiʔ See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-piki e-piki See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-piti e-piti inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara kunka kunka See Language page PLE
Kwazá -koko -koko See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima woroʔo woroʔo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) hot (ha) hot unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang nunh #NAME? See Language page PLE
Suyá buru, mburu buru, mburu See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi küpfü køɸø See Language page PLE