Ese Ejja/Huarayo

Family
Tacanan
Region
South America
ISO 639-3
ese
Location
-11.73°, -67.52°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Data Sources
Chavarría Mendoza, María Clotilde. 2007. Ese Ejja (Huarayo). Intercontinental Dictionary Series, ed. Mary Ritchie Key. http://lingweb.eva.mpg.de/ids/


Basic Vocabulary (191)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
above encima, arriba acima location bia-kwa; eya-wasi-xe; biaxe (Girard 1971); e-hama-koʔoho (Girard 1971) bia-kwa; eya-wasi-xe; biaxe; e-hama-koʔoho See Language page Joyce McCormick
and y e grammar See Language page Joyce McCormick
ash ceniza(s) cinzas environment powi (plural "ashes"); kwaki-powi (Girard 1971) powi; kwaki-powi See Language page Joyce McCormick
at en, a em, a location See Language page Joyce McCormick
back espalda costas body e-daa-sa e-daa-sa See Language page Joyce McCormick
bad mal mal quality kia-tai kia-tai See Language page Joyce McCormick
belly barriga barriga body e-see e-see See Language page Joyce McCormick
below abajo, debajo abaixo location kipa-xe; e-ki-mexexe (Girard 1971) kipa-xe; e-ki-mexexe See Language page Joyce McCormick
big grande grande quality kia-ʔao kia-ʔao See Language page Joyce McCormick
black negro preto colour tewe; e-tewe (Girard 1971) tewe; e-tewe See Language page Joyce McCormick
blood sangre sangue body e'na e'na See Language page Joyce McCormick
boil/pimple espinilla, granos espinha, borbulha body See Language page Joyce McCormick
bone hueso osso body e-'sa e-'sa See Language page Joyce McCormick
breast pecho, seno peito body e-toxo; e-seʔo (Girard 1971); e-kwá (Girard 1971) e-toxo; e-seʔo; e-kwá See Language page Joyce McCormick
child niño, niña criança human dexa sisi; čawa dexa sisi; čawa See Language page Joyce McCormick
cloud nube nuvem environment bo bo See Language page Joyce McCormick
cold frío frio quality kia-we, kea-boe (Girard 1971) kia-we, kea-boe See Language page Joyce McCormick
correct/true verdad, de veras verdade quality eʔe hohinee (Girard 1971) eʔe hohinee See Language page Joyce McCormick
day día dia time e-poxa e-poxa See Language page Joyce McCormick
dirty sucio sujo quality kia-sewe kia-sewe See Language page Joyce McCormick
dingo/wolf fauna See Language page Joyce McCormick
dry seco seco quality kia-habo kia-habo See Language page Joyce McCormick
dull/blunt sin filo, mocho, desafilado, embotado, romo maçante, desamolado, não afiado quality See Language page Joyce McCormick
dust polvo poeira environment kia-poi kia-poi See Language page Joyce McCormick
ear oreja orelha body e-šaxa e-šaxa See Language page Joyce McCormick
earth/soil tierra terra environment meši meši See Language page Joyce McCormick
egg huevo ovo fauna e-'xa e-'xa See Language page Joyce McCormick
eye ojo olho body e-koxa e-koxa See Language page Joyce McCormick
far lejos longe quality kia-weša; hó-kwama (Girard 1971) kia-weša; hó-kwama See Language page Joyce McCormick
fat/grease grasa gordura body e-sei e-sei See Language page Joyce McCormick
father padre, papá pai kinship kaka; iča kaka; iča See Language page Joyce McCormick
feather pluma pena fauna e-'ɲa; boʔba (Girard 1971) e-'ɲa; boʔba See Language page Joyce McCormick
fire fuego fogo environment kwaki kwaki See Language page Joyce McCormick
flower flor flor environment e-šaša e-šaša See Language page Joyce McCormick
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment wo-habo (Girard 1971) wo-habo See Language page Joyce McCormick
fruit fruta fruta flora e-xaxa e-xaxa See Language page Joyce McCormick
good bueno bom quality kia-bame kia-bame See Language page Joyce McCormick
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body e-'ɲa; eña (Girard 1971); e-yohaña (Girard 1971) e-'ɲa; eña; e-yohaña See Language page Joyce McCormick
hand mano mão body e-'me e-'me See Language page Joyce McCormick
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar o-ya; o-ya-ya o-ya; o-ya-ya See Language page Joyce McCormick
head cabeza cabeça body e-sapa; e-woxa (Girard 1971) e-sapa; e-woxa See Language page Joyce McCormick
heavy pesado pesado quality kia-pexa; kia-bikie kia-pexa; kia-bikie See Language page Joyce McCormick
how? como como grammar ača-kwa ača-kwa See Language page Joyce McCormick
1sg yo eu grammar e-ya; e-ya-ya e-ya; e-ya-ya See Language page Joyce McCormick
if si se grammar See Language page Joyce McCormick
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location kipa-xe kipa-xe See Language page Joyce McCormick
intestines intestinos intestinos body e-see (same as the word for stomach); e-tee-xani (Girard 1971) e-see; e-tee-xani See Language page Joyce McCormick
lake lago lago environment bai bai See Language page Joyce McCormick
leaf hoja folha environment akwi ʔiɲa akwi ʔiɲa See Language page Joyce McCormick
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body šani-xe šani-xe See Language page Joyce McCormick
leg/foot pierna perna body e-'sa; e-kise (Girard 1971) e-'sa; e-kise See Language page Joyce McCormick
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment poxexe; po-xexi (Girard 1971) poxexe; po-xexi (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
liver hígado figado body e-kakwa e-kakwa See Language page Joyce McCormick
long largo comprido, longo quality kia-ʔao kia-ʔao See Language page Joyce McCormick
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna bia bia See Language page Joyce McCormick
man/male hombre homem human dexa dexa See Language page Joyce McCormick
meat/flesh carne carne fauna e-yami e-yami See Language page Joyce McCormick
moon luna lua environment baʔi (also means "month") baʔi See Language page Joyce McCormick
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship nai; nae (Girard 1971) nai; nae See Language page Joyce McCormick
mouth boca boca body e-naba e-naba See Language page Joyce McCormick
name nombre nome human baxani (Girard 1971) baxani (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
near/close cerca de perto quality kia-čii-nee kia-čii-nee See Language page Joyce McCormick
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body See Language page Joyce McCormick
neck cuello pescoço body e-piki e-piki See Language page Joyce McCormick
new nuevo novo quality eyakwa (Girard 1971) eyakwa See Language page Joyce McCormick
night noche noite time sine-kwa; meka-xe (Girard 1971) sine-kwa; meka-xe See Language page Joyce McCormick
no/not no não grammar pahaa; mia pahaa; mia See Language page Joyce McCormick
nose nariz nariz body e-wi (Girard 1971) e-wi See Language page Joyce McCormick
old viejo velho quality e-čii; e-tii (Girard 1971) e-čii; e-tii See Language page Joyce McCormick
one uno um number owe owe See Language page Joyce McCormick
other otro outro grammar pea (Girard 1971); wapa (Girard 1971) pea; wapa See Language page Joyce McCormick
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body kia-nee (specifically meaning "sick" or "sickness"); kea-mano (Girard 1971) kia-nee; kea-mano See Language page Joyce McCormick
person/human being persona pessoa human ese exa; dexa ese exa; dexa See Language page Joyce McCormick
rain lluvia chuva environment e-'na e-'na See Language page Joyce McCormick
red rojo vermelho colour yoʔo; woʔo yoʔo; woʔo See Language page Joyce McCormick
right/right hand derecha direita location/body banei-xe banei-xe See Language page Joyce McCormick
road/path camino caminho manufacture e-heo-xi e-heo-xi See Language page Joyce McCormick
root raíz raiz flora akwi saxa; e-saxa (Girard 1971) akwi saxa; e-saxa See Language page Joyce McCormick
rotten podrido podre quality kia-ʔiwi; e-ʔiwi (Girard 1971) kia-ʔiwi; e-ʔiwi See Language page Joyce McCormick
sand arena areia environment meši hahi meši hahi See Language page Joyce McCormick
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality kia-hewi kia-hewi See Language page Joyce McCormick
short corto curto quality kia-kepe kia-kepe See Language page Joyce McCormick
shoulder hombro ombro body e-beoxo; e-baʔaxa (Girard 1971); e-be-yoxo (Girard 1971) e-beoxo; e-baʔaxa; e-be-yoxo See Language page Joyce McCormick
shy/ashamed tímido, vergonzoso timido, com vergonha mental kea-bic̆o (Girard 1971) kea-bic̆o See Language page Joyce McCormick
skin piel pele body e-hee e-hee See Language page Joyce McCormick
sky cielo céu environment eya eya See Language page Joyce McCormick
small pequeño pequeno quality kia-sisi kia-sisi See Language page Joyce McCormick
smoke humo fumaça environment wičača wičača See Language page Joyce McCormick
star estrella estrela environment čiče čiče See Language page Joyce McCormick
stick/wood palo pau, vara flora akwi (Girard 1971) akwi See Language page Joyce McCormick
stone piedra pedra environment saso; me-i (Girard 1971) saso; me-i See Language page Joyce McCormick
tail cola, rabo rabo body e-'wi; ewaʔo (Girard 1971); ewaʔyo (Girard 1971) e-'wi; ewaʔo; ewaʔyo See Language page Joyce McCormick
that ese/esa esse grammar See Language page Joyce McCormick
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar o-kwana-ya; o-'kwana-ya; o-xaña (Girard 1971); o-ya-kwana (Girard 1971) o-kwana-ya; o-'kwana-ya; o-xaña; o-ya-kwana See Language page Joyce McCormick
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality kia-see; kea-sei (Girard 1971) kia-see; kea-sei See Language page Joyce McCormick
thin delgado fino quality kia-šiwi; kea-behe (Girard 1971) kia-šiwi; kea-behe See Language page Joyce McCormick
this este/esta este grammar hikio (Girard 1971) hikio See Language page Joyce McCormick
2sg xx xx grammar mi(y)a; miyaya; mi-a (Girard 1971) mi(y)a; miyaya; mi-a See Language page Joyce McCormick
throat garganta garganta body e-naa e-naa See Language page Joyce McCormick
three tres tres number See Language page Joyce McCormick
thunder truenos trovão environment kwehi kwehi See Language page Joyce McCormick
bite morder morder body šoi-kwe; s̆owi-ka- (Girard 1971); ixia- (Girard 1971) šoi-kwe; s̆owi-ka-; ixia- See Language page Joyce McCormick
blow soplar soprar body sipo-heaa-kwe; wo-ha- (Girard 1971) sipo-heaa-kwe; wo-ha- See Language page Joyce McCormick
breathe respirar respirar body See Language page Joyce McCormick
burn quemar queimar environment kwakwa-kwe (transitive verb); hihi-kwe (intransitive verb); kiyo- (Girard 1971) kwakwa-kwe; hihi-kwe; kiyo- See Language page Joyce McCormick
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body ixia-paša-kwe ixia-paša-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
climb subir subir motion ani-sowa-ki- (Girard 1971); sowa- (Girard 1971) ani-sowa-ki-; sowa- See Language page Joyce McCormick
come venir vir motion pe-kwe; pos- (Girard 1971) pe-kwe; pos- See Language page Joyce McCormick
cook cocinar cozinhar impact kwa kwa-kwe; hiña- (Girard 1971) kwa kwa-kwe; hiña- See Language page Joyce McCormick
count contar contar mental See Language page Joyce McCormick
cry llorar chorar mental pa-kwe pa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
cut/hack cortar cortar impact haa-kwe haa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
die/be dead morir morrer state mano-kwe; mano-yo- (Girard 1971) mano-kwe; mano-yo- See Language page Joyce McCormick
dig cavar cavar impact boho-ʔio-kwe boho-ʔio-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
dream soñar sonhar mental e-kawi e-kawi See Language page Joyce McCormick
drink beber, tomar beber body iši-kwe iši-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
eat comer comer body ixia-kwe ixia-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
fall caer cair motion ote-kwe ote-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
fear miedo medo mental kia-šo; kia-axa kia-šo; kia-axa See Language page Joyce McCormick
flow fluir fluir motion See Language page Joyce McCormick
fly volar voar motion baʔe-sowa-ti-kwe baʔe-sowa-ti-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
grow crecer crescer state čii-kwe; tii- (Girard 1971) čii-kwe; tii- See Language page Joyce McCormick
hear oír ouvir mental šaxa-kwe šaxa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
hide esconder esconder motion taʔa-kwe taʔa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
hit golpear, pegar bater impact poho-kwe poho-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other i'ɲa-kwe i'ɲa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
kill matar matar impact kekwa-kwe kekwa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental See Language page Joyce McCormick
laugh reír rir mental sa-kwe sa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion haa-kwe haa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
live/be alive vivir viver, morar body ani-kwe; baʔe- (Girard 1971) ani-kwe; baʔe- See Language page Joyce McCormick
open/uncover abrir abrir other šeʔa-kwe; pa-a-he- (Girard 1971) šeʔa-kwe; pa-a-he- See Language page Joyce McCormick
pound/beat machacar, golpear bater impact poho-kwe (also means "hit") poho-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
say decir dizer mental a-kwe, a-ka- (Girard 1971); po-a- (Girard 1971) a-kwe, a-ka-; po-a- See Language page Joyce McCormick
scratch rascar rasgar impact See Language page Joyce McCormick
see ver ver mental ba-kwe ba-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact tekwa-kwe tekwa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
sit sentar(se) sentar state ani-kwe, ani-oke- (Girard 1971) ani-kwe, ani-oke- See Language page Joyce McCormick
sleep dormir dormir body kawi-kwe kawi-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
sniff/smell olfatear, oler cheirar body šiye-ʔaxa- (Girard 1971) šiye-ʔaxa- See Language page Joyce McCormick
spit escupir cuspir body kwičo-hea-kwe kwičo-hea-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact taa-kwe; po-ho- (Girard 1971) taa-kwe; po-ho- See Language page Joyce McCormick
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact iña-powi- (Girard 1971) iña-powi- See Language page Joyce McCormick
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact See Language page Joyce McCormick
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state e-pi neti-kwe e-pi neti-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
steal robar roubar other sii-ka- (Girard 1971) sii-ka- See Language page Joyce McCormick
suck chupar chupar body bibi-kwe; iši- (Girard 1971) bibi-kwe; iši- See Language page Joyce McCormick
swell hincharse inchar body šexe- (Girard 1971) šexe- See Language page Joyce McCormick
swim nadar nadar motion šokwi-šokwi-kwe šokwi-šokwi-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
think pensar pensar mental xa-šawa-ba-ti-kwe xa-šawa-ba-ti-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact hea-kwe hea-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact heo-nekia-kwe heo-nekia-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other See Language page Joyce McCormick
vomit vomitar vomitar body boii-kwe boii-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
walk caminar, andar andar motion heo-kwe; he-o- (Girard 1971) heo-kwe; he-o- See Language page Joyce McCormick
work trabajar trabalhar other a-kwe a-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
yawn bostezar bocejar body See Language page Joyce McCormick
tongue lengua lingua body e-yana e-yana See Language page Joyce McCormick
tooth diente dente body e-'se e-'se See Language page Joyce McCormick
two dos dois number biawe; beka biawe; beka See Language page Joyce McCormick
water agua agua environment e-'na e-'na See Language page Joyce McCormick
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar e-se-ha e-se-ha See Language page Joyce McCormick
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar See Language page Joyce McCormick
wet mojado molhado quality e-šepa e-šepa See Language page Joyce McCormick
what? que, qué que grammar yaxa yaxa See Language page Joyce McCormick
when? cuando quando grammar ače šono ače šono See Language page Joyce McCormick
where? donde onde grammar ače-xe ače-xe See Language page Joyce McCormick
white blanco branco colour oše oše See Language page Joyce McCormick
who? quien, quién quem grammar aʔya (Girard 1971) aʔya See Language page Joyce McCormick
wife esposa esposa kinship e-wana-se e-wana-se See Language page Joyce McCormick
wind viento vento environment beni beni See Language page Joyce McCormick
wing ala asa body e-kwičo e-kwičo See Language page Joyce McCormick
woman/female mujer mulher human e-pona e-pona See Language page Joyce McCormick
yellow amarillo amarelo colour hawa; kea-hawa (Girard 1971) hawa; kea-hawa See Language page Joyce McCormick
2pl ustedes vocês grammar mi-kiana; mi-kiana-ya mi-kiana; mi-kiana-ya See Language page Joyce McCormick
foot pie body e-hio-xi e-hio-xi See Language page Joyce McCormick
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar oo-ya; o-ʔoya (Girard 1971) oo-ya; o-ʔoya See Language page Joyce McCormick
all todo todos other o-xaña (Girard 1971) o-xaña See Language page Joyce McCormick
ankle tobillo tornozelo body e-šoši-xi; e-kiʔbo (Girard 1971) e-šoši-xi; e-kiʔbo See Language page Joyce McCormick
armpit axila, sobaco axila body e-nakwiši (Girard 1971) e-nakwiši See Language page Joyce McCormick
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body see-kwe see-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
lung pulmón pulmão body e-šaho; e-s̆a-ho (Girard 1971) e-šaho; e-s̆a-ho See Language page Joyce McCormick
sweat sudar suor, suar body wiši-kwe wiši-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body See Language page Joyce McCormick
bark corteza casca environment e-hee e-hee See Language page Joyce McCormick
fingernail uña unha body e-'me kiši; e-wa-kisi (Girard 1971 - may be toenail specifically) e-'me kiši; e-wa-kisi (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
heart corazón coração body e-kihi-xi e-kihi-xi See Language page Joyce McCormick
sun sol sol time e-šeti; e-s̆eki (Girard 1971) (related to the word for "sun") e-šeti; e-s̆eki (Girard 1971) (related to the word for "sun") See Language page Joyce McCormick
mountain/hill montaña, colina, loma, cerro morro, serra environment ebawa ebawa See Language page Joyce McCormick
green verde verde quality kawa; e-tawa (Girard 1971) kawa; e-tawa (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
hot caliente quente quality kia-kio kia-kio See Language page Joyce McCormick


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (133)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp. biɲa biɲa See Language page Joyce McCormick
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna See Language page Joyce McCormick
curassow mitu, montete (Peru), paujil/panjuil (Peru), paujil de Salvin (Peru for Mitu salvini) mutum flora-fauna Crax sp., Nothocrax sp. See Language page Amazonia Joyce McCormick
toucan tucán, pinsha (Peru) tucano flora-fauna Ramphastos sp. sokwé~ - sokwe (Girard 1971) sokwé~ - sokwe See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
gray-winged trumpeter Grulla, Trompetero Ala Gris jacamim flora-fauna Psophia crepitans See Language page Northern Amazonia (N of Solimões), not in northern Colombia; Dark-winged trumpeter is found south of Solimões Joyce McCormick
guan pava, pucacunga (Peru), pava de Spix (Peru) jacu flora-fauna Penelope sp. See Language page Different types have different localized ranges Joyce McCormick
tinamou tinamu, perdiz, gallineta inambu, inhambu flora-fauna family Tinamidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna family Trochilidae See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick
kingfisher martín pescador, catalan (Peru) martim-pescador flora-fauna family Alcedinidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
owl (large) búho, lechuza corujão flora-fauna order Strigiformes pexe-pexe (generic owl) pexe-pexe See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick
macaw ara, guacamaya Arara flora-fauna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
parrot loro real, loro (Sp. form is a loan from Carib) papagaio flora-fauna Amazona amazonica čako; šeše (Girard 1971) čako; šeše See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick
dove paloma pomba flora-fauna family Columbidae kwei behe; waʔy-oxo (Girard 1971) kwei behe; waʔy-oxo See Language page Joyce McCormick
hawk halcón, gavilán gavião flora-fauna family Accipitridae wipa wipa See Language page Joyce McCormick
vulture buitre, gallinazo, rinahui (Peru) urubu flora-fauna family Cathartidae ba'bo sewawa ba'bo sewawa See Language page Widespread South America Joyce McCormick
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae family nono; xoxi (Girard 1971) nono; xoxi See Language page Joyce McCormick
great egret Garza Blanca, Guyratî Garça-Branca-Grande flora-fauna Ardea alba See Language page Widespread South America Joyce McCormick
woodpecker pájaro carpintero, carpintero pica-pau flora-fauna family Picidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis famililaris iɲa wewa (generic dog) iɲa wewa See Language page Not native; widespread Joyce McCormick
dog (wild; bush dog) sachaperro, Perro de Monte, Zorro Vinagre, Guanfando; Zorro Ojizarco, Zorro Negro, Perro de Orejas Corta cachorro-do-mato flora-fauna Speothos venaticus; Atelocynus microtis iɲa wewa (generic dog) iɲa wewa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
anteater oso hormiguero; tapia pelejo or pelejo chico for Cyclopes didactylus tamanduá flora-fauna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) beo-pisi (Girard 1971) beo-pisi See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Joyce McCormick
armadillo armadillo, carachupa (Peru), yangunturi (Peru for Giant armadillo) tatu flora-fauna family Dasypodidae; e.g. Priodontes maximus (Giant armadillo), Dasypus novemcinctus, Dasypus kappleri soowi (Girard 1971) soowi See Language page Widespread in Amazonia Joyce McCormick
sloth pereza, pelejo (Peru), perezoso (Peru) macaco preguica flora-fauna Choloepus sp., Bradypus sp. bewi-haha (Girard 1971) bewi-haha See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
alligator, black caiman babilla; cachirre jacaré flora-fauna Melanosuchus niger, Caiman schlerops; Paleosuchus sp. šai (generic alligator) šai See Language page Throughout Amazonia Port term reportedly borrowed from Tupi Joyce McCormick
electric eel anguila eléctrica poraquê flora-fauna Electrophorus electricus See Language page Joyce McCormick
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna na'o; hai (Girard 1971) na'o; hai See Language page Joyce McCormick
pacu fish palometa, garopita, garopa, curhuara (Peru) pacu flora-fauna Mylossoma sp. See Language page Joyce McCormick
pirana piraña, caribe piranha flora-fauna subfamily Serrasalmidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
tigerfish taraira, guabina, huasaco (Peru) traíra flora-fauna Hoplias sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
mandi catfish maparate (used in Peru for some types of catfish, including Auchenipterus sp.), cunchi (used in Peru for some types of catfish), bagre (catfish) mandi flora-fauna Auchenipterus sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
speckled catfish surubí, pintadillo surubim, sorubim flora-fauna Pseudoplatystoma sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
toad sapo sapo flora-fauna order Anura See Language page Joyce McCormick
iguana iguana, garipiares (Colombia) camaleão flora-fauna Iguana sp. See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Joyce McCormick
small lizard lagartija calango flora-fauna order Squamata šaba nakwa (generic lizard) šaba nakwa See Language page Joyce McCormick
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Potamotrygon sp. ibabi ibabi See Language page Joyce McCormick
crab cangrejo caranguejo flora-fauna infraorder Brachyura See Language page Joyce McCormick
anaconda anaconda, boa, boa acuática grande sucuri flora-fauna genus Eunectes See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
boa boa; mantona (red-tailed boa); boa de altura jiboia flora-fauna family Boidae, subf. Boinae See Language page Joyce McCormick
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna akwišo peo akwišo peo See Language page Joyce McCormick
snake (poisonous generic) or rattlesnake víbora (Peru), jergón (Peru), yarara jararaca flora-fauna Bothrops jararaca/atrox See Language page Widespread South America Joyce McCormick
tortoise (red foot, yellow foot/giant) tortuga, morrocoy, motelo jabutí, tartaruga flora-fauna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria dati dati See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick
Amazon dolphin bufeo, delfín, tonina (del Orinoco) boto cor-de-rosa flora-fauna Inia geoffrensis hai-saoxe (Girard 1971) hai-saoxe See Language page Downstream of major rapids and waterfalls Joyce McCormick
mushroom champiñón, hongo cogumelo flora-fauna (any edible generic) di di See Language page prioritize generic term that includes any edible species Joyce McCormick
black palm bacaba, mapora, pusui, patabá bacaba flora-fauna Oenocarpus bacaba See Language page Mature forests of Rio Negro and Upper Amazon may be confused in some entries with O. bataua Joyce McCormick
açai palm huasí (Peru), asahi, manaca (Ven), asaí, palmiche (Colombia) açaí flora-fauna Euterpe sp. See Language page floodplains, swamp; esp. northern Amazonia Joyce McCormick
miriti palm moriche (Col, Ven), aguaje (Col, Peru), achual, miriti buriti flora-fauna Mauritia flexuosa See Language page Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela; in and near swamps trunks contain sago-like starch Joyce McCormick
palm for roof thatch pui, irapay, hoja de irapay, caraná caraná flora-fauna Mauritiella armata OR Lepidocaryum tenue (irapay), Mauritius carana See Language page Mauritia carana is limited principally to the Rio Negro and Upper Orinoco regions; dry catinga forests palm Joyce McCormick
paxiuba palm pona, huacrapona, cashapona, macanilla, pachiuba paxiuba flora-fauna Iriartea exorrhiza OR Iriartea deltoidea See Language page Widespread Amazonia palm Joyce McCormick
peach palm, pejibaye palm chontaduro (Col, Ecuador); pipire (Col); pijuayo (Peru), pijiguao (Ven); tembe (Bol) pupunha flora-fauna Bactris gasipaes See Language page Joyce McCormick
seje palm ungurahui (Peru), palma de seje, milpesos, patabá patoá, patuá flora-fauna Jessenia bataua, aka Oenocarpus bataua See Language page mostly north of Equator; common in Amazonia may be confused with O. bacaba - compare entries Joyce McCormick
coca coca coca flora-fauna Erythroxylum coca See Language page secondary scrub vegetation. lower alt. of eastern Andes plant Joyce McCormick
cotton algodón algodão flora-fauna Gossypium (barbadense: long fibers; hirsutum: short fibers) wapehe wapehe See Language page secondary scrub vegetation plant; some sources may confound with kapok Ceiba pentandra (esp. if a single gloss for 'cotton' is given') Joyce McCormick
kapok ceiba, huimba, lupuna (Peru for Ceiba sp.) sumaumeira flora-fauna Ceiba pentandra See Language page northern South America and central America; common in disturbed areas tree Joyce McCormick
hot pepper ají, pimentón/pimiento rojo, pucunucho (Peru), charapilla (Peru) pimenta flora-fauna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bišo (listed under "chili pepper") bišo See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Joyce McCormick
peanut maní (may be loan from Taino Arawak), cacahuete amendoim flora-fauna Arachis hypogaea See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
pineapple piña abacaxi flora-fauna Ananas comosus See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
arrow cane, wildcane caña flecha, caña brava, caña isana cana para flechas, frecheira, Cana-do-rio flora-fauna Gynerium sagittatum See Language page tropical regions, especially river banks plant Joyce McCormick
banana, plantain banano, banana, cambur, bellaco, variedad de plátano banana flora-fauna Musa sp. e-hawi e-hawi See Language page Names for banana/plantain may be derived from bastard plantain by semantic shift. Joyce McCormick
beans frijoles, frejol, caraotas (negras, rojas, blancas) feijão flora-fauna Phaseolus spp. xono-so xono-so See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (generic) sipone sipone See Language page Joyce McCormick
maize, corn mazorca, maiz milho flora-fauna Zea mays e-šixe e-šixe See Language page widespread, esp. in river floodplains plant Joyce McCormick
tobacco tabaco tabaco flora-fauna Nicotiana tabacum šawano e-ixia-wičača-xi šawano e-ixia-wičača-xi See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna akwi akwi See Language page Joyce McCormick
achiote, anatto achiote urucum flora-fauna Bixa orellana See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Joyce McCormick
inga guaba, guamo, guama, shimbillo (Peru) inga flora-fauna Inga spp. See Language page Secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens. North and South America (Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Suriname, Colombia) Joyce McCormick
avocado palta, aguacate abacate flora-fauna Persea americana See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree Joyce McCormick
bitterwood tortuga caspi, pretina (Peru for tree and tumpline); carahuasca (Peru) envira flora-fauna Duguetia sp. OR Fusaea longifolia OR Guatteria chrysopetala See Language page secondary forests, native to Brazil tree Joyce McCormick
brazil nut castaña castanha do para (B. excelsa); castanha de cutia (C. edulis) flora-fauna Bertholletia excelsa [cf. Couepia edulis 'castanha do cutia'] See Language page 1) Couepia: restricted area within Brazil, Rio Purus basin and middle Solimões. 2) Bertholletia: elev: consistently about 200m; mature forests. Widely distributed from Peru, E. Colombia, Brazil to Nicaragua. tree Joyce McCormick
cashew anarcado, castaña de cajú, nuez de la India, marañon, cajú, merey (Venezuela) caju flora-fauna Anacardium occidentale / giganteum See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree; most sources will not distinguish between occidentale and other varieties Joyce McCormick
genipap jagua, majagua - Colombia, caruto, xagua - Venezuela, bigrande - Bolivia, huito, yaguayagua - Peru, ygualti - Nicaragua, maluco - Mexico genipapo, jenipapo flora-fauna Genipapa americana See Language page widespread lowland SA shrub Joyce McCormick
japurá oreja de murcielago japurá flora-fauna Erisma japura See Language page large tree Joyce McCormick
rubber tree (sorva) caucho, siringa, shiringa seringa, borracha flora-fauna Hevea sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia tree Joyce McCormick
ucuqui yugo, caimitillo del monte (Peru) ucuqui flora-fauna Pouteria ucuqui See Language page native to NW Amazonia, found primarily in Vaupes and Caqueta regions other species of Pouteria exist and have much-used edible fruit; these can be subsituted where relevant Joyce McCormick
Amazon tree-grape uva de monte, uvilla (Peru), puruma, caime, caimarona (and variants; Col.) cucura flora-fauna Pourouma cecropiifolia See Language page grows wild in Western Amazon basin; cultivated in Colombia since pre-Colombian times a tree; not a true grape Joyce McCormick
manioc (bitter or generic) yuca brava mandioca flora-fauna Manihot esculenta eki (generic manioc) eki See Language page not generally cultivated in western (subAndean) Amazon. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) argues for a correlation with distribution of dark earths, mostly formed after 1AD, and the modeled-incised pottery tradition. Provides more starch and is more pest-resistant than the sweet variety, but requires much processing. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) proposes that bitter type was developed from sweet through post-ceremic agricultural intensification (motivated by high starch yield Joyce McCormick
manioc (sweet) yuca, caribe macaxeira flora-fauna Manihot esculenta See Language page Primary staple in western/subAndean Amazonia, less important elsewhere No processing required, but lower starch yield and pest resistance than bitter variety Joyce McCormick
potato papa batata flora-fauna Solanum tuberosum See Language page secondary scrub vegetation compare entries for sweet potato Joyce McCormick
potato, sweet potato camote, batata dulce, batata, cumara batata-doce flora-fauna Ipomoea batatas See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
cará tuber, purple or white camote, sachapapa cará roxo, branco flora-fauna Dioscorea sp. See Language page secondary scrub vegetation; forest clearings plant Joyce McCormick
tannia, yautia huitina (Peru), ñame taioba branca flora-fauna Xanthosoma spp. See Language page Joyce McCormick
bottle-gourd (vine) or calabash (tree) calabazo, calabaza; auyama (Dominican Republic and Venezuela), ayote (parts of Central America), zapallo (parts of South America), tutumo/totumo/totuma (Cresc tree), huingo (Peru for Crescentia cujete), tapara cabaça flora-fauna Crescentia cujete (round variety - tree); (Cucurbita) Lagenaria siceraria (bottle variety - vine) See Language page indigenous gardens plant; tree Joyce McCormick
squash calabaza, calabacines, auyamas, zapallos, huingo (Peru) abóbora flora-fauna Cucurbita sp. tepe tepe See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
cipó vine tamishi, bejuco, yare cipó flora-fauna Heteropsis spp. xono (Girard 1971) xono See Language page secondary forest, floodplain vine Joyce McCormick
fish poison, barbasco barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó flora-fauna Lonchocarpus spp. akwi mano-xe akwi mano-xe See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Joyce McCormick
hallucinogenic vine, banisterium, ayahuasca ayahuasca, yage ayahuasca, caapi flora-fauna Banisteriopsis caapi See Language page semi-domesticated, native to Amazonian basin, esp. NW vine Joyce McCormick
hallucinogenic snuff vilca, cebil, yopo paricá, yopo flora-fauna Anadenanthera sp. or virola See Language page Joyce McCormick
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic See Language page Joyce McCormick
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae poxi aso; pohi-sewi (Girard 1971) poxi aso; pohi-sewi See Language page Joyce McCormick
bullet ant, lesser giant hunter ant conga, hormiga yanabe (Colombia), isula (Peru), Hormiga Veinticuatro tocandira flora-fauna Paraponera clavata See Language page Joyce McCormick
leaf-cutter ant Colombia: zampopo, hormiga arriera; Venezuela: bachaco; Peru: curuhuinse saúva flora-fauna Atta sp. See Language page Joyce McCormick
honeybee abeja abelha flora-fauna Apis mellifera; Tetragonisca angustula; Trigona amazonensis wini wini See Language page Joyce McCormick
cockroach cucaracha barata-do-mato flora-fauna order Blattaria čapa čapa See Language page Joyce McCormick
firefly, lightning bug lampírido, luciérnaga (Peru), añañahui (Peru), cocuyo (attributed Taino origin) vagalume flora-fauna fam: Elateridae, Fengodidae, Lampyridae sokwai sokwai See Language page Joyce McCormick
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna order Lepidoptera xapipi xapipi See Language page Joyce McCormick
moth mariposa nocturna, polilla mariposa flora-fauna order Lepidoptera See Language page Joyce McCormick
angleworm lombriz minhoca flora-fauna order Opisthopora soso soso See Language page Joyce McCormick
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna class Chilopoda kono pexa kono pexa See Language page Joyce McCormick
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna order Scorpiones axi tsewe, ahi (Girard 1971) axi tsewe, ahi See Language page Joyce McCormick
cicada cigarra, chicharra cigarra flora-fauna super fam. Cicadoidea See Language page Joyce McCormick
flea pulga pulga flora-fauna order Siphonaptera See Language page Joyce McCormick
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera we'we we'we See Language page Joyce McCormick
cricket saltón, grillo grilo flora-fauna family Gryllidae See Language page Joyce McCormick
edible palm-dwelling larva (palm weevil) suri, mojojoy larva, broca-do-coqueiro, aramandaiá flora-fauna Rhynchophorus sp. See Language page Joyce McCormick
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna order Mantodea, family Mantidae See Language page Joyce McCormick
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles sp. di di See Language page Joyce McCormick
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna order Isoptera See Language page Joyce McCormick
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna superfam Ixodoidea bakwis̆i (Girard 1971); bakis̆i (Girard 1971) bakwis̆i; bakis̆i See Language page Joyce McCormick
wasp avispa; specific type: ronzapa/ronsapa caba flora-fauna order Hymenoptera, sub: Apocrita bia bia See Language page Joyce McCormick
snail caracol, churo (Peru) caracol flora-fauna class Gastropoda šemo šemo See Language page Joyce McCormick
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnidae, Araneae baša baša See Language page Joyce McCormick
jaguar yaguar, yaguareté, jaguar, otorongo (Peru), tigre (Peru) onca flora-fauna Panthera onca ibiá (Girard 1971) ibiá See Language page Joyce McCormick
manatee vaca marina, manatí peixe-boi flora-fauna Trichechus sp. See Language page Joyce McCormick
brown woolly monkey Mono Lanudo Común, Choro, Churucu, mono choro (Peru), mono lanudo cafe, barrigudo de Humboldt macaco barrigudo flora-fauna Lagothrix lagothricha See Language page Joyce McCormick
howler monkey (red-handed) mono aullador, mono coto (Peru) guariba flora-fauna Alouatta belzebul [or other Alouatta sp.] See Language page Joyce McCormick
tufted capuchin monkey mono negro (Peru), Machín Negro, Maicero Cachón, mono maicero macaco prego flora-fauna Cebus apella See Language page Joyce McCormick
white-fronted capuchin Machín Blanco, mono blanco, Maicero Cariblanco, mono blanco (Peru) Caiarara flora-fauna Cebus albifrons See Language page Joyce McCormick
white-fronted spider monkey Machin Blanco, Mono Araña de Vientre Amarillo, maquisapa (Peru), braceadora (Colombia) macaco aranha, coatá, quatá flora-fauna Ateles belzebuth/paniscus See Language page Joyce McCormick
opossum zarigüeya, rabipelado, zorro, zorrillo mucura flora-fauna family Didelphidae See Language page Joyce McCormick
giant otter Lobo Grande de Río, nutria gigante, lutria ariranha flora-fauna Pteronura brasiliensis See Language page Joyce McCormick
neotropical otter (small) Nutria, Lobo de Agua, lobito de rio, perro de agua (Colombia) lontra flora-fauna Lontra longicaudis See Language page Joyce McCormick
collared peccary sajino, pecarí de collar, jabalf, Javelina, Saíno, Pecarí de Collar caititu, caetitu flora-fauna Pecari tajacu, Tayassu tajacu yoxi yoxi See Language page Joyce McCormick
white-lipped peccary Chancho de Monte, Cariblanco, Huangana queixada flora-fauna Tayassu pecari See Language page Joyce McCormick
porcupine puerco espín, erizo (Peru), casha cushillo (Peru) cuandu, porco-espinho flora-fauna family Erethizontidae See Language page Joyce McCormick
cotamundi, coatimundi Coatí, Tejón, Achuni, zorro guache quati flora-fauna genus Nasua See Language page Joyce McCormick
agouti (black agouti, black-rumped agouti) Guatusa Negra, Añuje, Agutí (black-rumped), picure, jochi colorado cutia flora-fauna Dasyprocta spp. See Language page Joyce McCormick
capybara Capibara, Carpincho, Ronsoco capivara flora-fauna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris siobi (Girard 1971) siobi See Language page Joyce McCormick
green acouchi Guatín, Punchana, curi, picurito rabudo, picurito rabilargo cutiara flora-fauna Myoprocta pratti See Language page Joyce McCormick
paca (lowland) Guanta, Paca, Majaz, majás (Peru), labba (Guyana) paca flora-fauna Cuniculus paca (Agouti paca is sometimes used as well although cuniculus is the correct term.) See Language page Joyce McCormick
mouse, rat ratón camundongo, rata flora-fauna Mus musculus dawičo dawičo See Language page Joyce McCormick
squirrel ardilla, danta (Ven) serelepe, quatipuru, esquilo flora-fauna family Sciuridae See Language page Joyce McCormick
tapir sachavaca, danta anta flora-fauna Tapirus terrestris See Language page Joyce McCormick
deer venado veado, cariacu flora-fauna family Cervidae, esp. Odocoileus virginianus dokwei dokwei See Language page Joyce McCormick
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus See Language page Joyce McCormick


Cultural Vocabulary (97)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material e-šaha (generic basket) e-šaha (generic basket) See Language page Joyce McCormick
basket, small canasta, canasto, cesta cesto pequeno, tampado culture-material See Language page Joyce McCormick
bead abalorio, mostacilla, cuenta, gota, puca; necklace=collar miçanga culture-material See Language page Joyce McCormick
bed cama cama culture-material See Language page Joyce McCormick
hammock hamaca, chinchorro rede culture-material See Language page Joyce McCormick
bench, seat banco, silla, asiento banco culture-material e-ki-ani-xi (Girard 1971) e-ki-ani-xi (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
canoe canoa canoa transport bi'še bi'še See Language page Joyce McCormick
drum (large signal) tambor, manguaré, maguaré (Colombia) tambor culture Used to be used by Tukanoan peoples (and others?), sound carried for long distances See Language page Joyce McCormick
drum tambor tambor culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
shaman, healer chamán, brujo xaman, pajé, feiticeiro culture-mythology e-dosi-kia (Girard 1971) e-dosi-kia (Girard 1971) In RN region, there is typically one person per village (if that) who is a full-fledged 'shaman'. He is very much a specialist and has considerable power to cure, as well as power to curse. He is respected and feared. Shamans are thought to turn themselv See Language page Joyce McCormick
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology e-dosi-kia (Girard 1971) e-dosi-kia (Girard 1971) Refers to a lower-level healer; in RN region, most older men in a village have this capacity, and command a repertoire of healing spells. Power is primarily for good, whereas the true shaman is capable of malignant acts as well. See Language page Joyce McCormick
broom escoba vassoura culture-material e-šabo-xi; e-kwe-sa-baxi (Girard 1971) e-šabo-xi; e-kwe-sa-baxi (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology daki daki See Language page Joyce McCormick
fence, palisade cerco cerca other may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Joyce McCormick
firewood leña lenha other kwaki kwaki See Language page Joyce McCormick
Curupira (spirit type) Curupira, Madremonte Curupira culture-mythology malignant forest spirit, covered with long hair, feet turned backward; in Upper Rio Negro region See Language page Joyce McCormick
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
deity/powerful spirit/culture figure dios(es), deidad divinidade, figura mítica culture-mythology e-dosi-kiana (listed under "God") e-dosi-kiana (listed under "God") In RN region, frequently translates as 'Bone-Son', 'One on the bone', etc. See Language page Joyce McCormick
flute flauta, quena (Peru) flauta culture-mythology multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Joyce McCormick
panpipe carrizo, zampoñas, flautas de pan, rondadora caniço, flauta de pã culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
hollow log/trough for beer-making canoa para chicha cocho de caxiri narcotics See Language page Joyce McCormick
ritual song cycle (kapiwaya) kapiwaya capiwaya culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
knife cuchillo faca culture-material e-hewi-xi e-hewi-xi See Language page Joyce McCormick
machete machete facão culture-material See Language page Joyce McCormick
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool šoši-xi; sewe-s̆a (Girard 1971) šoši-xi; sewe-s̆a (Girard 1971) especially for clearing fields See Language page Joyce McCormick
arrow flecha flecha subsistence tool e-mese e-mese hunting, warfare See Language page Joyce McCormick
spear lanza lança subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
bow arco arco subsistence tool e-koi-xi; e-ko-wixi (Girard 1971) e-koi-xi; e-ko-wixi (Girard 1971) arco See Language page Joyce McCormick
paddle/oar remo remo transport e-wi-behe-ʔai-ʔai e-wi-behe-ʔai-ʔai See Language page Joyce McCormick
plate plato prato culture-material tepe tepe See Language page Joyce McCormick
pot olla, pote panela, vasilha subsistence tool meši meši See Language page Joyce McCormick
basin/bowl tazón, plato hondo, taza tijela culture-material kea-do-e (Girard 1971) kea-do-e (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
griddle for cooking flatbread tiesto (Colombia), budare (Venezuela), tortera (Peru) forno para beiju subsistence tool agriculture? See Language page Joyce McCormick
rattle matraca, maraca marico, chocalho culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool e-maʔi (Girard 1971) e-maʔi (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
wax cera cera other wini taʔa wini taʔa See Language page Joyce McCormick
honey miel mel food eka-'na eka-'na only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Joyce McCormick
stone for lighting fires piedra para hacer fuego pedra para acender fogo culture-material See Language page Joyce McCormick
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture ato; xono; baa-xono (Girard 1971) ato; xono; baa-xono See Language page Joyce McCormick
tattoo tatuaje, tatu tatuagem culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
thatch/roof crisneja palha, caraná culture-material #NAME? See Language page Joyce McCormick
yurupari, jurupari (or any flutes forbidden to women) yurupari jurupari culture-mythology a ritual complex in various parts of Amazonia involving sacred flutes/trumpets, forbidden to women. See Language page Joyce McCormick
fetish, charm fetiche, encanto, filtro de amor, pusanga feitiço, puçanga culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
feather headdress plumaje, corona de plumas enfeite/capacete de penas culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology eya eya See Language page Joyce McCormick
school escuela escola acculturation See Language page Joyce McCormick
bottle botella garrafa acculturation See Language page Joyce McCormick
paper papel papel acculturation See Language page Joyce McCormick
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology e-kawi e-kawi See Language page Joyce McCormick
chicken gallina galinha acculturation dexa hao; kačina (Girard 1971) dexa hao; kačina (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other See Language page Joyce McCormick
sugarcane/sugar azúcar, caña de azúcar açucar (de cana) acculturation e'ka e'ka See Language page Joyce McCormick
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material kimaixi; e-kise (Girard 1971) kimaixi; e-kise (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
shoes zapatos sapatos dress e-heo-xi (singular "shoe") e-heo-xi (singular "shoe") See Language page Joyce McCormick
policeman polícia policía acculturation See Language page Joyce McCormick
soldier soldado soldado acculturation See Language page Joyce McCormick
cat gato gato acculturation [misi] [misi] See Language page Joyce McCormick
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation e-kekwa-xi; e-ko-wixi (Girard 1971) poti-kwe ba-kwe tekwa-kwe tekwa-kwe axo-ta-kwe akwi tsaa e-kekwa-xi; e-ko-wixi (Girard 1971) poti-kwe ba-kwe tekwa-kwe tekwa-kwe axo-ta-kwe akwi tsaa See Language page Joyce McCormick
hat sombero chapéu dress e-yoxa-ha-xi e-yoxa-ha-xi See Language page Joyce McCormick
chief/leader jefe, cacique chefe culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
club garrote, cachiporra clava, porrete subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress See Language page Joyce McCormick
fireplace hogar lareira other See Language page Joyce McCormick
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
salt sal sal food See Language page Joyce McCormick
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology See Language page Joyce McCormick
blowgun cerbatana, pucuna (Peru) zarabatana subsistence tool currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Joyce McCormick
dart (blowgun) dardo, birote (Peru), bala (Peru) dardo, seta subsistence tool hunting and warfare See Language page Joyce McCormick
fan abanico abanador, abano subsistence tool e-pio-xi e-pio-xi esp. for fanning a cooking fire See Language page Joyce McCormick
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food See Language page Joyce McCormick
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food See Language page Joyce McCormick
hunt cazar caçar food tekwa-kwe; kekwa- (Girard 1971) tekwa-kwe; kekwa- (Girard 1971) See Language page Joyce McCormick
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food Interesting correlation to 'fish' in Tukanoan languages See Language page Joyce McCormick
gourd (dipper/bowl) cucharón, pate (Peru), totomo, totuma, totumo cuia subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
grater rallador, rallo ralador, ralo subsistence tool esp. for grating manioc, but can be used for other things as well See Language page Joyce McCormick
grid of sticks for smoking meat or placing objects (shelf) barbacoa jirau subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool e-kekwa-poho-xi e-kekwa-poho-xi See Language page Joyce McCormick
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
fermented drink masato, chicha caxiri, chicha culture e-iši-xi; bi'šo-'na e-iši-xi; bi'šo-'na prioritizes manioc beer where distinction is made See Language page Joyce McCormick
flour/meal from manioc fariña, mañoco (Venezuela); harina farinha food tabo ("meal, flour") tabo ("meal, flour") agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick
flat bread, cassava bread pan de yuca, casabe/cazabe beiju food usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Joyce McCormick
starch (tapioca, other) almidón goma de tapioca food See Language page Joyce McCormick
tapioca drink, mingau cahuana, caguana mingau food agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick
tipiti (manioc squeezer) tipiti, matafrio, sebucán, exprimador, prensa para yuca tipiti food word of Tupi origin; agriculture: specifically for squeezing poison out of manioc See Language page Joyce McCormick
tripod for washing manioc trípode tripé subsistence tool agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick
venom for darts, poison veneno curare subsistence tool hunting, currently is falling out of use in Vaupés region, associated primarily with h-g groups (but this may be recent?) See Language page Joyce McCormick
woven strainer/sieve colador tejido, cedazo (Peru), cernedor (Peru) peneira, cumatá subsistence tool agriculture? commonly used for sifting dry manioc flour See Language page Joyce McCormick
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool can refer to worms; more generic See Language page Joyce McCormick
fishtrap trampa de peces, trampa matapi, cacuri subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
bottom grinding stone manufacture if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Joyce McCormick
digging stick subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture me-i etaxaxi (Girard 1971) me-i etaxaxi use word for top grinding stone if different from bottom stone See Language page Joyce McCormick
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
spearthrower subsistence tool See Language page Joyce McCormick
house other e-'ki e-'ki See Language page Joyce McCormick