capybara

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Capibara, Carpincho, Ronsoco
Meaning Portuguese
capivara

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris paruuweena paruwena inheritance Northern Carib? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kéetto kéet̪o inheritance North Arawak Likely loan Arawak into Yanomam, e.g. kaʃu a, katsu, Nukak kԑʧuʔ4 uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris capiouara, hiwiri (R95) iwɯ’rɯ (H&R) loan; inheritance Northern Carib? Tupi-Guarani Also? capiouara (Rodriguez 95) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ñare, jiawecʉ (R95) dã'ré̃ unique Also jiawecʉ (R95) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris nâax taáx nəx tǎx calque East Tukanoan missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris di'á we'kɨ́ di'á we'kɨ́ inheritance East Tukanoan phrase river-tapir' See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris chiwiiri, Var. chori, matachori (MM) tʃiwiiri, Var. tʃori, matatʃori (MM) inheritance Northern Carib? Also tʃori, matatʃori See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris homóe-t, hombóe-t homóe-t, hombóe-t inheritance compound from snake + ? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris hetoware unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris deh-tǎh deh-tǎh calque East Tukanoan water-tapir' compound water-tapir See Language page 0 1 0 hunted men boiled or smoked 0 0 meat in general was once traded extensively with Tukanoans no Pattie Epps
Kakua Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ~bʉh-hiwi mɨ-hiwi [river-tapir], calque; loan (into protolg?) East Tukanoan; Arawak East Tukanoan and/or Hup; river-tapir; alternative word ketʃo is inheritance compound See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris homkói homkói inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris pɨrawi (SM) pɨrawi (SM) inheritance Northern Carib? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kapiuçara, kapiwara kapiusara inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani. Also: kapiusara No info See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kaacI (gom), katšɨ (EM72) kaaʧɯ (gom) loan (into protolg?) North Arawak e.g. Wapishana kaʃu uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Nukak Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kԑʧuʔ4 loan (into protolg?) Arawak uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no
Maihiki Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris yuada ago juara ago, juada doubtful loan Carib, e.g. Makiritare jɨwɨ:dɨ Makiritare jɨwɨ:dɨ uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Pemon Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris paruuweena (E1980) paruwena (E1980) inheritance Northern Carib? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ho?bú hoʔbú loan Bora Bora oʔpa uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Sanumá Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kazu a, katsu (EM72) kaʃu a, katsu loan (into protolg?) North Arawak e.g. Wapishana kaʃu uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris jómocobi (rk83) hómokobi inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tariana Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris hemasiéɾe, hemasiéle hemasiéɾe, hemasiéle calque Tukano Calque 'tapir-river' (widely shared in Vaupes languages) compound tapir-river' See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Tukano Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris diâ-wekɨ diâ-wekɨ inheritance East Tukanoan phrase river-tapir' (calqued into Hup) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris di'a wa'tʃɨ di'a wa'tʃɨ inheritance East Tukanoan phrase river-tapir' See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kaʃu kaʃu inheritance North Arawak See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Yanomam Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kayu kaju loan (into protolg?) North Arawak e.g. Wapishana kaʃu uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yanomami Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kayori (EM72) kajoɾi loan (into protolg?) North Arawak e.g. Wapishana kaʃu underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris keju, kesu kehu, kesu inheritance North Arawak Likely loan Arawak into Yanomam, e.g. kaʃu a, katsu, Nukak kԑʧuʔ4 uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Achagua Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kéesu kéesu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kéesu qué:su See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kéet̪u kéet̪u See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris késu késu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kéːsu kéːsu See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris 'oli 'uli unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris i'ʧɛhɨ (Mori2012) i'ʧɛhɨ (Mori2012) unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris oʔpa oʔpa unknown loan into Resigaro See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris nimɨ́-tɨ́ɨ́ʔe nimɨ́-tɨ́ɨ́ʔe See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Wayana Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kapiwala kapiwala loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page PLE
Tiriyó Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris iwiri iwiri inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris yüwü:dü (KH) jɨwɨ:dɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris yɨwɨrɨ (SM) yɨwɨrɨ (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris tabe'e tabɛʔɛ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris matoya (R95) matoja (R95) See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Kalapalo Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris akïgisa akɨgisa unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cuiva Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris jómocobi (rk83) homokóbi See Language page Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Cofán Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris yovuru joβɯrɯ See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris gómiyá nkómijá loan, direction unknown Jivaroan See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris vei taya (vei=river, water; taya=white lipped peccari) wɨi taja See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris copiwara (R95) copiwara (R95) loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris sẽ'yo çẽʔʝo unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris chidó (Lin97) See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris itoé, utdé, yi-dé (R95) ɨt de (H&R) unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris šú See Language page PLE
Ashuar Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ungúmi, kapiúr ungumi, kapiur See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ugkumia uŋgkumia See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ugkubíu ungkubíu loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Candoshi See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris memupaid menupaid unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris capivyera kapibjera loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ungu mayu ungu maju See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris capihuara kapiwaɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris wa'u (R95) wa'u (R95) unknown See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Barasano Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris 'ria wekɨ́; riayesé (R95) ria wekɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Carapana Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris 'ria-jese 'ria-jese See Language page Amanda Meeks
Makuna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ria wekɨ ria wekɨ inheritance See Language page Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris díajese díajese See Language page Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris di'a we'kɨ (water+tapir) di'a we'kɨ (water+tapir) See Language page Amanda Meeks
Siriano Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris diá 'wekɨ diá 'wekɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ke'hu-a ke'hu-a inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ri'a-'je'he ri'a-'je'he See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris día-jese día-jese See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris día jehe día jehe See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kuẽso kʰᵘẽso doubtful loan into protolg N. Arawak See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris güeso güeso doubtful loan into protolg N. Arawak See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Karitiana Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris syhej sɨhej unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kapiwara (Mello2000) kapiwara (Mello2000) inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kapiyuwa (G89) kapijuwa (G89) inheritance See Language page PLE
Kamayurá Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kapiˀɨwat (K12) kapiˀɨwat (K12) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ñóónm̈a ɲṍṍm̵a loan, direction unknown Muinane See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris meréhaiño mɛrέhaiɲo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris meréhaiño, ɸeréhaiño mɛrέhaiɲo, ɸɛrέhaiɲo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ɸerehaiño ɸɛrɛhaiɲo inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris capíhuari kapíwari loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris akaya akaja See Language page Becky Walker
Wari Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kame (Sousa2009) kame (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris siobi (Girard 1971) siobi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris sododo (G71) sododo (G71) See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris jara jara See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris niyo (J62) nijo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris huksitukuk (G99) huksitukuk (G99) See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris krãgnãn kɾãgnãn See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris hoãbzia hoãbzia See Language page PLE