Movima

Family
Isolate (SAM)
Region
South America
ISO 639-3
mzp
Location
-13.81°, -65.63°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Data Sources
Judy, Robert A. 2007. Movima. Intercontinental Dictionary Series, ed. Mary Ritchie Key. http://lingweb.eva.mpg.de/ids/. Judy, Robert A. and Judy, Judith. 1962. Movima y castellano. (Vocabularios Bolivianos, 1.) Vocabularios Bolivianos. Cochabamba: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano.


Basic Vocabulary (191)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
above encima, arriba acima location ariwa ariwa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
and y e grammar če (J62) tʃe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
ash ceniza(s) cinzas environment βeʔe-βus βeʔe-βus See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
at en, a em, a location See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
back espalda costas body ɗuɗu-kʷa ɗuɗu-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bad mal mal quality um-ɓe um-ɓe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
belly barriga barriga body hasɬa-wanra hasɬa-wanra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
below abajo, debajo abaixo location yan-lo jan-lo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
big grande grande quality mereʔe mereʔe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
black negro preto colour tun-ni tun-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
blood sangre sangue body ɗonʔi ɗonʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
boil/pimple espinilla, granos espinha, borbulha body sin̉-ʔi sin̉-ʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bone hueso osso body nunʔi nunʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
breast pecho, seno peito body čah-kʷa tʃah-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
child niño, niña criança human ɗiči-ye ɗiči-je See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cloud nube nuvem environment ɓe-yas ɓe-jas See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cold frío frio quality hilo-ka hilo-ka See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
correct/true verdad, de veras verdade quality čon-lo tʃon-lo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
day día dia time he-mes he-mes See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dirty sucio sujo quality čo-es-ni tʃo-es-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dingo/wolf fauna See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dry seco seco quality we-rel-ni we-rel-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dull/blunt sin filo, mocho, desafilado, embotado, romo maçante, desamolado, não afiado quality pe-res-ɬeʔe pe-res-ɬeʔe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dust polvo poeira environment βus-kʷa βus-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
ear oreja orelha body lon̉-toto lon̉-toto See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
earth/soil tierra terra environment ɬakam̉-ɓa ɬakam̉-ɓa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
egg huevo ovo fauna hoɬ-kʷa hoɬ-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
eye ojo olho body čo-ra tʃo-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
far lejos longe quality kiʔ-lah kiʔ-lah See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fat/grease grasa gordura body mes-kʷa mes-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
father padre, papá pai kinship paʔa paʔa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
feather pluma pena fauna mumun̉-kʷa mumun̉-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fire fuego fogo environment βeʔe βeʔe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
flower flor flor environment morin-kʷa morin-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment βu-ɓuh-ni βu-ɓuh-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fruit fruta fruta flora ɓaɓa-kʷa ɓaɓa-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
good bueno bom quality ɗo-koi ɗo-koi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body risa-kʷa risa-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hand mano mão body čopa tʃopa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar us-ko; is-ne us-ko; is-ne See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
head cabeza cabeça body ba-kʷakʷa ba-kʷakʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
heavy pesado pesado quality ɗinoʔ-ni ɗinoʔ-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
how? como como grammar han-win̉ han-win̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
1sg yo eu grammar inɬa inɬa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
if si se grammar ɗiʔ ɗiʔ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location čo-ɗowi tʃo-ɗowi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
intestines intestinos intestinos body čirus-kʷa tʃirus-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
lake lago lago environment pou-lo pou-lo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
leaf hoja folha environment loran-kʷa loran-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body ho-li ho-li See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
leg/foot pierna perna body ɬari-kʷa ɬari-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment yam-pa jam-pa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
liver hígado figado body sonɗo sonɗo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
long largo comprido, longo quality ku-ra ku-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna ɗamʔi ɗamʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
man/male hombre homem human yeh-čo jeh-tʃo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
meat/flesh carne carne fauna -toɗa -toɗa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
moon luna lua environment yejcho jehtʃo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship maʔa maʔa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
mouth boca boca body kʷana-kʷa kʷana-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
name nombre nome human eɬe eɬe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
near/close cerca de perto quality su-we su-we See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
neck cuello pescoço body woroʔo woroʔo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
new nuevo novo quality pola-ra pola-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
night noche noite time i-mai-ni i-mai-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
no/not no não grammar ka-ʔi (J62) ka-ʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
nose nariz nariz body ɓači-kʷa ɓatʃi-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
old viejo velho quality ɓi-hau ɓi-hau See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
one uno um number sotaʔ-ra sotaʔ-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
other otro outro grammar sonra (J62) sonra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body tera-ni tera-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
person/human being persona pessoa human huye-ni huje-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
rain lluvia chuva environment luʔluʔu luʔluʔu See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
red rojo vermelho colour rapal rapal See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
right/right hand derecha direita location/body čo-ni tʃo-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
road/path camino caminho manufacture pai-towa pai-towa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
root raíz raiz flora ɗuɗuɬ-kʷa ɗuɗuɬ-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
rotten podrido podre quality ɗon̉-ra-ni ɗon̉-ra-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sand arena areia environment wiʔwis wiʔwis See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality pe-res-ni pe-res-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
short corto curto quality te-ɗes te-ɗes See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
shoulder hombro ombro body ɗolala-kʷa ɗolala-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
shy/ashamed tímido, vergonzoso timido, com vergonha mental čaha-ni-wa čaha-ni-wa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
skin piel pele body to-ɓen̉-kʷakʷa to-ɓen̉-kʷakʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sky cielo céu environment ɓen̉-ra ɓen̉-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
small pequeño pequeno quality to-čiʔi to-tʃiʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
smoke humo fumaça environment ɓuh-ru ɓuh-ru See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
star estrella estrela environment ɗiɗin-kʷa ɗiɗin-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
stick/wood palo pau, vara flora koʔo koʔo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
stone piedra pedra environment čam-pa tʃam-pa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tail cola, rabo rabo body ɓa-ɬeu-kʷa ɓa-ɬeu-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
that ese/esa esse grammar See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar is-ko is-ko See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality ɗu-yuʔu ɗu-juʔu See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
thin delgado fino quality so-roi-ni so-roi-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
this este/esta este grammar airu (J62) airu See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
2sg xx xx grammar ulcuan (J62) ulkuan See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
throat garganta garganta body takaka-kʷa takaka-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
three tres tres number tas-ra tas-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
thunder truenos trovão environment wurul-čeɬ wurul-tʃeɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bite morder morder body lam̉-na lam̉-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
blow soplar soprar body ha-βuɬ-na ha-βuɬ-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
breathe respirar respirar body ɬou-ka-teʔe ɬou-ka-teʔe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
burn quemar queimar environment tayaco (to burn somethinɡ) tajako See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body ɗon-ka-ɓa-na ɗon-ka-ɓa-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
climb subir subir motion wele-ɬe wele-ɬe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
come venir vir motion hi-wawa hi-wawa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cook cocinar cozinhar impact ɗehahal ɗehahal See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
count contar contar mental paʔ-na paʔ-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cry llorar chorar mental hiyi hiji See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cut/hack cortar cortar impact ɗaha-čo-na ɗaha-tʃo-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
die/be dead morir morrer state kai-ni kai-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dig cavar cavar impact woʔ-na woʔ-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dream soñar sonhar mental ɓeisi-kʷa ɓeisi-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
drink beber, tomar beber body ya-lo-we ja-lo-we See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
eat comer comer body kai-kai kai-kai See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fall caer cair motion tam̉-βos-eɬ tam̉-βos-eɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fear miedo medo mental tino-ka tino-ka See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
flow fluir fluir motion sa-βau-tiʔi sa-βau-tiʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fly volar voar motion ha-βuh-ɓuʔu ha-βuh-ɓuʔu See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
grow crecer crescer state ɓihau-ni ɓihau-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hear oír ouvir mental pa-loto pa-loto See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hide esconder esconder motion kʷala-ra kʷala-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hit golpear, pegar bater impact ɓai-na ɓai-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other eu-na eu-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
kill matar matar impact tikoi-na tikoi-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental o-na-ra-na o-na-ra-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
laugh reír rir mental ho-si-čeɬ ho-si-tʃeɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion ɗe-čeɬ ɗe-tʃeɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
live/be alive vivir viver, morar body i-teʔ-ni i-teʔ-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
open/uncover abrir abrir other kel-na kel-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
pound/beat machacar, golpear bater impact han̉-na han̉-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
say decir dizer mental han-kʷa han-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
scratch rascar rasgar impact huaɨna (to scratch somethinɡ) (J62) huaɨna See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
see ver ver mental ɗe-wah-na ɗe-wah-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact man-na man-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sit sentar(se) sentar state as-čeɬ as-tʃeɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sleep dormir dormir body horo-kʷa horo-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sniff/smell olfatear, oler cheirar body pa-yes-na pa-jes-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
spit escupir cuspir body ɗoton̉-ɬa ɗoton̉-ɬa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact oi-ka-pin̉ oi-ka-pin̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact roma-lo roma-lo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact čaʔ-na tʃaʔ-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state en-čeɬ en-tʃeɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
steal robar roubar other tol-kara-na tol-kara-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
suck chupar chupar body čulum-na tʃulum-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
swell hincharse inchar body wotos-ni wotos-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
swim nadar nadar motion ko-ma-lo ko-ma-lo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
think pensar pensar mental i-ɓaičo-βaɬ-na i-ɓaičo-βaɬ-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact haran̉-na haran̉-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact hama-ɬe hama-ɬe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other ɗa-pil-na ɗa-pil-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
vomit vomitar vomitar body lel-kʷa lel-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
walk caminar, andar andar motion i-lo-ni i-lo-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
work trabajar trabalhar other tih-ka-rim tih-ka-rim See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
yawn bostezar bocejar body halai-kʷa halai-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tongue lengua lingua body ruɬ-kʷa ruɬ-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tooth diente dente body soi-ɬa soi-ɬa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
two dos dois number oi-ra oi-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
water agua agua environment tomi tomi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar i-ɗe i-ɗe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar iʔ-ɬi iʔ-ɬi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
wet mojado molhado quality luʔ-ɗai-ni luʔ-ɗai-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
what? que, qué que grammar eɬe-ɬaʔa eɬe-ɬaʔa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
when? cuando quando grammar eɬ-lomah eɬ-lomah See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
where? donde onde grammar nay-aʔa naj-aʔa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
white blanco branco colour ta-βoh ta-βoh See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
who? quien, quién quem grammar han-ne han-ne See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
wife esposa esposa kinship al-wah al-wah See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
wind viento vento environment pou-muh pou-muh See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
wing ala asa body toβai-kʷa toβai-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
woman/female mujer mulher human kʷeya kʷeja See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
yellow amarillo amarelo colour sere sere See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
2pl ustedes vocês grammar i-ɓi i-ɓi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
foot pie body ɓari-kʷa ɓari-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar rei-ka rei-ka See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
all todo todos other ɓa-ra ɓa-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
ankle tobillo tornozelo body lotobacuin (your ankle) (J62) lotobakuin (your ankle) See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
armpit axila, sobaco axila body čowi-kʷa tʃowi-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body momo-kʷa momo-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
lung pulmón pulmão body pulmone pulmone See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sweat sudar suor, suar body tayoca tajoka See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body čukul-ni tʃukul-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bark corteza casca environment to-ɓen̉-kʷa to-ɓen̉-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fingernail uña unha body čo-rimpa tʃo-rimpa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
heart corazón coração body hasɬa-wanra hasɬa-wanra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sun sol sol time tinno tinno See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
mountain/hill montaña, colina, loma, cerro morro, serra environment ɗuɗuʔ-kʷa ɗuɗuʔ-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
green verde verde quality noʔna noʔna See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hot caliente quente quality kʷah-les kʷah-les See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (134)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus kawayo (from Sp.) (J62) kawajo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna See Language page
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp. ɓosin̉ ɓosin̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna hoʔme xoʔme See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
curassow mitu, montete (Peru), paujil/panjuil (Peru), paujil de Salvin (Peru for Mitu salvini) mutum flora-fauna Crax sp., Nothocrax sp. See Language page Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
toucan tucán, pinsha (Peru) tucano flora-fauna Ramphastos sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
gray-winged trumpeter Grulla, Trompetero Ala Gris jacamim flora-fauna Psophia crepitans See Language page Northern Amazonia (N of Solimões), not in northern Colombia; Dark-winged trumpeter is found south of Solimões Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
guan pava, pucacunga (Peru), pava de Spix (Peru) jacu flora-fauna Penelope sp. See Language page Different types have different localized ranges Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tinamou tinamu, perdiz, gallineta inambu, inhambu flora-fauna family Tinamidae matatuare (J62) matatuare See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna family Trochilidae chi'mili (J62) tʃi'mili See Language page Widespread Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
kingfisher martín pescador, catalan (Peru) martim-pescador flora-fauna family Alcedinidae chada (J62) tʃada See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
owl (large) búho, lechuza corujão flora-fauna order Strigiformes suwuwunta; tukuku; wohnapa suwuwunta; tukuku; wohnapa See Language page Widespread Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
macaw ara, guacamaya Arara flora-fauna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
parrot loro real, loro (Sp. form is a loan from Carib) papagaio flora-fauna Amazona amazonica sariɗi (J62) (no generic sikʷiʔla; čeleka; karaʔa; čawan̉; seyamo; čitan̉; raweʔe; seʔle-seʔle; awaro) sariɗi(no generik sikʷiʔla; ǩeleka; karaʔa; ǩawan̉; sejamo; ǩitan̉; raweʔe; seʔle-seʔle; awaro) See Language page Widespread Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dove paloma pomba flora-fauna family Columbidae toloɗo toloɗo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hawk halcón, gavilán gavião flora-fauna family Accipitridae yocamopa (chuhubi gavilan) (J62) jokamopa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
vulture buitre, gallinazo, rinahui (Peru) urubu flora-fauna family Cathartidae tuspaʔa tuspaʔa See Language page Widespread South America Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae family kon̉-kore kon̉-kore See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
great egret Garza Blanca, Guyratî Garça-Branca-Grande flora-fauna Ardea alba toba (J62) toba See Language page Widespread South America Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
woodpecker pájaro carpintero, carpintero pica-pau flora-fauna family Picidae ya'yama (J62) ja'jama See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis famililaris paco (J62) pako See Language page Not native; widespread Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dog (wild; bush dog) sachaperro, Perro de Monte, Zorro Vinagre, Guanfando; Zorro Ojizarco, Zorro Negro, Perro de Orejas Corta cachorro-do-mato flora-fauna Speothos venaticus; Atelocynus microtis See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
anteater oso hormiguero; tapia pelejo or pelejo chico for Cyclopes didactylus tamanduá flora-fauna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) huayehuaye (J62) xuajexuaje See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
armadillo armadillo, carachupa (Peru), yangunturi (Peru for Giant armadillo) tatu flora-fauna family Dasypodidae; e.g. Priodontes maximus (Giant armadillo), Dasypus novemcinctus, Dasypus kappleri sutulra (J62) sutulra (aktual gloss = tatu (armadillo) See Language page Widespread in Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sloth pereza, pelejo (Peru), perezoso (Peru) macaco preguica flora-fauna Choloepus sp., Bradypus sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
alligator, black caiman babilla; cachirre jacaré flora-fauna Melanosuchus niger, Caiman schlerops; Paleosuchus sp. See Language page Throughout Amazonia Port term reportedly borrowed from Tupi Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
electric eel anguila eléctrica poraquê flora-fauna Electrophorus electricus ta'as (J62) ta'as See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna kon̉-kore (J62) kon̉-kore See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
pacu fish palometa, garopita, garopa, curhuara (Peru) pacu flora-fauna Mylossoma sp. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
pirana piraña, caribe piranha flora-fauna subfamily Serrasalmidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tigerfish taraira, guabina, huasaco (Peru) traíra flora-fauna Hoplias sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
mandi catfish maparate (used in Peru for some types of catfish, including Auchenipterus sp.), cunchi (used in Peru for some types of catfish), bagre (catfish) mandi flora-fauna Auchenipterus sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
speckled catfish surubí, pintadillo surubim, sorubim flora-fauna Pseudoplatystoma sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
toad sapo sapo flora-fauna order Anura huarańtei (J62) xuarańtei See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
iguana iguana, garipiares (Colombia) camaleão flora-fauna Iguana sp. See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
small lizard lagartija calango flora-fauna order Squamata sico'ya siko'ja See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Potamotrygon sp. čaβoʔo tʃaβoʔo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
crab cangrejo caranguejo flora-fauna infraorder Brachyura daca (J62) daka See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
anaconda anaconda, boa, boa acuática grande sucuri flora-fauna genus Eunectes yanahue (J62) janaxue See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
boa boa; mantona (red-tailed boa); boa de altura jiboia flora-fauna family Boidae, subf. Boinae huaibushua (J62) xuaibuʃua See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna čaβoʔo (J62) tʃaβoʔo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
snake (poisonous generic) or rattlesnake víbora (Peru), jergón (Peru), yarara jararaca flora-fauna Bothrops jararaca/atrox See Language page Widespread South America Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tortoise (red foot, yellow foot/giant) tortuga, morrocoy, motelo jabutí, tartaruga flora-fauna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria sono sono See Language page Widespread Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Amazon dolphin bufeo, delfín, tonina (del Orinoco) boto cor-de-rosa flora-fauna Inia geoffrensis pah-ʔi pax-ʔi See Language page Downstream of major rapids and waterfalls Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
mushroom champiñón, hongo cogumelo flora-fauna (any edible generic) wolototo wolototo See Language page prioritize generic term that includes any edible species Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
black palm bacaba, mapora, pusui, patabá bacaba flora-fauna Oenocarpus bacaba See Language page Mature forests of Rio Negro and Upper Amazon may be confused in some entries with O. bataua Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
açai palm huasí (Peru), asahi, manaca (Ven), asaí, palmiche (Colombia) açaí flora-fauna Euterpe sp. See Language page floodplains, swamp; esp. northern Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
miriti palm moriche (Col, Ven), aguaje (Col, Peru), achual, miriti buriti flora-fauna Mauritia flexuosa See Language page Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela; in and near swamps trunks contain sago-like starch Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
palm for roof thatch pui, irapay, hoja de irapay, caraná caraná flora-fauna Mauritiella armata OR Lepidocaryum tenue (irapay), Mauritius carana See Language page Mauritia carana is limited principally to the Rio Negro and Upper Orinoco regions; dry catinga forests palm Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
paxiuba palm pona, huacrapona, cashapona, macanilla, pachiuba paxiuba flora-fauna Iriartea exorrhiza OR Iriartea deltoidea See Language page Widespread Amazonia palm Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
peach palm, pejibaye palm chontaduro (Col, Ecuador); pipire (Col); pijuayo (Peru), pijiguao (Ven); tembe (Bol) pupunha flora-fauna Bactris gasipaes See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
seje palm ungurahui (Peru), palma de seje, milpesos, patabá patoá, patuá flora-fauna Jessenia bataua, aka Oenocarpus bataua See Language page mostly north of Equator; common in Amazonia may be confused with O. bacaba - compare entries Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
coca coca coca flora-fauna Erythroxylum coca See Language page secondary scrub vegetation. lower alt. of eastern Andes plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cotton algodón algodão flora-fauna Gossypium (barbadense: long fibers; hirsutum: short fibers) buhɗin-mori buxɗin-mori See Language page secondary scrub vegetation plant; some sources may confound with kapok Ceiba pentandra (esp. if a single gloss for 'cotton' is given') Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
kapok ceiba, huimba, lupuna (Peru for Ceiba sp.) sumaumeira flora-fauna Ceiba pentandra See Language page northern South America and central America; common in disturbed areas tree Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hot pepper ají, pimentón/pimiento rojo, pucunucho (Peru), charapilla (Peru) pimenta flora-fauna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens čihi (chili pepper) tʃixi See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
peanut maní (may be loan from Taino Arawak), cacahuete amendoim flora-fauna Arachis hypogaea chi'chi (J62) tʃi'tʃi See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
pineapple piña abacaxi flora-fauna Ananas comosus mayuse (J62) majuse See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
arrow cane, wildcane caña flecha, caña brava, caña isana cana para flechas, frecheira, Cana-do-rio flora-fauna Gynerium sagittatum See Language page tropical regions, especially river banks plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
banana, plantain banano, banana, cambur, bellaco, variedad de plátano banana flora-fauna Musa sp. pere pere See Language page Names for banana/plantain may be derived from bastard plantain by semantic shift. Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
beans frijoles, frejol, caraotas (negras, rojas, blancas) feijão flora-fauna Phaseolus spp. ma-ɗo ma-ɗo See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (generic) ɗi-mas ɗi-mas See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
maize, corn mazorca, maiz milho flora-fauna Zea mays kʷah-taʔa kʷax-taʔa See Language page widespread, esp. in river floodplains plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tobacco tabaco tabaco flora-fauna Nicotiana tabacum yoma-ris joma-ris See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna koʔo koʔo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
achiote, anatto achiote urucum flora-fauna Bixa orellana See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
inga guaba, guamo, guama, shimbillo (Peru) inga flora-fauna Inga spp. See Language page Secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens. North and South America (Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Suriname, Colombia) Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
avocado palta, aguacate abacate flora-fauna Persea americana See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bitterwood tortuga caspi, pretina (Peru for tree and tumpline); carahuasca (Peru) envira flora-fauna Duguetia sp. OR Fusaea longifolia OR Guatteria chrysopetala See Language page secondary forests, native to Brazil tree Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
brazil nut castaña castanha do para (B. excelsa); castanha de cutia (C. edulis) flora-fauna Bertholletia excelsa [cf. Couepia edulis 'castanha do cutia'] See Language page 1) Couepia: restricted area within Brazil, Rio Purus basin and middle Solimões. 2) Bertholletia: elev: consistently about 200m; mature forests. Widely distributed from Peru, E. Colombia, Brazil to Nicaragua. tree Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cashew anarcado, castaña de cajú, nuez de la India, marañon, cajú, merey (Venezuela) caju flora-fauna Anacardium occidentale / giganteum See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree; most sources will not distinguish between occidentale and other varieties Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
genipap jagua, majagua - Colombia, caruto, xagua - Venezuela, bigrande - Bolivia, huito, yaguayagua - Peru, ygualti - Nicaragua, maluco - Mexico genipapo, jenipapo flora-fauna Genipapa americana See Language page widespread lowland SA shrub Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
japurá oreja de murcielago japurá flora-fauna Erisma japura See Language page large tree Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
rubber tree (sorva) caucho, siringa, shiringa seringa, borracha flora-fauna Hevea sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia tree Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
ucuqui yugo, caimitillo del monte (Peru) ucuqui flora-fauna Pouteria ucuqui See Language page native to NW Amazonia, found primarily in Vaupes and Caqueta regions other species of Pouteria exist and have much-used edible fruit; these can be subsituted where relevant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Amazon tree-grape uva de monte, uvilla (Peru), puruma, caime, caimarona (and variants; Col.) cucura flora-fauna Pourouma cecropiifolia See Language page grows wild in Western Amazon basin; cultivated in Colombia since pre-Colombian times a tree; not a true grape Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
manioc (bitter or generic) yuca brava mandioca flora-fauna Manihot esculenta čina-ɬa (generic) tʃina-ɬa See Language page not generally cultivated in western (subAndean) Amazon. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) argues for a correlation with distribution of dark earths, mostly formed after 1AD, and the modeled-incised pottery tradition. Provides more starch and is more pest-resistant than the sweet variety, but requires much processing. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) proposes that bitter type was developed from sweet through post-ceremic agricultural intensification (motivated by high starch yield Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
manioc (sweet) yuca, caribe macaxeira flora-fauna Manihot esculenta See Language page Primary staple in western/subAndean Amazonia, less important elsewhere No processing required, but lower starch yield and pest resistance than bitter variety Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
potato papa batata flora-fauna Solanum tuberosum papa (from Sp.) (J62) papa See Language page secondary scrub vegetation compare entries for sweet potato Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
potato, sweet potato camote, batata dulce, batata, cumara batata-doce flora-fauna Ipomoea batatas jalala'a (J62) halala'a See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cará tuber, purple or white camote, sachapapa cará roxo, branco flora-fauna Dioscorea sp. jalala'a (J62) halala'a See Language page secondary scrub vegetation; forest clearings plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tannia, yautia huitina (Peru), ñame taioba branca flora-fauna Xanthosoma spp. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bottle-gourd (vine) or calabash (tree) calabazo, calabaza; auyama (Dominican Republic and Venezuela), ayote (parts of Central America), zapallo (parts of South America), tutumo/totumo/totuma (Cresc tree), huingo (Peru for Crescentia cujete), tapara cabaça flora-fauna Crescentia cujete (round variety - tree); (Cucurbita) Lagenaria siceraria (bottle variety - vine) sahuampo (J62) saxuampo See Language page indigenous gardens plant; tree Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
squash calabaza, calabacines, auyamas, zapallos, huingo (Peru) abóbora flora-fauna Cucurbita sp. sawam-po sawam-po See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cipó vine tamishi, bejuco, yare cipó flora-fauna Heteropsis spp. huahuancua (J62) xuaxuankua See Language page secondary forest, floodplain vine Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fish poison, barbasco barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó flora-fauna Lonchocarpus spp. See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hallucinogenic vine, banisterium, ayahuasca ayahuasca, yage ayahuasca, caapi flora-fauna Banisteriopsis caapi See Language page semi-domesticated, native to Amazonian basin, esp. NW vine Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hallucinogenic snuff vilca, cebil, yopo paricá, yopo flora-fauna Anadenanthera sp. or virola See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae či-heɬ tʃi-xeɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bullet ant, lesser giant hunter ant conga, hormiga yanabe (Colombia), isula (Peru), Hormiga Veinticuatro tocandira flora-fauna Paraponera clavata See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
leaf-cutter ant Colombia: zampopo, hormiga arriera; Venezuela: bachaco; Peru: curuhuinse saúva flora-fauna Atta sp. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
honeybee abeja abelha flora-fauna Apis mellifera; Tetragonisca angustula; Trigona amazonensis čuiɗi tʃuiɗi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cockroach cucaracha barata-do-mato flora-fauna order Blattaria moɗon̉ moɗon̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
firefly, lightning bug lampírido, luciérnaga (Peru), añañahui (Peru), cocuyo (attributed Taino origin) vagalume flora-fauna fam: Elateridae, Fengodidae, Lampyridae ɗetaɗi ɗetaɗi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna order Lepidoptera ɗelto-βen̉ ɗelto-βen̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
moth mariposa nocturna, polilla mariposa flora-fauna order Lepidoptera See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
angleworm lombriz minhoca flora-fauna order Opisthopora rumʔi rumʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna class Chilopoda čaβoʔɬeɬeu-mo tʃaβoʔɬeɬeu-mo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna order Scorpiones kun̉-sisiwa kun̉-sisiwa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cicada cigarra, chicharra cigarra flora-fauna super fam. Cicadoidea ririya (J62) ririja See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
flea pulga pulga flora-fauna order Siphonaptera See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera ɗumui ɗumui See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cricket saltón, grillo grilo flora-fauna family Gryllidae sihualototo (J62) sixualototo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
edible palm-dwelling larva (palm weevil) suri, mojojoy larva, broca-do-coqueiro, aramandaiá flora-fauna Rhynchophorus sp. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna order Mantodea, family Mantidae See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles sp. kawun̉ kawun̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna order Isoptera See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna superfam Ixodoidea See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
wasp avispa; specific type: ronzapa/ronsapa caba flora-fauna order Hymenoptera, sub: Apocrita omaile omaile See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
snail caracol, churo (Peru) caracol flora-fauna class Gastropoda mehɬa mexɬa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnidae, Araneae si-wa si-wa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
jaguar yaguar, yaguareté, jaguar, otorongo (Peru), tigre (Peru) onca flora-fauna Panthera onca rulrul (J62) rulrul See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
manatee vaca marina, manatí peixe-boi flora-fauna Trichechus sp. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
brown woolly monkey Mono Lanudo Común, Choro, Churucu, mono choro (Peru), mono lanudo cafe, barrigudo de Humboldt macaco barrigudo flora-fauna Lagothrix lagothricha See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
howler monkey (red-handed) mono aullador, mono coto (Peru) guariba flora-fauna Alouatta belzebul [or other Alouatta sp.] huɗi (J62) xuɗi  See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tufted capuchin monkey mono negro (Peru), Machín Negro, Maicero Cachón, mono maicero macaco prego flora-fauna Cebus apella See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
white-fronted capuchin Machín Blanco, mono blanco, Maicero Cariblanco, mono blanco (Peru) Caiarara flora-fauna Cebus albifrons See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
white-fronted spider monkey Machin Blanco, Mono Araña de Vientre Amarillo, maquisapa (Peru), braceadora (Colombia) macaco aranha, coatá, quatá flora-fauna Ateles belzebuth/paniscus See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
opossum zarigüeya, rabipelado, zorro, zorrillo mucura flora-fauna family Didelphidae pusa-ra pusa-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
giant otter Lobo Grande de Río, nutria gigante, lutria ariranha flora-fauna Pteronura brasiliensis See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
neotropical otter (small) Nutria, Lobo de Agua, lobito de rio, perro de agua (Colombia) lontra flora-fauna Lontra longicaudis See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
collared peccary sajino, pecarí de collar, jabalf, Javelina, Saíno, Pecarí de Collar caititu, caetitu flora-fauna Pecari tajacu, Tayassu tajacu kayoti kayoti See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
white-lipped peccary Chancho de Monte, Cariblanco, Huangana queixada flora-fauna Tayassu pecari See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
porcupine puerco espín, erizo (Peru), casha cushillo (Peru) cuandu, porco-espinho flora-fauna family Erethizontidae dudutus (J62) dudutus See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cotamundi, coatimundi Coatí, Tejón, Achuni, zorro guache quati flora-fauna genus Nasua bichichi'ma (J62) bitʃitʃi'ma See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
agouti (black agouti, black-rumped agouti) Guatusa Negra, Añuje, Agutí (black-rumped), picure, jochi colorado cutia flora-fauna Dasyprocta spp. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
capybara Capibara, Carpincho, Ronsoco capivara flora-fauna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris niyo (J62) nijo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
green acouchi Guatín, Punchana, curi, picurito rabudo, picurito rabilargo cutiara flora-fauna Myoprocta pratti See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
paca (lowland) Guanta, Paca, Majaz, majás (Peru), labba (Guyana) paca flora-fauna Cuniculus paca (Agouti paca is sometimes used as well although cuniculus is the correct term.) See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
mouse, rat ratón camundongo, rata flora-fauna Mus musculus noɬ-kʷa noɬ-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
squirrel ardilla, danta (Ven) serelepe, quatipuru, esquilo flora-fauna family Sciuridae hua'hua'i (J62) xua'xua'i See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tapir sachavaca, danta anta flora-fauna Tapirus terrestris See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
deer venado veado, cariacu flora-fauna family Cervidae, esp. Odocoileus virginianus ɗauhes, yeiɓa ɗauxes, jeiɓa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker


Cultural Vocabulary (97)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material sam-res-mo sam-res-mo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
basket, small canasta, canasto, cesta cesto pequeno, tampado culture-material See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bead abalorio, mostacilla, cuenta, gota, puca; necklace=collar miçanga culture-material ɗiɗin-kʷa ɗiɗin-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bed cama cama culture-material horo-wanas xoro-wanas See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hammock hamaca, chinchorro rede culture-material sele (J62) sele See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bench, seat banco, silla, asiento banco culture-material [siya] [sija] See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
canoe canoa canoa transport huβe xuβe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
drum (large signal) tambor, manguaré, maguaré (Colombia) tambor culture Used to be used by Tukanoan peoples (and others?), sound carried for long distances See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
drum tambor tambor culture-mythology pono-tiʔi (generic) pono-tiʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
shaman, healer chamán, brujo xaman, pajé, feiticeiro culture-mythology ukʷam-pa ukʷam-pa In RN region, there is typically one person per village (if that) who is a full-fledged 'shaman'. He is very much a specialist and has considerable power to cure, as well as power to curse. He is respected and feared. Shamans are thought to turn themselv See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology lawahes-čaye-pa (physician) lawaxes-tʃaje-pa Refers to a lower-level healer; in RN region, most older men in a village have this capacity, and command a repertoire of healing spells. Power is primarily for good, whereas the true shaman is capable of malignant acts as well. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
broom escoba vassoura culture-material pupu-mo pupu-mo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology ɗoʔwe ɗoʔwe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fence, palisade cerco cerca other čaʔ-ɓes tʃaʔ-ɓes may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
firewood leña lenha other coˈo koˈo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Curupira (spirit type) Curupira, Madremonte Curupira culture-mythology malignant forest spirit, covered with long hair, feet turned backward; in Upper Rio Negro region See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology kaini-wawa kaini-wawa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
deity/powerful spirit/culture figure dios(es), deidad divinidade, figura mítica culture-mythology [dios] [dios] In RN region, frequently translates as 'Bone-Son', 'One on the bone', etc. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
flute flauta, quena (Peru) flauta culture-mythology polauta polauta multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
panpipe carrizo, zampoñas, flautas de pan, rondadora caniço, flauta de pã culture-mythology See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hollow log/trough for beer-making canoa para chicha cocho de caxiri narcotics See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
ritual song cycle (kapiwaya) kapiwaya capiwaya culture-mythology See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
knife cuchillo faca culture-material kači-ra katʃi-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
machete machete facão culture-material sahuipa (J62) saxuipa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool lai-ɬa lai-ɬa especially for clearing fields See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
arrow flecha flecha subsistence tool huɬ-pa xuɬ-pa hunting, warfare See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
spear lanza lança subsistence tool See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bow arco arco subsistence tool ta-ni-lo ta-ni-lo arco See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
paddle/oar remo remo transport sala-ye-ɗo sala-je-ɗo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
plate plato prato culture-material ča-ɗo tʃa-ɗo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
pot olla, pote panela, vasilha subsistence tool wutu wutu See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
basin/bowl tazón, plato hondo, taza tijela culture-material sapaʔ-mo sapaʔ-mo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
griddle for cooking flatbread tiesto (Colombia), budare (Venezuela), tortera (Peru) forno para beiju subsistence tool [horno] agriculture? See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
rattle matraca, maraca marico, chocalho culture-mythology See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool losicua (J62) losikua See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
wax cera cera other chuidimba (J62) tʃuidimba See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
honey miel mel food čuiɗin-lo tʃuiɗin-lo only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
stone for lighting fires piedra para hacer fuego pedra para acender fogo culture-material See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture ɗaβul-čo-ɗi ɗaβul-tʃo-ɗi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tattoo tatuaje, tatu tatuagem culture-mythology See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
thatch/roof crisneja palha, caraná culture-material ɗi-mas ɗi-mas See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
yurupari, jurupari (or any flutes forbidden to women) yurupari jurupari culture-mythology a ritual complex in various parts of Amazonia involving sacred flutes/trumpets, forbidden to women. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fetish, charm fetiche, encanto, filtro de amor, pusanga feitiço, puçanga culture-mythology See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
feather headdress plumaje, corona de plumas enfeite/capacete de penas culture-mythology See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology ɓen̉-ra (also 'sky') See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
school escuela escola acculturation eskʷela (from Sp.) eskʷela See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bottle botella garrafa acculturation See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
paper papel papel acculturation al-wam-ɓen̉ al-wam-ɓen̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology ɓeisi-kʷa ɓeisi-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
chicken gallina galinha acculturation hoʔme xoʔme See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology koača koatʃa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
sugarcane/sugar azúcar, caña de azúcar açucar (de cana) acculturation ča-raye, asukar tʃa-raje (cane), asukar (sugar, from Sp.) See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
shoes zapatos sapatos dress sapato (from Sp) sapato (from Sp) See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
policeman polícia policía acculturation See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
soldier soldado soldado acculturation solɗao (from Sp) solɗao See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
cat gato gato acculturation miči mitʃi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation eskopeta eskopeta See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hat sombero chapéu dress čoran-kʷan-to tʃoran-kʷan-to See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
chief/leader jefe, cacique chefe culture-mythology en-ona en-ona See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
club garrote, cachiporra clava, porrete subsistence tool koʔ-pin̉ koʔ-pin̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fireplace hogar lareira other βeʔe-wanasɓen̉-ra (J62) βeʔe-wanas See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool ɗaβul-ɗi ɗaβul-ɗi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
salt sal sal food ɗoyon̉ ɗojon̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology lehuansini lexuansini See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
blowgun cerbatana, pucuna (Peru) zarabatana subsistence tool currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
dart (blowgun) dardo, birote (Peru), bala (Peru) dardo, seta subsistence tool hunting and warfare See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fan abanico abanador, abano subsistence tool hum̉-wanra-ni xum̉-wanra-ni esp. for fanning a cooking fire See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
hunt cazar caçar food ɓay-eɬ ɓaj-eɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food popoi-kʷa popoi-kʷa Interesting correlation to 'fish' in Tukanoan languages See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
gourd (dipper/bowl) cucharón, pate (Peru), totomo, totuma, totumo cuia subsistence tool do'la, sahuampo (J62) do'la, saxuampo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
grater rallador, rallo ralador, ralo subsistence tool pujɬa (yuca grater) (J62) puhɬa esp. for grating manioc, but can be used for other things as well See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
grid of sticks for smoking meat or placing objects (shelf) barbacoa jirau subsistence tool See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool enɬe-ɗuʔu enɬe-ɗuʔu See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool ɓarin-kʷa ɓarin-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fermented drink masato, chicha caxiri, chicha culture poʔ-so poʔ-so prioritizes manioc beer where distinction is made See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
flour/meal from manioc fariña, mañoco (Venezuela); harina farinha food [arina]-βas agriculture See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
flat bread, cassava bread pan de yuca, casabe/cazabe beiju food usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
starch (tapioca, other) almidón goma de tapioca food diveḿba (yuca starch) (J62) diveḿba See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tapioca drink, mingau cahuana, caguana mingau food agriculture See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tipiti (manioc squeezer) tipiti, matafrio, sebucán, exprimador, prensa para yuca tipiti food word of Tupi origin; agriculture: specifically for squeezing poison out of manioc See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
tripod for washing manioc trípode tripé subsistence tool agriculture See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
venom for darts, poison veneno curare subsistence tool hunting, currently is falling out of use in Vaupés region, associated primarily with h-g groups (but this may be recent?) See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
woven strainer/sieve colador tejido, cedazo (Peru), cernedor (Peru) peneira, cumatá subsistence tool seraso, conale (J62) seraso, konale agriculture? commonly used for sifting dry manioc flour See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool can refer to worms; more generic See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
fishtrap trampa de peces, trampa matapi, cacuri subsistence tool See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
bottom grinding stone manufacture if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
digging stick subsistence tool See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture use word for top grinding stone if different from bottom stone See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
spearthrower subsistence tool See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
house other as-na; roya as-na; roja See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker