stone

Semantic Field
environment
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
piedra
Meaning Portuguese
pedra

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim tūnt' 207; dünt (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tym-pin inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla qawish inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok shawa:/- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tymp(i)/ inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno xyp inheritance Klar 1977:111 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno wa (appears as pa-wa) unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno xyp inheritance Klar 1977:111 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno (t)qypy inheritance Klar 1977:111 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno xyp inheritance Klar 1977:111 Jane Hill
Cocopa wi:, xur inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche tyypI inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño qawi-sh [kəˈwɪʃ] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen ciefe unknown JPH T&S 1981:109 Jane Hill
Gabrielino tota inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'ewily [Ɂəˈwɪʎ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu ty-bi, tii-py inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7-uha7 inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk tymyt inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ho/ka “rock, boulder” unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño to:-ta inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu 7o/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave avii inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun 7irek-tak “at the rock” inheritance O77:82 Jane Hill
Nisenan 7o: inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute typi inheritance Thornes 03 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok sawa- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok sawa-, sowa- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A (t)cxa7 (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M cxAp 'stone, pebble, rock' unknown Mason 1918:132 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hast unknown Jane Hill
Serrano tymy-t inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute ta-G instr pref; ty-N; tympi-G inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hawa- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute tYpyichI, typychI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tynt inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tympin, tyn- inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo le/l loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Washo de7ek unknown J170 Jane Hill
Western Mono typi inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu so:n inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai wi^:vch (as subject), ?wi/: inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami xelul' inheritance JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi yakau 243 inheritance K07:243 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne silel inheritance Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yuki lil loan into protolanguage S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7avi:/ H3:212 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa hiipada hiipada inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona təhu inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo cʉ̃ra, cʉ̃rabo kɨ̃ra, kɨ̃rabo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw paás pǎʃ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano ʉ̃tãye ɨ̃tãje inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa toʔ toʔ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï ih'tɨ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani di-ka unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup pǎç pǎç inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi tɨʔ (SIL) tɨʔ (SIL) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu itá itá inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam maama ma:ma inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ata ja (small stone), ɨno ago (big stone) ata xã, ɨno ago inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon etek (A1981); tök (E1980) etek (A1981); tök (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá maama, maatama (both EM72) maama, maatama (both EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani ibo (2) inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana hipá-da hipá-da inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ʉ̃tá (hr) ɨ̃tá (hr) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~ta tã`ã` (stenz) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam maama (EM72) ma:ma inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami maa ma, maakəma (EM72) ma: ma, ma:kəma (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna jipa hipa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup pâc pâc inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana kadnha loan Claire Bowern
Bardi gulbu kulbu unique Claire Bowern
Bunuba rarrgi unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra jandarra unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu baṉḏa unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal guṉḏa Claire Bowern
Dhuwala waṯapa(') unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari marda inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu guṉḏa unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu guṉḏa unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang baṯi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng gerany inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngaarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu waṯapa(') unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji wumara loan Wardaman Claire Bowern
Jaru bili inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri karra inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija ngarrkale-, ngaariny (archaic) inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa yarnda loan Claire Bowern
Mangala purli unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung gerany inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka marda inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra puyuka Claire Bowern
Mudburra wumara loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini marda inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-jundu unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma marnda Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl ngarril <ngarril> unique Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi madra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru kungbarra kuŋbarra unknown Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla purli Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta warnku inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta warnku inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina dambal XXngl smallish river stone dambal unique Claire Bowern
Paakantyi garnu loan Claire Bowern
Pirriya parri Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta mirrhiwirni unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ba:thu Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu rnuuka' loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri pamarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru tipu unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa wanangarri wanangarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy rnuga inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu dhuŋupal unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha mardra, mardramitji, mardrathandra inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi marda inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka madrawati inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru wanangarri wanangarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua i:ba i:ba inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco íba íba See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari híipa (similar to the word "foot") híipa (similaɾ to the woɾd "foot") See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena ipa ipa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero siha siha See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kʰɨˀba kʰɨˀba inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka íːha íːha See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi sehali tsehali inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure kohi kohi unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá tɨpa tɨpa inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani muka muka See Language page John Blaha
Sape takuypa takuypa See Language page John Blaha
Bora néékʷa-yï, néékʷá-nʸeï nέέkʷa-jï, nέɛnέέkʷa-jï, nέέkʷá-nʸɛïkʷá-nʲɛɯ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane gíisi-ba gíisi-ba See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio tök tök inheritance Akawaio-Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect tɨ' (SM) tɨʔ (SM) See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai suhpari, topu suhpari, topu unique; inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana tëpu tǝpu inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó tëpu tǝpu inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare təʔhu (IDS) təʔhu inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo tëpu tɛpu See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai tooΦu tooΦu inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari topy topɨ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Kalapalo tefu tefu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca hyca hɨka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá mõŋgará mõŋgará See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan ibót ibót inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán patu patɯ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra patobchi patomptʃi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a´jentu´ aʔxɨntuʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez cueth kuetj See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna nu3-5ta3 (A58) nuta unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina aheri aheɽi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa nde.tzbé ndətʂbe See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke fisi ɸiçi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé tãdɛ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave ha ha unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku li:ne li:ne See Language page PLE
Warao hoyo hoyo See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar káya kaja See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa kaya kaja See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna káya kája inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses cuënote kuɨnote unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua avichu awitʃũ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua rumi ɾumi See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá rumi rumi See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua rumi ɾumi See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano rumi ɾumi See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ido'ki idɤʔki unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva inaachu inaːʧu unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~gɨta ~gɨta See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ʉ̃tã ɨ̃tã See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~gɨtaga ~gɨtaga inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti ɨ̃́tãã-pe ɨ̃́tãã-pe See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana ɨ'tã ɨ'tã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano ʉ̃tãye ɨ̃tãje See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca ã'ta ã'ta inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ɨ̃'tãã ɨ̃'tãã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka ɨ̃'tã ɨ̃ʔtã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ɨ̃tʰã́ŋã́ ɨ̃tʰã́ŋã́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje catapʉ katapʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona kˀata kˀata inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya quëna kɨ̃'na See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana kinapyti kinapɨti unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama itaki itaki inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi takulu takulu inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó si̯ta ~ hi̯ta ~ i̯ta; si̯ta kʷasu si̯ta ~ hi̯ta ~ i̯ta; si̯ta kʷasu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ita ita inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina gotúúh-xo gotɯ́ɯ́ʔ-xo unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto nopḯ-kï nopɯ́-kɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto noɸḯ-kï noɸɯ́-kɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto noɸï-kï noɸɯ-kɯ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito sahuíja (same as star) sawíha (same as star) unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo naruka naɾuka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari pakun pakun See Language page PLE From pakor-išiʔ (?).
Ese Ejja/Huarayo saso; me-i (Girard 1971) saso; me-i See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña tomo; tomo ebari (G71) tomo; tomo ebari (G71) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara qala ḳala; ḳarḳa See Language page PLE
Kwazá haki, hakidwa, -dwa haki, hakidwa, -dwa See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima čam-pa tʃam-pa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai itak itak loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang pò See Language page PLE
Suyá kene kene See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi ta ta See Language page PLE