Northern Nyangumarta

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
nna
Location
-20.50°, 122.21°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (186)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar ngaju pukurl inheritance Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar wirrmanangulu inheritance Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar nyuntu waraja inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar jana inheritance Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar paliny inheritance Claire Bowern
above encima, arriba acima location kanka inheritance Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar yarrana unknown Claire Bowern
all todo todos other wirr inheritance Claire Bowern
and y e grammar pa inheritance Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body luku inheritance Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body kanginy doubtful loan Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
ashamed xx xx mental kurntany karrinyi- (V1) inheritance Claire Bowern
ashes xx xx environment purnta inheritance Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location -ngi inheritance Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body pirntirl unique Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality kurlujartiny inheritance Claire Bowern
be alive xx xx body wankanyu inheritance Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body ngunta pini- (V3) inheritance CHECK Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location martukurru inheritance Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality wirtu inheritance Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body pajini- (V2) inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour warrukurlu inheritance Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body pijirri unknown Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body puyu-pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
blunt xx xx quality nurta inheritance Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body kamari inheritance Claire Bowern
boomerang xx xx manufacture karli inheritance Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body ngamana inheritance Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body nganyjunu- (V2) unknown Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment kampana inheritance Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body japaly pini (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human yapanykarra inheritance Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion karntinyi- (V1) inheritance Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment mujungu inheritance Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality warrijirri unknown Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion milpinyi- (V1) unknown Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact kampana- (V2) inheritance Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental ngangkurla inheritance Claire Bowern
cut xx xx impact kuta pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state pungkinyi- (V1) semantic shift Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact karlinyi- (V1) inheritance Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna wartaji inheritance Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality lanta inheritance Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental pitany yana- (V5) unknown Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body minpini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality punarra inheritance Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment julparrajulparra doubtful loan Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body kurlka loan Ngarluma? Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment warrarn inheritance Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body nganinyi- (V6 only one of its inheritance Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna jimpu loan Pilbara Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body pani inheritance Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body ngarlingarli unique Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion pungkinyi- (V1) inheritance Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality wumayi inheritance Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body pajali unknown Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship japartu inheritance Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental ngarrurta unique Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna wipiya inheritance Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment malirri doubtful loan Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna yuta unknown Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment milpamilpa loan Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion warrayi unknown Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment japurr inheritance Claire Bowern
foot pie body jina inheritance Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora karlukarlu Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality jangkarri unknown Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state waljunu- (V2) inheritance Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body mampu inheritance Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body parirri inheritance Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body juju inheritance Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental pinakarrinyi- (V1) inheritance Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality turn inheritance Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion ngayartakurlu jarrinyi- (V1) Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact wanguna- (V2) unknown Claire Bowern
hit (with hand) xx xx impact wilala parirriju inheritance Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other walini- (V2) unknown Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
if si se grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location kaninykarti loan Western Desert Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body pirntal inheritance Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body mingarri karrinyirri Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact warnti pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental miranu inheritance Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment jaramarra inheritance Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental nyarru pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment parrka inheritance Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body jampukarti inheritance Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body jina inheritance Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion wurr jini- (V3) unknown Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment pilart karramanarra inheritance Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body wanpa inheritance Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality muntu unknown Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna palurl inheritance Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body wangalwangal inheritance Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human nyampali Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna kuwi inheritance Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment tartarta inheritance Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship pipi inheritance Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body jawa inheritance Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human yini inheritance Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body taki inheritance Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality ngamparra martaji Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body ngalyi inheritance Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality kuwarrija inheritance Claire Bowern
night noche noite time yutakata inheritance Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body milya inheritance Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality pija unknown Claire Bowern
one uno um number waraja inheritance Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other pirli jini-(V3) unknown Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar yajungujirri unknown Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human pirirri unknown Claire Bowern
pimple xx xx body jaminy inheritance Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment kuluwa inheritance Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour pilyarri inheritance Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body marrjanyukarti unknown Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture ruwurtu loan Claire Bowern
roof xx xx manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora wanal pukurl inheritance Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality pirniny inheritance Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment jungka inheritance Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental wurrana- (V2) Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental yirrini- (V2) unknown Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality yiri inheritance Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality murlku inheritance Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body warntarra inheritance Claire Bowern
sick xx xx body jutarr unknown Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state munyini- (V2) Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body karnu inheritance Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment palparr inheritance Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body kupalya inheritance Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality wupajupani inheritance Claire Bowern
smell (tr/intr) xx xx body parntini- (V2) inheritance Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment tuwi inheritance Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body janga-pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact yilyu inheritance Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact tuly-pini (V3) loan Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state wararr karrinyi- (V1) inheritance Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment panikiti unknown Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment warnku inheritance Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body yulurr-pini (V3) unknown Claire Bowern
sun sol sol time karrpu unknown Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body jirrmirl inheritance Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body ngarlu karntinyirri unique Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion mayampa pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body wipu loan Wati Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar nyarralanga Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality walpurra Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality wurrumiji Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental kulkarri mini- (V3) unknown Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar nyungu inheritance Claire Bowern
three tres tres number [missing] missing Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body ngalyi inheritance Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact panpini- (V3) or (V2) unknown Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment ngurrngurr kurrumunurru unknown Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact marrja kunymana- (V2) inheritance Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body jalany inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body warrirta inheritance Claire Bowern
true xx xx quality yija inheritance Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
two dos dois number kujarra inheritance Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body karu purl pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion marnti inheritance Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment ngapa inheritance Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality wirna unknown Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar ngani inheritance Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar nyanga inheritance Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar wañca inheritance Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour lali inheritance Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar nganurtu inheritance Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship nyurni managulu unknown Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment wangal inheritance Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body wirru unknown Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human mirlkarr inheritance Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other warrkam(u) loan English Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body ngala pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour karntawarra inheritance Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (9)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna mungka inheritance Claire Bowern
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna panpalyji loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna wirujartiny inheritance Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna kurrikala loan CHECK Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna yukurru inheritance Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna partalyu unknown Claire Bowern
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna piju Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna jikatany inheritance Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna wangkarru loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (8)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture kunyjipinti inheritance Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture majarra loan Ngarluma Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool wanu inheritance Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture jajarr pini- (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture piyanapinti unknown Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool walparra inheritance Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool yantana- (V2) inheritance Claire Bowern
house other maya loan Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
small HG medium mobile no