hold

Semantic Field
other
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
correr, asegurar, sostener
Meaning Portuguese
segurar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone cai” “hold in hand, lead” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -yaw- inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok lotu/:-k:u- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi jawi/ni7i inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno toq-lom from tak-lom Wash 2001:54) inheritance Wash 2001:23 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7ush7il “agarra” inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno ul'ish “grasp” inheritance A 19 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno mitoLqo7 jamsuwa7 “I hold my baby (in arms)” inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno takHuj inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa shawi/n unknown Jane Hill
Comanche matsary “grasp” inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño hewin-0 [hɨˈwin] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino ya:w- inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa weyuuw [wəˈjuˑ˅u] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu jawi- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa p-yaw, p-yaaw-u unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk ja inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok wi/lik inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño ya:w- inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu me/nu, inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave tahpaly= “hold onto”, kavaly'uk “hold a handful”, kacheq= “hold between legs”, etc. unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun hoyoy! Take it! Grasp it! inheritance O77:189 Jane Hill
Nisenan sido:do (in the hand), inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute tsahani “keep/hold” inheritance Thornes 03:170 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7eteksy- unknown Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hanaksy- unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A espolo/x (A only) “catch, seize”; unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) quiipjc unknown Jane Hill
Serrano ja:yTik inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yangwi-q:ai "have in hand, hold when not walking" inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok lotu-ksY “hold down” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute chA7ei inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal jyyw-ut, jyww-ut inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone jaa” (sg. obj.) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo ten-mi7 unknown E1993 Jane Hill
Washo 7lu a/7pa unknown J549 Jane Hill
Western Mono matsoga- “clench in one's hand” inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu c'aka: unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai i:kWi^thi “catch, grab, hold on”, HikWi^thi unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne c'owo “grasp” unknown N 1944:61 Jane Hill
Yuki 7ah- “catch, hold, take” inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma share/q “he grasps it” H1:27; xalyqic “to grasp” H5:94 unknown Jane Hill
Baniwa kodapéta kodapéta inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona awonɨhɨrɨ unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo dʉrʉyʉ; tutavayʉ; tutayʉ dɨɾɨjɨ; tutavajɨ; tutajɨ unknown; inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw ray’ [in hand], ton [on back] haj’, tɔn unknown; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano ñea-ri jea-ɾi unique See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa yapəʔ(-sɨ)(-si) (IDS) japəʔ(-sɨ)(-si) (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani pææ bã unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup tɔn- ~tɔd- inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi apiʔsɨ (SM) apiʔsɨ (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu aikwé aikwé unknown See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam hɨa (EM72) hɨa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki coayi kõãji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon apiichii (E1980); e'sepu'to (M2000) apitʃi (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá huɨ (EM72) huɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana káni káni inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano kɨo kɨo inheritance See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria khʉa kʰʉa inheritance Branch 2, E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam fua fua inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami tëaɨ təaɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Arabana parda- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi -badi- XXgl be satisfied -badi- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba goorrij(ga) inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra rrimachichiya unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu baṯ unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal gatha_x001E_ inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Diyari par.rra inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU patanta inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang gatjigi inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng roo unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi goorrij- inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gurindji turt ma- loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr -bad- [ma-baden] -bad- [ma-baden] inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru gurd unique Claire Bowern
Karajarri muru manpa (1) inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija kernek unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: yaka- unique Claire Bowern
Mangala katimanarri (1) unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung roo unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka pardindadi inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra durn Claire Bowern
Mudburra durd unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini patana inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi rnima inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma ganyirni(-gu) Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl ngabbooganda <ngabbooganda> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi mandri loan Wangkumarra Claire Bowern
Nimanburru -bad- [ma-baden] -bad- [ma-baden] inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla katima Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta walini- (V2) unknown Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 4707 Claire Bowern
Nyikina -bardi- XXngl to hold onto something for someone. -bardi- inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ba:d baad inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ŋarga-ŋarga- unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya karramama unique Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta parta inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu gatha inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri tarrparta- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru parta- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy rnima inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ŋayathama inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha pardra, pardrapardra inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawuru -bad- [ma-baden] -bad- [ma-baden] inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua kánakeriu kánakeriu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco pìacawa pìakawa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero kasita (hold, get) kasita (hold, get) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana ʐamt ʐamt unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi milirika 'hold firmly'; otokahisa 'hold in hand' milirika 'hold firmly'; otokahitsa 'hold in hand' unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure a'mo a'mo unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá ɨtuka ɨtuka unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora ixkʰʸa (exist), kʰátʰóroʔxákʰo, tʰeʔme, maxčʰótsʰo (feed) ixkʰʲa (ɛxist), kʰátʰóroʔxákʰo, tʰɛʔmɛ, maxčʰótsʰo (fɛɛd) inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ikka-ʔi (be), gááyɨkkɨnɨ-ʔi ikka-ʔi (bɛ), gáájɨkkɨnɨ-ʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio achii a'tʃi inheritance Proto-Carib? See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Wai Wai ahsɨ-ko ahsɨ-ko inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari wak wak See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa japucha, yepapo, yupakö See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo taŋu-ki taŋu-ki unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca cam bquysqua kam βkuɨskua See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá erobhɨ́, erobhái erobhɨ́, erobhái See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan nét(a) nét(a) unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán indiye, a'mbiañe indijɛ, aʔmbi̡ãɲɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Taushiro ti' tiʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez uwe- uwe- See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna eninguí (Alv44) eninguí unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina siiʨa si:tʃa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa xotbajána, xtsatbinána xotbajána, xtsatbinána See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke ti (keep/hold) ti (keep/hold) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé gõa; ida See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-wau] wau unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar ampúktin ampúktin See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa emetnatsa ɨmɨtnatsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna ichíchtut itʃitʃtut unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses titinque titinke unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ača-; iko- (the latter refers to specifically holding in one's arms) ača-; iko- (the latter refers to specifically holding in one's arms) unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua tarati, -ti (poss. cl.) tarati:, ti: unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá sinchiachii sintʃiatʃii See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua quimichina kimitʃina See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano phaway, kallpay (CP94) phawaj, kaʎpaj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ću'wEdɨh s'uɁwædɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva jeajaha heahaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano kɨ́-o-, kɨ-tí kɨ́-o-, kɨ-tí See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana kɨ̃'gó- kɨ̃'gó- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna tutu-re tutu-ɾe inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'kɨ́o- 'kɨ́o- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jẽ'ʔẽ- jẽ'ʔẽ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano jó- jó- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca ri'ka-ri-ka ri'ka-ri-ka unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo kɨ'gó kɨ'gó See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka kɨ'ó kɨ'ó See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja kɨ́'ó- kɨ́'ó- See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje kãhi- kãhi- inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona rëonji rɨonhi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya jëhuo jɨwɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana kak kak unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama emete emete unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page PLE
Sirionó querecoquiatu, saarõ, nyoco (P85) kerekokiatu, saarõ, nyoko unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá pɨhɨk pɨhɨk inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina annaβïata annaβɯata unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto motí-de motí-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto moθíño-te moθíɲo-tɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto moside, dubade moθidɛ, dubadɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Záparo as+nu asɨnu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari kep kep See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo i'ɲa-kwe i'ɲa-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña coger (C&L89) koger loan Spanish See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara llawintaña ʎawintaɲa See Language page PLE
Movima eu-na eu-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang kãgmĩ, kugmĩ mãn See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi pepe pepe See Language page PLE