Yuruti

Family
Tukanoan
Region
South America
ISO 639-3
yui
Location
0.74°, -69.70°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
Huber, R.; Reed, R. 1992. Comparative vocabulary: selected words in indigenous languages of Colombia. Instituto Linguistico de Verano.


Basic Vocabulary (191)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
above encima, arriba acima location See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
and y e grammar See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
ash ceniza(s) cinzas environment ũ'ã́ ũ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
at en, a em, a location -pɨ -pɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
back espalda costas body sokɨ̃́ sokɨ̃́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bad mal mal quality jũẽ jũẽ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
belly barriga barriga body 'páa-ga 'páa-ga See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
below abajo, debajo abaixo location See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
big grande grande quality pai-'gɨ́ pai-'gɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
black negro preto colour jĩ́ jĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
blood sangre sangue body díi díi See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
boil/pimple espinilla, granos espinha, borbulha body jíkãã-kõã jíkãã-kõã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bone hueso osso body kṍa kṍa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
breast pecho, seno peito body koo'tía, 'ṹpega (women's breast) koo'tía, 'ṹpega (women's breast) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
child niño, niña criança human 'wĩbã-gɨ̃ 'wĩbã-gɨ̃ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
cloud nube nuvem environment ɨ'bẽbɨrɨa-ri ɨ'bẽbɨrɨa-ri See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
cold frío frio quality jɨ́sɨa- jɨ́sɨa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
correct/true verdad, de veras verdade quality See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
day día dia time bɨ́reko bɨ́reko See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dirty sucio sujo quality õ'ẽ́dĩpii-ro õ'ẽ́dĩpii-ro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dingo/wolf fauna See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dry seco seco quality 'bópoo- 'bópoo- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dull/blunt sin filo, mocho, desafilado, embotado, romo maçante, desamolado, não afiado quality kõ'ã-ri-ge, ɨ'séjo-eri kõ'ã-ri-ge, ɨ'séjo-eri See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dust polvo poeira environment 'úpapoka 'úpapoka See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
ear oreja orelha body kabõ-'péero kabõ-'péero See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
earth/soil tierra terra environment di'tá, je'pá di'tá, je'pá See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
egg huevo ovo fauna díe díe See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
eye ojo olho body kápee kápee See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
far lejos longe quality 'jóa- 'jóa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fat/grease grasa gordura body ɨ́see ɨ́see See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
father padre, papá pai kinship pa'kɨ́ pa'kɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
feather pluma pena fauna póa-da póa-da See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fire fuego fogo environment pe'kã́-bẽ pe'kã́-bẽ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
flower flor flor environment kóo-ri kóo-ri See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment jõkõãɨsekoa jõkõãɨsekoa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fruit fruta fruta flora 'díkaa 'díkaa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
good bueno bom quality jũ jũ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body póa póa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hand mano mão body wã́bõ wã́bõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar kɨ̃́, 'kṍ kɨ̃́, 'kṍ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
head cabeza cabeça body dɨ́powɨ dɨ́powɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
heavy pesado pesado quality 'dɨ̃́ɨ̃kɨ̃- 'dɨ̃́ɨ̃kɨ̃- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
how? como como grammar 'dáiro 'dáiro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
1sg yo eu grammar jɨ́ jɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
if si se grammar See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location 'sṍõpẽ 'sṍõpẽ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
intestines intestinos intestinos body kɨʔ'tã́-bĩsĩ kɨʔ'tã́-bĩsĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
lake lago lago environment ɨ̃'tãbɨkɨtara ɨ̃'tãbɨkɨtara See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
leaf hoja folha environment pũũ pũũ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body ákũũdɨ̃ã ákũũdɨ̃ã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
leg/foot pierna perna body 'jɨ̃́kãã 'jɨ̃́kãã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment wããjooro wããjooro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
liver hígado figado body jẽ'bẽ́tuti jẽ'bẽ́tuti See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
long largo comprido, longo quality 'jóa-ro 'jóa-ro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna kía-wɨ̃ kía-wɨ̃ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
man/male hombre homem human baso'kɨ́ baso'kɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
meat/flesh carne carne fauna di'í di'í See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
moon luna lua environment jã'bĩ́ bãkɨ̃ bu'ĩpɨ jã'bĩ́ bãkɨ̃ bu'ĩpɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship pa'kó See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
mouth boca boca body ɨ́se-ro ɨ́se-ro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
name nombre nome human 'wãbẽ 'wãbẽ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
near/close cerca de perto quality ã'dṍ-gã, pɨ'tṍ-gã ã'dṍ-gã, pɨ'tṍ-gã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
neck cuello pescoço body wã'bɨ̃́ã wã'bɨ̃́ã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
new nuevo novo quality 'bãbã- 'bãbã- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
night noche noite time jã́bĩ jã́bĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
no/not no não grammar 'bã́dĩĩ 'bã́dĩĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
nose nariz nariz body ĩ́kĩãã ĩ́kĩãã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
old viejo velho quality bɨ́kɨ bɨ́kɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
one uno um number ĩ'kã́- ĩ'kã́- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
other otro outro grammar a'pé-gɨ, a'pé-go a'pé-gɨ, a'pé-go See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
person/human being persona pessoa human baso'ká baso'ká See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
rain lluvia chuva environment o'kó pearo o'kó pearo See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
red rojo vermelho colour sõ'ã- sõ'ã- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
right/right hand derecha direita location/body dia 'bã́kadɨ̃ã dia 'bã́kadɨ̃ã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
road/path camino caminho manufacture bã́ã bã́ã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
root raíz raiz flora dɨ̃́ɨ̃kõ dɨ̃́ɨ̃kõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
rotten podrido podre quality bóa- bóa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sand arena areia environment di'tátupari di'tátupari See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality 'óoro, ɨ'séjo- 'óoro, ɨ'séjo- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
short corto curto quality 'jépa-, u'pádɨka- 'jépa-, u'pádɨka- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
shoulder hombro ombro body ã'kṍõrõ ã'kṍõrõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
shy/ashamed tímido, vergonzoso timido, com vergonha mental See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
skin piel pele body kásero kásero See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sky cielo céu environment 'ɨ̃́bɨ̃ãwese 'ɨ̃́bɨ̃ãwese See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
small pequeño pequeno quality pẽ́ẽ-gɨ̃-gã pẽ́ẽ-gɨ̃-gã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
smoke humo fumaça environment ɨ̃́bẽ ɨ̃́bẽ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
star estrella estrela environment jõkõã-wɨ̃ jõkõã-wɨ̃ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
stick/wood palo pau, vara flora ju'kɨ́-gɨ ju'kɨ́-gɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
stone piedra pedra environment ɨ̃́tãã-pe ɨ̃́tãã-pe See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
tail cola, rabo rabo body pĩ́kõ pĩ́kõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
that ese/esa esse grammar tí-kũbũã tí-kũbũã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar kɨ̃́hã kɨ̃́hã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality ɨ'sẽ́bɨti- ɨ'sẽ́bɨti- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
thin delgado fino quality ɨ'sẽ́bẽdĩ- ɨ'sẽ́bẽdĩ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
this este/esta este grammar a'tí-kũbũã a'tí-kũbũã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
2sg xx xx grammar bɨ̃́ bɨ̃́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
throat garganta garganta body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
three tres tres number 'ítia- 'ítia- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
thunder truenos trovão environment 'bɨ́po 'bɨ́po See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bite morder morder body 'báka- 'báka- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
blow soplar soprar body púti-, 'páapu- púti-, 'páapu- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
breathe respirar respirar body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
burn quemar queimar environment 'sóe-, 'ɨ̃́ɨ̃- (intransitive) 'sóe-, 'ɨ̃́ɨ̃- (intransitive) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
climb subir subir motion See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
come venir vir motion 'wátii- 'wátii- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
cook cocinar cozinhar impact See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
count contar contar mental See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
cry llorar chorar mental See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
cut/hack cortar cortar impact 'táa- 'táa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
die/be dead morir morrer state día, 'bóa día, 'bóa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dig cavar cavar impact 'kóa- 'kóa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dream soñar sonhar mental See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
drink beber, tomar beber body sĩ́dĩ sĩ́dĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
eat comer comer body jáa jáa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fall caer cair motion 'jã́ã- 'jã́ã- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fear miedo medo mental 'kúi- 'kúi- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
flow fluir fluir motion 'óko 'tútuaro 'óko 'tútuaro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fly volar voar motion 'wɨ́ɨ- 'wɨ́ɨ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
grow crecer crescer state See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hear oír ouvir mental 'tɨ́o- 'tɨ́o- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hide esconder esconder motion See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hit golpear, pegar bater impact 'páa-, 'dóte- 'páa-, 'dóte- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other 'kɨ́o- 'kɨ́o- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
kill matar matar impact sĩ'ã́ sĩ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental bã́sĩĩ bã́sĩĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
laugh reír rir mental See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion 'kúa-, 'jósaa- 'kúa-, 'jósaa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
live/be alive vivir viver, morar body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
open/uncover abrir abrir other See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
pound/beat machacar, golpear bater impact See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
say decir dizer mental íi- íi- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
scratch rascar rasgar impact See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
see ver ver mental ĩ́jãã ĩ́jãã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sit sentar(se) sentar state du'í- du'í- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sleep dormir dormir body kã́dĩĩ kã́dĩĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sniff/smell olfatear, oler cheirar body 'wɨ̃́dĩĩ- 'wɨ̃́dĩĩ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
spit escupir cuspir body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact 'bée- 'bée- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact 'kɨ̃́dĩ-, 'bípe- 'kɨ̃́dĩ-, 'bípe- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact 'túapa- 'túapa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state 'dṹkũũ- 'dṹkũũ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
steal robar roubar other See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
suck chupar chupar body 'ṹpũ-, 'ũpũ- 'ṹpũ-, 'ũpũ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
swell hincharse inchar body 'bípi- 'bípi- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
swim nadar nadar motion 'báa- 'báa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
think pensar pensar mental 'wã́ãkũ-, tɨ'õĩjã- 'wã́ãkũ-, tɨ'õĩjã- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact 'dóka-, kõ'ã́- 'dóka-, kõ'ã́- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact si'á- si'á- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
vomit vomitar vomitar body ɨ'sóoti- ɨ'sóoti- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
walk caminar, andar andar motion 'wáa 'wáa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
work trabajar trabalhar other See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
yawn bostezar bocejar body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
tongue lengua lingua body jẽ́bẽ-rõ jẽ́bẽ-rõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
tooth diente dente body o'pí-ga o'pí-ga See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
two dos dois number pɨ'á- pɨ'á- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
water agua agua environment óko óko See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar bãrɨ̃́ bãrɨ̃́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar ɨ̃'sã́ ɨ̃'sã́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
wet mojado molhado quality wéwaa- wéwaa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
what? que, qué que grammar jẽ́ẽ, 'dáiro jẽ́ẽ, 'dáiro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
when? cuando quando grammar dõ'kã́watoa dõ'kã́watoa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
where? donde onde grammar 'dṍpɨ 'dṍpɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
white blanco branco colour bóti bóti See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
who? quien, quién quem grammar dõ'ã́ dõ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
wife esposa esposa kinship dɨ̃́bõ dɨ̃́bõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
wind viento vento environment 'wɨ̃́dõ 'wɨ̃́dõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
wing ala asa body ke'rɨ́pɨɨ ke'rɨ́pɨɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
woman/female mujer mulher human baso'kó, 'dṍbĩõ baso'kó, 'dṍbĩõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
yellow amarillo amarelo colour 'éwɨ- 'éwɨ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
2pl ustedes vocês grammar bɨ̃́hã bɨ̃́hã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
foot pie body dɨ́po dɨ́po See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
all todo todos other 'dĩ́ĩ-peti-ra 'dĩ́ĩ-peti-ra See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
ankle tobillo tornozelo body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
armpit axila, sobaco axila body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
lung pulmón pulmão body 'jéridẽẽrõ 'jéridẽẽrõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sweat sudar suor, suar body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bark corteza casca environment ju'kɨ́-kasero ju'kɨ́-kasero See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fingernail uña unha body wã'bũsũũdĩã-kasero wã'bũsũũdĩã-kasero See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
heart corazón coração body jéripudã jéripudã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sun sol sol time bɨ́reko bãkɨ̃ bu'ĩpɨ bɨ́reko bãkɨ̃ bu'ĩpɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
mountain/hill montaña, colina, loma, cerro morro, serra environment 'búuro 'búuro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
green verde verde quality 'sɨ̃bẽ 'sɨ̃bẽ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hot caliente quente quality ásii ásii See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (133)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus See Language page Amanda Meeks
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp. óso óso See Language page Amanda Meeks
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna 'bĩ́dĩ 'bĩ́dĩ See Language page Amanda Meeks
curassow mitu, montete (Peru), paujil/panjuil (Peru), paujil de Salvin (Peru for Mitu salvini) mutum flora-fauna Crax sp., Nothocrax sp. waʔ'dṍpĩ wã'dṍpĩ See Language page Amazonia Amanda Meeks
toucan tucán, pinsha (Peru) tucano flora-fauna Ramphastos sp. dásee dásee See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
gray-winged trumpeter Grulla, Trompetero Ala Gris jacamim flora-fauna Psophia crepitans See Language page Northern Amazonia (N of Solimões), not in northern Colombia; Dark-winged trumpeter is found south of Solimões Amanda Meeks
guan pava, pucacunga (Peru), pava de Spix (Peru) jacu flora-fauna Penelope sp. káta káta See Language page Different types have different localized ranges Amanda Meeks
tinamou tinamu, perdiz, gallineta inambu, inhambu flora-fauna family Tinamidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna family Trochilidae bĩ́bĩ bĩ́bĩ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
kingfisher martín pescador, catalan (Peru) martim-pescador flora-fauna family Alcedinidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
owl (large) búho, lechuza corujão flora-fauna order Strigiformes bɨ́pɨ bɨ́pɨ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
macaw ara, guacamaya Arara flora-fauna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. bã'ã́ bã'ã́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
parrot loro real, loro (Sp. form is a loan from Carib) papagaio flora-fauna Amazona amazonica wéko wéko See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
dove paloma pomba flora-fauna family Columbidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
hawk halcón, gavilán gavião flora-fauna family Accipitridae See Language page Amanda Meeks
vulture buitre, gallinazo, rinahui (Peru) urubu flora-fauna family Cathartidae júkaa júkaa See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae family See Language page Amanda Meeks
great egret Garza Blanca, Guyratî Garça-Branca-Grande flora-fauna Ardea alba See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
woodpecker pájaro carpintero, carpintero pica-pau flora-fauna family Picidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis famililaris díaji díaji See Language page Not native; widespread Amanda Meeks
dog (wild; bush dog) sachaperro, Perro de Monte, Zorro Vinagre, Guanfando; Zorro Ojizarco, Zorro Negro, Perro de Orejas Corta cachorro-do-mato flora-fauna Speothos venaticus; Atelocynus microtis See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
anteater oso hormiguero; tapia pelejo or pelejo chico for Cyclopes didactylus tamanduá flora-fauna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bɨ́ko bɨ́ko See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
armadillo armadillo, carachupa (Peru), yangunturi (Peru for Giant armadillo) tatu flora-fauna family Dasypodidae; e.g. Priodontes maximus (Giant armadillo), Dasypus novemcinctus, Dasypus kappleri pã́bõ pã́bõ See Language page Widespread in Amazonia Amanda Meeks
sloth pereza, pelejo (Peru), perezoso (Peru) macaco preguica flora-fauna Choloepus sp., Bradypus sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
alligator, black caiman babilla; cachirre jacaré flora-fauna Melanosuchus niger, Caiman schlerops; Paleosuchus sp. ɨ́so ɨ́so See Language page Throughout Amazonia Port term reportedly borrowed from Tupi Amanda Meeks
electric eel anguila eléctrica poraquê flora-fauna Electrophorus electricus See Language page Amanda Meeks
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna wái wái See Language page Amanda Meeks
pacu fish palometa, garopita, garopa, curhuara (Peru) pacu flora-fauna Mylossoma sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
pirana piraña, caribe piranha flora-fauna subfamily Serrasalmidae bɨ́ bɨ́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
tigerfish taraira, guabina, huasaco (Peru) traíra flora-fauna Hoplias sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
mandi catfish maparate (used in Peru for some types of catfish, including Auchenipterus sp.), cunchi (used in Peru for some types of catfish), bagre (catfish) mandi flora-fauna Auchenipterus sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
speckled catfish surubí, pintadillo surubim, sorubim flora-fauna Pseudoplatystoma sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
toad sapo sapo flora-fauna order Anura tɨ'bɨ́ɨro tɨ'bɨ́ɨro See Language page Amanda Meeks
iguana iguana, garipiares (Colombia) camaleão flora-fauna Iguana sp. juaso juaso See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
small lizard lagartija calango flora-fauna order Squamata See Language page Amanda Meeks
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Potamotrygon sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
crab cangrejo caranguejo flora-fauna infraorder Brachyura See Language page Amanda Meeks
anaconda anaconda, boa, boa acuática grande sucuri flora-fauna genus Eunectes ˈpĩdõ ˈpĩdõ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
boa boa; mantona (red-tailed boa); boa de altura jiboia flora-fauna family Boidae, subf. Boinae pĩdõ pĩdõ See Language page Amanda Meeks
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna ã́jã ã́jã See Language page Amanda Meeks
snake (poisonous generic) or rattlesnake víbora (Peru), jergón (Peru), yarara jararaca flora-fauna Bothrops jararaca/atrox See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
tortoise (red foot, yellow foot/giant) tortuga, morrocoy, motelo jabutí, tartaruga flora-fauna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kúu kúu See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Amazon dolphin bufeo, delfín, tonina (del Orinoco) boto cor-de-rosa flora-fauna Inia geoffrensis See Language page Downstream of major rapids and waterfalls Amanda Meeks
mushroom champiñón, hongo cogumelo flora-fauna (any edible generic) See Language page prioritize generic term that includes any edible species Amanda Meeks
black palm bacaba, mapora, pusui, patabá bacaba flora-fauna Oenocarpus bacaba See Language page Mature forests of Rio Negro and Upper Amazon may be confused in some entries with O. bataua Amanda Meeks
açai palm huasí (Peru), asahi, manaca (Ven), asaí, palmiche (Colombia) açaí flora-fauna Euterpe sp. See Language page floodplains, swamp; esp. northern Amazonia Amanda Meeks
miriti palm moriche (Col, Ven), aguaje (Col, Peru), achual, miriti buriti flora-fauna Mauritia flexuosa See Language page Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela; in and near swamps trunks contain sago-like starch Amanda Meeks
palm for roof thatch pui, irapay, hoja de irapay, caraná caraná flora-fauna Mauritiella armata OR Lepidocaryum tenue (irapay), Mauritius carana See Language page Mauritia carana is limited principally to the Rio Negro and Upper Orinoco regions; dry catinga forests palm Amanda Meeks
paxiuba palm pona, huacrapona, cashapona, macanilla, pachiuba paxiuba flora-fauna Iriartea exorrhiza OR Iriartea deltoidea See Language page Widespread Amazonia palm Amanda Meeks
peach palm, pejibaye palm chontaduro (Col, Ecuador); pipire (Col); pijuayo (Peru), pijiguao (Ven); tembe (Bol) pupunha flora-fauna Bactris gasipaes ɨ̃́dẽ-wõ ɨ̃́dẽ-wõ See Language page Amanda Meeks
seje palm ungurahui (Peru), palma de seje, milpesos, patabá patoá, patuá flora-fauna Jessenia bataua, aka Oenocarpus bataua See Language page mostly north of Equator; common in Amazonia may be confused with O. bacaba - compare entries Amanda Meeks
coca coca coca flora-fauna Erythroxylum coca 'pátu 'pátu See Language page secondary scrub vegetation. lower alt. of eastern Andes plant Amanda Meeks
cotton algodón algodão flora-fauna Gossypium (barbadense: long fibers; hirsutum: short fibers) júta júta See Language page secondary scrub vegetation plant; some sources may confound with kapok Ceiba pentandra (esp. if a single gloss for 'cotton' is given') Amanda Meeks
kapok ceiba, huimba, lupuna (Peru for Ceiba sp.) sumaumeira flora-fauna Ceiba pentandra See Language page northern South America and central America; common in disturbed areas tree Amanda Meeks
hot pepper ají, pimentón/pimiento rojo, pucunucho (Peru), charapilla (Peru) pimenta flora-fauna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bía bía See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
peanut maní (may be loan from Taino Arawak), cacahuete amendoim flora-fauna Arachis hypogaea See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
pineapple piña abacaxi flora-fauna Ananas comosus See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
arrow cane, wildcane caña flecha, caña brava, caña isana cana para flechas, frecheira, Cana-do-rio flora-fauna Gynerium sagittatum jũ'kã́bẽdẽ jũ'kã́bẽdẽ See Language page tropical regions, especially river banks plant Amanda Meeks
banana, plantain banano, banana, cambur, bellaco, variedad de plátano banana flora-fauna Musa sp. ṍpũ ṍpũ See Language page Names for banana/plantain may be derived from bastard plantain by semantic shift. Amanda Meeks
beans frijoles, frejol, caraotas (negras, rojas, blancas) feijão flora-fauna Phaseolus spp. See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (generic) 'táa 'táa See Language page Amanda Meeks
maize, corn mazorca, maiz milho flora-fauna Zea mays órika órika See Language page widespread, esp. in river floodplains plant Amanda Meeks
tobacco tabaco tabaco flora-fauna Nicotiana tabacum bɨ̃́dõ bɨ̃́dõ See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna ju'kɨ́-gɨ ju'kɨ́-gɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
achiote, anatto achiote urucum flora-fauna Bixa orellana bũũsã bũũsã See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
inga guaba, guamo, guama, shimbillo (Peru) inga flora-fauna Inga spp. See Language page Secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens. North and South America (Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Suriname, Colombia) Amanda Meeks
avocado palta, aguacate abacate flora-fauna Persea americana See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree Amanda Meeks
bitterwood tortuga caspi, pretina (Peru for tree and tumpline); carahuasca (Peru) envira flora-fauna Duguetia sp. OR Fusaea longifolia OR Guatteria chrysopetala See Language page secondary forests, native to Brazil tree Amanda Meeks
brazil nut castaña castanha do para (B. excelsa); castanha de cutia (C. edulis) flora-fauna Bertholletia excelsa [cf. Couepia edulis 'castanha do cutia'] See Language page 1) Couepia: restricted area within Brazil, Rio Purus basin and middle Solimões. 2) Bertholletia: elev: consistently about 200m; mature forests. Widely distributed from Peru, E. Colombia, Brazil to Nicaragua. tree Amanda Meeks
cashew anarcado, castaña de cajú, nuez de la India, marañon, cajú, merey (Venezuela) caju flora-fauna Anacardium occidentale / giganteum See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree; most sources will not distinguish between occidentale and other varieties Amanda Meeks
genipap jagua, majagua - Colombia, caruto, xagua - Venezuela, bigrande - Bolivia, huito, yaguayagua - Peru, ygualti - Nicaragua, maluco - Mexico genipapo, jenipapo flora-fauna Genipapa americana See Language page widespread lowland SA shrub Amanda Meeks
japurá oreja de murcielago japurá flora-fauna Erisma japura See Language page large tree Amanda Meeks
rubber tree (sorva) caucho, siringa, shiringa seringa, borracha flora-fauna Hevea sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia tree Amanda Meeks
ucuqui yugo, caimitillo del monte (Peru) ucuqui flora-fauna Pouteria ucuqui See Language page native to NW Amazonia, found primarily in Vaupes and Caqueta regions other species of Pouteria exist and have much-used edible fruit; these can be subsituted where relevant Amanda Meeks
Amazon tree-grape uva de monte, uvilla (Peru), puruma, caime, caimarona (and variants; Col.) cucura flora-fauna Pourouma cecropiifolia See Language page grows wild in Western Amazon basin; cultivated in Colombia since pre-Colombian times a tree; not a true grape Amanda Meeks
manioc (bitter or generic) yuca brava mandioca flora-fauna Manihot esculenta kíi kíi See Language page not generally cultivated in western (subAndean) Amazon. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) argues for a correlation with distribution of dark earths, mostly formed after 1AD, and the modeled-incised pottery tradition. Provides more starch and is more pest-resistant than the sweet variety, but requires much processing. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) proposes that bitter type was developed from sweet through post-ceremic agricultural intensification (motivated by high starch yield Amanda Meeks
manioc (sweet) yuca, caribe macaxeira flora-fauna Manihot esculenta See Language page Primary staple in western/subAndean Amazonia, less important elsewhere No processing required, but lower starch yield and pest resistance than bitter variety Amanda Meeks
potato papa batata flora-fauna Solanum tuberosum See Language page secondary scrub vegetation compare entries for sweet potato Amanda Meeks
potato, sweet potato camote, batata dulce, batata, cumara batata-doce flora-fauna Ipomoea batatas jã́pĩ jã́pĩ See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
cará tuber, purple or white camote, sachapapa cará roxo, branco flora-fauna Dioscorea sp. See Language page secondary scrub vegetation; forest clearings plant Amanda Meeks
tannia, yautia huitina (Peru), ñame taioba branca flora-fauna Xanthosoma spp. jã́bõ jã́bõ See Language page Amanda Meeks
bottle-gourd (vine) or calabash (tree) calabazo, calabaza; auyama (Dominican Republic and Venezuela), ayote (parts of Central America), zapallo (parts of South America), tutumo/totumo/totuma (Cresc tree), huingo (Peru for Crescentia cujete), tapara cabaça flora-fauna Crescentia cujete (round variety - tree); (Cucurbita) Lagenaria siceraria (bottle variety - vine) wáha wáha ('gourd', H&R) See Language page indigenous gardens plant; tree Amanda Meeks
squash calabaza, calabacines, auyamas, zapallos, huingo (Peru) abóbora flora-fauna Cucurbita sp. See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
cipó vine tamishi, bejuco, yare cipó flora-fauna Heteropsis spp. See Language page secondary forest, floodplain vine Amanda Meeks
fish poison, barbasco barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó flora-fauna Lonchocarpus spp. See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
hallucinogenic vine, banisterium, ayahuasca ayahuasca, yage ayahuasca, caapi flora-fauna Banisteriopsis caapi káapi káapi See Language page semi-domesticated, native to Amazonian basin, esp. NW vine Amanda Meeks
hallucinogenic snuff vilca, cebil, yopo paricá, yopo flora-fauna Anadenanthera sp. or virola See Language page Amanda Meeks
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic See Language page Amanda Meeks
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae bẽ́kã bẽ́kã See Language page Amanda Meeks
bullet ant, lesser giant hunter ant conga, hormiga yanabe (Colombia), isula (Peru), Hormiga Veinticuatro tocandira flora-fauna Paraponera clavata See Language page Amanda Meeks
leaf-cutter ant Colombia: zampopo, hormiga arriera; Venezuela: bachaco; Peru: curuhuinse saúva flora-fauna Atta sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
honeybee abeja abelha flora-fauna Apis mellifera; Tetragonisca angustula; Trigona amazonensis bõõbĩã-wɨ̃ bõõbĩã-wɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
cockroach cucaracha barata-do-mato flora-fauna order Blattaria See Language page Amanda Meeks
firefly, lightning bug lampírido, luciérnaga (Peru), añañahui (Peru), cocuyo (attributed Taino origin) vagalume flora-fauna fam: Elateridae, Fengodidae, Lampyridae See Language page Amanda Meeks
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna order Lepidoptera See Language page Amanda Meeks
moth mariposa nocturna, polilla mariposa flora-fauna order Lepidoptera See Language page Amanda Meeks
angleworm lombriz minhoca flora-fauna order Opisthopora See Language page Amanda Meeks
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna class Chilopoda See Language page Amanda Meeks
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna order Scorpiones See Language page Amanda Meeks
cicada cigarra, chicharra cigarra flora-fauna super fam. Cicadoidea See Language page Amanda Meeks
flea pulga pulga flora-fauna order Siphonaptera dɨ̃́kõwẽ dɨ̃́kõwẽ See Language page Amanda Meeks
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera 'wĩ́ĩjã 'wĩ́ĩjã See Language page Amanda Meeks
cricket saltón, grillo grilo flora-fauna family Gryllidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
edible palm-dwelling larva (palm weevil) suri, mojojoy larva, broca-do-coqueiro, aramandaiá flora-fauna Rhynchophorus sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna order Mantodea, family Mantidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles sp. bɨ̃́tẽ bɨ̃́tẽ See Language page Amanda Meeks
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna order Isoptera búutua-wɨ̃ búutua-wɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna superfam Ixodoidea See Language page Amanda Meeks
wasp avispa; specific type: ronzapa/ronsapa caba flora-fauna order Hymenoptera, sub: Apocrita See Language page Amanda Meeks
snail caracol, churo (Peru) caracol flora-fauna class Gastropoda See Language page Amanda Meeks
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnidae, Araneae bɨ́pɨ bɨ́pɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
jaguar yaguar, yaguareté, jaguar, otorongo (Peru), tigre (Peru) onca flora-fauna Panthera onca jái jái See Language page Amanda Meeks
manatee vaca marina, manatí peixe-boi flora-fauna Trichechus sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
brown woolly monkey Mono Lanudo Común, Choro, Churucu, mono choro (Peru), mono lanudo cafe, barrigudo de Humboldt macaco barrigudo flora-fauna Lagothrix lagothricha See Language page Amanda Meeks
howler monkey (red-handed) mono aullador, mono coto (Peru) guariba flora-fauna Alouatta belzebul [or other Alouatta sp.] ébõãbɨkɨ ébõãbɨkɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
tufted capuchin monkey mono negro (Peru), Machín Negro, Maicero Cachón, mono maicero macaco prego flora-fauna Cebus apella a'ké a'ké See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-fronted capuchin Machín Blanco, mono blanco, Maicero Cariblanco, mono blanco (Peru) Caiarara flora-fauna Cebus albifrons See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-fronted spider monkey Machin Blanco, Mono Araña de Vientre Amarillo, maquisapa (Peru), braceadora (Colombia) macaco aranha, coatá, quatá flora-fauna Ateles belzebuth/paniscus wa'ú wa'ú See Language page Amanda Meeks
opossum zarigüeya, rabipelado, zorro, zorrillo mucura flora-fauna family Didelphidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
giant otter Lobo Grande de Río, nutria gigante, lutria ariranha flora-fauna Pteronura brasiliensis día-tɨ̃bɨ̃ día-tɨ̃bɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
neotropical otter (small) Nutria, Lobo de Agua, lobito de rio, perro de agua (Colombia) lontra flora-fauna Lontra longicaudis See Language page Amanda Meeks
collared peccary sajino, pecarí de collar, jabalf, Javelina, Saíno, Pecarí de Collar caititu, caetitu flora-fauna Pecari tajacu, Tayassu tajacu jese jese See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-lipped peccary Chancho de Monte, Cariblanco, Huangana queixada flora-fauna Tayassu pecari jesesusura jesesusura See Language page Amanda Meeks
porcupine puerco espín, erizo (Peru), casha cushillo (Peru) cuandu, porco-espinho flora-fauna family Erethizontidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
cotamundi, coatimundi Coatí, Tejón, Achuni, zorro guache quati flora-fauna genus Nasua See Language page Amanda Meeks
agouti (black agouti, black-rumped agouti) Guatusa Negra, Añuje, Agutí (black-rumped), picure, jochi colorado cutia flora-fauna Dasyprocta spp. búu búu See Language page Amanda Meeks
capybara Capibara, Carpincho, Ronsoco capivara flora-fauna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris díajese díajese See Language page Amanda Meeks
green acouchi Guatín, Punchana, curi, picurito rabudo, picurito rabilargo cutiara flora-fauna Myoprocta pratti See Language page Amanda Meeks
paca (lowland) Guanta, Paca, Majaz, majás (Peru), labba (Guyana) paca flora-fauna Cuniculus paca (Agouti paca is sometimes used as well although cuniculus is the correct term.) sẽ́ẽbẽ sẽ́ẽbẽ See Language page Amanda Meeks
mouse, rat ratón camundongo, rata flora-fauna Mus musculus wĩ́ĩpotɨ ('páigɨ 'rat') wĩ́ĩpotɨ ('páigɨ 'rat') See Language page Amanda Meeks
squirrel ardilla, danta (Ven) serelepe, quatipuru, esquilo flora-fauna family Sciuridae See Language page Amanda Meeks
tapir sachavaca, danta anta flora-fauna Tapirus terrestris wékɨ wékɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
deer venado veado, cariacu flora-fauna family Cervidae, esp. Odocoileus virginianus jã́bã jã́bã See Language page Amanda Meeks


Cultural Vocabulary (97)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
basket, small canasta, canasto, cesta cesto pequeno, tampado culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bead abalorio, mostacilla, cuenta, gota, puca; necklace=collar miçanga culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bed cama cama culture-material kõ'ã́rõ kõ'ã́rõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hammock hamaca, chinchorro rede culture-material pṹgɨ̃ pɨ̃'dõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bench, seat banco, silla, asiento banco culture-material du'í-ri-pĩ-rõ du'í-ri-pĩ-rõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
canoe canoa canoa transport kũũbũ-ã kũũbũ-ã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
drum (large signal) tambor, manguaré, maguaré (Colombia) tambor culture Used to be used by Tukanoan peoples (and others?), sound carried for long distances See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
drum tambor tambor culture-mythology júkɨtoti júkɨtoti See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
shaman, healer chamán, brujo xaman, pajé, feiticeiro culture-mythology 'kũũbũ 'kũũbũ In RN region, there is typically one person per village (if that) who is a full-fledged 'shaman'. He is very much a specialist and has considerable power to cure, as well as power to curse. He is respected and feared. Shamans are thought to turn themselv See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology Refers to a lower-level healer; in RN region, most older men in a village have this capacity, and command a repertoire of healing spells. Power is primarily for good, whereas the true shaman is capable of malignant acts as well. See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
broom escoba vassoura culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fence, palisade cerco cerca other may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
firewood leña lenha other pe'ká pe'ká See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Curupira (spirit type) Curupira, Madremonte Curupira culture-mythology malignant forest spirit, covered with long hair, feet turned backward; in Upper Rio Negro region See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
deity/powerful spirit/culture figure dios(es), deidad divinidade, figura mítica culture-mythology In RN region, frequently translates as 'Bone-Son', 'One on the bone', etc. See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
flute flauta, quena (Peru) flauta culture-mythology multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
panpipe carrizo, zampoñas, flautas de pan, rondadora caniço, flauta de pã culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hollow log/trough for beer-making canoa para chicha cocho de caxiri narcotics See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
ritual song cycle (kapiwaya) kapiwaya capiwaya culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
knife cuchillo faca culture-material wi-'de-ria-pĩ-gã wi-'de-ria-pĩ-gã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
machete machete facão culture-material wi-'dé-ria-pĩ-gã wi-'dé-ria-pĩ-gã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool 'kṍõbẽã 'kṍõbẽã especially for clearing fields See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
arrow flecha flecha subsistence tool kãdɨ̃-gɨ kãdɨ̃-gɨ hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
spear lanza lança subsistence tool ã'sĩ́põã-besu-pĩ ã'sĩ́põã-besu-pĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bow arco arco subsistence tool te'pútu te'pútu arco See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
paddle/oar remo remo transport wá-ria-pĩ wá-ria-pĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
plate plato prato culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
pot olla, pote panela, vasilha subsistence tool 'sótɨ (cooking pot) 'sótɨ (cooking pot) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
basin/bowl tazón, plato hondo, taza tijela culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
griddle for cooking flatbread tiesto (Colombia), budare (Venezuela), tortera (Peru) forno para beiju subsistence tool agriculture? See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
rattle matraca, maraca marico, chocalho culture-mythology 'jã́sã-ga 'jã́sã-ga See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
wax cera cera other See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
honey miel mel food only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
stone for lighting fires piedra para hacer fuego pedra para acender fogo culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture u'páda u'páda See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
tattoo tatuaje, tatu tatuagem culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
thatch/roof crisneja palha, caraná culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
yurupari, jurupari (or any flutes forbidden to women) yurupari jurupari culture-mythology a ritual complex in various parts of Amazonia involving sacred flutes/trumpets, forbidden to women. See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fetish, charm fetiche, encanto, filtro de amor, pusanga feitiço, puçanga culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
feather headdress plumaje, corona de plumas enfeite/capacete de penas culture-mythology po'sé-beto po'sé-beto See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
school escuela escola acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bottle botella garrafa acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
paper papel papel acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
chicken gallina galinha acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
sugarcane/sugar azúcar, caña de azúcar açucar (de cana) acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
shoes zapatos sapatos dress See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
policeman polícia policía acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
soldier soldado soldado acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
cat gato gato acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hat sombero chapéu dress See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
chief/leader jefe, cacique chefe culture-mythology dĩ'rṹpɨ̃ dĩ'rṹpɨ̃ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
club garrote, cachiporra clava, porrete subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fireplace hogar lareira other See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
salt sal sal food bṍã bṍã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
blowgun cerbatana, pucuna (Peru) zarabatana subsistence tool búpua búpua currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
dart (blowgun) dardo, birote (Peru), bala (Peru) dardo, seta subsistence tool hunting and warfare See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fan abanico abanador, abano subsistence tool esp. for fanning a cooking fire See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
hunt cazar caçar food See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food Interesting correlation to 'fish' in Tukanoan languages See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
gourd (dipper/bowl) cucharón, pate (Peru), totomo, totuma, totumo cuia subsistence tool wáha wáha ('gourd', H&R) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
grater rallador, rallo ralador, ralo subsistence tool esp. for grating manioc, but can be used for other things as well See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
grid of sticks for smoking meat or placing objects (shelf) barbacoa jirau subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fermented drink masato, chicha caxiri, chicha culture sĩ'dĩ́rige sĩ'dĩ́rige prioritizes manioc beer where distinction is made See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
flour/meal from manioc fariña, mañoco (Venezuela); harina farinha food póka agriculture See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
flat bread, cassava bread pan de yuca, casabe/cazabe beiju food usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
starch (tapioca, other) almidón goma de tapioca food See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
tapioca drink, mingau cahuana, caguana mingau food agriculture See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
tipiti (manioc squeezer) tipiti, matafrio, sebucán, exprimador, prensa para yuca tipiti food word of Tupi origin; agriculture: specifically for squeezing poison out of manioc See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
tripod for washing manioc trípode tripé subsistence tool agriculture See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
venom for darts, poison veneno curare subsistence tool hunting, currently is falling out of use in Vaupés region, associated primarily with h-g groups (but this may be recent?) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
woven strainer/sieve colador tejido, cedazo (Peru), cernedor (Peru) peneira, cumatá subsistence tool agriculture? commonly used for sifting dry manioc flour See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool 'wé-ria-ga (fish hook) can refer to worms; more generic See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
fishtrap trampa de peces, trampa matapi, cacuri subsistence tool ba'pɨ́-gɨ (fish net) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
bottom grinding stone manufacture if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
digging stick subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture use word for top grinding stone if different from bottom stone See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
spearthrower subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
house other 'wíi 'wíi See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
Linguistic exogamy