no/not

Semantic Field
grammar
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
no
Meaning Portuguese
não

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim hi'-e 221; hais (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ke inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla ki'i (no), kilye (not) unique S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7e/w:yty- “No” inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi kac(u)/ inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno (-e-) unknown Klar 1977:59 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno -ani-, he "No" inheritance Klar 1977:59 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno *ni- “not” (vbl pref); 7ini “not” unknown A 7 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno my-, ky-ny (neg. imp.) inheritance Klar 1977:59 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno muc'il “there is no, not”, mus-, mu-, muhu-; mu B67:14 Harrington 1974:6 Jane Hill
Cocopa la, mm, 7a~/7a~ “No”, lax “to be not” inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche ke- inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño qay [qay] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen ana “no” unknown Shaul 1995:223 Jane Hill
Gabrielino xay inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa umaaw [ʊˈmaˑu] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu juw-aa-ty unique Jane Hill
Kiliwa kWat (not); mat (no) inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk naw unknown Jane Hill
Lake Miwok he/lla inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño qay inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu wi/jje unknown Jane Hill
Mojave kavaaptch, kavaark, kavaarptch, kava/ata, va/ata, va/atka/ kavaar unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun 7ekwe inheritance O77:13 Jane Hill
Nisenan m7m unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute gai “No” inheritance SAA 1982:27 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok -7angky- “not” inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok he:la(7) “no”, inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ke/ra7, ka/ra7 “no!”; ke/ra7 “not” p. 42 unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M ha:/kse unknown Mason 1918:154 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) saate (neg. is m-) unknown Jane Hill
Serrano qai, qa- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute qa; qatcu inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok ken inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute ka-, kaa, ka, kach “no, not” inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal haa7ish, haaji, hash, ha/jji inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone ke(e) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo hi/7i (both vowels nasalized) unknown Jane Hill
Washo -e/:s unknown J? Jane Hill
Western Mono qa/du7 inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu -mina inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai ?u/mi inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami k'ami “No” loan direction unknown JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi k'amu “No”, loan direction unknown K07:245 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne ohom inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki Ta,l- “negative” inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma waly ... ma H4:29 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa ñáme ɲáme inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona uwa inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo bi bi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw mẽr [Neg Exst] mæ̃h unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano bã́rá, bãrĩ-a bã́rá, bãrĩ-a inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa čiʔka (IDS) tʃiʔka (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani baa; wĩĩ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup pã̌ [Neg exist] ~pǎ [Neg exist] unknown See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi kaane (IDS) kaane (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu umba´á umbaʔa unknown See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam pemi, nnaha (EM72) pemi, nnaha unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki beo-hɨ̃ beo-hɨ̃ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon ake, ake kru, ake nekan, ake rua, pra -puen (A1981); a'ke (M2000) ake, ake kɾu, ake nekan, ake ɾua, pɾa, puen (A1981) unique; inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá pəla (EM72) pəla unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani jume (2) ápo-, hú:me: inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tukano bãrĩ- bãrĩ- inheritance See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~de nẽ unknown See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam ma (EM72) ma doubtful loan Arawak See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami ma ma doubtful loan Arawak See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna unká unká inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup ni-nɨh [Neg exist] ~di-~dɨh [Neg exist] unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana padni inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi arra arra inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra ngika unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu yaka inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal yaka Claire Bowern
Dhuwala yaka inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari wata inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU malka loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu ba:yŋu Claire Bowern
Djapu yaka unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang ingki unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng ngoowa inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi marlami Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu yaka unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji kula inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr are arre inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru wagurra inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi arra; arragidge arra; arrakidke inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri molal unknown Claire Bowern
Kija nguwan inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: kurri unique Claire Bowern
Mangala jumbaly (T), ngaia (T) unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung ngoowag inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka wakala unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra kula(anya) Claire Bowern
Mudburra kula inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini wata inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi may' inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma mirda Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl maaloo <maaloo> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi warrayi unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru are-angg [arriyangg] are-angk [arriyangk] inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta munu Claire Bowern
Nyikina marlu marlu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul are arre inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ŋāḏa unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya ka'ra inheritance Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta malhu loan Warluwaric Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu yaka Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu may' loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngajirta inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru malhu loan Warluwaric Claire Bowern
Warrwa marlu marlu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy waari inheritance Claire Bowern
Wunambal malja (V) malja (V) doubtful loan Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu manayala unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha pani, walya loan Arabana? Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi wangku unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka watja inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru marlu marlu inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua hókai hókai inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco càmita kàmita See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari uka uka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena yahã jahã See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero játa, yáma háta, yáma See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana auna: auna: unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka (haapa) (haapa) See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baure 'onkaw 'onkaw unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá aic̷a ai¢a unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora tsá (T98) tsá doubtful loan, direction unknown Jivaroan See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane chá (W97) tʃá (W97) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio bra bra inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana uwa uwa inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó owa owa inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare mmʔhmɨ (IDS) mmʔhmɨ (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo tï'ra tʊ'ra See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Φɨra Φɨra inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari ie See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa esma, open, mu, oteya, per, pera, pi, prac, praya, pü, sra, taré, ua, uané, uanek, va, vampermak, vánek See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Northern Emberá 'n'n (IDS) 'n'n (IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán me'i, -mbi me̡ʔI, mbi See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra da; dalla; dánpari nta; ntaja; ntánpaɾi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez me, meth me, metj See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna tama [2, 3] tama unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kwatia kwatia unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa ndóɲe ndóɲe See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke hʌ́má hʌ́má unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé kʰʊrĩ ma See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Tinigua hewa See Language page Zach Burnett
Puinave bəi-dut (nothing) bəi-dut unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar atsá, tsá atsa, tsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa atsa atsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna atsá atsa doubtful loan, direction unknown Boran See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses pada, padenquio pada, padenkio unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo -ma; -yama -ma; -yama loan, direction unknown Cavineña See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua ne, ni, nenu (imp.); -muy, -na, -nay (neg. suff.) ne, ni:, nenu; mu:j, na:, na:j unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua mana mana See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá mana mana See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua nama nama See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano mana mana See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa hE'kuah hæɁkuah unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva jĩhã, jũhũ hĩʔã, hũʔũ unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano bãdĩ- bãdĩ- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana bã́-dĩ bã́-dĩ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna bã- bã- inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'bã́dĩĩ 'bã́dĩĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bã'dã-re bã'dã-re See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano bã'rĩ́- bã'rĩ́- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca he dõʔ'õ he dõʔ'õ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo -bẽẽ -bẽẽ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka bãdĩ bãdĩ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja mɛ̃́ mɛ̃́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje pãamʉ pãamʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona beo-hi beo-hi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya paji pã'hĩ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana o´ĩ oʔĩ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama tɨma tɨma unknown See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ãnĩ (G89) ãnĩ (G89) unknown See Language page PLE
Sirionó tei; eã (negative) (P85) tei; eã unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina aán; aanñi aã́; ã́ã́ɲí unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Murui Witoto dama dama (B83) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito caa kaa unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo taykwa tajkʷa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari om (lit. 'not exist'; E&K97) om (lit. 'not exist'; E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo pahaa; mia pahaa; mia See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña ama; -ma; aihama; daha; hipa; bato ama; -ma; aihama; daha; hipa; bato loan, direction unknown Chácobo See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara jani xani See Language page PLE
Kwazá hỹʔỹ hỹʔỹ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ka-ʔi (J62) ka-ʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang vò, tũ wɔ, tũ See Language page PLE
Suyá kér, két kér, két See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi See Language page PLE