Jawi

Family
Nyulnyulan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
djw
Location
-16.42°, 123.19°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (186)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar arrudu kuyarra XXngl we two excl (1+3) arrudu kuyarra inheritance Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar arridil arridil inheritance Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar ngi ngi inheritance Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar kurr kurr inheritance Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar jurninji jurninji inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar irr(i) irr(i) inheritance Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar nyoru; ginyingg nyoru; kinyingk inheritance Claire Bowern
above encima, arriba acima location kandee kandi inheritance Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar missing Claire Bowern
alive missing Claire Bowern
all todo todos other missing Claire Bowern
and y e grammar agal agal inheritance Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body dyaŋgudugudu jaŋgudugudu semantic shift Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body nirngunyburr nirngunyburr loan into protolanguage Pama-Nyungan Claire Bowern
ashamed xx xx mental missing Claire Bowern
ashes xx xx environment kadjerdoo kajerrdu inheritance Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location -on -on inheritance Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body neear niyarr inheritance Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality logal lukal inheritance Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body noonga XXngl stomach (internal) nunga inheritance Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location jimpen jimben inheritance Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality errgoodarra [irrgudarra] irrkudarra inheritance Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body innamundarra innamundarra inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour meelga milka semantic shift Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body gurnbul kurnbul inheritance Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body missing Claire Bowern
blunt xx xx quality missing Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body gaanyji [kanjie] kaanyyi [kaanyji] inheritance Claire Bowern
boomerang xx xx manufacture jeewa jiwa inheritance Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body neemarra; numana nimarra; numana inheritance Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body lin-innyan(i) lin-innyan(i) unknown Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment missing Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body missing Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human boar bo inheritance Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion missing Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment arol arol unique Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality ingurr~bindya ingurr~binja unknown Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion barlambudyi barlambudyi unknown Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact inheritance Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental missing Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental nunalgin nunalkin inheritance Claire Bowern
cut xx xx impact keernunga kirrnunga unique Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state injibee inyibi inheritance Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact nungalorma nungalorrma unknown Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna koaradingjoon koarradingyun inheritance Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality missing Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental inheritance Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body missing Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality missing Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment missing Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body neelamurr nilamurr inheritance Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment buru buru inheritance Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body nunalee XXngl I'm eating it. |fv{nganarli} -arli inheritance Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna logorr lokorr inheritance Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body nimmie nimmye inheritance Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body burrma burrma unknown Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion nunjalgoo nunyalku inheritance Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality mara marra inheritance Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body li li inheritance Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship koola kula inheritance Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental missing Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna missing Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment missing Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna arlie arrlye inheritance Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion missing Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment maroo marru inheritance Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion missing Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment missing Claire Bowern
foot pie body nimbal nimbal inheritance Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora missing Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality corna korna inheritance Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state missing Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body moan moan inheritance Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body nemalla nemalla inheritance Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body nalm nalm inheritance Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental nungalamongen nungalamongen inheritance Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality missing Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion missing Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact -ngayidima- [nungajedima] -ngayidima- [nungayedima] inheritance Claire Bowern
hit (with hand) xx xx impact missing Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other missing Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar missing Claire Bowern
if si se grammar missing Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location missing Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body missing Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body missing Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact missing Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental mallangarie mallangarrye inheritance Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment missing Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental nunamar nunamarr inheritance Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment peelel bilel inheritance Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body ŋarlgarrman ŋarlgarrman inheritance Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body nilangga nilangka unknown Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion missing Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment missing Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body allan alan inheritance Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality neewandie niwanje inheritance Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna missing Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body missing Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human inheritance Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna missing Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment koowedie kuwidi inheritance Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship injib inyib semantic shift Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body neemanyie nimanyye inheritance Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human missing Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body porta borrda inheritance Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality ungana [angan] ungana [angan] inheritance Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body gurrbarl gurrbarl semantic shift Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality missing Claire Bowern
night noche noite time missing Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar arra; arragidge arra; arrakidke inheritance Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body neemal nimal inheritance Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality missing Claire Bowern
one uno um number arinjie arrinyye inheritance Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other missing Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar missing Claire Bowern
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body iga iga inheritance Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human amb amb inheritance Claire Bowern
pimple xx xx body missing Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment missing Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour missing Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body dyurruŋungardi jurruŋungardi inheritance Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture maur mawurr inheritance Claire Bowern
roof xx xx manufacture [absent] missing Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora missing Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality missing Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment barnga barrnga inheritance Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental missing Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact missing Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental nungalal, nunjal nungalal, nunyal inheritance Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality missing Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact missing Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality narrda narrda inheritance Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body langan; langan; inheritance Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state miyala miyala inheritance Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body bardun bardun inheritance Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment missing Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body missing Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality morrol morrol inheritance Claire Bowern
smell (tr/intr) xx xx body missing Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment koongoodor kungkudu inheritance Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body missing Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact missing Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact duly duly inheritance Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact missing Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state jidjeranja jijerranya inheritance Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment inderee inderri unique Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other missing Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment missing Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body inibi ŋamarna inibi ŋamarna semantic shift Claire Bowern
sun sol sol time algarr aalkarr inheritance Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body missing Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body missing Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion galguriny galguriny inheritance Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body jungarrda jungarrda semantic shift Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar missing Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality missing Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality missing Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental missing Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar missing Claire Bowern
three tres tres number edjar irrjar inheritance Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body neemanyie XXngl mouth nimanyye inheritance Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact nunagoola nunakula unique Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment missing Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact missing Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body neeingalla niingalla inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body jaroong jarrung inheritance Claire Bowern
true xx xx quality missing Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other missing Claire Bowern
two dos dois number kooyarra kuyarra inheritance Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body iŋganybu iŋganybu inheritance Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion wal wal inheritance Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment orla orrla inheritance Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality missing Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar aŋgi gurrundyin ? aŋgi gurrunjin ? inheritance Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar missing Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar jennabia XXgl from where jennabiya inheritance Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour missing Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar ungaba ungaba inheritance Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship mullar mullarr inheritance Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment tooroora durrurra inheritance Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body missing Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human hoarrang hoarrang inheritance Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other mooragool murrakul inheritance Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body missing Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour missing Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (9)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna burdog burrdok inheritance Claire Bowern
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna missing Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna carabel; karrabel karrabil inheritance Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna noora noora nurra nurra inheritance Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna ella iila inheritance Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna missing Claire Bowern
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna missing Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna tora dorra inheritance Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna missing Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (111)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
armband dress missing Claire Bowern
awl subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool jamion inheritance Claire Bowern
bag (string) culture-material missing Claire Bowern
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material missing Claire Bowern
body feather decorations culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool jiwa inheritance Claire Bowern
boomerang (number 7) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
boomerang (small) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
bowl (coolamon) culture-material wularda inheritance Claire Bowern
broom escoba vassoura culture-material missing Claire Bowern
canoe canoa canoa transport missing Claire Bowern
cicatrice culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
clapsticks culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
club (nulla-nulla) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
cook food food missing Claire Bowern
cook in earth oven food missing Claire Bowern
damper food missing Claire Bowern
dance (generic) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool muŋurr unique Bardi ‘jealous (preverb)’ Claire Bowern
dipper (small coolamon) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
dreaming culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
drone pipe culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
fire drill subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
fire-saw other i:na inheritance Claire Bowern
fireplace hogar lareira other missing Claire Bowern
firewood leña lenha other missing Claire Bowern
fish poison barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food missing Claire Bowern
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food missing Claire Bowern
fish (with spear) food missing Claire Bowern
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
fishtrap (permanent) subsistence tool wirrye unique is this English ‘wier’? Claire Bowern
fishtrap (woven) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
flour (European) food missing Claire Bowern
flour (bush) food missing Claire Bowern
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food arl inheritance Claire Bowern
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
glue subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
grog food ka:ri loan Nyulnyul WW %kari Claire Bowern
hair belt dress baali inheritance Claire Bowern
headband dress missing Claire Bowern
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
honey miel mel food missing Claire Bowern
house (European) other barrlye, miya loan areal WW %mayaru Claire Bowern
hunt cazar caçar food missing Claire Bowern
initiation (circumcision) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
initiation (subincision) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
knife cuchillo faca culture-material jimborrayirrye loan Malay Claire Bowern
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress missing Claire Bowern
love song culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
mangrove raft transport missing Claire Bowern
message stick culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
nosepeg other missing Claire Bowern
paddle/oar remo remo transport missing Claire Bowern
ochre culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other missing Claire Bowern
public song cycle culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
red paint culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
salt sal sal food missing Claire Bowern
shelter (native) other missing Claire Bowern
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
song (for entertainment) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool errol inheritance Claire Bowern
spear (fighting) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
spear (fishing) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool yangal loan Claire Bowern
speartip subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
string (from hair) culture-material missing Claire Bowern
string (from vine) culture-material missing Claire Bowern
sugar acculturation missing Claire Bowern
tea food missing Claire Bowern
tobacco (European) narcotics luburr-luburr unique Claire Bowern
tobacco (native) narcotics missing Claire Bowern
spirit child culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
wax cera cera other missing Claire Bowern
white paint culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
windbreak other missing Claire Bowern
yandy (n) culture-material missing Claire Bowern
school escuela escola acculturation missing Claire Bowern
net subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
bottle botella garrafa acculturation missing Claire Bowern
paper papel papel acculturation missing Claire Bowern
corpse food jiwarra inheritance Claire Bowern
chicken gallina galinha acculturation missing Claire Bowern
tree coffin culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material missing Claire Bowern
shoes zapatos sapatos dress missing Claire Bowern
medicine narcotics missing Claire Bowern
earth oven food missing Claire Bowern
policeman polícia policía acculturation linja semantic shift Claire Bowern
cat gato gato acculturation minyaw loan Kriol WW %minyaw Claire Bowern
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation jilamon loan Kriol Claire Bowern
hat sombero chapéu dress dangorr inheritance Claire Bowern
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture missing Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture [absent] missing Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool moongorr XXngl in Bardi as the preverb for 'jealous' mungorr unique Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture missing Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture [absent] missing Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool yangal yangal inheritance Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool errol errol inheritance Claire Bowern
house other barlie, mia barrlye, miya inheritance Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
small HG medium seasonal yes