short

Semantic Field
quality
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
corto
Meaning Portuguese
curto

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim ke'-tet 215 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone kypix unknown Jane Hill
Cahuilla -tuqi- unknown S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tovi/-ci (V) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno qlowqlowon inheritance Ono 1996:60 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno aqul=k'ot “to be short, low” inheritance A 2127 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno ts-lo7 unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno nowowo unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa xly7uT, xly7u:T “to be short” inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche pa7Ityhtsi7, pa7itsi7wynyry unique Jane Hill
Cupeño mutimuti'i-sh [mutiˈmutiɁɪʃ] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino kamu:hu7, kamu:ho7 unique Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa meputtk [məˈpʊtk] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu tove7e-pii-chi inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa x7kWiiy, nmux unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pemisa7i7 unknown Jane Hill
Lake Miwok c'oTo/oj, ch'oTo/oj loan Jane Hill
Luiseño kapa/-kpa-ma-l inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu t'e/s unknown Jane Hill
Mojave 7atawen=, it'aw=, ta'wen=, wenawen= unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun Notko “be short, of ANYTHING”, N is ny unknown NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan t'un unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute miitsi- inheritance Thornes 03:126 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok haj:et:i- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok ca:pu- (Sp), 7ena:ny- (people) loan Jane Hill
Salinan A (e)sluteya/mo (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) coojoj unknown Jane Hill
Serrano kapOcik, qapOcka “short one” O is umlaut inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute tovi7-, -top:i7- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hul:iwi- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute kapa7a/tog'owatY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tapuu7ppich, and variants loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone toppottsi(ttsi) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo mi/te loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Washo i/shkush loan direction unknown J341 Jane Hill
Western Mono tapotsitsi7ini/-tU “very short” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Wintu woro:ta unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai chkro/ty (y is barred i) inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami ken-ne/-che unknown CHM Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi at'e 244 unknown K07:244 Jane Hill
Yuki pu:hich, puhu7ich inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa mádoa, ttómo, tsóo mádoa, t̪ómo, tsóo inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona dɨdɨca (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo joabeco (f.), joabecʉ (m.), joabeno (inan.), ʉ̃mʉjʉbeco (f.) ʉ̃mʉjʉbecʉ (m.), ʉ̃mʉjʉbeno (inan.) xoabeko (f.), xoabekɨ (m.), xoabeno (inan.), ɨ̃mɨxɨbeko (f.) ɨ̃mɨxɨbekɨ (m.), ɨ̃mɨxɨbeno (inan.) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw ‘mãn m’æ̃n unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano yébari jébaɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa kawə ehke (IDS) kawə ehke (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani okaa unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup wǝt-nɨ́h (tall-neg) wǝt-~dɨ́h (tall-neg) unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi piaʔmɨtɨ (IDS) piaʔmɨtɨ (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu atuka atuka inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam hotote (EM72) hotote inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Pemon chiapue, dokopairen, atupaki, atupayek (A1981); chi'ya'pö (M2000) tʃiapue, dokopaiɾen, atupaki, atupadʒek (A1981) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro matshó? matsʰóʔ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá hototi (EM72) hototi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana madúite madúite inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ɨʔmɨáti ɨʔmɨáti unknown See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria yahpa curero; yahpa wacũnu (Waltz) jahpa kuɾeɾo; jahpa wakũnu (Waltz) inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam hotohi (EM72) hototi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yahatotoa, yahatotowë, hatakawë, jahatotoa, jahatotowə, hatakawə, inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna metajlani metahlani inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup w'ǝt-nɨh w'ǝt-~dɨh unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana parla-parla inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi ngaada ngaada inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba nada doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Burarra -balmbarra unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu guṯi(') unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal dhumbuḻ' Claire Bowern
Dhuwala dhumbuḻ' unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari wardu inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU wordu inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu dhumbuḻ' Claire Bowern
Djapu dhumbuḻ' unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang djubirri unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng nhenmoong unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi thigi unique Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu dhumbuḻ' unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji lutu unique Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr ruburr ruburr inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru gurda inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi narrda narrda inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kunku unknown Claire Bowern
Kija kurtungu- unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa murta loan Claire Bowern
Mangala kunku loan Claire Bowern
Miriwung doodboong unique Claire Bowern
Mithaka warnrda inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra dungkuja Claire Bowern
Mudburra dardarra unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini wordu inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi dhuburdu' unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma gambu unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl rooburoo <rooburoo> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi wanda inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla kunku Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta murlku inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta murlku inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina wanggurda wangkurda inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul roborr; ruburr roborr; ruburr inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi yaṇi unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta marnrtarti unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu guṯi, dhumbuḻ Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu dhuburdu' loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kuta inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru wartu inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa guugarran kuukarran unique Claire Bowern
Wubuy dhamungurr unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu guṯi unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha warnta inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi wardu-wardu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka ngubu unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru nurda nurda inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua tʃúkui tʃúkui inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco maléenéeri maléenéeri See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena aretui, aretʃiri aretui, aretʃiri See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero u'wima-hi; witasima-hi. uʔwima-hi; witasima-hi. See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana madiwaɨ madiwaɨ inheritance Proto North Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi tyoka tyoka inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure mohi- mohi- unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá ãhã-tãi; peric̷i ãhã-tãi; peri¢i unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora páʔrí-nʸeḯβḯ páʔrí-nʲɛɯ́βɯ́ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane bááre-ne báárɛ-nɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio aga'ne'pe (SM) agaʔneʔpe (SM) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai mytyhse mɨtɨhse unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana kupe kupe unique See Language page PLE
Tiriyó tɨntɨ:je tɨntɨ:je inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare tawedatoɨ (IDS) tawedatoɨ (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai kaw-ra kaw-ra unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari sehsa sehsa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa také See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca asuhucaza asuhukatʂa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá katutúa katutúa See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán re'richo ɾɛʔɾitʃo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Páez tou tou See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na-mô-úntchi (Alv44) naʔmoʔuntʃi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina maʉeki maʉeki unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa béko béko See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke to(h)fĩ(h)tü̃h (RW52) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé tükümĩ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-pom] pom unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar sútarach sutarax See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa sutar sutar See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna báchik, sútag batʃik, sutang unique; inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bushcu buʃku unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo namano; čitɨ-pistia namano; čitɨ-pistia inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua japu- / vapu-; jinryu xapu / vapu; xinrju unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá umutu umutu See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua curulla kuɾuʎa See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa beá'a' beáɁaɁ unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva sõcui sõkʷi unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano jee-joa-beti- jee-joa-beti- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana je'pá-, joa-eti- je'pá-, joa-eti- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna to be short: ye-rise je-ɾise inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'jépa-, u'pádɨka- 'jépa-, u'pádɨka- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jaʔ'wa-ri jaʔ'wa-ri See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano jeʔ'bá- jeʔ'bá- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca dyeʔ'ea; dyeʔ'ea I'taka ʎeʔ'ea; ʎeʔ'ea i'taka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jo'pá-ro jo'pá-ro See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka jo'á-e- jo'á-e- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja jo'a-ti jo'a-ti See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje capʉ kapʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona bë'jeji bɨʔhehi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya nuhuico nũwĩkɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana okỹn, tek okɨ̃n, tek unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi atu atu inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ehua; eakʷa ehua; eakʷa inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá iˀaɨk (K12) iˀaɨk (K12) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina ĩhã́hḯ ĩhã́hɯ́ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto i.ánori-de i.ánori-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto íanori íanori See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ianore ianorɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito taquinuríca takinuríka unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Wari wiyimain wijimain See Language page PLE Also ka om hwaraʔ ne 'not largeness'.
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kia-kepe kia-kepe See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña hono-da-ma; tʸobo; baro-da-ma (hono-da-ma is literally "long-negative" (hono-da means "long" and -ma is a negation, or "no"); baro-da-ma is literally "tall-negative" (baro-da-ke means "tall" and -ma is a negation, or "no")) hono-da-ma; tʸobo; baro-da-ma unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara jisk´a xiskˀa See Language page PLE
Kwazá coñũ?ỹ- coñũ?ỹ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima te-ɗes te-ɗes See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai toxox toxox unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang rur rur See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi patä patǝ See Language page PLE