Jabirr-Jabirr

Family
Nyulnyulan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
dyb
Location
-17.56°, 122.50°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (186)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar inheritance Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar missing Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar missing Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar missing Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar djoe joe inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar inheritance Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar ginjin_g kinyingk inheritance Claire Bowern
above encima, arriba acima location galb kalb inheritance Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar belai belayi inheritance Claire Bowern
alive missing Claire Bowern
all todo todos other djamin jamin inheritance Claire Bowern
and y e grammar missing Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body missing Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body nimarremba nimarremba inheritance Claire Bowern
ashamed xx xx mental idjar ijarr inheritance Claire Bowern
ashes xx xx environment gadjog kajok inheritance Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location -an_ -ang inheritance Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body nik nik inheritance Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality rib rib inheritance Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body gabor ^ kaborr inheritance Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location missing Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality bindany bindany inheritance Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body inar XXngl he bit it inar inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour mank mank inheritance Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body missing Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body bo"" buu inheritance Claire Bowern
blunt xx xx quality missing Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body missing Claire Bowern
boomerang xx xx manufacture jib; yirrgilE jib; yirrkilE inheritance Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body ngamana ngamana inheritance Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body bo"" buu inheritance Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment missing Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body missing Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human ba:b baab inheritance Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion missing Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment missing Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality missing Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion dar-m-aran darr-m-arran inheritance Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact missing Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental inheritance Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental wanggarr wangkarr inheritance Claire Bowern
cut xx xx impact barbar kangaw XXgl I cut it ?? (? in text) barbar kangaw unique Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state ma-djimben ma-jimben inheritance Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact ma-geran ma-kerran inheritance Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna gered; kirrid kered; kirrid inheritance Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality missing Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental ma-bu""garen ma-buukarren doubtful loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body ma-ge""den ma-kiden inheritance Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality missing Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment missing Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body nilababa nilababa inheritance Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment bo""r% buur inheritance Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body yarre-geden [-kid-] XXgl we eat yarre-keden [-kid-] inheritance Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna lagurr lakurr inheritance Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body nim; -m nim; -m inheritance Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body bud% ^ bud% inheritance Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion injalg XXngl he fell injalk inheritance Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality missing Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body beng beng inheritance Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship ibal ibal inheritance Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental -jarik- [madjaregan] -jarrik- [majarrekan] inheritance Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna bandel bandel inheritance Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment djun_g jungk inheritance Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna gumbu kumbu semantic shift Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion djoror jorrorr inheritance Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment bo""b buub inheritance Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion -birril- [ma-berelan] -birril- [ma-berrelan] inheritance Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment missing Claire Bowern
foot pie body djambel XXngl hind flippers of turtle jambel inheritance Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora inheritance Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality layb layb inheritance Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state -bul- [ma-bolan] -bul- [ma-bolan] inheritance Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body mukarn mukarn inheritance Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body nimarla; -mal nimarla; -mal inheritance Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body nalm; -alm nalm; -alm inheritance Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental ngangarlikarra XXgl I hear it ngangarlikarra inheritance Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality djo""ng juung unique Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion -jarlg- [ma-j.arl.gen] -jarrlk- [ma-j.arrl.ken] inheritance Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact barbar kangaw XXngl glossed as cut, with ? barbar kangaw XXngl klossed as cud, widh ? inheritance Claire Bowern
hit (with hand) xx xx impact missing Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other -bad- [ma-baden] -bad- [ma-baden] inheritance Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar missing Claire Bowern
if si se grammar -gar -karr inheritance Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location gadin kadin inheritance Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body bulg bulk inheritance Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body missing Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact warndab warndab inheritance Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental missing Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment missing Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental gulgarr kulkarr inheritance Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment missing Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body missing Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body missing Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion ma-djalgen ma-jalken inheritance Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment missing Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body kabir kabir inheritance Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality iwarl iwarl inheritance Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna missing Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body missing Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human inheritance Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna missing Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment kunyol kunyol inheritance Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship berai berrayi inheritance Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body nilirr; -lerr nilirr; -lerr inheritance Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human missing Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body nunggarn nungkarn inheritance Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality yangan yangan inheritance Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body missing Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality missing Claire Bowern
night noche noite time missing Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar are arre inheritance Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body missing Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality djabolj jaboly inheritance Claire Bowern
one uno um number missing Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other ga""b ma-man kaab ma-man inheritance Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar missing Claire Bowern
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body binbal binbal inheritance Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human missing Claire Bowern
pimple xx xx body bodon_gor ^ bodongkorr inheritance Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment missing Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour missing Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body djoron_g jorrongk inheritance Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture makarr makarr inheritance Claire Bowern
roof xx xx manufacture [absent] missing Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora missing Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality bi""n biin inheritance Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment band band inheritance Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental ma-djen ma-jen inheritance Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact -gand- [magandan] -kand- [makandan] inheritance Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental -jal- -jal- inheritance Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality gardj karrj inheritance Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact missing Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality ruburr ruburr inheritance Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body kurndijan; langan kurndijan; langan inheritance Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state mijal mijal inheritance Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body baden baden inheritance Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment missing Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body missing Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality doln_ dolng inheritance Claire Bowern
smell (tr/intr) xx xx body ge""r kirr inheritance Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment lubu lubu inheritance Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body djibel jibel inheritance Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact missing Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact missing Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact m-aran m-arran inheritance Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state jarrajarra XXngl he is standing up jarrajarra inheritance Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment barranggoman barrangkoman unknown Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other missing Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment missing Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body djonj jony inheritance Claire Bowern
sun sol sol time walg walk inheritance Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body djudugur judukurr inheritance Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body -bunkum- [ma-bongoman] -bunkum- [ma-bongoman] inheritance Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion missing Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body joborr; niwal joborr; niwal inheritance Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar missing Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality missing Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality missing Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental -barribarri- [ma-barebaren] -barribarri- [ma-barrebarren] inheritance Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar missing Claire Bowern
three tres tres number irdjowar irrjowarr inheritance Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body missing Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact -ngulu- -ngulu- inheritance Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment missing Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact missing Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body niyangala niyangala inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body jarringk jarringk inheritance Claire Bowern
true xx xx quality missing Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other missing Claire Bowern
two dos dois number kujarra kujarra inheritance Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body -ganyb- [ma-ga**njben] -kanyb- [ma-kaanyben] inheritance Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion missing Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment wul wul inheritance Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality missing Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar missing Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar -gar -karr inheritance Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar arrag arrak inheritance Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour missing Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar angge angke inheritance Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship marlarr XXngl wife, wife's sister marlarr XXngl wife, wife's sisder inheritance Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment wangal wangal inheritance Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body missing Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human warany warany inheritance Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other morrgol ~ murrgurr morrkol ~ murrkurr inheritance Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body missing Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour ber%al berral inheritance Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (9)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna bardangg barrdangk inheritance Claire Bowern
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna boia XXgl small red ant boiya inheritance Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna garrambal; birrajun karrambal; birrajun inheritance Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna mukany mukany inheritance Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna gambur kambur inheritance Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna bidilj bidily inheritance Claire Bowern
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna balingg balingk inheritance Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna djur% jurr inheritance Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna missing Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (111)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
armband dress missing Claire Bowern
awl subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool jamion inheritance Claire Bowern
bag (string) culture-material karraki loan direction unknown cf jaru Claire Bowern
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material binjen inheritance Claire Bowern
body feather decorations culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool jib; yirrkilE inheritance Claire Bowern
boomerang (number 7) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
boomerang (small) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
bowl (coolamon) culture-material warndal inheritance Claire Bowern
broom escoba vassoura culture-material missing Claire Bowern
canoe canoa canoa transport missing Claire Bowern
cicatrice culture-mythology baborr inheritance Claire Bowern
clapsticks culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
club (nulla-nulla) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
cook food food missing Claire Bowern
cook in earth oven food missing Claire Bowern
damper food missing Claire Bowern
dance (generic) culture-mythology burrb inheritance Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool milkin inheritance Claire Bowern
dipper (small coolamon) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology -bukarri- [ma-bu:.karren] (drr) missing Claire Bowern
dreaming culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
drone pipe culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
fire drill subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
fire-saw other kaleb inheritance Claire Bowern
fireplace hogar lareira other missing Claire Bowern
firewood leña lenha other missing Claire Bowern
fish poison barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food ma-banyden semantic shift Claire Bowern
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food missing Claire Bowern
fish (with spear) food missing Claire Bowern
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
fishtrap (permanent) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
fishtrap (woven) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
flour (European) food missing Claire Bowern
flour (bush) food missing Claire Bowern
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food wil inheritance Claire Bowern
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology banbalk doubtful inheritance Claire Bowern
glue subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
grog food kari loan WW %kari Claire Bowern
hair belt dress ba:l inheritance Claire Bowern
headband dress missing Claire Bowern
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
honey miel mel food missing Claire Bowern
house (European) other missing Claire Bowern
hunt cazar caçar food ma-jolben inheritance Claire Bowern
initiation (circumcision) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
initiation (subincision) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
knife cuchillo faca culture-material missing Claire Bowern
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress missing Claire Bowern
love song culture-mythology kaljend inheritance Claire Bowern
mangrove raft transport kalu inheritance Claire Bowern
message stick culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
nosepeg other missing Claire Bowern
paddle/oar remo remo transport borrej inheritance Claire Bowern
ochre culture-mythology babakon [babakun] inheritance Claire Bowern
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology -burr- [ma-borran] inheritance Claire Bowern
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other missing Claire Bowern
public song cycle culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
red paint culture-mythology bidimarr inheritance Claire Bowern
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool kem loan English Claire Bowern
salt sal sal food missing Claire Bowern
shelter (native) other missing Claire Bowern
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
song (for entertainment) culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool jinal loan WW WW %jinal Claire Bowern
spear (fighting) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
spear (fishing) subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
speartip subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
string (from hair) culture-material burrurr inheritance Claire Bowern
string (from vine) culture-material missing Claire Bowern
sugar acculturation missing Claire Bowern
tea food belebel semantic shift Claire Bowern
tobacco (European) narcotics ngamare semantic shift Claire Bowern
tobacco (native) narcotics missing Claire Bowern
spirit child culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
wax cera cera other missing Claire Bowern
white paint culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
windbreak other missing Claire Bowern
yandy (n) culture-material missing Claire Bowern
school escuela escola acculturation missing Claire Bowern
net subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
bottle botella garrafa acculturation missing Claire Bowern
paper papel papel acculturation missing Claire Bowern
corpse food karrikan loan Marrngu Claire Bowern
chicken gallina galinha acculturation missing Claire Bowern
tree coffin culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology missing Claire Bowern
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material missing Claire Bowern
shoes zapatos sapatos dress missing Claire Bowern
medicine narcotics missing Claire Bowern
earth oven food missing Claire Bowern
policeman polícia policía acculturation widirr unknown Claire Bowern
cat gato gato acculturation minyaw loan Kriol WW %minyaw Claire Bowern
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation missing Claire Bowern
hat sombero chapéu dress jangkorr [yangkurr] inheritance Claire Bowern
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture missing Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture [absent] missing Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool milkin milkin inheritance Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture missing Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture [absent] missing Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool missing Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool djinal jinal inheritance Claire Bowern
house other missing Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
small HG medium seasonal no