1pl.excl

Semantic Field
grammar
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
nosotros (exclusivo)
Meaning Portuguese
nós (exclusivo)

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone nyhwyh (nyhi) (dl), nymmyn (nymmi) pl semantic shift Jane Hill
Cahuilla chem inheritance S 1977 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok ma:sh inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi nym(i)/ inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno k-ij- inheritance Ono 1996:21 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno k-ij-ky7 “we, us (pl)” inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno k'itYy (pl), ksitYy (du) inheritance Jane Hill
Cocopa nya:c inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche nykwY (dyal), nyny (plural) inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño chem [tʃəm] inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'enyaawapch [Ɂəɲaˑwaˈpʧ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu nymi inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa pa-/mi-7+nya7-p inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7icam inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ma/a (pl) inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave 7inyeechvch inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun makse inheritance O77:165 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nymmi inheritance Thornes 03:110 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok mas:i- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok ma:si, mas:i- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan M kHa' unknown Mason 1918:32 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ha-, he unknown Jane Hill
Serrano acam inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute -nym:i inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok mah:i- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute nymY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ingkilla7ang, killa7ang loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone nymmy; inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo 7i/si inheritance Jane Hill
Washo le\ci unknown K268 Jane Hill
Western Mono nyyqwa inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu nele:t inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi nak (dual), na:n (plural) inheritance K07:221 Jane Hill
Yuki 7us (agent) inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Arabana arniri inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi arr- arr- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra ngayburrgugu inheritance? Claire Bowern
Dhangu ŋanapu inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ŋanapurr(u) inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala nganapurru inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari ngayana inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu ŋanapurr(u) Claire Bowern
Djapu ŋanapurr(u) inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang libi semantic shift Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng giyarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngidi Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu nganapurru inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngantipa inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru nganimpa inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi arrudu kuyarra XXngl we two excl (1+3) arrudu kuyarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri -yarna inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija yarrepen inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala -ngani inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung yarroo inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka ngalyawaRa semantic shift Claire Bowern
Mudburra juuda Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngayi parnalu inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini ngañurru inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma nganarna inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi nganu- inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru arad arrad inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta ngali inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul yarrad yarrad inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ngina unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta ngana inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ŋalma (including addressee), ŋanapu (excluding addressee) semantic shift Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu napuluŋu inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri nganampa inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa yaada yaada inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ŋapulu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha ngani inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi ngañurru inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka ngani inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru yarrirr yarrirr inheritance Claire Bowern
Resígaro muu?á muuʔá loan Bora mɯɯ́ʔ-a See Language page Ana Paula B.
Bora mïḯʔ-a mɯɯ́ʔ-a unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai yna ɨna inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana emna emna inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó anja anja inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Eñepa ana ana inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makiritare kɨwɨ (IDS) (speaker + 1 listener) kɨwɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Makushi ú-rɨ-nɨ-kóŋ ú-rɨ-nɨ-kóŋ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Mapoyo e'në e'nɛ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Pemon inna (M2000) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai amna amna inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari a'a aʔa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Kalapalo tisuge tisuge unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Tikuna tomax [3, 4] tomaʔ [3, 4] unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kanakaana kanakaana unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Waorani bõ-di-tõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Dâw --  -- missing See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses nuqui, u, ubi (a nosotros) nuki, u, ubi inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua nuy nũj unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano ñoqayku ɲoqajku See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Barasano jɨa jɨa See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo ñʉja ɲɨxa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana jãã xãã See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano gʉa gɨa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Kotiria inheritance See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Makuna gɨa gɨa inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti ɨ̃'sã́ ɨ̃'sã́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana ɨ̃'sã ɨ̃'sã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano gɨ'á gɨ'á See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca jiha jiha inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo hãã hãã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tukano ʉ̃sã́ ɨ̃sã́ inheritance at least Branch 2, E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Tuyuka ɨ̃'sã ɨ̃ʔsã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja hã́ hã́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki jikɨ jikɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Koreguaje chʉkʉna dʒʉkhʉna inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona yɨkɨna jɨkɨna inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya yëquë jɨ'kɨ' See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana yta ɨta unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama penu penu unknown See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɔlɔ-; ɔlɛ ɔlɔ-; ɔlɛ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ure ure inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ore ore inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ninam kamiyamak, yamak; kamatšehekə (dual excl. EM72) kamijamak; jamak, kamatʃehekə inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam kamiyafɨk (dual excl. Em72) kamijafɨk inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami pə-makɨ, ya-makɨ, kamiyəyahəkɨ (dual excl. Em72), kamiyə yamakɨ (pl. excl. EM72) pə-makɨ, ja-makɨ, kamijəjahəkɨ, kamijə jamakɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Wari warut warut See Language page PLE Emphatic pronoun.
Central Aymara nanaka nanaka See Language page PLE
Kwazá tsitsɛ tsitsɛ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima iʔ-ɬi iʔ-ɬi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Suyá aĵpá, waywíkire aĵpá, wajwíkire See Language page Rebekah Evans