Siriano

Family
Tukanoan
Region
South America
ISO 639-3
sri
Location
0.44°, -70.18°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
Brandrup, Beverly Ann 1980. Fonología del siriano. En: Vocabulario siriano-español. Lomalinda: ILV/MG. Huber, R.; Reed, R. 1992. Comparative vocabulary: selected words in indigenous languages of Colombia. Instituto Linguistico de Verano.


Basic Vocabulary (191)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
above encima, arriba acima location See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
and y e grammar See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
ash ceniza(s) cinzas environment See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
at en, a em, a location See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
back espalda costas body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
bad mal mal quality See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
belly barriga barriga body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
below abajo, debajo abaixo location See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
big grande grande quality wa- wa- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
black negro preto colour See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
blood sangre sangue body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
boil/pimple espinilla, granos espinha, borbulha body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
bone hueso osso body gõõã́ gõõã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
breast pecho, seno peito body õpĩ́; corétíbi (pecho) õpĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
child niño, niña criança human majĩgʉ/ o mahĩgɨ/ o See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
cloud nube nuvem environment bĩʔkã jeʔbo-ri bĩʔkã jeʔbo-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
cold frío frio quality yʉsá-ri jɨsá-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
correct/true verdad, de veras verdade quality di'ájé diʔájé See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
day día dia time See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
dirty sucio sujo quality giʔrá-ri-kɨ giʔrá-ri-kɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
dingo/wolf fauna See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
dry seco seco quality bo'hó-ri bo'hó-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
dull/blunt sin filo, mocho, desafilado, embotado, romo maçante, desamolado, não afiado quality u'síbí- u'síbí- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
dust polvo poeira environment dĩ'kṹ wera dĩ'kṹ wera See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
ear oreja orelha body gããmípũ gããmípũ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
earth/soil tierra terra environment nicṹ, yeebá ni kṹ, jeebá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
egg huevo ovo fauna diú diú See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
eye ojo olho body coyéru kojéru See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
far lejos longe quality jo'á- jo'á- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
fat/grease grasa gordura body ʉiyé ɨijé See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
father padre, papá pai kinship pagʉ́ pagɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
feather pluma pena fauna po'á po'á See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
fire fuego fogo environment peámée peámée See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
flower flor flor environment goʔ'ó goʔ'ó See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment bĩʔ'kã́ bĩʔ'kã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
fruit fruta fruta flora ju'kú dɨ'ka ju'kú dɨ'ka See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
good bueno bom quality õʔ'ã́ õʔ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body poá poá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
hand mano mão body mojṍ mohṍ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar igó igó See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
head cabeza cabeça body di'pú-ru di'pú-ru See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
heavy pesado pesado quality dɨ̃'kɨ̃- dɨ̃'kɨ̃- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
how? como como grammar dãʔ'ã-sũ dãʔ'ã-sũ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
1sg yo eu grammar yʉʉ́ jɨɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
if si se grammar See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
intestines intestinos intestinos body gɨraʔ-'bĩ́sĩ gɨraʔ-'bĩ́sĩ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
lake lago lago environment di'tá-rú di'tá-rú See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
leaf hoja folha environment pṹ pṹ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body cúgapʉ kúgapʉ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
leg/foot pierna perna body jĩ'gã́ jĩ'gã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment bu'pú bĩ'ã́-rĩ bu'pú bĩ'ã́-rĩ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
liver hígado figado body jẽʔ'bẽ́ jẽʔ'bẽ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
long largo comprido, longo quality jo'á- jo'á- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna pṹmʉ́rãmʉ pṹmɨ́ɾãmɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
man/male hombre homem human ʉ̃mʉ́ga ɨ̃mɨ́ga See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
meat/flesh carne carne fauna dií dií See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
moon luna lua environment abé ñamímʉ́ abé ñamímɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship pagó pagó See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
mouth boca boca body disí disí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
name nombre nome human wãĩ́ wãĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
near/close cerca de perto quality pɨʔ'ró-gã pɨʔ'ró-gã See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
neck cuello pescoço body wɨ̃́-rɨ̃gũ wɨ̃́-rɨ̃gũ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
new nuevo novo quality mamá mamá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
night noche noite time buúru, ñamí buúru, ñamí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
no/not no não grammar bã'rĩ́- bã'rĩ́- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
nose nariz nariz body ĩĩguĩrú ĩĩguĩrú See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
old viejo velho quality bɨ- bɨ- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
one uno um number sʉgʉ sɨgɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
other otro outro grammar ga'hí-, ga'hé- ga'hí-, ga'hé- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
person/human being persona pessoa human bã'sá-ka 'people' bã'sá-ka 'people' See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
rain lluvia chuva environment de'kó bẽ'rẽ́-rĩ́ de'kó bẽ'rẽ́-rĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
red rojo vermelho colour buidi buidi See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
right/right hand derecha direita location/body di'ájé gapɨ di'ájé gapɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
road/path camino caminho manufacture maá maá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
root raíz raiz flora nuugṹ nuugṹ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
rotten podrido podre quality bo'á- bo'á- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
sand arena areia environment ĩĩmipá ĩĩmipá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality u'sípu- u'sípu- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
short corto curto quality jeʔ'bá- jeʔ'bá- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
shoulder hombro ombro body sũ'gṹ sũ'gṹ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
shy/ashamed tímido, vergonzoso timido, com vergonha mental See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
skin piel pele body ga'si-ró ga'si-ró See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
sky cielo céu environment ɨ̃'bɨ̃-gasi ɨ̃'bɨ̃-gasi See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
small pequeño pequeno quality mégʉ mégɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
smoke humo fumaça environment miicã mii kã See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
star estrella estrela environment neeñúcámʉ neeñú kámɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
stick/wood palo pau, vara flora ju'kɨ́-gɨ ju'kɨ́-gɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
stone piedra pedra environment ʉ̃tãye ɨ̃tãje See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
tail cola, rabo rabo body pĩ'gṹ pĩ'gṹ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
that ese/esa esse grammar sí-ru sí-ru See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar ĩ-'gɨ̃́-sã ĩ-'gɨ̃́-sã See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality sĩ́-bɨrɨ- sĩ́-bɨrɨ- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
thin delgado fino quality sĩ́-bẽrẽ-rõ sĩ́-bẽrẽ-rõ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
this este/esta este grammar í, ĩĩ́ í, ĩĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
2sg xx xx grammar mʉʉ́ mɨɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
throat garganta garganta body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
three tres tres number ʉirerã́ (animate), ʉirerí (inanimate) ɨirerã́ (animate), ɨirerí (inanimate) See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
thunder truenos trovão environment bu'pú bu'pú See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
bite morder morder body kũʔ'rĩ́- kũʔ'rĩ́- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
blow soplar soprar body pu'rí-, wẽhẽ-pu- pu'rí-, wẽhẽ-pu- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
breathe respirar respirar body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
burn quemar queimar environment so'é-, ɨ̃'hɨ̃́- so'é-, ɨ̃'hɨ̃́- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body baagá-ri baagá-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
climb subir subir motion See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
come venir vir motion aarí, aari-rí aarí, aari-rí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
cook cocinar cozinhar impact See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
count contar contar mental See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
cry llorar chorar mental See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
cut/hack cortar cortar impact di'tí- di'tí- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
die/be dead morir morrer state boá-ri, cõõmó-ri boá-ri, kõõmó-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
dig cavar cavar impact bã́- bã́- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
dream soñar sonhar mental See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
drink beber, tomar beber body iirí-ri, waá iirí-ri, waá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
eat comer comer body baá, baa-rí baá, baa-rí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
fall caer cair motion burú-ri burú-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
fear miedo medo mental guí- guí- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
flow fluir fluir motion ũʔ'bã́-juri- ũʔ'bã́-juri- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
fly volar voar motion wʉ́-rí wɨ́-rí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
grow crecer crescer state See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
hear oír ouvir mental pé- pé- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
hide esconder esconder motion See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
hit golpear, pegar bater impact do'té-, 'pá- do'té-, 'pá- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other jó- jó- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
kill matar matar impact wẽjẽ́ri wẽhẽ́ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental masíri-ri masíri-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
laugh reír rir mental See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion o'já-, siʔ'á- o'já-, siʔ'á- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
live/be alive vivir viver, morar body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
open/uncover abrir abrir other See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
pound/beat machacar, golpear bater impact See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
say decir dizer mental ãrĩ́-rí ãrĩ́-rí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
scratch rascar rasgar impact See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
see ver ver mental ĩĩã ĩĩã See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
sit sentar(se) sentar state do'á- do'á- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
sleep dormir dormir body cãrĩri kãrĩri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
sniff/smell olfatear, oler cheirar body wĩ'hĩ́- wĩ'hĩ́- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
spit escupir cuspir body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact ba'í- ba'í- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact bipí-rí; biiú bipí-rí; biiú See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact saʔ're- saʔ're- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state dĩ- dĩ- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
steal robar roubar other See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
suck chupar chupar body bĩʔ'bĩ- bĩʔ'bĩ- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
swell hincharse inchar body bijí-ri bijí-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
swim nadar nadar motion bá-rí bá-rí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
think pensar pensar mental ãrĩ́gũña-ri ãrĩ́gũña-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact de'á-, 'béo- de'á-, 'béo- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact siʔ'á- siʔ'á- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
vomit vomitar vomitar body do'ká- do'ká- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
walk caminar, andar andar motion waʔ'á- waʔ'á- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
work trabajar trabalhar other See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
yawn bostezar bocejar body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
tongue lengua lingua body needíru needíru See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
tooth diente dente body gu.í'ká-ru gu.í'ká-ru See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
two dos dois number pe- pe- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
water agua agua environment decó de kó See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar bã'rĩ́ bã'rĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar gɨ'á gɨ'á See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
wet mojado molhado quality wé- wé- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
what? que, qué que grammar di'ʔí-, jẽ.'ẽ́-do di'ʔí-, jẽ.'ẽ́-do See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
when? cuando quando grammar dí-poe dí-poe See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
where? donde onde grammar dõʔ'ṍ dõʔ'ṍ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
white blanco branco colour See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
who? quien, quién quem grammar dõ'ã́ dõ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
wife esposa esposa kinship marã́pó maɾã́pó See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
wind viento vento environment bĩʔ'rṹ bĩʔ'rṹ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
wing ala asa body kẽ́-dɨpɨ kẽ́-dɨpɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
woman/female mujer mulher human noméó noméó See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
yellow amarillo amarelo colour bo'ré bo'ré See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
2pl ustedes vocês grammar mʉʉsá mɨɨsá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
foot pie body guubú guubú See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
all todo todos other ããrĩpeerérã (all the people), ããrĩpeeréri (all the things) ããrĩpeerérã (all the people), ããrĩpeeréri (all the things) See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
ankle tobillo tornozelo body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
armpit axila, sobaco axila body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
lung pulmón pulmão body jɨ'hɨ́-ãĩ-rĩ jɨ'hɨ́-ãĩ-rĩ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
sweat sudar suor, suar body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
bark corteza casca environment See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
fingernail uña unha body See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
heart corazón coração body yʉjʉ́põõrã jɨhɨ́põõrã See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
sun sol sol time abé abé See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
mountain/hill montaña, colina, loma, cerro morro, serra environment buúru buúru See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
green verde verde quality yasá-rí jasá-rí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
hot caliente quente quality así-rí así-rí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (133)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus See Language page Amanda Meeks
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp. oyo o'jó, o'djó, ojo See Language page Amanda Meeks
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna bĩ'rĩ́ bĩ'rĩ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
curassow mitu, montete (Peru), paujil/panjuil (Peru), paujil de Salvin (Peru for Mitu salvini) mutum flora-fauna Crax sp., Nothocrax sp. dũ'pĩ́, ka'rá-bɨ̃ dũ'pĩ́, ka'rá-bɨ̃ See Language page Amazonia Amanda Meeks
toucan tucán, pinsha (Peru) tucano flora-fauna Ramphastos sp. nasĩ́ nasĩ́, dã'sĩ́ (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
gray-winged trumpeter Grulla, Trompetero Ala Gris jacamim flora-fauna Psophia crepitans See Language page Northern Amazonia (N of Solimões), not in northern Colombia; Dark-winged trumpeter is found south of Solimões Amanda Meeks
guan pava, pucacunga (Peru), pava de Spix (Peru) jacu flora-fauna Penelope sp. ujú uhú, ka'rá-bɨ̃ (H&R) See Language page Different types have different localized ranges Amanda Meeks
tinamou tinamu, perdiz, gallineta inambu, inhambu flora-fauna family Tinamidae ãgã́ ãgã́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna family Trochilidae mimí mimí, bĩ'bĩ́ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
kingfisher martín pescador, catalan (Peru) martim-pescador flora-fauna family Alcedinidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
owl (large) búho, lechuza corujão flora-fauna order Strigiformes bʉpʉ́pógábú bɨ'pɨ́pógábú See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
macaw ara, guacamaya Arara flora-fauna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. bã'hã́ bã'hã́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
parrot loro real, loro (Sp. form is a loan from Carib) papagaio flora-fauna Amazona amazonica guequéru, wecó guekéɾu, we'kó See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
dove paloma pomba flora-fauna family Columbidae bujá buhá See Language page Amanda Meeks
hawk halcón, gavilán gavião flora-fauna family Accipitridae gaparʉ gapaɾɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
vulture buitre, gallinazo, rinahui (Peru) urubu flora-fauna family Cathartidae bĩ'bṹ bĩ'bṹ See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae family diácárá, diácóma diákáɾá, diákóma See Language page Amanda Meeks
great egret Garza Blanca, Guyratî Garça-Branca-Grande flora-fauna Ardea alba yají jahí See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
woodpecker pájaro carpintero, carpintero pica-pau flora-fauna family Picidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis famililaris diayee di.á-'jée, diajee See Language page Not native; widespread Amanda Meeks
dog (wild; bush dog) sachaperro, Perro de Monte, Zorro Vinagre, Guanfando; Zorro Ojizarco, Zorro Negro, Perro de Orejas Corta cachorro-do-mato flora-fauna Speothos venaticus; Atelocynus microtis See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
anteater oso hormiguero; tapia pelejo or pelejo chico for Cyclopes didactylus tamanduá flora-fauna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bugú; ajʉ́cá (small) bu'gú See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
armadillo armadillo, carachupa (Peru), yangunturi (Peru for Giant armadillo) tatu flora-fauna family Dasypodidae; e.g. Priodontes maximus (Giant armadillo), Dasypus novemcinctus, Dasypus kappleri pãmú pã'bú̃, pãmú See Language page Widespread in Amazonia Amanda Meeks
sloth pereza, pelejo (Peru), perezoso (Peru) macaco preguica flora-fauna Choloepus sp., Bradypus sp. quéra kéɾa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
alligator, black caiman babilla; cachirre jacaré flora-fauna Melanosuchus niger, Caiman schlerops; Paleosuchus sp. diá-'ké̃ã diá-'ké̃ã See Language page Throughout Amazonia Port term reportedly borrowed from Tupi Amanda Meeks
electric eel anguila eléctrica poraquê flora-fauna Electrophorus electricus See Language page Amanda Meeks
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna waʔí waʔí See Language page Amanda Meeks
pacu fish palometa, garopita, garopa, curhuara (Peru) pacu flora-fauna Mylossoma sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
pirana piraña, caribe piranha flora-fauna subfamily Serrasalmidae iquíámʉ́ ikíámɨ́, bũ'jṹ (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
tigerfish taraira, guabina, huasaco (Peru) traíra flora-fauna Hoplias sp. doé, pawá (guabina) doé, pawá (guabina) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
mandi catfish maparate (used in Peru for some types of catfish, including Auchenipterus sp.), cunchi (used in Peru for some types of catfish), bagre (catfish) mandi flora-fauna Auchenipterus sp. saaí (type of bagre fish) saaí (type of bagre fish) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
speckled catfish surubí, pintadillo surubim, sorubim flora-fauna Pseudoplatystoma sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
toad sapo sapo flora-fauna order Anura tʉbʉ́ró tɨbɨ́ɾó See Language page Amanda Meeks
iguana iguana, garipiares (Colombia) camaleão flora-fauna Iguana sp. ẽeyá-ri ẽejá-ɾi, ẽ'ré̃-jóá See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
small lizard lagartija calango flora-fauna order Squamata See Language page Amanda Meeks
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Potamotrygon sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
crab cangrejo caranguejo flora-fauna infraorder Brachyura caaúgʉ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
anaconda anaconda, boa, boa acuática grande sucuri flora-fauna genus Eunectes pĩ'rṹ pĩ'rṹ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
boa boa; mantona (red-tailed boa); boa de altura jiboia flora-fauna family Boidae, subf. Boinae pĩ'rṹ pĩ'rṹ See Language page Amanda Meeks
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna ãñá ãɲá, ã'jã́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
snake (poisonous generic) or rattlesnake víbora (Peru), jergón (Peru), yarara jararaca flora-fauna Bothrops jararaca/atrox See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
tortoise (red foot, yellow foot/giant) tortuga, morrocoy, motelo jabutí, tartaruga flora-fauna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria peyó, peyú pejó, pejú See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Amazon dolphin bufeo, delfín, tonina (del Orinoco) boto cor-de-rosa flora-fauna Inia geoffrensis See Language page Downstream of major rapids and waterfalls Amanda Meeks
mushroom champiñón, hongo cogumelo flora-fauna (any edible generic) See Language page prioritize generic term that includes any edible species Amanda Meeks
black palm bacaba, mapora, pusui, patabá bacaba flora-fauna Oenocarpus bacaba See Language page Mature forests of Rio Negro and Upper Amazon may be confused in some entries with O. bataua Amanda Meeks
açai palm huasí (Peru), asahi, manaca (Ven), asaí, palmiche (Colombia) açaí flora-fauna Euterpe sp. mijĩ mihĩ See Language page floodplains, swamp; esp. northern Amazonia Amanda Meeks
miriti palm moriche (Col, Ven), aguaje (Col, Peru), achual, miriti buriti flora-fauna Mauritia flexuosa neé neé See Language page Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela; in and near swamps trunks contain sago-like starch Amanda Meeks
palm for roof thatch pui, irapay, hoja de irapay, caraná caraná flora-fauna Mauritiella armata OR Lepidocaryum tenue (irapay), Mauritius carana See Language page Mauritia carana is limited principally to the Rio Negro and Upper Orinoco regions; dry catinga forests palm Amanda Meeks
paxiuba palm pona, huacrapona, cashapona, macanilla, pachiuba paxiuba flora-fauna Iriartea exorrhiza OR Iriartea deltoidea See Language page Widespread Amazonia palm Amanda Meeks
peach palm, pejibaye palm chontaduro (Col, Ecuador); pipire (Col); pijuayo (Peru), pijiguao (Ven); tembe (Bol) pupunha flora-fauna Bactris gasipaes ʉ̃rĩ́ ɨ̃ɾĩ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
seje palm ungurahui (Peru), palma de seje, milpesos, patabá patoá, patuá flora-fauna Jessenia bataua, aka Oenocarpus bataua ñumú ɲumú See Language page mostly north of Equator; common in Amazonia may be confused with O. bacaba - compare entries Amanda Meeks
coca coca coca flora-fauna Erythroxylum coca ãpĩ́ ãpĩ́ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation. lower alt. of eastern Andes plant Amanda Meeks
cotton algodón algodão flora-fauna Gossypium (barbadense: long fibers; hirsutum: short fibers) yurá juɾá, ju'rá-da See Language page secondary scrub vegetation plant; some sources may confound with kapok Ceiba pentandra (esp. if a single gloss for 'cotton' is given') Amanda Meeks
kapok ceiba, huimba, lupuna (Peru for Ceiba sp.) sumaumeira flora-fauna Ceiba pentandra See Language page northern South America and central America; common in disturbed areas tree Amanda Meeks
hot pepper ají, pimentón/pimiento rojo, pucunucho (Peru), charapilla (Peru) pimenta flora-fauna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens biá bi'á See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
peanut maní (may be loan from Taino Arawak), cacahuete amendoim flora-fauna Arachis hypogaea See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
pineapple piña abacaxi flora-fauna Ananas comosus sẽrã sẽɾã See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
arrow cane, wildcane caña flecha, caña brava, caña isana cana para flechas, frecheira, Cana-do-rio flora-fauna Gynerium sagittatum bĩṹ-'bẽ́rẽ bĩṹ-'bẽ́rẽ See Language page tropical regions, especially river banks plant Amanda Meeks
banana, plantain banano, banana, cambur, bellaco, variedad de plátano banana flora-fauna Musa sp. ũ'hṹpũ ũ'hṹpũ See Language page Names for banana/plantain may be derived from bastard plantain by semantic shift. Amanda Meeks
beans frijoles, frejol, caraotas (negras, rojas, blancas) feijão flora-fauna Phaseolus spp. See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (generic) See Language page Amanda Meeks
maize, corn mazorca, maiz milho flora-fauna Zea mays ojodʉca ohodɨka See Language page widespread, esp. in river floodplains plant Amanda Meeks
tobacco tabaco tabaco flora-fauna Nicotiana tabacum muurú muuɾú, bũʔ'rṹ See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna ju'kɨ́-gɨ ju'kɨ́-gɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
achiote, anatto achiote urucum flora-fauna Bixa orellana musã́ musã́, bũ'sã́ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
inga guaba, guamo, guama, shimbillo (Peru) inga flora-fauna Inga spp. See Language page Secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens. North and South America (Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Suriname, Colombia) Amanda Meeks
avocado palta, aguacate abacate flora-fauna Persea americana ũñú ũɲú See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree Amanda Meeks
bitterwood tortuga caspi, pretina (Peru for tree and tumpline); carahuasca (Peru) envira flora-fauna Duguetia sp. OR Fusaea longifolia OR Guatteria chrysopetala See Language page secondary forests, native to Brazil tree Amanda Meeks
brazil nut castaña castanha do para (B. excelsa); castanha de cutia (C. edulis) flora-fauna Bertholletia excelsa [cf. Couepia edulis 'castanha do cutia'] See Language page 1) Couepia: restricted area within Brazil, Rio Purus basin and middle Solimões. 2) Bertholletia: elev: consistently about 200m; mature forests. Widely distributed from Peru, E. Colombia, Brazil to Nicaragua. tree Amanda Meeks
cashew anarcado, castaña de cajú, nuez de la India, marañon, cajú, merey (Venezuela) caju flora-fauna Anacardium occidentale / giganteum sõrã́ sõɾã́ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree; most sources will not distinguish between occidentale and other varieties Amanda Meeks
genipap jagua, majagua - Colombia, caruto, xagua - Venezuela, bigrande - Bolivia, huito, yaguayagua - Peru, ygualti - Nicaragua, maluco - Mexico genipapo, jenipapo flora-fauna Genipapa americana See Language page widespread lowland SA shrub Amanda Meeks
japurá oreja de murcielago japurá flora-fauna Erisma japura See Language page large tree Amanda Meeks
rubber tree (sorva) caucho, siringa, shiringa seringa, borracha flora-fauna Hevea sp. gó, wãsṹru gó, wãsṹɾu See Language page Widespread Amazonia tree Amanda Meeks
ucuqui yugo, caimitillo del monte (Peru) ucuqui flora-fauna Pouteria ucuqui See Language page native to NW Amazonia, found primarily in Vaupes and Caqueta regions other species of Pouteria exist and have much-used edible fruit; these can be subsituted where relevant Amanda Meeks
Amazon tree-grape uva de monte, uvilla (Peru), puruma, caime, caimarona (and variants; Col.) cucura flora-fauna Pourouma cecropiifolia See Language page grows wild in Western Amazon basin; cultivated in Colombia since pre-Colombian times a tree; not a true grape Amanda Meeks
manioc (bitter or generic) yuca brava mandioca flora-fauna Manihot esculenta quĩ́ kĩ́ See Language page not generally cultivated in western (subAndean) Amazon. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) argues for a correlation with distribution of dark earths, mostly formed after 1AD, and the modeled-incised pottery tradition. Provides more starch and is more pest-resistant than the sweet variety, but requires much processing. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) proposes that bitter type was developed from sweet through post-ceremic agricultural intensification (motivated by high starch yield Amanda Meeks
manioc (sweet) yuca, caribe macaxeira flora-fauna Manihot esculenta ñumúducʉ (type of yuca) ɲumúdukɨ (type of yuka) See Language page Primary staple in western/subAndean Amazonia, less important elsewhere No processing required, but lower starch yield and pest resistance than bitter variety Amanda Meeks
potato papa batata flora-fauna Solanum tuberosum ñapĩ́ ɲapĩ́ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation compare entries for sweet potato Amanda Meeks
potato, sweet potato camote, batata dulce, batata, cumara batata-doce flora-fauna Ipomoea batatas jã'pĩ́ See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
cará tuber, purple or white camote, sachapapa cará roxo, branco flora-fauna Dioscorea sp. See Language page secondary scrub vegetation; forest clearings plant Amanda Meeks
tannia, yautia huitina (Peru), ñame taioba branca flora-fauna Xanthosoma spp. ñaamú ɲaamú, jãʔ'bṹ See Language page Amanda Meeks
bottle-gourd (vine) or calabash (tree) calabazo, calabaza; auyama (Dominican Republic and Venezuela), ayote (parts of Central America), zapallo (parts of South America), tutumo/totumo/totuma (Cresc tree), huingo (Peru for Crescentia cujete), tapara cabaça flora-fauna Crescentia cujete (round variety - tree); (Cucurbita) Lagenaria siceraria (bottle variety - vine) waaimáro waaimáɾo; kooa-'rú ('gourd', H&R) See Language page indigenous gardens plant; tree Amanda Meeks
squash calabaza, calabacines, auyamas, zapallos, huingo (Peru) abóbora flora-fauna Cucurbita sp. See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
cipó vine tamishi, bejuco, yare cipó flora-fauna Heteropsis spp. sʉ̃gã́da sɨ̃gã́da See Language page secondary forest, floodplain vine Amanda Meeks
fish poison, barbasco barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó flora-fauna Lonchocarpus spp. waainímagʉ waainímagɨ See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
hallucinogenic vine, banisterium, ayahuasca ayahuasca, yage ayahuasca, caapi flora-fauna Banisteriopsis caapi gapí gapí See Language page semi-domesticated, native to Amazonian basin, esp. NW vine Amanda Meeks
hallucinogenic snuff vilca, cebil, yopo paricá, yopo flora-fauna Anadenanthera sp. or virola See Language page Amanda Meeks
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic See Language page Amanda Meeks
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae pũ'tĩ́rã-bɨ̃ pũ'tĩ́rã-bɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
bullet ant, lesser giant hunter ant conga, hormiga yanabe (Colombia), isula (Peru), Hormiga Veinticuatro tocandira flora-fauna Paraponera clavata See Language page Amanda Meeks
leaf-cutter ant Colombia: zampopo, hormiga arriera; Venezuela: bachaco; Peru: curuhuinse saúva flora-fauna Atta sp. pṹtĩ́rã́mʉ́ pṹtĩ́ɾã́mɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
honeybee abeja abelha flora-fauna Apis mellifera; Tetragonisca angustula; Trigona amazonensis beeroámʉ beeɾoámɨ, wã'rã́rĩ́ (H&R) See Language page Amanda Meeks
cockroach cucaracha barata-do-mato flora-fauna order Blattaria sʉrírã́mʉ́ sɨɾíɾã́mɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
firefly, lightning bug lampírido, luciérnaga (Peru), añañahui (Peru), cocuyo (attributed Taino origin) vagalume flora-fauna fam: Elateridae, Fengodidae, Lampyridae See Language page Amanda Meeks
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna order Lepidoptera poogoró poogoɾó See Language page Amanda Meeks
moth mariposa nocturna, polilla mariposa flora-fauna order Lepidoptera peátúru peátúɾu See Language page Amanda Meeks
angleworm lombriz minhoca flora-fauna order Opisthopora See Language page Amanda Meeks
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna class Chilopoda See Language page Amanda Meeks
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna order Scorpiones corébaabá koɾébaabá See Language page Amanda Meeks
cicada cigarra, chicharra cigarra flora-fauna super fam. Cicadoidea See Language page Amanda Meeks
flea pulga pulga flora-fauna order Siphonaptera sĩ́nugã́me sĩ́nugã́me, sĩ́-dũ'gã́bẽ-bɨ̃ (H&R) See Language page Amanda Meeks
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera becámʉ́ becámʉ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
cricket saltón, grillo grilo flora-fauna family Gryllidae peápĩ́gã́ramʉ, poréro peápĩ́gã́ɾamɨ, poɾéɾo See Language page Amanda Meeks
edible palm-dwelling larva (palm weevil) suri, mojojoy larva, broca-do-coqueiro, aramandaiá flora-fauna Rhynchophorus sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna order Mantodea, family Mantidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles sp. bɨ̃'rẽ́ bɨ̃'rẽ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna order Isoptera burúámʉ́ bu'rúá-bɨ̃́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna superfam Ixodoidea See Language page Amanda Meeks
wasp avispa; specific type: ronzapa/ronsapa caba flora-fauna order Hymenoptera, sub: Apocrita utímʉ utímɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
snail caracol, churo (Peru) caracol flora-fauna class Gastropoda sʉ̃ʉ̃ĩ́ sɨ̃ɨ̃ĩ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnidae, Araneae bʉpʉ́ bɨpɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
jaguar yaguar, yaguareté, jaguar, otorongo (Peru), tigre (Peru) onca flora-fauna Panthera onca See Language page Amanda Meeks
manatee vaca marina, manatí peixe-boi flora-fauna Trichechus sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
brown woolly monkey Mono Lanudo Común, Choro, Churucu, mono choro (Peru), mono lanudo cafe, barrigudo de Humboldt macaco barrigudo flora-fauna Lagothrix lagothricha See Language page Amanda Meeks
howler monkey (red-handed) mono aullador, mono coto (Peru) guariba flora-fauna Alouatta belzebul [or other Alouatta sp.] oogʉ́ oʔ'gɨ́, oogɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
tufted capuchin monkey mono negro (Peru), Machín Negro, Maicero Cachón, mono maicero macaco prego flora-fauna Cebus apella ga'kí-jí̃ ga'kí-jí̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-fronted capuchin Machín Blanco, mono blanco, Maicero Cariblanco, mono blanco (Peru) Caiarara flora-fauna Cebus albifrons See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-fronted spider monkey Machin Blanco, Mono Araña de Vientre Amarillo, maquisapa (Peru), braceadora (Colombia) macaco aranha, coatá, quatá flora-fauna Ateles belzebuth/paniscus waaú waaú See Language page Amanda Meeks
opossum zarigüeya, rabipelado, zorro, zorrillo mucura flora-fauna family Didelphidae oá oá See Language page Amanda Meeks
giant otter Lobo Grande de Río, nutria gigante, lutria ariranha flora-fauna Pteronura brasiliensis See Language page Amanda Meeks
neotropical otter (small) Nutria, Lobo de Agua, lobito de rio, perro de agua (Colombia) lontra flora-fauna Lontra longicaudis diáñárã diáɲáɾã See Language page Amanda Meeks
collared peccary sajino, pecarí de collar, jabalf, Javelina, Saíno, Pecarí de Collar caititu, caetitu flora-fauna Pecari tajacu, Tayassu tajacu yesé mutĩ́rú jesé mutĩ́ɾú, je'sé (H&R) See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-lipped peccary Chancho de Monte, Cariblanco, Huangana queixada flora-fauna Tayassu pecari yesé sʉrígʉ́ jesé sɨɾígɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
porcupine puerco espín, erizo (Peru), casha cushillo (Peru) cuandu, porco-espinho flora-fauna family Erethizontidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
cotamundi, coatimundi Coatí, Tejón, Achuni, zorro guache quati flora-fauna genus Nasua See Language page Amanda Meeks
agouti (black agouti, black-rumped agouti) Guatusa Negra, Añuje, Agutí (black-rumped), picure, jochi colorado cutia flora-fauna Dasyprocta spp. bu'í bu'í See Language page Amanda Meeks
capybara Capibara, Carpincho, Ronsoco capivara flora-fauna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris diá 'wekɨ diá 'wekɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
green acouchi Guatín, Punchana, curi, picurito rabudo, picurito rabilargo cutiara flora-fauna Myoprocta pratti See Language page Amanda Meeks
paca (lowland) Guanta, Paca, Majaz, majás (Peru), labba (Guyana) paca flora-fauna Cuniculus paca (Agouti paca is sometimes used as well although cuniculus is the correct term.) sẽmé sẽ'bé̃, sẽmé See Language page Amanda Meeks
mouse, rat ratón camundongo, rata flora-fauna Mus musculus diipórabu mʉtãgãmʉ diipóɾabu mɨtãgãmɨ, diʔ'pórabu 'bẽ́gɨ̃gã See Language page Amanda Meeks
squirrel ardilla, danta (Ven) serelepe, quatipuru, esquilo flora-fauna family Sciuridae misõcã́ misõkã́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
tapir sachavaca, danta anta flora-fauna Tapirus terrestris wecʉ́ wekɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
deer venado veado, cariacu flora-fauna family Cervidae, esp. Odocoileus virginianus ñamá (=tripod) jã'bã́, ɲamá (=tripod) See Language page Amanda Meeks


Cultural Vocabulary (97)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material See Language page Ana Paula B.
basket, small canasta, canasto, cesta cesto pequeno, tampado culture-material See Language page Ana Paula B.
bead abalorio, mostacilla, cuenta, gota, puca; necklace=collar miçanga culture-material See Language page Ana Paula B.
bed cama cama culture-material oyáró ojáɾó See Language page Ana Paula B.
hammock hamaca, chinchorro rede culture-material pṹgʉ pṹgɨ See Language page Ana Paula B.
bench, seat banco, silla, asiento banco culture-material seepẽ́ro seepẽ́ɾo See Language page Ana Paula B.
canoe canoa canoa transport cũmá kũmá See Language page Ana Paula B.
drum (large signal) tambor, manguaré, maguaré (Colombia) tambor culture Used to be used by Tukanoan peoples (and others?), sound carried for long distances See Language page Ana Paula B.
drum tambor tambor culture-mythology tooatóré tooatóɾé See Language page Ana Paula B.
shaman, healer chamán, brujo xaman, pajé, feiticeiro culture-mythology jé (=jaguar) jé (=jaguar) In RN region, there is typically one person per village (if that) who is a full-fledged 'shaman'. He is very much a specialist and has considerable power to cure, as well as power to curse. He is respected and feared. Shamans are thought to turn themselv See Language page Ana Paula B.
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology Refers to a lower-level healer; in RN region, most older men in a village have this capacity, and command a repertoire of healing spells. Power is primarily for good, whereas the true shaman is capable of malignant acts as well. See Language page Ana Paula B.
broom escoba vassoura culture-material See Language page Ana Paula B.
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
fence, palisade cerco cerca other may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B.
firewood leña lenha other peá peá See Language page Ana Paula B.
Curupira (spirit type) Curupira, Madremonte Curupira culture-mythology malignant forest spirit, covered with long hair, feet turned backward; in Upper Rio Negro region See Language page Ana Paula B.
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
deity/powerful spirit/culture figure dios(es), deidad divinidade, figura mítica culture-mythology In RN region, frequently translates as 'Bone-Son', 'One on the bone', etc. See Language page Ana Paula B.
flute flauta, quena (Peru) flauta culture-mythology bojóru, tõrõdirú bohóɾu, tõɾõdiɾú multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B.
panpipe carrizo, zampoñas, flautas de pan, rondadora caniço, flauta de pã culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
hollow log/trough for beer-making canoa para chicha cocho de caxiri narcotics See Language page Ana Paula B.
ritual song cycle (kapiwaya) kapiwaya capiwaya culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
knife cuchillo faca culture-material wiirimágĩgã wiiɾimágĩgã See Language page Ana Paula B.
machete machete facão culture-material wiirimájĩ wiiɾimáhĩ See Language page Ana Paula B.
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool cõmé kõmé especially for clearing fields See Language page Ana Paula B.
arrow flecha flecha subsistence tool gãrʉ̃́gʉ̃́ gãɾɨ̃́gɨ̃́ hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
spear lanza lança subsistence tool saa'ré-rí-bã́hĩ́ saa'ré-rí-bã́hĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula B.
bow arco arco subsistence tool sĩĩríturo sĩĩɾítuɾo arco See Language page Ana Paula B.
paddle/oar remo remo transport wejábu wehábu See Language page Ana Paula B.
plate plato prato culture-material See Language page Ana Paula B.
pot olla, pote panela, vasilha subsistence tool cõmésoro, quĩ́pũsoro (de barro) kõmésoɾo, kĩ́pũsoɾo (de barro) See Language page Ana Paula B.
basin/bowl tazón, plato hondo, taza tijela culture-material sorópá soɾópá See Language page Ana Paula B.
griddle for cooking flatbread tiesto (Colombia), budare (Venezuela), tortera (Peru) forno para beiju subsistence tool agriculture? See Language page Ana Paula B.
rattle matraca, maraca marico, chocalho culture-mythology jã'sã́-rũ jã'sã́-rũ See Language page Ana Paula B.
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula B.
wax cera cera other See Language page Ana Paula B.
honey miel mel food only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B.
stone for lighting fires piedra para hacer fuego pedra para acender fogo culture-material See Language page Ana Paula B.
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture pṹ-gubu pṹ-gubu See Language page Ana Paula B.
tattoo tatuaje, tatu tatuagem culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
thatch/roof crisneja palha, caraná culture-material See Language page Ana Paula B.
yurupari, jurupari (or any flutes forbidden to women) yurupari jurupari culture-mythology a ritual complex in various parts of Amazonia involving sacred flutes/trumpets, forbidden to women. See Language page Ana Paula B.
fetish, charm fetiche, encanto, filtro de amor, pusanga feitiço, puçanga culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
feather headdress plumaje, corona de plumas enfeite/capacete de penas culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
school escuela escola acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
bottle botella garrafa acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
paper papel papel acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
chicken gallina galinha acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other See Language page Ana Paula B.
sugarcane/sugar azúcar, caña de azúcar açucar (de cana) acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material See Language page Ana Paula B.
shoes zapatos sapatos dress See Language page Ana Paula B.
policeman polícia policía acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
soldier soldado soldado acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
cat gato gato acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation See Language page Ana Paula B.
hat sombero chapéu dress See Language page Ana Paula B.
chief/leader jefe, cacique chefe culture-mythology o'pɨ́ o'pɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula B.
club garrote, cachiporra clava, porrete subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula B.
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress See Language page Ana Paula B.
fireplace hogar lareira other See Language page Ana Paula B.
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula B.
salt sal sal food bõ'ã́ bõ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula B.
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology See Language page Ana Paula B.
blowgun cerbatana, pucuna (Peru) zarabatana subsistence tool bo'hó-ru bo'hó-ru currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B.
dart (blowgun) dardo, birote (Peru), bala (Peru) dardo, seta subsistence tool hunting and warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
fan abanico abanador, abano subsistence tool esp. for fanning a cooking fire See Language page Ana Paula B.
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food wejé-ri wehé-ɾi See Language page Ana Paula B.
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food See Language page Ana Paula B.
hunt cazar caçar food See Language page Ana Paula B.
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food Interesting correlation to 'fish' in Tukanoan languages See Language page Ana Paula B.
gourd (dipper/bowl) cucharón, pate (Peru), totomo, totuma, totumo cuia subsistence tool waaimáro waaimáɾo; kooa-'rú ('gourd', H&R) See Language page Ana Paula B.
grater rallador, rallo ralador, ralo subsistence tool sũũgũrú sũũgũɾú esp. for grating manioc, but can be used for other things as well See Language page Ana Paula B.
grid of sticks for smoking meat or placing objects (shelf) barbacoa jirau subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula B.
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula B.
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula B.
fermented drink masato, chicha caxiri, chicha culture peyárú pejáɾú prioritizes manioc beer where distinction is made See Language page Ana Paula B.
flour/meal from manioc fariña, mañoco (Venezuela); harina farinha food poogá poogá agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
flat bread, cassava bread pan de yuca, casabe/cazabe beiju food usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B.
starch (tapioca, other) almidón goma de tapioca food werá weɾá See Language page Ana Paula B.
tapioca drink, mingau cahuana, caguana mingau food agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
tipiti (manioc squeezer) tipiti, matafrio, sebucán, exprimador, prensa para yuca tipiti food word of Tupi origin; agriculture: specifically for squeezing poison out of manioc See Language page Ana Paula B.
tripod for washing manioc trípode tripé subsistence tool ñamá (= deer) ɲamá (= deer) agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
venom for darts, poison veneno curare subsistence tool hunting, currently is falling out of use in Vaupés region, associated primarily with h-g groups (but this may be recent?) See Language page Ana Paula B.
woven strainer/sieve colador tejido, cedazo (Peru), cernedor (Peru) peneira, cumatá subsistence tool agriculture? commonly used for sifting dry manioc flour See Language page Ana Paula B.
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool can refer to worms; more generic See Language page Ana Paula B.
fishtrap trampa de peces, trampa matapi, cacuri subsistence tool tʉrí tɨɾí See Language page Ana Paula B.
bottom grinding stone manufacture if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
digging stick subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture use word for top grinding stone if different from bottom stone See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
spearthrower subsistence tool See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
house other wií wií See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
Linguistic exogamy