blowfly/housefly

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
mosca
Meaning Portuguese
mosca

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Diptera mo'-ni fly loan Yokuts Yowlumne mo-noi; Tinlinne mo'-ni same underived C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-465 0 0 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Diptera ana-muih Fly inheritance *muwi/muCpi Numic Stubbs 887 (2008:151) same phrase ana- (sometimes in a “mosquito” word? plus 'fly' Crapo 1976:133 0 0 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Diptera ʔáʔawet ˈʔaʔawet fly unique narrower (does not include “horsefly”, pi7pish) derived ˈʔaʔa-wet root - augmentative no info Seiler & Hioki 1979:21 no info 0 one of Temayewet's creatures (Seiler 1970:44) 0 no info no info no info no info 0 0 All Americas All habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Diptera homó:košu- fly unique First element homo: shared with Mip, Mins phrase meaning of elements unknown Freeland & Broadbent 1960 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Diptera mú·pitsI housefly inheritance *muCpi- Proto-Numic Stubbs 887 (2008:151) same other complex has -tsI Diminutive Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Diptera ʔaxulpes a fly inheritance *axulpes Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:86-7 phrase meaming of elements unknown for lack of dictionary Beeler 1978:174 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Diptera 7axunpes fly inheritance *axulpes Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:86-7 phrase but unanalyzable Klar 1977:86 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Diptera tapuleqe fly inheritance *axulpes Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:87; I don't believe this one, but she is obviously invoking metathesis unknown Klar 1977:87 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Diptera 7axunpes (Pinart has paopao) fly inheritance *axulpes Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:87: Pinart form also Harrington pawapaw “flies”;, axunpes is “mosquito in Harrington III:91:0106 phrase meaning of elements unknown Klar 1977:87 0 0 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Diptera şxlʸmu fly, housefly (Musa domestica) inheritance Proto-Yuman Mojave thily'ahmo same underived Crawford 1989 0 0 0 0 0 no
Comanche Diptera animui housefly inheritance *muwi/muCi Numic Stubbs 887 (2008;151) same phrase X-fly (ani is a different set in “mosquito”???) Robinson & Armagost 1990:164 0 0 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Diptera ku'al ˈkuʔal fly, bedbug inheritance *kuʔa- Takic S893 (Stubbs 2009:152), and see “flea” with same root broader (includes other annoying insects -- but maggots in Cu. are sivuyel, not ku'al) other complex ˈkuʔa-l fly-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:162 0 Fly opens the Underworld for dead bodies (Hill & Nolasquez 1973:2) 0 no N/A N/A N/A 0 0 global diverse habitats no
Esselen Diptera mumiru-x fly loan Costanoan compares Costanoan mumurV-(k/x) other complex -x classifier suffix -x Shaul 1988:696 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Diptera pi:cukwar ˈpi:ʧukʷar fly unique contains S893 and a widely-distributed first element in unique compound; contains contains Stubbs 1184 *pitti, also in “hummingbird” same other complex ˈpi:ʧukʷa-r fly-npn (etymologically, ˈpi:ʧu-kʷa-r ?-grub) -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Harrington159, 541, 601 no info 0 0 larvae (McC 121) 0 gathered (wild) all often eaten raw as found (McC 121) 0 0 Global diverse (depends on species) no
Iipay 'Aa Diptera mechhaapuully fly unique same underived mech- probably separable but meaningless Couro & Hutcheson 1973 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Diptera muu-pi-ži fly inheritance *muwi-/*muCpi Proto-Numic Stubbs 887 (2008:151) same other complex muu-pi-ži fly-ABS-ABS Zigmond et al. 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Diptera c?in housefly unique same underived Mixco 1985 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Diptera picucuʔač ˈpiʦuʦuʔaʧr fly inheritance Serran see Gab. pi:cukwar; probably a regional element here, it's in Tub “horsefly” also; contains Stubbs 1184 *pitti, also in “hummingbird” same other complex ˈpiʦuʦuʔa-ʧr -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:470 no info 0 0 larvae probably eaten no info gathered (wild) all no info 0 0 global Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Diptera hakáali fly unique underived Callaghan 1965 0 0 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Diptera ku'áal kuˈʔa:l fly, maggot inheritance *kuʔa- Takic S893 (Stubbs 2009:152), and see “flea” with same root broader (includes maggot) other complex kuˈʔa:-l fly/maggot-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:405 no info 0 0 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 global diverse (depends on species) no
Maidu Diptera p'ic'ík'uk'ù fly loan Wintun Miwok? Serrano? FIND AND MAP reduplicated widespread form, presumably etymologically complex Shipley 1963 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mojave Diptera thily'ahmo type of fly (word appears in “fly swatter” so presumably includes houseflies) inheritance Proto-Yuman Cocopa şxlʸmu; Yuma xaly7asmo/ Halpern 3:208 same underived Munro et al.1992 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Diptera mu:muri fly inheritance *mu:muri, *mum:uri Costanoan Callagan 2001:326 reduplicated from [mumir] Okrand 1977:131 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Diptera hu:, hu:no fly (CHM has em-mă-loo-lă) unique underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 0 0 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Diptera mooebe Fly inheritance *muwi-/*muCpi Numic Stubbs 887 (2008:151) same other complex has -pi ABS Yerington Dictionary 0 0 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Diptera homo:maj-y-; homom:aj-y-? fly inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mip compound, other complex homo-, -y nominalizer Callaghan 1987 0 0 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Diptera hom:om:a:je- housefly inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mins other complex -:a:je is suffix Callaghan 1984 0 0 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Diptera (7)owa:tén fly unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:122; Turner 1980:73 0 0 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Diptera a:we:té< fly unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:122 0 0 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Diptera xcoomoj housefly unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 583 0 0 0 0 0 no
Serrano Diptera pi:c(i)cua7-T fly unique Serran see Gab. pi:cukwar; probably a regional element here, it's in Tub “horsefly” also; contains Stubbs 1184 *pitti, also in “hummingbird” other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:44 0 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Diptera mo:pitcA fly inheritance *muwi-/*muCpi Proto-Numic Stubbs 887 (2008:151) same underived I don't know what the tcA is! Sapir 1930:573 0 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Diptera 7uc:um- fly inheritance Sierra Miwokan only See Mics 7uc:umu 'worm' underived Broadbent 1964: 0 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Diptera múua-vI fly inheritance *muwi-/*muCpi Numic Stubbs 887 (2008:151) unknown Givon 1979 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Diptera pichōkisht piʤo:ˈtiʃt horsefly unique see Gabrielino ˈpi:ʧukʷar “fly”, Kitanemuk picucuʔač “fly”; some kind of regional element here. Note Maidu p'ic'ík'uk'ù same other complex piʤo:ˈgiʃ-t horsefly-npn (root has historical derivation) Hill 2010:71 0 a story character 0 Voegelin 1938:12 0 0 0 global Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Diptera muipia fly inheritance *muwi-/*muCpi Proto-Numic Stubbs 887 (2008:151) same underived Dayley 1989:108 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wappo Diptera chíw fly, housefly (CHM confirms 52:579) unique Note Yukian *č'op, *č'opi, *č'opa underived Sawyer 1965 0 0 0 0 0 no
Washo Diptera pú:t'e7 fly (in WPD “mosquito”, but appears in “fly swatter”) unique underived Merriam 55:313; WPD 0 0 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Diptera muwibi housefly inheritance *muwi-/*muCpi/ Proto-Numic Stubbs 887 (2008:151) same derived -pi Bethel et al.:81 no info 0 0 no N/A N/A N/A 0 0 no
Wintu Diptera xilit fly, flies unique other complex Pitkin 1985 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Diptera θmpû·rka fly n. inheritance *smpul Proto-Yuman Langdon 1979:637 FLY *şlmu; (*smpul “mosquito”) unknown Shaterian 1983 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Diptera b'onitskai fly inheritance *p'an'isk'aj ?? Yokutsan Callaghan 2001:326, same other complex *p'an “world” ... in Yawdanchi (Kroeber 1907:237) Kroeber 1961:205 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Diptera p'anuckai fly inheritance *p'an'isk'aj ?? Yokutsan Callaghan 2001:326 same phrase p'an world K 1907:237 Kroeber 1961:205 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Diptera g'amâca fly inheritance *k'ama:šiɂ/aɂ Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:62 unknown Kroeber 1961:205 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yuki Diptera č'o:pe F fly inheritance *č'op, *č'opi, *č'opa ? Yukian Schlichter 1985; note Wappo chiw “fly, housefly” underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yuma Diptera xaly7asmo/ Fly inheritance Proto-Yuman Cocopa şxlʸmu unknown Merriam 61:465, Halpern 3:208 0 0 0 0 0 no
Akawaio Diptera weruuwee weruwe housefly inheritance Northern Carib? cf. Tacanan *we(ře)we(ře), West Tuk were See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Diptera doólo, dóota; tootoni (H&R92) doólo, dóota inheritance Baniwa-Tariana subgroup Also tootoni (H&R92) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Diptera werewere (fly) (SM) βere'βere (?, H&R) fly' inheritance Northern Carib? cf. Tacanan *we(ře)we(ře), West Tuk were See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Diptera tãitébo tãitébo unique May be cognat with Secoya term uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw Diptera çop cɔp unique underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Diptera becapuru, be'ká-bɨ̃, bõ'bã́-bɨ̃ bekapuɾu, be'ká-bɨ̃, bõ'bã́-bɨ̃ inheritance East Tukanoan Also bõ'bã́-bɨ̃ uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Diptera tyuwinke (IDS) tʃuwinke (IDS) unique See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Diptera dáetʃn-it dáetʃn-it inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Diptera nɨ'nɨ unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Waorani Diptera gobõbõ unique missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup Diptera j'ɨj'ɨ̌b', hǒh, wowǒw ɟ'ɨɟ'ɨ̌b', hǒh, wowǒw unique reduplicated See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Pattie Epps
Kakua Diptera ~dâlapdârap ~dâlap unique reduplicated See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Diptera rin rin inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Diptera ainumɨ (generic fly), turɨ' (horsefly) (SM) ainumɨ, turɨʔ (SM) generic fly unique Also turɨʔ 'horsefly' See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Diptera meru meru inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam Diptera rõo (EM72) rõo (EM72) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Nukak Diptera heno1 ni4 unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no
Maihiki Diptera gana ago gana ago unknown cf. Northern Emberá Also bati uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Pemon Diptera werwee (E1977) wɛrwe (E1977) inheritance Northern Carib? cf. Tacanan *we(ře)we(ře), West Tuk were See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Diptera heété heété loan Bora Bora έέtʰɛpa uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Sanumá Diptera moo (EM72) mo: inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani Diptera daina dáina-to inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tariana Diptera dó:lo dó:lo inheritance Baniwa-Tariana subgroup uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Tukano Diptera bekoá-wɨ̃, mɨtê-po'ro bekoá-wɨ̃, mɨtê-po'ro inheritance East Tukanoan Also bõã́rã-wɨ̃ uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Diptera flies: ~khobada (Stenzel); comanairo (Waltz); wihminairo (Waltz) kʰõmãnã (Stenzel); komanaiɾo (Waltz); wihminaiɾo (Waltz) unique Cognate Wanano and Piratapuyo. Also komanaiɾo, wihminaiɾo (Waltz) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Diptera tʰaruˀbaru tʰaruˀbaru unknown See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Yanomam Diptera mroro (EM72) mɾoɾo inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yanomami Diptera mrõõ mɾõõ inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Diptera jamu'uná, jamo'oná hamuʔuná, hamoʔoná unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Bardi Diptera ŋur ŋur ŋur ŋur unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Bunuba Diptera ngirrinyi ngirrinyi loan into protolanguage ngirrinyi Bunuban Walmajarri WW %ngurriny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Burarra Diptera muya muya unknown simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhangu Diptera wurruḻuḻ(') wurruḻuḻ(') inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhay’yi Diptera missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhuwal Diptera wurruḻuḻ(') guthiŋaḻi' unknown simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Djinang Diptera ṉunydjirri burli unknown simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gajirrabeng Diptera boornoong purnung inheritance purnung Jarragan also goonama, ngoorriny loans underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gooniyandi Diptera ngirrinyi ngirrinyi loan into protolanguage ngirrinyi Bunuban Walmajarri WW %ngurriny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gumatj Diptera wurruḻuḻ(') wurruḻuḻ(') inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gupapuyngu Diptera wurruḻuḻ(') wurrulhulh(7) inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gurindji Diptera warlngin warlngin loan Wardaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Guugu Yimidhirr Diptera thabaga thabaga unique underived 0 0 0 0 0
Jaminjung Diptera kunama kunama unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jaru Diptera ngurriny ngurriny inheritance ngurriny Ngumpin-Yapa WW %ngurriny uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jingulu Diptera yimarnnga yimarnnga unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Karajarri Diptera bandal mana bandal mana unique derived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kija Diptera purnul purnul inheritance purnu Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Koko-Bera Diptera werrpér werrpér fly unique simplex
Kuku-Thaypan Diptera amang+amang amang+amang inheritance reduplication reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuku-Yalanji Diptera burul-burul burul-burul unique Resembles Tjaapukay /barabara/. reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kurtjar Diptera nyeen nyeen loan Loan status assumed because of failure to initial-drop; sourec language not known but cf. YYoront nhen. underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuuk Thaayorre Diptera ngoonto; ruurr- ngoonto; ruurr- unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mangala Diptera ŋurita ŋurita unique rel to %NGURRINY? underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mbabaram Diptera ajirr ajirr unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Miriwung Diptera buneng buneng inheritance purnu Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngandi Diptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngarinyin Diptera nganawarra nganawarra inheritance *ngarnawarra proto-Worrorran uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngumbarl Diptera moogain moogain inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nimanburru Diptera mogonj mogonj inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyangumarta Diptera warrayi warrayi unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyikina Diptera ngirrinyi ngirrinyi loan Walmajarri NGURRINY earlier form WW %ngurriny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyulnyul Diptera mungun mungun inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Pakanh Diptera thawa; mayi- mayi-thawa unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Rembarrnga Diptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ritharrngu Diptera wurruḻuḻ(') wurrurlurl(7) inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tjaapukay Diptera barabara parapara common fly inheritance *parapara pYTj To Yidiny. Resembles KYal /burulburul/ reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Olkol Diptera awiny & andur; egng- awiñ & egng-andur fly unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Oykangand Diptera antur; egng egng-antur fly unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Walmajarri Diptera ngurriny ngurriny inheritance ngurriny Ngumpin-Yapa also wirrika WW %ngurriny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wardaman Diptera warlngin warlngin unknown uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Warlpiri Diptera amenge yumangi ~ yimangi loan Arandic also yimangi; Arrernte & Kaytetye amenge underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wik Ngathan Diptera nhaan nhaan fly inheritance *ña:ni or *ñi:ni pWesternCYP (??) Variants incl. *ñi:ñi underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Worrorra Diptera ngarnawarra ngarnawarra inheritance *ngarnawarra proto-Worrorran uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yan-nhangu Diptera buṯthun buṯthun unknown simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yawuru Diptera guburru; rawal; winy; biyarrambin guburru; rawal; winy; biyarrambin unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yidiny Diptera barabara (TCG) barabara (TCG) inheritance *parapara pYTj To Tjaapukay /barabara/. Resembles KYal /burulburul/ reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yir-Yoront Diptera nhen nhen inheritance *ñi:ni local problematic underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Achagua Diptera hulédiru hulédiru inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Diptera pùledèru (mosca casera) pùledèru (mosca casera) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Diptera julétsilu julétsilu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi Diptera holowe holowe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure Diptera a'ro a'ro unknown cf. TG meru See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá Diptera itizi (Postigo2011) itiʒi (Postigo2011) unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Diptera éétʰepa, tsʰïïʔéï, naʔpa έέtʰɛpa, tsʰïïʔέï, naʔpa unknown; loan, direction unknown éétʰepa: loan into Resigaro; tsʰïïʔé shared Andoke See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Diptera gíinixa gíinixa See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Diptera erere, moromoro erere, moromoro inheritance cf. Tacanan *we(ře)we(ře), West Tuk were See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Tiriyó Diptera werewere werewere inheritance cf. Tacanan *we(ře)we(ře), West Tuk were See Language page Becky Walker
Mapoyo Diptera werewere werewere See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Diptera were-were were-were inheritance cf. Tacanan *we(ře)we(ře), West Tuk were See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa Diptera kɨyaku (fly) (SM) kɨyaku (fly) (SM); kɨjã́ku, eréji (H&R) See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Muisca Diptera ybsa ɨβsa See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Diptera ĩŋgánana ĩŋgánana; ɨ̃kʰánana (H&R) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán Diptera tenquén'cho tɛ̡kɛnʔtʃo See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Páez Diptera ap, finei ap, finei; ɸĩʃ, ɸneh (H&R) See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna Diptera murenũ muɾenũ unique cf. Tupi-Guarani See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Diptera alabeḍza alabetʃa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Diptera ʃatsɨbiána ʃatsɨbiána See Language page Daniel Valle
Andoke Diptera tsihé(h) (RW52); du'nẽ 'blue fly' tsihé(h) (RW52); duʔnẽ 'blue fly' loan, direction unknown Bora See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Diptera pɨ̃rɨ̃ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave Diptera tõn tõn unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar Diptera káap kã:p See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa Diptera yantsakaap, kaap jantsaka:p, ka:p See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Diptera kaáp ka:p inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses Diptera manua manua unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo Diptera ṣ̌aβina; naka ṣ̌aβina; naka inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua Diptera nuwačatu nuwatʃatu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá Diptera chuspi tʃúspi (H&R) See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano Diptera chuspi tʃuspi See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa Diptera na'nɨeh naɁnɨeh unknown See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Diptera pulutoo pulutoː unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano Diptera bekó bekó See Language page Amanda Meeks
Carapana Diptera be'kóá-bɨ̃ be'kóá-bɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Makuna Diptera beco beko inheritance See Language page Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Diptera 'wĩ́ĩjã 'wĩ́ĩjã See Language page Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Diptera ko'bãdãɨ̃ ko'bãdãɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Siriano Diptera becámʉ́ becámʉ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Diptera be'koa be'koa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Diptera be'kó'á-bɨ̃ be'kó'á-bɨ̃ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Diptera be'kóa-wɨ̃ be'kóa-wɨ̃ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Diptera bekʰõá bekʰõá See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Diptera βere, mi'a βere, miʔa loan; inheritance Carijona? werewere See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona Diptera mi'a miʔa loan; inheritance Carijona? werewere See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Diptera sa'yaë, tëte pe'ko See Language page Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Diptera mãrãm mãɾãm inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi Diptera mɛlu mɛlu inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó Diptera meru; aču meru; aču inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Diptera meirup meirup inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Diptera áánbeco ã́ã́beko unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Diptera ïníkï ïníkï See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Diptera ïníkï ïníkï See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Diptera ïnikï ɯnikɯ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Diptera sɨnaqu'ɨraaja (sp., blue body) sɨnak'ɨraaha (sp., blue body) unknown See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Wari Diptera tohwaraʔ (Sousa2009) tohwaraʔ (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Diptera we'we we'we See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Diptera hewewero; da-ka-nabo; tipesi hewewero; da-ka-nabo; tipesi See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara Diptera chhichhilankha čʰičʰilʸankʰa See Language page PLE
Kwazá Diptera pororõtɛ pororõtɛ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima Diptera ɗumui ɗumui See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai Diptera meru; meiot meru; meiot See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang Diptera ka tành (ka=mosquito; tành=to kill) ka təɲ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi Diptera kuhenĩ kuhenĩ See Language page PLE
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ana-muih, anka-muih inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla a'awet unique S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok homo/:koshu- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi muu/pic(i) “housefly” loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7axulpes inheritance Klar 1977:87 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7ulupawapawA inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7axunpes inheritance Klar 1977)86 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tapuleqe inheritance Klar 1977:87 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno -pawapaw "any fly" inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa Sxlymu inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche anImuI inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño ku'al [kuɁəl] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen mumiru-x loan direction unknown Shaul 1988:696 Jane Hill
Gabrielino pi:cukwar loan Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa mechhaapuuly, mes-haapuuly [məʧxaˑˈpuˑ˅ʎ], [məs xaˑˈpuˑ˅ʎ] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu muu-pi-zhi loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa ch7in unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk picucu7ach loan Jane Hill
Lake Miwok haka/ali unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño kwa7a:-l, ku7a:-l inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu p'ic'i/k'uk'u\ loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Mojave thily'ahmo inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun mu:muri loan direction unknown O77:131 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute muibi loan into protolanguage SAA 1982:11 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok homo:maj-y-, homom:aj-y- (?) loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hom:om:a:je- and variants loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A awa:te/n (A) unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M a:we:te/H 'fly' unknown Mason 1918:122 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) xcoomoj “housefly” unknown Jane Hill
Serrano pi:c(i)cua7-T loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Southern Paiute mo:p:itca-tsi loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok pat:akal-ma- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute muuavI loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Tübatulabal pitchookisht “horsefly” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone angipi inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo cHi/w unknown Jane Hill
Washo hy/:k'a unknown J166 Jane Hill
Western Mono muwi/bi loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Jane Hill
Wintu xilit unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai thmpu^:rka, thImpu^:rka I is i subdot unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami b'onitskai unknown K 1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi mumai “blowfly” 242 A w/ umlaut loan into protolanguage, direction unknown K07:242 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne moon'ay N44W loan direction unknown K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki ch'o:pe, ch'op, ch'opi inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma xaly7asmo/ H3:208 inheritance Jane Hill
Arabana maRa-malka unique Claire Bowern
Bardi ngurrungurru ngurrungurru inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra wurrurlul loan Yolngu Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal gathiŋaḻi(') Claire Bowern
Dhuwala gathiŋaḻi(') unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari muumuu unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU muumuu unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu muwar unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu gathiŋaḻi(') unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang murruḻaḻ doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng boornoong inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gurindji walngirn loan Wardaman Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr mukany mukany inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru ngurriny inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi noora noora nurra nurra inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri rawal inheritance CHECK Claire Bowern
Kija purnu inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala purrmuru inheritance CHECK Claire Bowern
Miriwung booneng inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka munggugu unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra kungurlurla Claire Bowern
Mudburra kunama unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini munytyuRunga doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Ngarluma guthubulgura unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl moogain <moogain> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru momor momor unique Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla purrmuru Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta kurrikala loan CHECK Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 4338 loan Kariyarra Claire Bowern
Nyikina warnminy warnminy inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul mukiny mukiny inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi buḷara unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta muki inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu maḻamaḻ unknown Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngurriny inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru murrungka inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa murnur; warnminy warnminy inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu rraypirraypi unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha mundjurrunga unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka munjurunga unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru biyarrambin biyarrambin inheritance Claire Bowern