Guugu Yimidhirr

Family
Unknown Australia
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
Location
0.00°, 0.00°
Notes
Features
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Data Sources
none


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (128)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
agile wallaby, river wallaby flora-fauna Macropus agilis missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae giira giira unique Source of KYal /kira-kira/ 'black ant' underived 0 0 0 0 0
Australian pelican flora-fauna Pelecanus conspicillatus bilu-warra biluwarra pelican [also 'lame person'] unique A number of Australian-language 'pelican' terms contain 'hip', a reference to their awkward walk [P Sutton]. KYal /biluwarra/, probably mistranslated as 'spoonbill', is a loan from this. compound Noun (bilu 'hip') + Adj (warra 'bad, no good'): 'hip no-good' 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian snubfin dolphin flora-fauna Orcaella heinsohnii wurruuyga wurruuyga porpoise unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
baler shell flora-fauna Melo amphora thigay thigay large shell used for boiling water unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bandicoot flora-fauna Peramelemorphia missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
barn owl flora-fauna Tyto alba thiwaay & bunyja & nguurrgu thiwaay & buñja & nguurrgu night owl (sp[presumed barn owl]) & night owl (sp [presumed small]) & night owl (sp) inheritance *ciwa pEastern Poss. pPNy. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
barramundi flora-fauna Lates calcarifer murrabal murrabal barramundi loan *murrabal pGYim-KYal Kuku-Yalanji /murrabal/ is Nyungkul dialect, not KYal proper. Loan status in GYim is a possibility because of failure of V2 to lengthen. unknown 1 1 0 0 0 no
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp thibuul thiibuul unique underived 0 1 0 0 0
bindii, caltrop flora-fauna Tribulus terrestris missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna jijirr jijirr unique underived Poss. reduplication 0 0 0 0 0
black-breasted buzzard flora-fauna Hamirostra melanosternon missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-faced cuckoo-shrike flora-fauna Coracina novaehollandiae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-headed python flora-fauna Aspidites melanocephalus missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
black-soil yam flora-fauna Ipomoea diamantinensis missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
bloodwood flora-fauna Eucalyptus (Corymbia) bleeseri babatha babatha bloodwood loan direction unknown *papacaka local Kuku-Yalanji to KYal /babajaka/ underived ? 0 1 1 0 0 no
blowfly maggots flora-fauna Diptera, Sarcophagidae madi-madi madimadi maggot unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
blue-tongue lizard flora-fauna Tiliqua species gulgul gulgul blue-tongued lizard unique reduplicated 0 1 1 Fights w. taipan; its flesh (it eats roots of the /yiranh/ tree to cure snakebite) is a cure for snakebite 0 0 no
blue-winged kookaburra flora-fauna Dacelo leachii gugaa & gurruulga gugaa & gurruulga kookaburra [two spp, no further info as to which is which] unique /gugaa/ (and poss. also /gurruulga) is probably sound-symbolic; /gugaa/ could be regularly cognate w Duungidjawu /kukaka/; resembles reflexs of pPaman *kungkaka but cannot be a continuation of this. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bluebone flora-fauna Choerodon cyanodus mugaji mugaji bluefish sp. unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
brolga flora-fauna Grus rubicunda gurrbal gurrbal native companion inheritance To KYal and Flinders Island; poss. wider distribution. The /kurr/ part occurrs in a widespread reduplicative pattern imitative of the call. underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
brown goshawk flora-fauna Accipiter fasciatus galin-galin galingalin brown hawk unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
brush-tailed possum flora-fauna Trichosurus vulpecula gulaan gulaan opossum inheritance *kulan pPaman Attested also in Biri (Maric) and Yugambeh. Long V2 in Yimithirr (GHav; KLH recorded short V2) indicates former 3rd syllable, apparently not supported in other evidence except nearby Almura underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush cockroach flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bush stone-curlew flora-fauna Burhinus grallarius guyiir & buulbanh guyiir & buulbanh curlew, night bird sp. & calew [stress 2nd syll: local English pronunciation of curlew] unique KYal /kuyir/ is poss a loan from this. underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
bush tobacco flora-fauna Lobelia quadrangularis yiranh yiranh leaves smoked as wild tobacco unique underived 0 0 0 1 0 no
bush turkey, Australian bustard flora-fauna Ardeotis australis wungguurrga wungguurrga plains turkey unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush yam flora-fauna Vigna lanceolata var. lanceolata baabuunh baabuunh vine sp, edible (Avicennia officinalis, but poss. Vigna lutea) unique underived 0 1 2 0 1 no
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna Lepidoptera walbuulbul walbuulbul moth, butterfly (also sharpwinged stingray sp) loan direction unknown *walbulV local Kuku-Yalanji To KYal /walbul-walbul/; poss loan, source not determined reduplicated partial 0 0 0 0 0 no
carpet snake flora-fauna Morelia spilota gabul gabul inheritance 0 1 0 0 0
caterpillar flora-fauna Lepidoptera buunhurr buunhurr caterpillar (spins poisonous stinging nest) [evidently not generic], womb unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
catfish flora-fauna (many species) muurrar muurrar black catfish, fw (also 'mud-cod' unique unknown 0 1 0 0 0 no
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna Chilopoda, Myriapoda gaalaaya gaalaaya centipede unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
channel-billed cuckoo flora-fauna Scythops novaehollandiae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
crested pigeon flora-fauna Ocyphaps lophotes murrumul murrumul green or blue pigeon unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
darter/cormorant flora-fauna Anhinga melanogaster, Phalacrocorax species daayba daayba diver, black waterbird with long neck loan English underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
death adder, five-minute snake flora-fauna Acanthophis praelongus walanggar walanggar death adder unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 yes
dingo flora-fauna Canis familiaris dingo gudaa yinil & ngamu ngaatharr & ngaatharr gudaa yinil & ngamu ngaatharr & ngaatharr wild dog (i.e., dingo) & dingo & dog, dingo unique /gudaa/ 'dog' and /yinil/ 'wild, timid' continue from pPaman *kutaka and *yini- respectively. phrase Noun + Adj. 0 0 0 0 0 no
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis familiaris gudaa & ngaatharr gudaa & ngaatharr inheritance Poss. (as *kuta) more widespread. underived 0 0 0 0 0
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae dunguuyngga & thuril-thuril dunguuyngga & thuril-thuril unique underived /thurilthuril/ identity questioned in source 0 1 0 0 0
dugong flora-fauna Dugon dugong girrbathi & munhaarri girrbathi & munhaarri dugong & dugong [synonyms?] loan Kuku-Yalanji KYal /girbaji/; expected GYim reflex of *kirpaci would be **kir(r)paath/y. underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
earthworm flora-fauna Annelida, Oligochaeta thabulin thabulin worm unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
emu flora-fauna Dromaius novaehollandiae burriway ~ burriwi burriway ~ burriwi emu inheritance *purriwi pPaman underived 2 1 eggs in season in June 2 0 0 no
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna guyu & guuju guyu & guuju inheritance *kuyu or *kuya; not clear what if any the etymological relation of /kuuju/ is. /guyuu/ is 'milk, breast'. underived 0 1 0 0 0
flower flora-fauna (NA) ngan-ga ngan.ga flower, feather loan direction unknown *nganka PGyim-KYal To Kyal /nganka/ 'blossom' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera thabaga thabaga unique underived 0 0 0 0 0
flying-fox (generic) flora-fauna (many species) gaambi & jungginh & thulgu & wagul & manu-wuthuga & bangguurrga gaambi & jungginh & thulgu & wagul & manuwuthuga & bangguurrga ff & ff & large black ff sp & brown ff sp & ff sp w hairy neck & small ff sp w thin fur inheritance *kaampi local To KThaaypan underived The respect term mulbuur covers both jungginh and gaambi 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus johnstoni thanhthithirr thanhthithirr river crocodile unique underived ? The respect term for any crocodile or large lizard is wayin. 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater mussel flora-fauna Velesunio wilsoni thuwan-ga thuwan.ga FW mussel, Cyrena jukesii unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
freshwater prawn flora-fauna Macrobrachium rosenbergii yilnggurr yilnggurr crayfish unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frill-necked lizard flora-fauna Chlamydosaurus kingii bunyjul buñjul frill lizard unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frog (generic) flora-fauna (many species) thandaar & thanamundi & garrgurr thandaar & thanamundi & garrgurr frog & green frog & sand frog inheritance *canta+ pEastern Questionable: /thandaar/ poss. to Muruwari /thantay/ 'frog'. /thanamundi/ is unique, but garrgurr 'sand frog' is cognate w KYal karrkurr 'green frog' underived /thandaar/ is apparently generic 0 0 0 0 0 no
galah flora-fauna Eolophus roseicapilla missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
turtle (generic) flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing /buunhtha/ 'male turtle' and /maamiingu/ 'female' poss. define a taxon. 0 1 0 0 0 no
ghost gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus papuana (Corymbia bella) missing missing missing 2 0 1 0 0 no
goanna (generic) or sand goanna flora-fauna Varanus spp thagay & walmbarra & barri thagay & walmbarra & barri sand goanna & goanna living on sandhill & sand goanna sp inheritance *cakañ pPama-Maric Flinders I. south along East Coast, to Maric generally. Also in Dyirbal, Warrgamay, Nyawaygi. Variant *cakay. Poss. loan in GYim or other northern languages. underived ganhaarr /ganhaarr/ is apparently generic for all goannas, water lizards, and crocodiles 0 1 2 0 0 no
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (NA) munhu munhu semantic shift Reflexes in other lgs mean 'burnt-over ground'. underived 0 0 0 0 0
grasshopper flora-fauna Orthoptera bundiil & yiijin bundiil & yiijin grasshopper & green grasshopper sp inheritance *puntilV pPaman As *punti+, pPama-Maric. /yiijin/ is cognate w KYim /yiljun/. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
great bowerbird flora-fauna Chlamydera nuchalis bunggu-thirriir bunggu-thirriir bowerbird unique compound With bunggu 'knee'? 1 0 0 0 0 no
green ant flora-fauna Oecophylla smaragdina thinggan ~ yangga thinggan green ant inheritance *cingka pPaman On the basis of YYoront thiq+vrrowr underived 0 2 1 Many medicinal uses 0 0 no
green sea turtle flora-fauna Chelonia mydas ngawiya (ngawuya) & ngabuy & gaarraathal & gumbuuthaga ngawiya (ngawuya) & ngabuy & gaarraathal & gumbuuthaga green-backed sea turtle & sea turtle & sea turtle sp & rare sp of sea turtle loan Kuku-Yalanji To KYal /ngawiya/ 'sea turtle' underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
green tree snake flora-fauna Dendrelaphis punctulata missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
head/body lice flora-fauna Pediculus capitis, Pediculus humanus wuugul wuugul louse, flea unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus yarraman yarraman loan Languages to the south, via Kriol WW %yarraman underived 0 0 0 0 0
humpback whale flora-fauna Megaptera novaeangliae yalmbunyja yalmbuñja whale loan direction unknown *yalmpu+ Local To KYal /yalmburrajaka/ derived Etymologically yalmbu + nyja 1 1 0 0 0 no
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
jabiru flora-fauna Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus mundurr mundurr inheritance 0 0 0 0 0
jungle-fowl (scrub-fowl) flora-fauna Megapodius freycinet thuga & durrga thuga & durrga scrubhen & scrubhen (small) [possibly synonymous and phonological alternants] inheritance *currka(n) pPaman These are probably variants of the same word. Sound correspondences not clear; loss of *rr is found also in Flinders Island /thuka/. underived both 0 1 Egg season signalled by flowering of kapok tree. 0 0 0 no
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Macropodidae thulmbanu thulmbanu large grey kangaroo sp [NOT generic; on Australian crest] loan Kuku-Yalanji KYal /culmbanu/; expected GYim reflex of *culmpanu would be **/thulmbaan/. underived 2 1 0 0 0 no
land snail flora-fauna Gastropoda missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
magpie goose flora-fauna Anseranas semipalmata thamaa(r)bina thamaa(r)bina goose unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
military dragon flora-fauna Ctenophorus isolepis, Diporiphora spp., Lophognathus spp. missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles spp, Isoptera gudiir & muwu gudiir & muwu inheritance Possibly attested in Karnic words for 'beetle', with C3 /i/. underived 0 0 0 0 0
mud wasp, hornet flora-fauna (many species) bundurr & wunba & mawal bundurr & wunba & mawal large hornet & English bee, wasp; honey & wasp unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native bee flora-fauna (many species) mula & thuru & gutha & ngaymburr & walarr mula & thuru & gutha & ngaymburr & walarr bee sp (generic for bee and honey) & native bee sp & bee sp (black) & very small bee sp and honey & yellow bee sp and honey semantic shift *mula pEastern Cognates mean 'blood', 'red paint', 'white paint', 'oil', 'pus'; attested as far south as Yuwaalaraay. Poss. pPama-Nyungan /walarr/ is cognate w KYal /walarr/ 'honey bee sp' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native cat flora-fauna Dasyurus dhigul dhigul native cat inheritance *ciku+ pPaman Southeast CYP only, incl.Warrungu and GBadhun; poss. connection w widely distributed *cika underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
northern brown bandicoot flora-fauna Isoodon macrourus wujiin wujiin small bandicoot sp unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
northern kurrajong flora-fauna Brachychiton diversifolius missing missing missing 0 1 no? 0 0 no
nut tree flora-fauna Terminalia grandifolia nguugurru nguugurru edible small fruit, Terminalia sericocarpa unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
octopus flora-fauna Octopus australis gurri(i)tha gurri(i)tha octopus loan direction unknown *kurrica pGYim-KYal To KYalanji kurrija underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pandanus palm flora-fauna Pandanus spiralis munggan & thibugun & mari-mari & ngulbarr munggan & thibugun & marimari & ngulbarr screw plam tree sp, pandanus sp & pandanus palm tree (swamp; edible nut) & pandanus tree w edible nut cluster & pandanus palm sp (edible, grows on beach not swamp) unique underived 1 1 0 0 1 no
paperbark flora-fauna Melaleuca sericea, Melaleuca stenostachya buthu buthu tea-tree sp (paper-like bark; mayi from flowers; Melaleuca leucadendron) inheritance *puyku pPama-Nyungan Via *pucu underived 0 0 1 0 0 no
peaceful dove flora-fauna Geopelia placida thuguthugu & dagurragu thuguthugu & dagurragu brown dove & dove loan direction unknown *cukucuku Local To KYal jukujuku 'bronzewing dove' reduplicated both 0 0 0 0 0 no
pearlshell flora-fauna Pinctada spp walubuy walubuy pearlshell sp unique underived Poss. derived, with /walu/ 'temple of face, side' 1 1 0 0 1 no
peewee flora-fauna Gryllina cyanoleuca missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pied butcherbird flora-fauna Cracticus nigrogularis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pike eel flora-fauna Muraenesox arabicus biganh & dindurr & wanguyngga & yaalgaaji biganh & dindurr & wanguyngga & yaalgaaji spotted freshwater eel & large seagoing eel, black or brown fw eel eel sp (small, yellow, bony) & large sw ell w very sharp teeth unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna Mantodea missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
prickle bush flora-fauna Sclerolaena bicornis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
quail (generic) flora-fauna Coturnix species, Turnix species biibajirin & dugurrugu & thibunh biibajirin & dugurrugu & thibunh quail sp & [no def given] & [no def given] unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
red river gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus camaldulensis missing missing missing 2 0 1 0 1 no
red-tailed black-cockatoo flora-fauna Calyptorhynchus banksi ngurraar ngurraar black cockatoo unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
riflefish, archerfish flora-fauna Toxotes chatareus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
river mangrove flora-fauna Aegicera corniculatum missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 1 no
rock fig flora-fauna Ficus brachypoda dibuurr dibuurr fig sp, Ficus opposita unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
sacred kingfisher flora-fauna Todiramphus sancta yindilin yindilin kingfisher loan direction unknown *yindili(n) Local To KYal /yindili/ 'forest kingfisher' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
saltwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus porosus ganhaarr ganharr crocodile [apparently, either kind], goanna, all water lizards inheritance *kañarra pPaman Reflexes in languages west of the Divide mean 'freshwater crocodile' unknown 2 2 0 0 0 yes
saltwater mussel flora-fauna Mytilidae ngulumugu ngulumugu SW mussel loan direction unknown *ngulumuku pGYim-KYal To KYalanji ngulumuku 'seashell' compound With /mugu/ 'back, seed, shell, roof, ...' 0 1 0 0 0 no
sawfish flora-fauna Pristis pectinata yubathi yubathi sawfish loan *yupa/uci Local Kuku-Yalanji To KYal yubuji 'sawfish' underived 1 0 0 0 0 yes
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna Arachnida, Scorpiones dinhanhtharr dinhanhtharr scorpion unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
shark (generic) flora-fauna Selachimorpha burruunh-burruunh & galga-nambarr & guliman & nhumba & ngamu & walaaynggurr & yawu burruunhburruunh & galganambarr & guliman & nhumba & ngamu & walaaynggurr & yawu estuarine shark (grey) & blind shark & black-tipped & shark sp & shark sp & white shark or hammerhead & small shark sp unique /yawu/ to GYim yawu 'stingray' and poss. to pPaman *ya(:)wa(ra) reduplicated /yungan/ 'small or immature shark' is possibly generic for sharks. 0 0 0 0 0 variable
shell (generic) flora-fauna mugu mugu shell (also back, seed, roof, keel, ...) semantic shift *muku pPama-Nyungan Probably originally 'bone'; many reflexes are 'back', 'knee', 'shin'. underived 0 1 0 0 1 no
short-beaked echidna flora-fauna Tachyglossus aculeatus balin-ga & barrathal balin.ga & barrathal porcupine & porcupine unique underived 0 2 0 0 0 no
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna thaarba & thunggul thaarba & thunggul unique To KYal /thaarba/ 'snake'; poss. a loan in KYal from GYim. underived 0 1 0 0 0
snappy gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus brevifolia missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnida, Araneae bulubul bulubul unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0
spinifex flora-fauna Triodia species missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
spoonbills (yellow-billed spoonbill, black-billed spoonbill) flora-fauna Platalea flavipes, Platalea regia missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Dasyatidae mirbuy & warramarrathirr mirbuy & warramarrathirr white-spotted shovelnose ray & shovelnose ray unique underived /digarra/ 'stingray spine' is possibly generic 0 1 0 0 0 variable
stripe-faced dunnart flora-fauna Sminthopsis macroura missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
sugarbag wax flora-fauna nhuumbirr nhuumbirr beeswax, honeycomb inheritance *ñuumpirr local Poss. loan from GYim into KYal underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
sulphur-crested cockatoo flora-fauna Cacatua galerita waandaar wandaar white cockatoo unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
swamp eel flora-fauna Ophisternon gutturale biganh & dindurr & wanguyngga biganh & dindurr & wanguyngga spotted freshwater eel & large seagoing eel, black or brown fw eel eel sp (small, yellow, bony) unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
swamp leech flora-fauna Annelida, Hirudinea balban balban leech unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tawny frogmouth flora-fauna Podargus strigoides bunyja buñja tawny frogmouth [A GUESS]; see the Species note to 'barn owl' above inheritance *pulñca pPaman See etym. note for 'barn owl' above. Var. *pulñci in wset. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termite mounds, ant hills flora-fauna Isoptera gambul yangga & dambaan gambul yangga & dambaan ant's [not clear if "white"] nest & small black tree-hanging white ant's nest unique phrase /gambul/ 'stomach' 0 0 0 0 0 no
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
ti-tree flora-fauna Melaleuca bracteata missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna Arachnida, Acarina mindil mindil tick inheritance *mintil pEasternPaman To Tjaapukay /mindil/ 'tick' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tiger shark flora-fauna Galeocerdo cuvier missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
torresian crow flora-fauna Corvus orru waatha waatha crow inheritance *waaca pPama-Nyungan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna (NA) yugu yugu inheritance Poss. pPama-Nyungan underived 0 0 0 0 0
waterlily flora-fauna Nymphaea macrosperma digirr & muumba & muunhthiina & ngurri & wanagan & wangana digirr & muumba & muunhthiina & ngurri & wanagan & wangana edible water lily sp, Nymphaea coerulea & water lily (edible when cooked in gurrma) & edible water lily & edible water lily & edible swamp lily sp & edible water lily w small leaf unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
wattle flora-fauna Acacia difficilis yaarunh & waarruunh & mulaan & nhumbanhumba yaarunh & waarruunh & mulaan & nhumbanhumba wattle tree sp (A. crassicarpa?) & wattle tree sp (Acacia holoserica) & black wattle tree, golden wattle & wattle tree sp unique GYal /yarun/ 'black wattle' is a loan from this. underived 0 0 1 0 1 no
wedge-tailed eagle flora-fauna Aquila audax guthal guthal large eaglehawk loan An etymon *kucala is attested in Yidiny and in Maric languages to the south and west; the regular reflex of this in GYim would be **guthaal. WW %kurricala, @kucala underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
willie wagtail flora-fauna Rhipidura leucophrys thinhtharr thinhtharr willy wagtail inheritance To YYoront thithrr(+owr) underived ? 1 0 0 0 0 no
witchetty grub flora-fauna (many species) muthurr & bunggaga muthurr & bunggaga edible grub & edible grub found in trunk of /bungga/ (grass tree) loan direction unknown *mucurr pGYim-KYal To KYalanji mujurr underived /bungaga/ is derived from /bungga/ 'grass tree' 0 1 2 0 0 no
woma flora-fauna Aspidites ramsayii missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no