spider

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
araña
Meaning Portuguese
aranha

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Arachnida, Araneae kah-lo'-ke-ti' Spider loan Yokuts Yowlumne ko-to-gil-loi; ko-lo-kil'-wi; Wikchamni kot'-tro'-ke-troi (whitish kind); same (maybe a specific spider, hard to tell) underived looks complex in Yokuts C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-465 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Arachnida, Araneae mankaccywasih, mankasuancih Spider unique Note *mari-soka “tarantula” in TrC ... and so element in *tokoso (Stubbs 2061, 2062 (2008:285)) narrower (a species of spider, probably) other complex has -tsi ABS; stems clearly complex but no analysis Crapo 1976;180 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Cahuilla Arachnida, Araneae xʷálxʷal ˈxʷalxʷal spider inheritance probably a Yuman loan, given xw-. Also in Cupeno. But I can't find a Yuman equivalent. narrower (while this is given as “generic”, it does NOT include Black Widow) reduplicated xwal-xwal; final -l is NOT the non-possessed noun suffix no info Seiler & Hioki 1979:247 no info 0 Spiders helped creator build the world 0 no info no info no info no info 0 0 All Americas Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Arachnida, Araneae 7Ačá:ja:ji- spider unique Similar in Mins other complex -ji Freeland & Broadbent 1960 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chemehuevi Arachnida, Araneae hukʷámpI Spider inheritance *hukwaN Southern Numic only Stubbs 2059 (2008:285) narrower (a species, probably Black Widow) other complex has -pi ABS Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chumash Barbareno Arachnida, Araneae ktut spider unique Central Chumash only Note Yowlumne ko-to-gil-loi; ko-lo-kil'-wi; Delta-california Yuman IA hellytutt “black widow spider”; C. xłycuc underived Mamet 2008:18; Beeler 1978:178 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chumash Ineseno Arachnida, Araneae k'toot' (in left margin) spider inheritance Central Chumash only underived Merriam 55:19 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chumash Obispeno Arachnida, Araneae missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chumash Ventureno Arachnida, Araneae ktut spider inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash; Note Yowlumne ko-to-gil-loi; ko-lo-kil'-wi; Delta-california Yuman IA hellytutt “black widow spider”; C. xłycuc underived Mamet 2008:18; 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Cocopa Arachnida, Araneae xłycuc spider inheritance Proto-Yuman IA hellytutt “black widow spider”, Mojave halytot same underived Crawford 1989 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Comanche Arachnida, Araneae tatétz araña unique same other complex tarantula is tapuehretz pɨhɨ re?tsI 46; probably has -tsi ABS Rejon 1995:44 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Cupeño Arachnida, Araneae kukat ˈkukat Black Widow spider inheritance *kukkaC- Northern Uto-Aztecan S2057 (Stubbs 2009:285); Hopi form is definitely good broader (both Black Widow and prototypical spider) other complex ˈkuka-t Black.Widow-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:158 no info 0 0 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 western North America diverse habitats (reclusive) yes
Esselen Arachnida, Araneae missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Gabrielino Arachnida, Araneae wer-rā-cheCH weˈre:ʧix “it goes round in a circle” Spider unique narrower (doesn't include black widow, surely ku:kat (cf. Kuka-mo-nga) phrase weˈre:ʧi-x go.around.in.circle-present.tense (?) -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 431 no info 0 a Chingichngish animal (McC 146); some say lit fire of Wuyot's pyre (Harrington 1978) 0 Chingichngich animals not eaten (McC p. 117) no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Western North America diverse habitats, reclusive yes
Iipay 'Aa Arachnida, Araneae hellytutt black widow spider inheritance Proto-Yuman M. halytot, Cocopa C. xłycuc narrower (kind of spider, although black widow is often prototype for generic) underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Kawaiisu Arachnida, Araneae hukwa-bi spider inheritance *hukwaN Southern Numic Stubbs 2059 (2008:285) same other complex hukwa-bi spider-ABS Zigmond et al. 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Kiliwa Arachnida, Araneae ?+wi?=?il spider (lit. snake vermin) unique Contains *?-?il WORM Langdon 1979:639 and SNAKE same phrase snake-vermin Mixco 1985 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Kitanemuk Arachnida, Araneae kukač ˈkukaʧr spider, gen. inheritance *kukkaC- Northern Uto-Aztecan S2057 (Stubbs 2009:285); Hopi form is definitely good narrower (trapdoor spider or any house spider) other complex ˈkuka-ʧr spider-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:366 no info 0 0 highly unlikely no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Western North America diverse habitats (reclusive) yes
Lake Miwok Arachnida, Araneae pókkon spider inheritance *pok:um Miwokan Callaghan 1971:28 “Mil /n/ is unexplained” underived Callaghan 1965 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Luiseño Arachnida, Araneae kúyxingish ʹkujxiŋiʃ black widow spider inheritance *kuyka- Northern Uto-Aztecan S2057 (Stubbs 2009:285) narrower (Black Widow spider prototype) other complex kúyxingi-sh Black.widow-non.possessed.noun (root is derived etymologically, probably comes from word for “to bite”) Elliott 1999:429 no info 0 couplet: kuyxingish, kuyee'ewut (E); a Chingichngish animal (Sparkman 1908:218); some say lit fire of Wuyot's pyre (Harrington 1978) 0 no N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Western North America diverse habitats, reclusive yes
Maidu Arachnida, Araneae makát'i spider unique Callaghan 2001:327 Pyn *me:cha- “spider” “matches” other complex -i is stem former Shipley 1963 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Mojave Arachnida, Araneae halytot spider, especially black widow spider inheritance Proto-Yuman IA hellytutt “black widow spider”; C. xłycuc same underived Munro et al.1992 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Mutsun Arachnida, Araneae tira:smin spider unique relative clause -min is suffix "having a big rump" C2001:326 Mason 1916:428 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Nisenan Arachnida, Araneae pysay spider (CHM “common spider”; poison is pok-kon; also mah'-dah'te) unique underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Northern Paiute Arachnida, Araneae soo-ar'-rah Spiders unique same underived Merriam 61:149 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Northern Sierra Miwok Arachnida, Araneae 7ac:ak:uTum:a spider unique Similar in Mics compound elements unanalyzable Callaghan 1987 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Plains Miwok Arachnida, Araneae pok:um, po:ko:ne- black widow spider inheritance *pok:um Miwokan Callaghan 1971:28 underived Callaghan 1984 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Salinan A Arachnida, Araneae c'opén spider (this is Merriam's form) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:125; Turner 1980:84 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Salinan M Arachnida, Araneae sopnét spider unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:125 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Seri (Comcaac) Arachnida, Araneae coopol black widow spider unique narrower (kind of spider; their generic isn't all spiders in any case) underived Comcaac Dictionary 225 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Serrano Arachnida, Araneae kuka-T spider inheritance *kukkaC- Northern Uto-Aztecan S2057 (Stubbs 2009:285) other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:24 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Southern Paiute Arachnida, Araneae uqwampI Spider (big black, tarantula?) inheritance *hukwaN Southern Numic only Stubbs 2059 (2008:285) narrower (a species of spider) other complex has -pi ABS Sapir 1930:709 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Southern Sierra Miwok Arachnida, Araneae pok:um- spider inheritance *pok:um Miwokan Bodega Dic, Callaghan 1971 underived Broadbent 1964: 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Southern Ute Arachnida, Araneae mUqwá-pI spider inheritance *hukwaN/*mukwaC Southern Numic only Stubbs 2059 (2008:285) narrower (species of spider) other complex has -pi ABS Givon 1979 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Tübatulabal Arachnida, Araneae shūyal ʃu:ˈjal spider inheritance *sujV- Northern Uto-Aztecan S1841 (Stubbs 2009:260) “scorpion, sting” same other complex ʃu:ˈja-l spider-npn Hill 2010:81 no info 0 0 Voegelin 1938:12 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Arachnida, Araneae soomattsi spider unique Note *mari-soka “tarantula” in TrC ... and so element in *tokoso (Stubbs 2061, 2062 (2008:285)) same other complex ma- IP “with hand”, according to Dayley, also -tsi DIM Dayley 1989:248 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Wappo Arachnida, Araneae 7éc'e spider (CHM confirms 52:579) loan Pomo Proto-Pomo *7ikHa(:) McLendon 1973:92 underived Sawyer 1965 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Washo Arachnida, Araneae c'ɨX:kɨ spider (big) unique underived Merriam 55:313; WPD 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Western Mono Arachnida, Araneae hapopo', hopopo' spider inheritance *hupapi Proto-Uto-Aztecan A problematic etymology; Stubbs 2058 (2008:285), requires vowel metathesis in Mono same underived probably a complex stem ultimately Bethel et al.:26 no info 0 0 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 yes (Black Widow, Brown Recluse)
Wintu Arachnida, Araneae kerek spider inheritance *kHerek Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Pitkin 1985 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yavapai Arachnida, Araneae nĭ·sa spider unique unknown Shaterian 1983 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yokuts Palewyami Arachnida, Araneae missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yokuts Yawdanchi Arachnida, Araneae mutca spider (Merriam for Wik says is “bad black kind” 58:373) inheritance *mə:ča- ?? Nim-Yokuts Callaghan 2001:327 “matches Maidu makaT “spider”; Pomo *mikHa(:) same underived Kroeber 1961:206) 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yokuts Yowlumne Arachnida, Araneae mètsa spider inheritance *mə:ča- ?? Nim-Yokuts Callaghan 2001:327 “matches Maidu makaT “spider”” same underived Kroeber 1961:206 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yuki Arachnida, Araneae hulmu:nin F spider inheritance *hulmuni- Yukian Schlichter 1985 compound eye covered.with.web. Cs Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yuma Arachnida, Araneae hrel-yŏ-tōt' Spider inheritance Proto-Yuman IA hellytutt “black widow spider”; C. xłycuc unknown Merriam 61:465 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Akawaio Arachnidae, Araneae arai araɪ inheritance Northern Carib? See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Arachnidae, Araneae éeni éeni inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro Branch uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Arachnidae, Araneae yoci (SM) tawa’tʃi (H&R) inheritance; unique Unknown (attested Carijona, Wai Wai, Yabarana) Also tawa’tʃi (H&R) No info See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Arachnidae, Araneae pṹpʉbo (generic term), ãcabo, boabéjevʉ, cuidópṹpʉbo, õporʉ, õpoyabe, taiyo, tãupʉpʉbo (araña del sol), moapʉpʉbo (araña pescador) pṹpʉbo (generic term), ãkabo, boabɛ́hɛvʉ, kuidópṹpʉbo, õpolʉ, õpojabɛ, taijo, tãupʉpʉbo (araña del sol), moapʉpʉbo (araña pescador) inheritance East Tukanoan Also ãkabɔ, bɔabɛ́ɣɛvʉ, kuidɔ́pṹpʉbɔ, ɔ̃pɔlʉ, ɔ̃pɔjabɛ, taijɔ, tãupʉpʉbɔ (araña del sol), mɔapʉpʉbɔ (araña pescador) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw Arachnidae, Araneae yo’ (venenoso em geral), sũúr (não-venenoso em geral) jɔʔ inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Arachnidae, Araneae bʉpʉ bɯpɯ, bɨ'pɨ́ (H&R) inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Arachnidae, Araneae ankaya ankaja inheritance See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Arachnidae, Araneae ʔamɨ́a ʔamɨ́a inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Arachnidae, Araneae aʰkuke aʰkuke unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Waorani Arachnidae, Araneae bokaya unique ya =ye suffix for insects? uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup Arachnidae, Araneae bɔyɔ́ʔ bɔjɔ́ʔ inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Pattie Epps
Kakua Arachnidae, Araneae hâgap hâgap unique underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Arachnidae, Araneae jabút habút unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu Arachnidae, Araneae yandu jandu inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Nukak Arachnidae, Araneae pɨ̃pɨ̃ʔ4 loan East Tukanoan, prob. Cubwo e.g. Desano bʉpʉ uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no
Maihiki Arachnidae, Araneae jɨjɨ ago jɨ̃jɨ̃ ago, hɨ̃hɨ̃ inheritance West Tukanoan uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Pemon Arachnidae, Araneae arai (A1981) aɾai (A1981) inheritance Northern Carib? See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Arachnidae, Araneae paagáú paagáú loan Bora Bora pʰaakwá uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Sikuani Arachnidae, Araneae jomobü (2)(generic), itajaja (1), meneitajaja (25), itajojo (1), jojowa (1), menejara (24) hómo-bɨ-to inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tariana Arachnidae, Araneae éːni, ewanapáli éːni, ewanapáli inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch Also ewanapáli uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Tukano Arachnidae, Araneae bɨpɨ̂ bɨpɨ̂ inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Arachnidae, Araneae wʉpʉ bɨ́'pɨ́ (H&R), w~vʉʰpʉ (ʉ hi tone) (stenz) inheritance East Tukanoan Also bɨ́'pɨ́ (H&R) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Arachnidae, Araneae suuwa suuwa inheritance See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Yanomami Arachnidae, Araneae wariomɨ kohesi (IDS) waɾiomɨ kohesi (IDS) unknown underived koheki/kohesi probably a CLF = 'spider', etc. See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Arachnidae, Araneae kati kati, hẽí-ta, umit∫íri (H&R) unique Also hẽí-ta, umit∫íri (H&R) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Arachnidae, Araneae jɔ̌ʔ, cũ̌h jɔ̌ʔ, cũ̌h inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Bardi Arachnida, Araneae anggarr anggarr inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Bunuba Arachnida, Araneae baanu baanu doubtful loan paarn Bunuban loan from Nyulnyulan 'scorpion' with meaning change or vice versa? WW %paarn underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Burarra Arachnida, Araneae gat gardany doubtful loan Yolngu simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhangu Arachnida, Araneae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhay’yi Arachnida, Araneae gärr ga:rr inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhuwal Arachnida, Araneae gärr' ga:rr' inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Djinang Arachnida, Araneae garr garr inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gajirrabeng Arachnida, Araneae mangatheng mangatheng inheritance mangkatheng Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gooniyandi Arachnida, Araneae baarndi baarndi loan direction unknown paarn Bunuban loan from Nyulnyulan 'scorpion' with meaning change or vice versa? WW %paarn underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gumatj Arachnida, Araneae gärr' ga:rr' inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gupapuyngu Arachnida, Araneae garrwiḏi ga:rr7 inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gurindji Arachnida, Araneae tarru tarru unknown ?loan<Nungali with ti- prefix; Jam karra; Ward karap; Jig karrutyi underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Guugu Yimidhirr Arachnida, Araneae bulubul bulubul unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0
Jaminjung Arachnida, Araneae karra karra inheritance karru Mirndi WW %karru underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jaru Arachnida, Araneae yumpu yumpu inheritance yumpu Ngumpin WW %yumpu uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jingulu Arachnida, Araneae karrutyi karrutyi unknown karru WW %karru underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Karajarri Arachnida, Araneae waŋgarraŋgarra waŋgarraŋgarra inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kija Arachnida, Araneae paarn(ji) paarn(ji) loan with meaning change Nyulnyulan scorpion>spider WW %paarn underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Koko-Bera Arachnida, Araneae márvl márvl spider unique simplex
Kuku-Thaypan Arachnida, Araneae andh3w andh3w unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuku-Yalanji Arachnida, Araneae malal malal inheritance *mala+ local To Tjaapukay /malara/ 'spiderweb'; phonological history probematic underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kurtjar Arachnida, Araneae lerd lerd unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuuk Thaayorre Arachnida, Araneae ma'ar ma'ar loan Yir-Yoront YYoront, or vice versa used as a generic, or after generic ruurr- or yuk- underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mangala Arachnida, Araneae wangkararra wangkararra inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mbabaram Arachnida, Araneae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Miriwung Arachnida, Araneae manggadheng manggadheng inheritance mangkathe Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngandi Arachnida, Araneae waci watyi unknown simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngarinyin Arachnida, Araneae ratmala (jirri) ratmala (jirri) unknown proto-Worrorran uncoded (jirri, M classifier) 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngumbarl Arachnida, Araneae wongarra wongarra inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nimanburru Arachnida, Araneae golboniler golboniler unique compound compound 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyangumarta Arachnida, Araneae wangkarru wangkarru loan Nyulnyulan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyulnyul Arachnida, Araneae marbad marbad unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Pakanh Arachnida, Araneae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Rembarrnga Arachnida, Araneae karrh-na karrh-na loan Yolngu suffixed 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ritharrngu Arachnida, Araneae gärr' ga:rr7 inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tjaapukay Arachnida, Araneae garra & malara karra & malara (poisonous) spider & spider web inheritance /garra/ to Yidiny. /malara/ to KYal /malal/ 'spider' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Olkol Arachnida, Araneae angadh; ug- ug-angadh spider unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Oykangand Arachnida, Araneae angath; uk- uk-angath spider unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Walmajarri Arachnida, Araneae purlkartu purlkartu unique rel'd to purlka - old man, grey hair underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wardaman Arachnida, Araneae garab garab unknown WW %karru uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Warlpiri Arachnida, Araneae kartajara kartajara unknown Warumungu also in Warlmanpa and Warumungu; not in Ngumpin (except for Gurindji karrata?) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wik Ngathan Arachnida, Araneae nharr nharr spider unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yan-nhangu Arachnida, Araneae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yawuru Arachnida, Araneae wangkaraangkara wangkaraangkara inheritance derived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yidiny Arachnida, Araneae garra (TCG) garra (TCG) inheritance To Tjaap. /garra/. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yir-Yoront Arachnida, Araneae maqar ma7ar unique Poss. source of loan to KThaay ma'ar 'spider, or vice versa underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Achagua Arachnidae, Araneae é:ni é:ni inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Arachnidae, Araneae èeni èeni See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Arachnidae, Araneae éeji éeji See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Arachnidae, Araneae éni éni See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Arachnidae, Araneae uľu uľu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi Arachnidae, Araneae ˈzoa ˈðua inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure Arachnidae, Araneae čapak tʃapak unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá Arachnidae, Araneae yu'wa ju'wa inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Arachnidae, Araneae pʰaakwá-, toʔkʷá-xɨ pʰaakwá-, toʔkʷá-xɨ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Arachnidae, Araneae ɸáaga-xe, xɨ́ɨ́múʔai, ííkkuxe ɸáaga-xe, xɨ́ɨ́múʔai, ííkkuxe See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Arachnidae, Araneae arakaku arakaku inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Arachnidae, Araneae akalima tom akalima tom inheritance? metathesis? See Language page PLE
Tiriyó Arachnidae, Araneae mojoci mojoci inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare Arachnidae, Araneae modoy (IDS) (Refers to a spider that doesn't bite); yadakadu:hwai (KH) (means spider that bites') modoj (IDS); jadakadu:hwai (KH) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Arachnidae, Araneae koyoi koyoi See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Arachnidae, Araneae moyosɨ moyosɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa Arachnidae, Araneae araya arája(H&R) See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Kalapalo Arachnidae, Araneae asoti asoti inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca Arachnidae, Araneae sospqua sospkua See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Arachnidae, Araneae bʉgʉrʉ bʉgʉrʉ; ɓɨgɨrɨ́ (H&R) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán Arachnidae, Araneae onsinsiñe, ccayaju onsinsiɲɛ See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Arachnidae, Araneae tolli tontʃi loan, direction unknown Jivaroan tunchi ('poisonous spider/witch doctor', Tuggy 1966) See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez Arachnidae, Araneae tupa tupa (H&R) See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna Arachnidae, Araneae pawü pawɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Arachnidae, Araneae ahai nalï ahai nalʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Arachnidae, Araneae báxna, batʃná-ɕe [cf. Quechua] báxna, batʃná-ɕe See Language page Daniel Valle
Andoke Arachnidae, Araneae yɒ'kɒnə̃ ʝɒʔkɒnə̃ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave Arachnidae, Araneae yun; watduk jun; watduk unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar Arachnidae, Araneae tsére, pétunch tsɯrɯ, pɯtuntʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa Arachnidae, Araneae tsere tsɨrɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Arachnidae, Araneae tséatsea tsɨatsɨa inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses Arachnidae, Araneae tsipuispa tsipuispa unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo Arachnidae, Araneae šino šino inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua Arachnidae, Araneae tityu titju unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá Arachnidae, Araneae bajna baxna See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano Arachnidae, Araneae kusi-kusi (CP94) kusi-kusi See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa Arachnidae, Araneae éu'keh éuɁkeh inheritance See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Arachnidae, Araneae ehga eʔga inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano Arachnidae, Araneae bʉhʉ bɨhɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Carapana Arachnidae, Araneae bʉpʉ bɨpɨ, bʉpʉ (FS) See Language page Amanda Meeks
Makuna Arachnidae, Araneae bʉjʉ bɨxɨ, bɨhɨ inheritance See Language page Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Arachnidae, Araneae bɨ́pɨ bɨ́pɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Arachnidae, Araneae ɨ'pɨ ɨ'pɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Siriano Arachnidae, Araneae bʉpʉ́ bɨpɨ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Arachnidae, Araneae pi'pia pi'pia inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Arachnidae, Araneae bɨ'pɨ bɨ'pɨ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Arachnidae, Araneae bʉpʉ bɨpɨ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Arachnidae, Araneae bɨᵽɨ́ bɨɸɨ́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Arachnidae, Araneae jʉjʉo xʉ̃xʉo, hɨ̃hɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona Arachnidae, Araneae jënkë hɨnkɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Arachnidae, Araneae nasojëjë (type of spider) dãʔsohɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Wayampi Arachnidae, Araneae yanu janu inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó Arachnidae, Araneae ɲunusi̯ ɲunusi̯ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Arachnidae, Araneae januhã januhã inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Arachnidae, Araneae ooru oorɯ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Arachnidae, Araneae hébekïŋo, ǰútu hέbɛkɯŋo, dʒútu See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Arachnidae, Araneae hébekïŋo hέbɛkɯŋo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Arachnidae, Araneae hebekïño hɛbɛkɯɲo inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Arachnidae, Araneae tácusi (general term for scorpions and spiders) tákusi (general term for scorpions and spiders) unknown cf. Aymara kusikusi See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Arachnidae, Araneae kawnunaka kawnunaka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari Arachnidae, Araneae ʔoro papat (Sousa2009) ʔoro papat (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Arachnidae, Araneae baša baša See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Arachnidae, Araneae tiriri tiriri See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara Arachnidae, Araneae kusikusi kusi-kusi See Language page PLE
Kwazá Arachnidae, Araneae dytyi, dytyito dytyi, dytyito See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima Arachnidae, Araneae si-wa si-wa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang Arachnidae, Araneae sukrĩg sukrĩŋ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi Arachnidae, Araneae nimekäri nimekǝri See Language page PLE
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone mankaccywasih, mankasuancih, makasuancih unknown Jane Hill
Cahuilla xwalxwal unique S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7acha:/ja:ji- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi hukwa/pI black spider JPH inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno ktut, pl ktutHut' inheritance Beeler 76:258 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7aja7kHa “any spider” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa xLycuc inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche pyhy re7tsI unique Jane Hill
Cupeño kuka-t [kukət] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino wer-ra--cheCH /werechix/ unique CHM/MC268 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa hellytutt [xəɫʸˈt̯ʊt] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu hukwa-bi inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7wa7=7il unique Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kukach inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok po/kkon inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño ku/yxingi-sh (black widow) inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu maka/t'i loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Mojave halytot inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun tira-smin (tira--Agt, or tiras-min “N-characterized.by”) unknown NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan pyssy unknown Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7ac:ak:uTum:a inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok po:ko:ne- Black Widow, inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A c'ope/n unknown Turner 1980:84 Jane Hill
Salinan M sopne/t unknown Mason 1918:125 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) coi/iz unknown Jane Hill
Serrano kukach, kukam “spiders” inheritance R&E2000:215,95 Jane Hill
Southern Paiute uq:wa-N inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok pok:um- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute mUkwapI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal shuujaal inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone soomattsi unknown Jane Hill
Wappo 7ec'e loan Jane Hill
Washo c'y/:kiy loan J86 Jane Hill
Western Mono hapopo/7, hopopo/7 unique Jane Hill
Wintu kerek inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai ni^:sa, ni_:sa unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne me\tsa inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki hulmu:nin inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma xalyto/T H3:208 inheritance Jane Hill
Arabana maRangkara doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Bardi anggarr angkarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba baarnu inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra gat doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal garrwiḏi Claire Bowern
Dhuwala garrwiḏi unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari marankara inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU marankara inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 1756 unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu gärr' inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang garr inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng mangatheng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi baarndi doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu garrwiḏi inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji tarru inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru yumbu inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri waŋgarraŋgarra loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Kija paarn-ji loan Bunuban Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: thipi-thipi unique Claire Bowern
Mangala wangkararra loan into protolanguage Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
Miriwung manggatheng inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra daru Claire Bowern
Mudburra tarru unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini marankara inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi ma-watji inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma ganbarr Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl wongarra <wongarra> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru golboniler kolboniler unique Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla wangkararra Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta wangkarru loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta wangkarru loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul marbad marbad unique Claire Bowern
Paakantyi mara-maraaka Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta kupu loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu ga:rr inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri purlkartu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru kupu loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Warrwa wangaarra wangaarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy X missing Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha marangada inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka marankara inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru wangkaraangkara wangkaraangkara inheritance Claire Bowern