Pakanh

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
pkn
Location
-15.05°, 142.85°
Notes
Features
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (127)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
agile wallaby, river wallaby flora-fauna Macropus agilis pangku; minha- pangku; minha- inheritance *pangkul pPaman underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae ngeekan; yuku- & moolvn; yuku- ngeekan; yuku- & moolvn; yuku- unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian pelican flora-fauna Pelecanus conspicillatus moothe; minha moothe; minha inheritance *ma:thurr pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian snubfin dolphin flora-fauna Orcaella heinsohnii missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
baler shell flora-fauna Melo amphora missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bandicoot flora-fauna Peramelemorphia minha-kut:u minha-kut:u unique underived 0 0 0 0 0
barn owl flora-fauna Tyto alba kiiwi; minha kiiwi; minha unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
barramundi flora-fauna Lates calcarifer wachin; nga'a wachin; nga'a unknown underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp maali; minha minha-maali inheritance *mali pPaman Vowel length in /maali/ is anomalous; etymon (as 'spirit') is attested as far south as Gamilaraay. underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bindii, caltrop flora-fauna Tribulus terrestris missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna thu(u)chi; minha minha-thu(u)ci inheritance *culci PPaman Small birds (pigeon & smaller) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-breasted buzzard flora-fauna Hamirostra melanosternon minha-patpa minha-patpa unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-faced cuckoo-shrike flora-fauna Coracina novaehollandiae urrka; minha minha-urrka unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-headed python flora-fauna Aspidites melanocephalus missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
black-soil yam flora-fauna Ipomoea diamantinensis missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
bloodwood flora-fauna Eucalyptus (Corymbia) bleeseri yu:ntya yu:ntya unique underived 0 1 1 0 0 no
blowfly maggots flora-fauna Diptera, Sarcophagidae patpa; yuku- patpa; yuku- inheritance *palpaRV Local *lp > tp not demonstrated underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
blue-tongue lizard flora-fauna Tiliqua species wali; minha wali; minha unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
blue-winged kookaburra flora-fauna Dacelo leachii konkon; minha minha-konkon unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bluebone flora-fauna Choerodon cyanodus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
brolga flora-fauna Grus rubicunda thuulka; minha minh thuulka; minha-nhumma-kopea unknown underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
brown goshawk flora-fauna Accipiter fasciatus kerrke; minha kerrke; minha inheritance *karrkila pPama-Nyungan Borrowing likely at PPama-Nyungan scale WW %karrki all locally occurring small terrestrial birds of prey, including harriers, goshawks, falcons, and kestrels (Falco & Accipiter spp) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
brush-tailed possum flora-fauna Trichosurus vulpecula yoome'; minha- minha-yoome' unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush cockroach flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bush stone-curlew flora-fauna Burhinus grallarius kaalu; minha minha-kaalu loan English Also Eastern curlew, Numenius madagascariensis underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
bush tobacco flora-fauna Lobelia quadrangularis missing missing missing 0 0 0 1 0 no
bush turkey, Australian bustard flora-fauna Ardeotis australis aanku; minha minha-aanku unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush yam flora-fauna Vigna lanceolata var. lanceolata missing missing missing 0 1 2 0 1 no
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
carpet snake flora-fauna Morelia spilota missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0
caterpillar flora-fauna Lepidoptera lipan; yuku- lipan; yuku- unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
catfish flora-fauna (many species) poykola; nga'a nga'a-poykola unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna Chilopoda, Myriapoda thonchi; yuku yuku-thonchi inheritance *cuncun pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
channel-billed cuckoo flora-fauna Scythops novaehollandiae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
darter/cormorant flora-fauna Anhinga melanogaster, Phalacrocorax species panthikan; minha minha-panthikan unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
death adder, five-minute snake flora-fauna Acanthophis praelongus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
dingo flora-fauna Canis familiaris dingo ngekanham; ku'a ku'a-ngekanham unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis familiaris ku'a ku'a inheritance *kuta(ka) pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae thampe'; minha minha-thampe' unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
dugong flora-fauna Dugon dugong missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
earthworm flora-fauna Annelida, Oligochaeta waawi waawi unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
emu flora-fauna Dromaius novaehollandiae nhampi; minha nhampi; minha inheritance *ñamoi pPaman underived 2 1 2 0 0 no
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna nga'a nga'a inheritance *ngata pPaman underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
flower flora-fauna (NA) paje paje unique ??????????? 0 0 0 0 0 no
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera thawa; mayi- mayi-thawa unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
flying-fox (generic) flora-fauna (many species) woki; minha minha-woki inheritance *wuki Pteropus scapulatus; black flying fox (P. alecto) is minha-umpani; no generic ff term underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus johnstoni kanhi; minha kanhi; minha inheritance *kañarra pPaman Source of /i/ not clear. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater prawn flora-fauna Macrobrachium rosenbergii muchun; nga'a muchun; nga'a unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frill-necked lizard flora-fauna Chlamydosaurus kingii missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
frog (generic) flora-fauna (many species) thata thata inheritance *cata pPaman With pGunwinyguan *catti ('frog'; Harvey) this could be very old underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
galah flora-fauna Eolophus roseicapilla kalim kalim inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0
turtle (generic) flora-fauna (many species) kuypuke; minha- minha-kuypuke unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ghost gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus papuana (Corymbia bella) waaki; yukku- yukku-waaki unique underived 2 0 1 0 0 no
goanna (generic) or sand goanna flora-fauna Varanus spp thatchi; minha thatchi; minha unknown underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (NA) waka waka inheritance *warrka Local Local, but pPama-Nyungan if Pilbara forms meaning 'hair' are counted underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
grasshopper flora-fauna Orthoptera athathim athathim unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
great bowerbird flora-fauna Chlamydera nuchalis ancha kopea; minha minha ancha kopea unknown compound 1 0 0 0 0 no
green ant flora-fauna Oecophylla smaragdina olka; yuku- yuku-olka loan Uw-Olkol underived 0 2 2 0 0 no
green sea turtle flora-fauna Chelonia mydas missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
green tree snake flora-fauna Dendrelaphis punctulata missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
head/body lice flora-fauna Pediculus capitis, Pediculus humanus thuka; wele- wele-thuka unknown /wele-/ to WNgathan /wilvl/ 'lice'. compound 0 0 0 0 0 no
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus yarraman yarraman loan *yarraman Languages to the south WW %yarraman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
humpback whale flora-fauna Megaptera novaeangliae missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic yuku- yuku- semantic shift underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
jabiru flora-fauna Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus minte monte inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0
jungle-fowl (scrub-fowl) flora-fauna Megapodius freycinet missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Macropodidae kucha; minha- minha-kucha unique underived 2 1 0 0 0 no
land snail flora-fauna Gastropoda missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
magpie goose flora-fauna Anseranas semipalmata ko'on; minha minha-ko'on unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
military dragon flora-fauna Ctenophorus isolepis, Diporiphora spp., Lophognathus spp. kochi; minha minha-kochi unknown *kuci local YYoront /koch/ 'Ctenotus robustis' is probably a loan from this. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles spp, Isoptera me'e me'e unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mud wasp, hornet flora-fauna (many species) punyi; punyi- punyi-punyi unknown generic puñ same as specific; there are other spp underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native bee flora-fauna (many species) wi'a; mayi- & kuuyen; mayi- mayi-wi'a & mayikuuyen unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native cat flora-fauna Dasyurus pa'i; minha- minha-pa'i unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
northern brown bandicoot flora-fauna Isoodon macrourus kutu; minha- minha-kutu unknown minha-monki is another bandicoot sp. underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
northern kurrajong flora-fauna Brachychiton diversifolius pinta; yuku- yuku-pinta unknown underived 0 1 no? 0 0 no
nut tree flora-fauna Terminalia grandifolia missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
octopus flora-fauna Octopus australis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pandanus palm flora-fauna Pandanus spiralis thanka; yuku yuku-thanka inheritance Syn. kuncan < pPNy *kunca; YY than7l 'carrying ring for head' underived 1 1 0 0 1 no
paperbark flora-fauna Melaleuca sericea, Melaleuca stenostachya pichichi; wati- wati-pichichi unknown underived wati 'paperbark' 0 0 1 0 0 no
peaceful dove flora-fauna Geopelia placida kolothong; minha minha-kolothong inheritance *kurlu+ pPama-Nyungan Etymology influenced by sound-symbolism and possible borrowing WW %kurlu+ Also minha-'apa G humeralis (bar-shouldered dove); G placida not recorded underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pearlshell flora-fauna Pinctada spp missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 1 no
peewee flora-fauna Gryllina cyanoleuca thiinthulnga; minha minha-thiinthulnga unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pied butcherbird flora-fauna Cracticus nigrogularis puunchi; minha minha-puunchi unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pike eel flora-fauna Muraenesox arabicus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna Mantodea missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
prickle bush flora-fauna Sclerolaena bicornis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
quail (generic) flora-fauna Coturnix species, Turnix species wakka-maakan; minha- minha-wakka-maakan unique compound 0 0 0 0 0 no
red river gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus camaldulensis yethe yethe unique underived 2 0 1 0 1 no
red-tailed black-cockatoo flora-fauna Calyptorhynchus banksi pachangl; minha minha-pachangl unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
riflefish, archerfish flora-fauna Toxotes chatareus pingku; nga'a nga'a-pingku unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
river mangrove flora-fauna Aegicera corniculatum missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 1 no
rock fig flora-fauna Ficus brachypoda missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sacred kingfisher flora-fauna Todiramphus sancta nga'a kopea; minh minh-nga'a kopea unknown compound 0 0 0 0 0 no
saltwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus porosus pinchi; minha pinchi; minha unknown underived 2 2 0 0 0 yes
saltwater mussel flora-fauna Mytilidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sawfish flora-fauna Pristis pectinata ka'awaya; nga'a nga'a-ka'awaya unknown compound ka'a 'nose' + waya 'bad' 1 0 0 0 0 yes
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna Arachnida, Scorpiones orta orta loan Oykangand underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
shark (generic) flora-fauna Selachimorpha missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 variable
shell (generic) flora-fauna missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 1 no
short-beaked echidna flora-fauna Tachyglossus aculeatus kekoywa; minha- minha-kekoywa calque Unknown compound With keka 'spear' 0 2 0 0 0 no
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
snappy gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus brevifolia missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnida, Araneae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
spinifex flora-fauna Triodia species missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
spoonbills (yellow-billed spoonbill, black-billed spoonbill) flora-fauna Platalea flavipes, Platalea regia kaayawa; minh minh-kaayawa unknown underived ? 0 0 0 0 0 no
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Dasyatidae weempa; nga'a- nga'a-weempa unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 variable
stripe-faced dunnart flora-fauna Sminthopsis macroura missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
sugarbag wax flora-fauna wama; mayi- mayi-mayi-wama unknown underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
sulphur-crested cockatoo flora-fauna Cacatua galerita muuwa; minha minha-muuwa unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
swamp eel flora-fauna Ophisternon gutturale missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
swamp leech flora-fauna Annelida, Hirudinea uuwa uuwa unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tawny frogmouth flora-fauna Podargus strigoides thalam; minha minha-thalam inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termite mounds, ant hills flora-fauna Isoptera pi'i pi'i unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
ti-tree flora-fauna Melaleuca bracteata missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna Arachnida, Acarina missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
tiger shark flora-fauna Galeocerdo cuvier missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
torresian crow flora-fauna Corvus orru waatha; minha minha-waatha inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna (NA) yuku yuku inheritance *yuku pPaman; poss pPama-Nyungan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
waterlily flora-fauna Nymphaea macrosperma paayen; mayi mayi-paayen unknown underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
wattle flora-fauna Acacia difficilis missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 1 no
wedge-tailed eagle flora-fauna Aquila audax patpa; minha minha-patpa inheritance *wurrpulV Local Also poss. < *wurrmbulV; cf. Djabugay /wurrmbul/ 'pelican' underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
willie wagtail flora-fauna Rhipidura leucophrys thotharran; minha minha-thotharran unknown underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
witchetty grub flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 1 2 0 0 no
woma flora-fauna Aspidites ramsayii missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
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