termites, white-ants

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
comején (Peru), termitas
Meaning Portuguese
cupim

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio order Isoptera kuungwaik kuŋwaɪk unique See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa order Isoptera kamára, máaro kamáɻa, máaɻo inheritance North Arawak Also máaɻo uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Cubeo order Isoptera bocomicʉ (generic term), abujucʉñʉabo, adamabocomicʉ, cũavicʉ, jobocururebocomicʉ, jupibocomicʉ, jʉbʉcabocomicʉ, mamʉbocomicʉ, miebocomicʉ, vaibocomicʉ, yavibocomicʉ. vʉ́yocʉ (comején alado, generic term), adamabocomivʉyocʉ (comején alado), cũavivʉyocʉ bokomikʉ (generic term), abuhucʉñʉabo, adamabokomikʉ, kũavikʉ, hobokululebokomikʉ, hupibokomikʉ, hʉbʉkabokomikʉ, mamʉbokomikʉ, miɛbokomikʉ, vaibokomikʉ, javibokomikʉ. vʉ́jokʉ (comején alado, generic term), adamabokomivʉjokʉ (comején alado), kũavivʉjokʉ inheritance East Tukanoan Cognate Makuna. Also abuɣucʉñʉabɔ, adamabɔkɔmikʉ, kũavikʉ, ɣɔbɔkululebɔkɔmikʉ, ɣupibɔkɔmikʉ, ɣʉbʉkabɔkɔmikʉ, mamʉbɔkɔmikʉ, miɛbɔkɔmikʉ, vaibɔkɔmikʉ, javibɔkɔmikʉ. vʉ́jɔkʉ (comején alado, generic term), adamabɔkɔmivʉjɔkʉ (comején alado), kũavivʉjɔkʉ (comej uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw order Isoptera bu’ õòw buʔ ʔɔ̃̂w doubtful loan into protolanguage Hup-Yuhup-Daw East Tukanoan e.g. Tukano butu underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano order Isoptera búrua búrua inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa order Isoptera monokoin (MM) monokoin (MM) inheritance See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero order Isoptera ʔóɸ-t ʔóɸ-t inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Waorani order Isoptera kayæ̃ unique cf. Ninam missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup order Isoptera b'úʔ b'úʔ doubtful loan into protolanguage Hup-Yuhup-Daw East Tukanoan e.g. Tukano butu underived See Language page 0 1 0 gathered women, men eaten raw 0 0 no Pattie Epps
Kakua order Isoptera idǐp-~hěb' pûduɁ/ idǐp-hěmɁ (bone-eat) unique bone-eat compound See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan order Isoptera opát opát inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu order Isoptera kupĩ ' ĩ, maniwara (mani=manioc, wara=eater) kupĩ ' ĩ, maniwara (mani=manioc, wara=eater) inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Nukak order Isoptera nããnˀ3 unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no
Maihiki order Isoptera yuyu aguɨ juju agɨ, jújú inheritance West Tukanoan uncoded agɨ agɨ = masculine animate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Pemon order Isoptera chirima, chiripra (both mean: especie de comején comestible) (A1981); kuungwaik (E1980) tʃirima, tʃiripra (A1981); kuŋwaɪk (E1980) edible termite species' unique Also kuŋwaɪk (E1980) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro order Isoptera kamaádú kamaádú inheritance North Arawak uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Sikuani order Isoptera alikere (2), ana (2) alikére, ána unique also alikére, ána uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tariana order Isoptera kamáɾa kamáɾa inheritance North Arawak uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Tukano order Isoptera butu- butu-, butuá-wɨ̃ inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria order Isoptera butua butua, bu'tua-iro inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Yanomami order Isoptera ãrepo (kona shi), oshe mape ã̃ɾepo (kona ʃi), oʃe mape (winged, also generic term) unique also ã̃ɾepo (kona ʃi) phrase oshe=small one, mahe = feather/wing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna order Isoptera kamara 'comején blanco', karí, yamuchi kamaɾa 'comején blanco', kaɾí, jamutʃi inheritance North Arawak Also kaɾí, jamutʃi uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup order Isoptera b'uʔ bˀuʔ doubtful loan into protolanguage Hup-Yuhup-Daw East Tukanoan e.g. Tukano butu underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Bardi (many species) jaambany jaambany unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Bunuba (many species) lamburra lamburra unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Burarra (many species) an-gurroḻpa an-gurroḻpa unique 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhangu (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhay’yi (many species) missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhuwal (many species) munyukuluŋu munyukuluŋu unique 0 0 0 0 0 no
Djinang (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gooniyandi (many species) gooradooroodoo gooradooroodoo unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gumatj (many species) gunaŋa(') gunaŋa(') inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gupapuyngu (many species) gunaŋa(') ganagana inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gurindji (many species) munkut munkut loan into protolanguage munkurr Ngumpin-Yapa Jaminjung ? WW %mungku underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Guugu Yimidhirr (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jaminjung (many species) munkut munkut unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jaru (many species) ŋururr ŋururr unknown uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jingulu (many species) pilaya pilaya unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Karajarri (many species) bīna bīna loan Nyikina underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kija (many species) jamentel jamentel inheritance tyamernte Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Koko-Bera (many species) missing missing
Kuku-Thaypan (many species) [see 'ant'] [see 'ant'] unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuku-Yalanji (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kurtjar (many species) mpoord & bheenthik mpoord & bheenthik unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuuk Thaayorre (many species) paant+pirka; ruurr- paant+pirka; ruurr- unique compound paant 'head'; pirk 'long, big' 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mangala (many species) pīna pīna loan Nyikina underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mbabaram (many species) wánu wánu loan unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Miriwung (many species) malureng malureng unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngandi (many species) murugulu7 murpungula inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngarinyin (many species) dudut (jirri) dudut (jirri) unknown proto-Worrorran Yawuru? uncoded (jirri, M classifier) 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngumbarl (many species) nyeelgooroo nyeelgooroo unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyangumarta (many species) ngilkirr ngilkirr unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyikina (many species) biina biina semantic shift underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyulnyul (many species) djilger djilger unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Pakanh (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Rembarrnga (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ritharrngu (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tjaapukay (many species) gabaybarra kapayparra white ant unique derived /gabay/ 'antbed' + /barra/ 'inhabitant of' 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Olkol (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Oykangand (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Walmajarri (many species) ngurturr ngurturr inheritance ngurturr W.Ngumpin cf Jaru ngururr underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wardaman (many species) namulu namulu unknown uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wik Ngathan (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yan-nhangu (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yawuru (many species) dyurru dyurru semantic shift underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yidiny (many species) munu:nggul (TC; <mununggul>) & manu:nggul (TC; <manunggul>) munu:nggul (TC; <mununggul>) & manu:nggul (TC; <manunggul>) unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yir-Yoront (many species) mom; lorr lorr-mom inheritance *mumu local underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Achagua order Isoptera kamaɽa (rw) kamaɽa (rw), kamaʒa (H&R) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco order Isoptera càmala kàmala See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari order Isoptera kámara kámaɾa See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena order Isoptera uwita uwita See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero order Isoptera kamáta kamáta See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka order Isoptera káma káma See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi order Isoptera 'mono 'muno unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bora order Isoptera tʰákʰíʔkʰi-pa, máʔarḯmïḯ-pe, mooá-pa tʰákʰíʔkʰi-pa, máʔarɯ́mɯɯ́-pe, mooá-pa unknown; inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane order Isoptera mɨ́ǰɨ́gíyɨ, máʔarɨ, táabano mɨ́dʒɨ́gíyɨ, máʔarɨ, táabano See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai order Isoptera nuko nuko inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana order Isoptera nukë nukǝ inheritance See Language page PLE
Mapoyo order Isoptera mukë mukɛ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai order Isoptera xemeku (SM) xemeku (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari order Isoptera sana sana See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa order Isoptera kumeshu (SM) koméʃu(H&R) See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá order Isoptera posóa posóa; pʰõsóa(H&R) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán order Isoptera ovepa´cho, tsuttavu´vu (flying termite) oβɛpaʔtʃo See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra order Isoptera toga tonka unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro order Isoptera a´chi´chi aʔʃiʔʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez order Isoptera viu viu; ɸtũũ tʃika (+ɸtũũ wes, ɸtũũ ũʔsa, ɸtũũ = ‘wood’, H&R) See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna order Isoptera ómekê (Alv44) ómekɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina order Isoptera alïlïḍzi alʉlʉtʃi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke order Isoptera tǝ̃(ü̃)ih (RW52) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave order Isoptera ton jɨ:m (H&R) unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku order Isoptera kelü See Language page PLE
Ashuar order Isoptera kámau kamau See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa order Isoptera kama kama See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna order Isoptera kábau kábau inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses order Isoptera cuëte icbo, mechodo kuɨte ikbo, metʃodo unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua order Isoptera vaiyujami wãijuxamı̃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua order Isoptera cumishin kumiʃin See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa order Isoptera i'ćtuo'mɨh iɁs'tuoɁmɨh unknown See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva order Isoptera fãpo ɸãpo unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano order Isoptera butúá-bɨ̃́ butúá-bɨ̃́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Carapana order Isoptera bútúá-bɨ̃ bútúá-bɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Makuna order Isoptera adamabocomicʉ adamabokomikɨ, butua-bɨ̃ inheritance See Language page Amanda Meeks
Yuruti order Isoptera búutua-wɨ̃ búutua-wɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Waikhana order Isoptera bu'tuaɨ̃ bu'tuaɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Siriano order Isoptera burúámʉ́ bu'rúá-bɨ̃́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca order Isoptera bu'tua bu'tua inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo order Isoptera bu'túa-bɨ̃ bu'túa-bɨ̃ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka order Isoptera bu'túa-wɨ̃ bu'túa-wɨ̃ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja order Isoptera bútʰúà bútʰúà See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje order Isoptera chuchu dʒudʒu inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona order Isoptera yuyu juju inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya order Isoptera yuyu ju'ju See Language page Amanda Meeks
Karitiana order Isoptera gypy gɨpɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama order Isoptera kupia kupia inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi order Isoptera kupiʔĩ (O78) kupiʔĩ (O78) inheritance See Language page PLE
Kamayurá order Isoptera kupiˀi kupiˀi inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina order Isoptera ojuun, ojúnxho ohɯ̃ɯ̃ ojɯ̃ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto order Isoptera karáŋo, káraï {pl}, ígïdaŋo karáŋo, káraɯ {pl}, ígɯdaŋo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto order Isoptera karákïŋo, ígïdakïŋo karákɯŋo, ígɯdakɯŋo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto order Isoptera karakïño, igïdïkïño karakɯɲo, igɯdɯkɯɲo unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito order Isoptera ijíquija ihíkiha unique See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo order Isoptera anatuka anatuka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari order Isoptera hojik (Sousa2009) hojik (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Kwazá order Isoptera kaihutu kaihutu See Language page Joyce McCormick
Kaingang order Isoptera ryg ɾɨg See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi order Isoptera txerere tʃerere See Language page PLE