Uw-Oykangand

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
kjn
Location
0.00°, 0.00°
Notes
Features
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (129)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
agile wallaby, river wallaby flora-fauna Macropus agilis oyboy; inh- inh-oyboy agile wallaby, Macropus agilis unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae om; uk- & udn; uk- uk-om & uk-udn black ant (om), red ant (udn) inheritance *mumu Local underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian pelican flora-fauna Pelecanus conspicillatus athur; inh inh-athur pelican, Australian pelican, Pelecanus conspicillatus inheritance *ma:thurr pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian snubfin dolphin flora-fauna Orcaella heinsohnii missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
baler shell flora-fauna Melo amphora igh igh baler shell inheritance To YYoront /ki/, KYak /ki:k/. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bandicoot flora-fauna Peramelemorphia edn.g; inh- inh-edn.g inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0
barn owl flora-fauna Tyto alba iw; inh inh-iw barn owl, Tyto alba inheritance *ciwa pPama-Nyungan The protoform as reconstructed could possibly be imitative of the conventionalised call as in YYoront [syiw, ...] underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
barramundi flora-fauna Lates calcarifer urrb; uy uy-urrb barramundi, Lates calcarifer inheritance *kurrpa pPama-Maric underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp alphaymal; inh- inh-alphaymal king bat unique All large species of insect-eating bats; smaller spp. are inh-odhowayoway. underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bindii, caltrop flora-fauna Tribulus terrestris missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna ant; inh- inh-ant bird (generic term for small birds) semantic shift With /ant/ < *manta ('small') Small birds (pigeon & smaller) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-breasted buzzard flora-fauna Hamirostra melanosternon missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-faced cuckoo-shrike flora-fauna Coracina novaehollandiae awanyin; inh- inh-awañin messenger bird, cuckoo shrike spp, Coracina spp unique compound Poss. with /aw/ 'mouth' ??? 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-headed python flora-fauna Aspidites melanocephalus missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
black-soil yam flora-fauna Ipomoea diamantinensis oyorrng; egng- egng-oyorrng forest yam, Ipomoea sp (?) unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bloodwood flora-fauna Eucalyptus (Corymbia) bleeseri igay; uk- uk-igay long-fruited bloodwood, E. polycarpa unique underived 0 1 1 0 0 no
blowfly maggots flora-fauna Diptera, Sarcophagidae arrb; uk- uk-arrb maggot unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
blue-tongue lizard flora-fauna Tiliqua species ithun; inh inh-ithun eastern blue-tongue lizard, Tiliqua scincoides unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
blue-winged kookaburra flora-fauna Dacelo leachii orrolmp; inh- inh-orrolmp blue-winged kookaburra, Dacelo leachii unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bluebone flora-fauna Choerodon cyanodus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
brolga flora-fauna Grus rubicunda oykonp; inh- inh-oykonp brolga unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
brown goshawk flora-fauna Accipiter fasciatus arrgel; inh- inh-arrgel "sparrowhawk" unique inheritance *karrkila Borrowing likely at PPama-Nyungan scale WW %karrkila all locally occurring small terrestrial birds of prey, including harriers, goshawks, falcons, and kestrels (Falco & Accipiter spp) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
brush-tailed possum flora-fauna Trichosurus vulpecula albmb; inh- inh-albmb brush-tail possum, Trichosurur vulpecula inheritance *wulmpi pPaman Possibly Local (not pPaman); poss. pPaman *wulnpi underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush cockroach flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bush stone-curlew flora-fauna Burhinus grallarius uyimal; inh- inh-uyimal bush stone-curlew unique Also Eastern curlew, Numenius madagascariensis compound With /uy/ 'fish' ??? 1 0 0 0 0 no
bush tobacco flora-fauna Lobelia quadrangularis missing missing missing 0 0 0 1 0 no
bush turkey, Australian bustard flora-fauna Ardeotis australis atawangk; inh- inh-atawangk plains turkey inheritance *partawa pPama-Nyungan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush yam flora-fauna Vigna lanceolata var. lanceolata missing missing missing 0 1 2 0 1 no
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna Lepidoptera ilam ijijag; uk- uk-ilam-ijijag butterfly unique compound 0 0 0 0 0 no
carpet snake flora-fauna Morelia spilota missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0
caterpillar flora-fauna Lepidoptera odnhor; uk- uk-odnhor caterpillar unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
catfish flora-fauna (many species) ogelghal; uy uy-ogelghal shovel-nosed catfish, Arius midgleyi; a.k.a. boofhead, salmon catfish unique compound With /og/ 'water'??? 0 1 0 0 0 no
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna Chilopoda, Myriapoda enychon; uk- uk-eñcon centipede unique underived Protoform *cuncun was reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
channel-billed cuckoo flora-fauna Scythops novaehollandiae missing missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
crested pigeon flora-fauna Ocyphaps lophotes missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
darter/cormorant flora-fauna Anhinga melanogaster, Phalacrocorax species eworchanych; inh inh-eworcañc diver, darter, Anhinga melanogaster unique compound With ew 'mouth', -orcañc 0 1 0 0 0 no
death adder, five-minute snake flora-fauna Acanthophis praelongus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
dingo flora-fauna Canis familiaris dingo algar; ud ud-algar dingo unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis familiaris ud ud dog inheritance *kuta(ka) pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae arranych; inh inh-arrañc Pacific black duck, Anas superciliosa inheritance underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
dugong flora-fauna Dugon dugong missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
earthworm flora-fauna Annelida, Oligochaeta alyar; adn- adn-alyar earthworm unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
emu flora-fauna Dromaius novaehollandiae ajamb; inh- inh-ajamb emu inheritance *$acampa, with $ apical non-nasal pPaman underived 2 1 2 0 0 no
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna uy uy fish inheritance *kuyu pPama-Nyungan underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
flower flora-fauna (NA) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera antur; egng egng-antur fly unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
flying-fox (generic) flora-fauna (many species) agnggoy; inh- inh-agnggoy little red flying-fox unique Pteropus scapulatus; black flying fox (P. alecto) is inh-obmb; no generic ff term but inh-atolmbor is 'wing of [any[ ff'. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus johnstoni errjnyj; inh inh-errjñj freshie, freshwater crocodile unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater mussel flora-fauna Velesunio wilsoni missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
freshwater prawn flora-fauna Macrobrachium rosenbergii ochen (; uy) (uy-) ochen prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frill-necked lizard flora-fauna Chlamydosaurus kingii ekemp; inh inh-ekemp frilly lizard, frill-necked lizard, Chlamidosaurus kingii unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frog (generic) flora-fauna (many species) ednbal ednbal frog (generic/classifier) unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
galah flora-fauna Eolophus roseicapilla alim alim inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0
turtle (generic) flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
ghost gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus papuana (Corymbia bella) missing missing missing 2 0 1 0 0 no
goanna (generic) or sand goanna flora-fauna Varanus spp agondel; inh inh-agondel Gould's goanna, Varanus gouldii unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (NA) ukan ukan grass inheritance *pukan pPaman Northernmost attestation is Umpithamu /ukan/ 'bulguroo' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
grasshopper flora-fauna Orthoptera udndil udndil grasshopper unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
great bowerbird flora-fauna Chlamydera nuchalis errwoy; inh- inh-errwoy great bowerbird unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
green ant flora-fauna Oecophylla smaragdina olk; uk- uk-olk green ant unique Source (via Olkol?) of Pakanh /olka/ 'green ant' underived 0 2 2 0 0 no
green sea turtle flora-fauna Chelonia mydas missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
green tree snake flora-fauna Dendrelaphis punctulata missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
head/body lice flora-fauna Pediculus capitis, Pediculus humanus atar; eg- eg-atar lice unique phrase eg 'head' 0 0 0 0 0 no
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus iyarraman & amay; ud- iyarraman & ud-amay horse loan *yarraman Languages to the south WW %yarraman underived ud 'dog' (for domesticated animal), amay 'big' 0 0 0 0 0 no
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna Trochilidae missing missing bananabird, blue-faced honeyeater, Entomyzon cyanotis missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
humpback whale flora-fauna Megaptera novaeangliae missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic uk- uk- semantic shift *yuku pPaman; poss. pPama-Nyungan > /uk/ 'tree' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
jabiru flora-fauna Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus aloy; inh- inh-aloy unique underived 0 0 0 0 0
jungle-fowl (scrub-fowl) flora-fauna Megapodius freycinet missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Macropodidae iyirrbir; inh- inh-iyirrbir unique underived 2 1 0 0 0 no
land snail flora-fauna Gastropoda onych; eg- eg-oñc snail, snail shell unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
magpie goose flora-fauna Anseranas semipalmata alwangar; inh inh-alwangar magpie goose, Anseranas semipalmata unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
military dragon flora-fauna Ctenophorus isolepis, Diporiphora spp., Lophognathus spp. ojnyjer; inh inh-ojñjer [elicited from photo of] two-lined dragon, Diporiphora bilineata unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles spp, Isoptera ogngol ogngol mosquito inheritance *kungul pPaman; also in Tangkic and poss. Gooniyandi underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mud wasp, hornet flora-fauna (many species) ujny; ujny- ujñ-ujñ hornet inheritance generic ujñ same as specific; there are other spp underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native bee flora-fauna (many species) ubanyj; egng- & ored; egng- & eyach; egng & awin; egng & ond; egng & engarrj; egng egng-ubañj & egng-ored & egng-eyac & egng-awin & egng-ond & egng-engarrj sugarbag bee, Trigona spp.; ubañj is T. hockingsi & engarrj is T. fusco balteata unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native cat flora-fauna Dasyurus alber; inh inh-alber northern quoll, native cat, Dasyurus hallucatus unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
northern brown bandicoot flora-fauna Isoodon macrourus edn.g; inh- inh-edn.g bandicoot, northern; Isoodon macrourus inheritance *pinku pPaman, poss. S to Muruwari; poss. W to Nyangumarta inh-alkaramb is another bandicoot sp. underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
northern kurrajong flora-fauna Brachychiton diversifolius adndan; uk- uk-adndan kurrajong, Brachichiton diversifolius unique underived 0 1 no? 0 0 no
nut tree flora-fauna Terminalia grandifolia olphan; egne- egng-olphan pear tree, Terminalia platyphylla unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
octopus flora-fauna Octopus australis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pandanus palm flora-fauna Pandanus spiralis udnjan; uk uk-udnjan pandanus, Pandanus spiralis inheritance *kunca pPama-Nyungan underived 1 1 0 0 1 no
paperbark flora-fauna Melaleuca sericea, Melaleuca stenostachya echey; olphel- & olphel; uk- & ubmbal; uk- olphel-ecey & uk-olphel & uk-ubmbal straight tea-tree, M. stenostachya unique underived olphel 'paperbark' 0 0 1 0 0 no
peaceful dove flora-fauna Geopelia placida olodh; inh inh-olodh peaceful dove, Geopelia striata inheritance *kurlu+ pPama-Nyungan Etymology influenced by sound-symbolism and possible borrowing WW %kurlu+ underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pearlshell flora-fauna Pinctada spp missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 1 no
peewee flora-fauna Gryllina cyanoleuca iphidhal; inh- inh-iphidhal peewee, Australian magpie-lark unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pied butcherbird flora-fauna Cracticus nigrogularis albmoj; inh inh-albmoj butcherbird (spp) unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pike eel flora-fauna Muraenesox arabicus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna Mantodea missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
prickle bush flora-fauna Sclerolaena bicornis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
quail (generic) flora-fauna Coturnix species, Turnix species erryal; inh inh-erryal Coturnix australia inheritance To YYoront /lorrvyvl/ underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
red river gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus camaldulensis ilphunh, uk- uk-ilphunh river red gum, E. camaldulensis unique underived 2 0 1 0 1 no
red-tailed black-cockatoo flora-fauna Calyptorhynchus banksi inhulk; inh inh-inhulk black cocky, red-tailed black cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus magnificus unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
riflefish, archerfish flora-fauna Toxotes chatareus idndalgun; uy uy-idndalgun archerfish, riflefish, Toxotes chatareus; a.k.a. "the spotty" unique compound Poss. with /idn/ 'vagina' < 'ear' 0 1 0 0 0 no
river mangrove flora-fauna Aegicera corniculatum missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 1 no
rock fig flora-fauna Ficus brachypoda missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sacred kingfisher flora-fauna Todiramphus sancta anibal; inh- inh-anibal small kingfisher spp unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
saltwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus porosus owinhay; inh inh-owinhay saltie, estuarine or saltwater crocodile unique compound probably ow 'nose' -inhay [òwinháy]; cf YYoront kow-lalp-lon 'having a hard nose', a sobriquet for minh-kothorr [saltwater crocodile] 2 2 0 0 0 yes
saltwater mussel flora-fauna Mytilidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sawfish flora-fauna Pristis pectinata ow enongg; uy uy-ow-enongg swordfish, river sawfish, Pristis pristis unique compound ow 'nose'; enongg 'one' [in Olkol; UOykangand has enongggab] 1 0 0 0 0 yes
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna Arachnida, Scorpiones ort; uk- uk-ort scorpion unique Poss. < 'moon' uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
shark (generic) flora-fauna Selachimorpha missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 variable
shell (generic) flora-fauna albmul albmul shell unique a freshwater variety but can be used as a generic for shells and as such in generic-specific compounds, such as albmul ul (a saltwater variety) underived 0 1 0 0 1 no
short-beaked echidna flora-fauna Tachyglossus aculeatus ekorak; inh- inh-ekorak porcupine, echidna, Tachyglossus aculeatus unique underived 0 2 0 0 0 no
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
snappy gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus brevifolia missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnida, Araneae angath; uk- uk-angath spider unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
spinifex flora-fauna Triodia species missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
spoonbills (yellow-billed spoonbill, black-billed spoonbill) flora-fauna Platalea flavipes, Platalea regia archilw; inh inh-arcilw spoonbill spp, Platalea spp unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Dasyatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 variable
stripe-faced dunnart flora-fauna Sminthopsis macroura missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
sugarbag wax flora-fauna ayogol; egng egng-ayogol sugarbag wax (partic. post-squeezing) unique Contrast egng-ongor (before squeezing); oyogol is a general term for 'wax'. compound Poss. with (archaic) /ay/ > *mayi 1 1 0 0 0 no
sulphur-crested cockatoo flora-fauna Cacatua galerita adnboy; inh inh-adnboy White cocky, sulphur-crested cockatoo, Cacatua galerita unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
swamp eel flora-fauna Ophisternon gutturale missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
swamp leech flora-fauna Annelida, Hirudinea onan onan leech unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tawny frogmouth flora-fauna Podargus strigoides missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
termite mounds, ant hills flora-fauna Isoptera ebmandh & errgng; iphan & ulunggungg; iphan ebmandh & iphan-errgng & iphan-ulunggungg ebmandh 'tombstone' & errgng 'cathedral' & ulunggungg 'tree-base' unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
ti-tree flora-fauna Melaleuca bracteata missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna Arachnida, Acarina abal abal tick unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tiger shark flora-fauna Galeocerdo cuvier missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
torresian crow flora-fauna Corvus orru awarel; inh- inh-awarel Torresian crow unique compound Poss. with /aw/ 'mouth' ??? 0 0 0 0 0 no
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna (NA) uk uk tree unique *yuku pPaman; poss pPama-Nyungan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
waterlily flora-fauna Nymphaea macrosperma antun; egng egng-antun waterlily, Nymphoides gigantea unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
wattle flora-fauna Acacia difficilis missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 1 no
wedge-tailed eagle flora-fauna Aquila audax orrpholngk; inh inh-orrpholngk eagle, wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax inheritance *wurrpulV Local To YYoront /worrpol/. Also poss. < *wurrmbulV; cf. Djabugay /wurrmbul/ 'pelican' underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
willie wagtail flora-fauna Rhipidura leucophrys idhirrid; inh- inh-idhirrid willy wagtail unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
witchetty grub flora-fauna (many species) agngar; uk- uk-agngar witchetty grub unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
woma flora-fauna Aspidites ramsayii missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
medium HG low mobile