ant (generic)

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
hormiga
Meaning Portuguese
formiga

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Formicidae kā-nit ant loan Yokuts Proto-NimYokuts *k'e:nich (Golla 1964:60) same underived C. H. Merriam 60-465 0 0 2 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Formicidae tasamincih black ant, ant (generic) inheritance *tasi'a Numic Stubbs 49 (2008:45) (Central and Southern Numic only) same other complex has -tsi ABS Crapo1976:106 0 0 2 0 0 no
Cahuilla Formicidae ʔánet ˈʔanet ant, big ant inheritance *ʔalɨn- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) narrower (Seiler and Hioki 1979:16 say is “big ant”, while kuvishnily, the black ant, is generic for “small ant”. This word also means “red ant”. other complex 7ane-t -7aʃ "pet" probably possessive classifier -7ash Seiler&Hioki 1979:16 no info 0 Ant ceremony, in Cupeno and Luiseno, is not recorded even for Mountain Cahuilla 0 ants and larvae eaten no info gathered (wild) All anthill swarms with larvae pushed into pits with hot rocks and roasted, also boiled 0 0 All Americas Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Formicidae Tisí:najy- ant inheritance Eastern Miwokan Also in Miss, Mip other complex -aj-y thematic and nominalizer Freeland & Broadbent 1960 0 0 2 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Formicidae ɂaŋá·vI ɂaŋá·vI (JPH); Ant inheritance *anɨN Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 44 (2008:44) same other complex has -pi ABS Merriam 59:537 0 0 2 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Formicidae taq'ayas ant inheritance *tkaya7 Proto-Chumash Obispeno tqaya “ant, small black ant”; Klar 1977:64 underived I'm suspicious but nobody provides any help here Beeler 1978:185 0 0 2 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Formicidae ʔaya-mama; M. tah-kahts'-kuk; tah-ki'-uks Ant sp. A; M ant unique phrase meaning of elements unknown Applegate 50; Merriam 55:19 0 0 2 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Formicidae tqaya ant, small red ant? inheritance *tkaya7 Proto-Chumash other complex t- Harrington III:1:0324 0 0 2 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Formicidae ah'-nēCH-ō'p (šutele Pinart) ant loan Takic Takic 7ane- “ant, red ant” phrase ant-X Merriam 55:51 0 0 2 0 0 no
Cocopa Formicidae šmuyúły ant inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Mo. chamaduuly, Co. šmuyúły, Yavapai čmyúl same underived Crawford 1989 0 0 2 0 0 no
Comanche Formicidae anikuura?; Charney 41 a/niku/ta ant inheritance *anɨN Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 44 (2008:44) same underived etymologically, ant-maker.of.caches Robinson & Armagost 1990:164 0 0 2 0 0 no
Cupeño Formicidae anat ʹʔanat ant, red ant inheritance *ʔalɨN- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) broader (both red ants and generic for ants) other complex ʹʔana-t ant-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:151 0 ant ordeal for boys 0 probably larvae eaten no info probably bites used therapeutically outside of ordeal gathered (wild) men live ants saved for ordeal 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Esselen Formicidae otsoli-pša ant loan Costanoan compares M,R,S oto(l) “red ant” other complex -p$a animal suffix -p$a Shaul 1988:699 0 0 2 0 0 no
Gabrielino Formicidae missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
Iipay 'Aa Formicidae chemilly ant, red ant inheritance Proto-Yuman Mo. chamaduuly, Co. šmuyúły, Yavapai čmyúl same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 0 0 2 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Formicidae tus-soo'-ve taasu'u-vi (see below) ant (Merriam) inheritance *tasi'a Proto-Numic Stubbs 49 (2008;45) Central and Southern Numic only same other complex taasu'u-vi ant-ABS Merriam 59:377 0 0 2 0 0 no
Kiliwa Formicidae no generic unique unknown 0 0 2 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Formicidae missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 N/A N/A no
Lake Miwok Formicidae puTúukun tree ants, small ants (CHM: ant (all kinds)) unique underived Merriam 57:529 0 0 2 0 0 no
Luiseño Formicidae 7áanat ʹɁa:nat ant (generic term) inheritance *ʔalɨn- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) same other complex ʹɁa:na-t Elliott 1999:95 no info 0 ant ordeal at puberty (White 1963:153) 0 no info gathered (wild) men kept live for ant ordeal 0 0 Americas diverse (depends on species) no
Maidu Formicidae pyc'y/, pyc'y/mi ant inheritance Maiduan Nisenan pyc'y” underived Shipley 1963 0 0 2 0 0 no
Mojave Formicidae chamaduuly word appears in several terms for “ants” inheritance Proto-Yuman Yuma cam?adhulyc “the ant (dh is delta) Halpern1: 27 same underived Munro et al.1992 0 0 2 0 0 no
Mutsun Formicidae moo'-moor-'re ant unique reduplicated Okrand p. 130--32 from {mumir} Merriam 55:419 0 0 2 0 0 no
Nisenan Formicidae pyc'y: ant inheritance Maiduan Maidu pyc'y/, pyc'y/mi underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 0 0 2 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Formicidae ha'enabe Ant unique may contain *anɨN, Stubbs 44 (2008:44) same other complex has -pi ABS Merriam 61:149 0 0 2 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Formicidae pa:Tym-y-; ant (Merriam's generic, “very small ant”) unique perhaps same root as Miss paTa:ka- other complex -y nominalizer Callaghan 1987 0 0 2 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Formicidae tisi:naj, tisi:na:je- ant inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Miss, Mics other complex -aj is thematic suffix, distinguished in some dictionaries Callaghan 1984 0 0 2 0 0 no
Salinan A Formicidae c'e:ne:šé7 ant, black ant unique Note Miwokan tishinaj forms ?? E.g. Mip tisi:na “ant”. Not recorded for M. underived c'- as prefix, it's same kind of word that Turner 1987:119 notes -- but would be vowel-initial then and have /T-/ Merriam 55:381; Turner 1980:67 0 0 2 0 0 no
Salinan M Formicidae sep-loo'-kan ant unique Salinan M only not in A underived Merriam 55:381 0 0 2 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Formicidae cootaj ant unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 228 0 0 2 0 0 no
Serrano Formicidae ar:nyr-ht ant (any) (CHM); KCH a large kind of ant inheritance *7alɨN- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) other complex -t NPN Merriam 60:111; KCHill ms 2001:7 0 0 2 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Formicidae aŋa·vi Ant inheritance *anɨN Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 44 (2008:44) same other complex has -pi ABS Sapir 1930:548 0 0 2 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Formicidae te-ze'-ni-u small black ant (used by inf in “ant's nest) inheritance Eastern Miwokan Also in Mics, Mip other complex -aj suffix, probably -y nominalizer Merriam 57:469 0 0 2 0 0 no
Southern Ute Formicidae tAsí?ą-vI ant(s) inheritance *tasi'a Numic Stubbs 49 (2008:45), Central & Southern Numic only same other complex has -pi ABS Givon 1979 0 0 2 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Formicidae pānünt pa:ˈnɨnt ant (generic) inheritance *ʔalɨN- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44); I don't consider the /p/, perhaps from pa:??, to disqualify this item same derived pa:-aˈnɨn-t big(?)-red.ant-npn Hill 2010:65 no info 0 0 Voegelin 1938:12 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 N/A N/A no
Tümpisa Shoshone Formicidae tasimüü little black ant, piss ant (Merriam's generic ant) inheritance *tasi'a Proto-Numic Stubbs 49 (2008:45) Central and Southern Numic only same underived Dayley 1989:279 0 0 2 0 0 no
Wappo Formicidae hólo:t'ew' ant (CHM confirms 52:579) unique Note Wappo hun-tum?? phrase holo:- presumably some kind of critter element; see “snake” Sawyer 1965 0 0 2 0 0 no
Washo Formicidae 7á:ni ant loan Northern Paiute underived Merriam 55:313; WPD 0 0 2 0 0 no
Western Mono Formicidae soo'yabe ants unique narrower (seems to be plural only) underived stem may be complex Bethel et al.:187 no info 0 0 no info no info N/A no info 0 0 no
Wintu Formicidae t'i:do:q ant, red ant (Pitkin t'idoq, only in one entry) inheritance *t'edVq Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Schlichter 1981 0 0 2 0 0 no
Yavapai Formicidae missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Formicidae pahng'-ī ant unique same underived Merriam 58:531 0 0 2 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Formicidae hus-sah ant, black ant (esp. smal stinking kind) inheritance Nim-Yokuts Chuk, Gashowu. hah'-se' “black ant”, same underived Merriam 58:373 0 0 2 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Formicidae missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
Yuki Formicidae hun-tum she'-mah black ant (but note is base for “red ant”) unique phrase unknown elements Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 0 0 2 0 0 no
Yuma Formicidae cam?adhuly Ant inheritance Proto-Yuman unknown Merriam 61:465, Halpern 1:27 0 0 2 0 0 no
Akawaio Formicidae kuuyuuk kujuk black ant inheritance Inherited status uncertain; no generic? See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Formicidae káiwiri (H&R92) inheritance Baniwa-Tariana subgroup (Possibly older, data lacking.) Likely loan into Sikuani: leaf-cutter ant kaiwiali uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Cubeo Formicidae bẽ'ã́-kɨ bẽ'ã́-kɨ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw Formicidae -- -- missing missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Formicidae bẽ'gã́ bẽ'gã́ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Formicidae anətə (generic ant) anətə (generic ant) unknown See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Formicidae ɸaóe-t ɸaóe-t inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Formicidae nimo (tiny red stinging ant) (Zent 05) missing cf. nimo (tiny red stinging ant), jyo (black army ant) (Zent 05) missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Waorani Formicidae gnhu, ghu (generic) unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup Formicidae [no generic] [no generic] missing missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Pattie Epps
Macaguan Formicidae inhnít inhnít unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Formicidae ayúú (generic ant) ayúú (generic ant) unknown See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Formicidae çaiwa, taçiwa saiwa, tasiwa Generic, but same term also means 'formiga-lava-pe, Solenopsis' inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam Formicidae šĩo (EM72), kotše (EM72) (both species unknown) ʃĩo (EM72), kotʃe (EM72) (both species unknown) inheritance missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Nukak Formicidae hõĩ4 doubtful loan Puinave hui uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no
Maihiki Formicidae bẽã bẽã inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Resígaro Formicidae piíme piíme (H&R) loan Bora Bora pʰíímjɛpa, Muinane ɸíimo uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Sanumá Formicidae šio (EM72), kutšiaka (EM72) (both species unknown) ʃio (EM72), kutʃiaka (EM72) inheritance missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani Formicidae amái-to, pɨbɨ-to amái-to, pɨbɨ-to unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tariana Formicidae jawala (H&R, Giacone: jawala, aéme, kauirí) unique Also aéme, kauirí No info (may be specfic types) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Tukano Formicidae bẽkã́-wɨ̃ bẽkã́-wɨ̃ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Formicidae bã'tʃɨ̃-iro bã'tʃɨ̃-iro inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Formicidae generic ant: matʰɨ generic ant: matʰɨ unknown Gloss as 'generic' not clear from source. Might be cognate w/ 'sauva' in other lgs, but correspondences don't seem to match well. See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Ana Paula B.
Yanomam Formicidae šiho, koye (both unknown species) ʃiho, koje (both unknown species) inheritance missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yanomami Formicidae kashi, pore mo, suri na, šĩho (EM72), koye (EM72) (both species unknown) kaʃi (fire ant), poɾe mo (warrior ant; pore = spirit, aparition; mo= penis; note: it's said the bite can cause swelling of the penis), suɾi na (worker ant) inheritance na = CLF "ant, stinging insect/plant" missing N+CLF na = CLF "ant, stinging insect/plant" (Ramirez 94) See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Formicidae kahaʔajúna ('black ant type') kahaʔajúna ('black ant type') unique Also kuxwéna, karín-a, puhína uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Bardi Formicidae booy booy inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Bunuba Formicidae thawunu thawunu inheritance thawurnu Bunuban Gooniyandi miki loan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Burarra Formicidae bojokpojok bodyokpodyok unknown reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhangu Formicidae gälkal ga:lkal inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhay’yi Formicidae missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhuwal Formicidae gälkal ga:lkal inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Djinang Formicidae giyany giyany inheritance simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gajirrabeng Formicidae mejoong mejung unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gooniyandi Formicidae migi migi loan Jaru underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gumatj Formicidae ŋäṯi(') ga:lkal inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gupapuyngu Formicidae yarrŋga ga:lkal inheritance Central Yolngu reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gurindji Formicidae pingi pingi inheritance pingi Ngumpin-Yapa underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Guugu Yimidhirr Formicidae giira giira unique Source of KYal /kira-kira/ 'black ant' underived 0 0 0 0 0
Jaminjung Formicidae muyu muyu unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jaru Formicidae pingi pingi inheritance pingi Ngumpin-Yapa uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jingulu Formicidae tyutyutya tyutyutya unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Karajarri Formicidae pingka pingka inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kija Formicidae rakiny, rakil rakiny, rakil inheritance raki Jarragan also rakil other complex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Koko-Bera Formicidae KANTÁRR & MAKÉRR KANTÁRR & MAKÉRR RED ANT & TINY BLACK ANTS unique simplex
Kuku-Thaypan Formicidae anoga anoga unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuku-Yalanji Formicidae kira-kira & jabarrangkul & kawa & muyu-muyu kira-kira & jabarrangkul & kawa & muyu-muyu loan *kiira local Guugu Yimidhirr To GYim /giira/ 'ant (generic)' reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuuk Thaayorre Formicidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mangala Formicidae lilkurla lilkurla unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mbabaram Formicidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Miriwung Formicidae raging raging inheritance raki Jarragan WW %taparu underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngandi Formicidae dalawutbut dalawutbut unknown simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngarinyin Formicidae amara amara unique proto-Worrorran Ngarinyin/Worrorra uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngumbarl Formicidae leerangunna ngunna leerangunna ngunna unique phrase 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyangumarta Formicidae karlarla-karlarla karlarla-karlarla loan direction unknown Yulparija reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyikina Formicidae jurru jurru inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyulnyul Formicidae mibalad, mibelad mibalad, mibelad unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Pakanh Formicidae ngeekan; yuku- & moolvn; yuku- ngeekan; yuku- & moolvn; yuku- unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Rembarrnga Formicidae djabbuh tyappuh ant type unknown simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ritharrngu Formicidae yarrŋga ŋa:rti(7) unknown Dhuwal, Gumatj, Gupapuyngu have cognates simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tjaapukay Formicidae manunggul & gudjin & mirimiri & munyimunyi & gawun.gawun manungkul & kucin & mirimiri & muñimuñi & kawunkawun small brown & black & small black & small light brown & bull unique /muñimuñi/ to Yidiny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Olkol Formicidae omo; ug- ug-omo & ug-udni black ant (omo) & red ant (udni) inheritance *mumu Local underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Oykangand Formicidae om; uk- & udn; uk- uk-om & uk-udn black ant (om), red ant (udn) inheritance *mumu Local underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Walmajarri Formicidae piŋa piŋa inheritance pingi Ngumpin underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wardaman Formicidae mijbijin mijbijin unknown uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Warlpiri Formicidae nama nama inheritance nama Ngumpin-Yapa change to bee in Ngumpin underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wik Ngathan Formicidae thiilpen(h) thiilpvn(h) ant (especially the smaller kind) inheritance *thiilpVn(h) pWik underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Worrorra Formicidae garlarla garlarla inheritance *garlarla proto-Worrorran uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yan-nhangu Formicidae guyguy guyguy inheritance I have seen this elsewhere. reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yawuru Formicidae banbaldyi banbaldyi unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yidiny Formicidae munyimunyi (TC) munyimunyi (TC) inheritance *muñimuñi pYTj The Tjaap cognate /munyimunyi/ is used only of a small light brown ant sp. reduplicated Used as generic in generic-specific expression 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yir-Yoront Formicidae mom(; lorr-) & kern; lorr- (lorr-)mom & lorr-kern inheritance *mumu Local PPaman *kar(a)na > kern (black cockatoo) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Achagua Formicidae manée (class); kéeʃi manée (class); kéeʃi See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Formicidae kuwée, kéesi (H&R, various species) kuwée, kéesi (H&R, various species) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena Formicidae uwẽhẽ uwẽhẽ See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure Formicidae ko'ši-ri ko'ʃi-ri IDS list notes: *Mojo form is *ka'či-ru. *Maipuran form is *kʰaši (from Payne 91) See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá Formicidae kaitʸalu; meic̷ukutɨ kaitʸalu; mei¢ukutɨ See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Formicidae generic ant: pʰíímyepa generic ant: pʰíímjɛpa See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Formicidae generic ant: ɸíimo generic ant: ɸíimo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Formicidae waikuato waikuato See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wai Wai Formicidae yawko (ant) (SM) yawko (ant) (SM) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Muisca Formicidae ize itʂe See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Formicidae [no generic] [no generic] See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Tikuna Formicidae tatchóa (Alv44) tatʃóa See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Formicidae akaḍzone (sp/generic?) akatʃone (sp/generic?) See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Formicidae xuána xuána See Language page Daniel Valle
Andoke Formicidae hodíh (RW52) See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Formicidae koai See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave Formicidae generic ant: hui generic ant: hui See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar Formicidae (no generic) (no generic) See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa Formicidae (no generic) (no generic) See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Formicidae (no generic) (no generic) See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses Formicidae [no generic] [no generic] See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo Formicidae hiʔi-ma hiʔi-ma See Language page Joyce McCormick
Piaroa Formicidae i'cotɨh (K76) iʔkotɨh See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Formicidae niño niño See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano Formicidae bẽkã́híá-bɨ̃́ bẽkã́híá-bɨ̃́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Carapana Formicidae bẽ'kã́-bɨ̃ bẽ'kã́-bɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Makuna Formicidae bẽkã-bɨ̃ bẽkã-bɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Formicidae bẽ́kã bẽ́kã See Language page Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Formicidae bẽ'kãsiɨ̃ bẽ'kãsiɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Siriano Formicidae pũ'tĩ́rã-bɨ̃ pũ'tĩ́rã-bɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tatuyo Formicidae bẽ'kã́-bɨ̃ bẽ'kã́-bɨ̃ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Formicidae generic ant: pe'ta; bẽ'kã generic ant: peʔta; bẽʔkã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Formicidae mẽkʰã́ (generic) mẽkʰã́ (generic) See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Formicidae pẽa, emu pẽa, emu See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona Formicidae mẽ'ã mẽ'ã See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Kokama Formicidae tsatsɨwa tsatsɨwa See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Formicidae taɨ taɨ See Language page PLE
Sirionó Formicidae tasi tasi See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Formicidae ɨawataj ɨawataj See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Nɨpode Witoto Formicidae rakɯ́ŋo (H&R92) rakɯ́ŋo (H&R92) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Formicidae rakɯ́ŋ̥o (H&R92) rakɯ́ŋ̥o (H&R92) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Formicidae rakɯɲo (H&R92) rakɯɲo (H&R92) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Záparo Formicidae kwanahunu kʷanahunu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari Formicidae ʔyʔ (Sousa2009) ʔɨʔ (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Formicidae poxi aso; pohi-sewi (Girard 1971) poxi aso; pohi-sewi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Formicidae poki; omanana; bona; tepaco poki; omanana; bona; tepaco See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Movima Formicidae či-heɬ tʃi-xeɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai Formicidae kuseʔ kuseʔ kuseʔ kuseʔ See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang Formicidae pɛnkriŋ (IDS) pɛnkriŋ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi Formicidae kunõhihi kunõhihi See Language page PLE
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tasamincih “black ant, ant (generic) inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla anet inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok Tisi/:najy- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi angaa/-v(i) “small red ant” ( inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno tak'ajas “ant” inheritance Klar 1977:64 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno tishy7lyl “any ant” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno takay'as “red ant” inheritance Klar 1977:64 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tqala7 “large red ant”, tqaya7 “small red ant” inheritance Klar 1977:64 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7aniwo7uho loan JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa shmuyu/Ly inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche anIkuura7 inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño ana-t [Ɂanət] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen otsoi-psha unknown Shaul 1995:195, 197 Jane Hill
Gabrielino ahn-naht “red ant” inheritance CHM/MC268 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa chemilly [ʧəˈmɪɫʸ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no generic Jane Hill
Kiliwa kl7mayup (black), tlpaa, t7msin unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7anyht inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7awa/akan “red” unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño 7a:na-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu pyc'y/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave chamaduuly, hanapuk, huroo, nyuuraw kwasma/ma inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun oTTow “red fire ant unknown NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan pyc'y: inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute anibi inheritance Thornes 03:106 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok Tisi:naj-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok tisi:naj inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ilka/t; unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M ilka/t unknown Mason 1918:123 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) cootaj unknown Jane Hill
Serrano A:nY-ht “large kind of ant” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute anga:-S (anga:-vi small black sp.) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hu:ji- “large brown” unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute tAsi7avI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal paanynt “generic term” inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tongkwaapi(ttsi) “red ant” unknown Jane Hill
Wappo ho/lo:t'ew' loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Washo a:ni loan J? Jane Hill
Western Mono wowa/7 unknown Jane Hill
Wintu t'idoq inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai chmyu/l “red or fire ant” inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami pahng/-gi:/ unknown CHM Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi kakau red ant unknown K07:242 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne xo:layxola:y black ant loan N 1944 36; Jane Hill
Yuki hun-tum she/-mah CHM unknown S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma cam7adhu/lyc “the ant” H1:27 inheritance Jane Hill
Arabana piyarri loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Bardi liingga liingka inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba thawunu Claire Bowern
Burarra bojokpojok unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu gälkal inheritance? Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ŋäṯi(') Claire Bowern
Dhuwala wuṯili unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari piari loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
DiyariREU piari loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu ŋäṯi(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu ŋäṯi(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang giyany inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng raging inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi migi Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu wuṯili unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji pingi inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr boia XXgl small red ant boiya inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru bingi inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri winyputu loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Kija raki-ny inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: kathu semantic shift Claire Bowern
Mangala lilkurla unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung raging inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka t[h]itha loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Mudburra kumbari Claire Bowern
Mudburra kindijku unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini mirka loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Ngandi a-ja' inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma waruma inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl booya <booya> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi pudyupudyu unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru boi boi inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla pingi loan Ngumpin-Yapa Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta panpalyji loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta pinga inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina jurru jurru semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul mibalad, mibelad mibalad, mibelad unique Claire Bowern
Paakantyi bīburu unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya kathu semantic shift Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta thitha loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu ngaarti' inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri pinga inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru yididu loan Kalkatungu Claire Bowern
Warrwa jawun jawun unknown Claire Bowern
Wubuy yaag inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu guyguy inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha mankuna unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi muri unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka mirka loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yawuru banbaldyi banbalji semantic shift Claire Bowern