Uw-Olkol

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
olk
Location
0.00°, 0.00°
Notes
Features
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (129)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
agile wallaby, river wallaby flora-fauna Macropus agilis oypoth; inh- inh-oypoth agile wallaby, Macropus agilis unique To pOyk-Olk underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae omo; ug- ug-omo & ug-udni black ant (omo) & red ant (udni) inheritance *mumu Local underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian pelican flora-fauna Pelecanus conspicillatus athur; inh inh-athur pelican, Australian pelican, Pelecanus conspicillatus inheritance *ma:thurr pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian snubfin dolphin flora-fauna Orcaella heinsohnii missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
baler shell flora-fauna Melo amphora iku iku baler shell inheritance To YYoront /ki/, KYak /ki:k/. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bandicoot flora-fauna Peramelemorphia missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
barn owl flora-fauna Tyto alba iwa; inh inh-iwa barn owl, Tyto alba inheritance *ciwa pPama-Nyungan The protoform as reconstructed could possibly be imitative of the conventionalised call as in YYoront [syiw, ...] underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
barramundi flora-fauna Lates calcarifer urrpa; uy uy-urrpa barramundi, Lates calcarifer inheritance *kurrpa pPama-Maric underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp albhaymal; inh- inh-albhaymal king bat unique All large species of insect-eating bats; smaller spp. are inh-othowayoway. underived underived? 0 1 0 0 0 no
bindii, caltrop flora-fauna Tribulus terrestris missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna ant; inh- inh-ant bird (generic term for small birds) semantic shift With *manta ('small') Small birds (pigeon & smaller) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-breasted buzzard flora-fauna Hamirostra melanosternon missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-faced cuckoo-shrike flora-fauna Coracina novaehollandiae amanyin; inh- inh-amañin messenger bird, cuckoo shrike spp, Coracina spp unique amanyin; inh- other complex messenger bird, cuckoo shrike spp, Coracina spp; inh-amañin 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-headed python flora-fauna Aspidites melanocephalus missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
black-soil yam flora-fauna Ipomoea diamantinensis oyorrng; egng egng-oyorrng forest yam, Ipomoea sp (?) unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bloodwood flora-fauna Eucalyptus (Corymbia) bleeseri ikach; ug- ug-ikac long-fruited bloodwood, E. polycarpa unique underived 0 1 1 0 0 no
blowfly maggots flora-fauna Diptera, Sarcophagidae arrpo; ug- ug-arrpo maggot unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
blue-tongue lizard flora-fauna Tiliqua species ithin; inh inh-ithin eastern blue-tongue lizard, Tiliqua scincoides unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
blue-winged kookaburra flora-fauna Dacelo leachii orrolmp; inh- inh-orrolmp blue-winged kookaburra, Dacelo leachii unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bluebone flora-fauna Choerodon cyanodus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
brolga flora-fauna Grus rubicunda oykonp; inh- inh-oykonp brolga unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
brown goshawk flora-fauna Accipiter fasciatus arrkel; inh inh-arrkel "sparrowhawk" inheritance *karrkila pPama-Nyungan all locally occurring small terrestrial birds of prey, including harriers, goshawks, falcons, and kestrels (Falco & Accipiter spp) WW %karrkila all locally occurring small terrestrial birds of prey, including harriers, goshawks, falcons, and kestrels (Falco & Accipiter spp) underived Borrowing likely at PPama-Nyungan scale 0 0 0 0 0 no
brush-tailed possum flora-fauna Trichosurus vulpecula albmb; inh- inh-albmb brush-tail possum, Trichosurur vulpecula inheritance *wulmpi pPaman Possibly Local (not pPaman); poss. pPaman *wulnpi underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush cockroach flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bush stone-curlew flora-fauna Burhinus grallarius uyimal; inh- inh-uyimal bush stone-curlew unique Also Eastern curlew, Numenius madagascariensis other complex inh-uy+imal ?? 1 0 0 0 0 no
bush tobacco flora-fauna Lobelia quadrangularis missing missing missing 0 0 0 1 0 no
bush turkey, Australian bustard flora-fauna Ardeotis australis atawangk; inh- inh-atawangk plains turkey inheritance *partawa pPama-Nyungan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush yam flora-fauna Vigna lanceolata var. lanceolata missing missing missing 0 1 2 0 1 no
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna Lepidoptera imilam; ug- ug-imilam butterfly unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
carpet snake flora-fauna Morelia spilota missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0
caterpillar flora-fauna Lepidoptera odnhor; ug- ug-odhnor caterpillar unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
catfish flora-fauna (many species) ewudndanych; uy uy-ewudndañc shovel-nosed catfish, Arius midgleyi; a.k.a. boofhead, salmon catfish; also long-nosed catfish, sharp-headed catfish unique compound ew 'mouth' + udnañc 0 1 0 0 0 no
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna Chilopoda, Myriapoda enyjon; ug- ug-eñjon centipede inheritance to pPaman *cuncun underived The PROTOFORM is redupicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
channel-billed cuckoo flora-fauna Scythops novaehollandiae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
crested pigeon flora-fauna Ocyphaps lophotes missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
darter/cormorant flora-fauna Anhinga melanogaster, Phalacrocorax species eworchanych; inh inh-eworcañc diver, darter, Anhinga melanogaster unique compound Probably ew 'mouth' -orcañc 0 1 0 0 0 no
death adder, five-minute snake flora-fauna Acanthophis praelongus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
dingo flora-fauna Canis familiaris dingo alkar; ut ut-alkar dingo unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis familiaris uta uta dog inheritance *kuta(ka) pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae arranych; inh inh-arrañc Pacific black duck, Anas superciliosa inheritance underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
dugong flora-fauna Dugon dugong missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
earthworm flora-fauna Annelida, Oligochaeta alyar; adn- adn-alyar earthworm unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
emu flora-fauna Dromaius novaehollandiae achamb; inh- inh-acamb emu inheritance *$acampa, with $ apical non-nasal pPaman underived 2 1 2 0 0 no
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna uy uy fish inheritance *kuyu pPama-Nyungan underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
flower flora-fauna (NA) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera awiny & andur; egng- awiñ & egng-andur fly unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
flying-fox (generic) flora-fauna (many species) agnggoy; inh- inh-agnggoy little red flying-fox unique Pteropus scapulatus; black flying fox; no generic ff term underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus johnstoni okakor; inh minh-okakor freshie, freshwater crocodile unique underived [òkakór] 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater mussel flora-fauna Velesunio wilsoni missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
freshwater prawn flora-fauna Macrobrachium rosenbergii ochen; uy uy-ochen prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii inheritance underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frill-necked lizard flora-fauna Chlamydosaurus kingii ekemp; inh inh-ekemp frilly lizard, frill-necked lizard, Chlamidosaurus kingii unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frog (generic) flora-fauna (many species) ednbal ednbal frog (generic./classifier) unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
galah flora-fauna Eolophus roseicapilla missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
turtle (generic) flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
ghost gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus papuana (Corymbia bella) arrgar; ug- ug-arrgar unique underived 2 0 1 0 0 no
goanna (generic) or sand goanna flora-fauna Varanus spp akontel; inh inh-akontel Gould's goanna, Varanus gouldii unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (NA) ukan ukan grass inheritance *pukan pPaman Northernmost attestation is Umpithamu /ukan/ 'bulguroo' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
grasshopper flora-fauna Orthoptera udndil udndil grasshopper inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
great bowerbird flora-fauna Chlamydera nuchalis errwoth; inh- inh-errwoth great bowerbird unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
green ant flora-fauna Oecophylla smaragdina olgo ~ olga; ug- ug-olgo ~ uk-olga green ant unique Source of Pakanh /olka/ 'green ant' underived 0 2 2 0 0 no
green sea turtle flora-fauna Chelonia mydas missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
green tree snake flora-fauna Dendrelaphis punctulata missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
head/body lice flora-fauna Pediculus capitis, Pediculus humanus atar; eg- eg-atar lice unique phrase eg 'head' 0 0 0 0 0 no
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus mewal; inha- & iyarraman inha-mewal & iyarraman horse unique *yarraman languages to south iyarraman < *yarraman WW %yarraman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna Trochilidae bananabird, blue-faced honeyeater, Entomyzon cyanotis missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
humpback whale flora-fauna Megaptera novaeangliae missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic ugu- ugu- semantic shift Semantic extension from 'tree' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
jabiru flora-fauna Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
jungle-fowl (scrub-fowl) flora-fauna Megapodius freycinet missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Macropodidae iyirrpir; inh- inh-iyirrpir unique underived 2 1 0 0 0 no
land snail flora-fauna Gastropoda onyj, eg- eg-oñj snail, snail shell unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
magpie goose flora-fauna Anseranas semipalmata alwangar; inh inh-alwangar magpie goose, Anseranas semipalmata unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
military dragon flora-fauna Ctenophorus isolepis, Diporiphora spp., Lophognathus spp. ojnyjer; inh inh-ojñjer [elicited from photo of] two-lined dragon, Diporiphora bilineata unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles spp, Isoptera ogngol ogngol mosquito inheritance *kungul pPaman; also in Tangkic and poss. Gooniyandi underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mud wasp, hornet flora-fauna (many species) ujnyi; ujny- ujñ-ujñi hornet inheritance generic ujñ same as specific; there are other spp underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native bee flora-fauna (many species) ubanych; egng- & oret; egng- & eyach; egng & awin; egng & ont; egng & uyenakem; egng rgng-ubañc & egng-oret & egng-eyac & egng-awin & egng-ont & egng-uyenakem sugarbag bee, Trigona spp.; ubañc is T. hockingsi & uyenakem is T. fusco balteata unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native cat flora-fauna Dasyurus alper; inh inh-alper northern quoll, native cat, Dasyurus hallucatus unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
northern brown bandicoot flora-fauna Isoodon macrourus edn.g; inh- inh-edn.g bandicoot, northern; Isoodon macrourus inheritance *pinku pPaman, poss. S to Muruwari; poss. W to Nyangumarta inh-algaramb is another bandicoot sp. underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
northern kurrajong flora-fauna Brachychiton diversifolius adndan; ug- ug-adndan kurrajong, Brachichiton diversifolius unique underived 0 1 no? 0 0 no
nut tree flora-fauna Terminalia grandifolia olban; egne- egng-olban pear tree, Terminalia platyphylla unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
octopus flora-fauna Octopus australis missing missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pandanus palm flora-fauna Pandanus spiralis udnjan; uk uk-udnjan pandanus, Pandanus spiralis inheritance *kunca pPama-Nyungan underived 1 1 0 0 1 no
paperbark flora-fauna Melaleuca sericea, Melaleuca stenostachya ejej; olbel- & olbel; ug- & ubmbal; ug- olbel-ejey & uk-olbel & ug-ubmbal straight tea tree, M. stenostachya unique underived olbel 'paperbark' 0 0 1 0 0 no
peaceful dove flora-fauna Geopelia placida olodh; inh inh-olodh peaceful dove, Geopelia placida inheritance *kurlu+ pPama-Nyungan Etymology influenced by sound-symbolism and possible borrowing WW %kurlu+ underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pearlshell flora-fauna Pinctada spp missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 1 no
peewee flora-fauna Gryllina cyanoleuca ibithal; inh- inh-ibhithal peewee, Australian magpie-lark unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pied butcherbird flora-fauna Cracticus nigrogularis albmoch; inh- inh-albmoc butcherbird (spp) unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pike eel flora-fauna Muraenesox arabicus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna Mantodea missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
prickle bush flora-fauna Sclerolaena bicornis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
quail (generic) flora-fauna Coturnix species, Turnix species ejebeng; inh inh-ejebeng Turnix pyrrhothorax unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
red river gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus camaldulensis ilbhunh; ug- ug-ilbhunh river red gum, E. camaldulensis unique underived 2 0 1 0 1 no
red-tailed black-cockatoo flora-fauna Calyptorhynchus banksi anhulk; inh inh-anhulk black cocky, red-tailed black cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus magnificus unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
riflefish, archerfish flora-fauna Toxotes chatareus idndalkun; uy uy-idndalkun archerfish, riflefish, Toxotes chatareus; a.k.a. "the spotty" unique compound Poss. with /idn/ 'vagina' < 'ear' 0 1 0 0 0 no
river mangrove flora-fauna Aegicera corniculatum missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 1 no
rock fig flora-fauna Ficus brachypoda missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sacred kingfisher flora-fauna Todiramphus sancta uy abur; inh inh uy abur small kingfisher spp unique compound with /uy/ 'fish' 0 0 0 0 0 no
saltwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus porosus owinhay; inh inh-owinhay saltie, estuarine or saltwater crocodile unique compound With ow 'nose' -inhay [òwinháy]; cf YYoront kow-lalp-lon 'having a hard nose', a sobriquet for minh-kothorr [saltwater crocodile] 2 2 0 0 0 yes
saltwater mussel flora-fauna Mytilidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sawfish flora-fauna Pristis pectinata othol; uy uy-othol swordfish, river sawfish, Pristis pristis unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 yes
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna Arachnida, Scorpiones oda; ug- ug-oda scorpion unique Poss. < 'moon' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
shark (generic) flora-fauna Selachimorpha missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 variable
shell (generic) flora-fauna albmul albmul shell unique a freshwater variety but can be used as a generic for shells and as such in generic-specific compounds, such as albmul ul (a saltwater variety) underived 0 1 0 0 1 no
short-beaked echidna flora-fauna Tachyglossus aculeatus egorag; inh- inh-egorag porcupine, echidna, Tachyglossus aculeatus unique underived 0 2 0 0 0 no
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
snappy gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus brevifolia missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnida, Araneae angadh; ug- ug-angadh spider unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
spinifex flora-fauna Triodia species missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
spoonbills (yellow-billed spoonbill, black-billed spoonbill) flora-fauna Platalea flavipes, Platalea regia archilp; inh inh-arcilp spoonbill spp, Platalea spp unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Dasyatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 variable
stripe-faced dunnart flora-fauna Sminthopsis macroura missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
sugarbag wax flora-fauna akamar; egng & ayogol; egng egng-akamar & egng-ayogol sugarbag wax (partic. post-squeezing; both names) unique Contrast egng-ongor (before squeezing); oyogol is a general term for 'wax'. underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
sulphur-crested cockatoo flora-fauna Cacatua galerita adnboy; inh inh-adnboy White cocky, sulphur-crested cockatoo, Cacatua galerita unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
swamp eel flora-fauna Ophisternon gutturale missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
swamp leech flora-fauna Annelida, Hirudinea onan onan leech unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tawny frogmouth flora-fauna Podargus strigoides onpol; inh inh-onpol owl, frogmouth sp, Podargus sp unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termite mounds, ant hills flora-fauna Isoptera ebmanth & errgng; iban & ulunggungg; iban & urrgug; iban ebmanth & iban-errgng & iban-ulunggung & ug-urrgug ebmanth 'tombstone' & errgng 'cathedral' & ulunggungg 'tree-base' & urrgug 'tree fork' unique *tipan pPama-Nyungan /iban/ < pPNy *tipan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
ti-tree flora-fauna Melaleuca bracteata missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna Arachnida, Acarina apal apal tick unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tiger shark flora-fauna Galeocerdo cuvier missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
torresian crow flora-fauna Corvus orru awarel; inh- inh-awarel Torresian crow unique compound With /aw/ < *wawV ??? 0 0 0 0 0 no
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna (NA) ugu ugu tree unique *yuku pPaman; poss pPama-Nyungan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
waterlily flora-fauna Nymphaea macrosperma antun; egng egng-antun waterlily, Nymphoides gigantea unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
wattle flora-fauna Acacia difficilis missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 1 no
wedge-tailed eagle flora-fauna Aquila audax orrbolngk; inh inh-orrbolngk eagle, wedge-tailed eagle, Aquila audax inheritance *wurrpulV Local To YYoront /worrpol/ 'white-breasted sea eagle'. Also poss. < *wurrmbulV; cf. Djabugay /wurrmbul/ 'pelican' underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
willie wagtail flora-fauna Rhipidura leucophrys ithirrit; inh- inh-idhirrid willy wagtail unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
witchetty grub flora-fauna (many species) odhor; ug- & uyothothor; ug- ug-odhor & ug-uyothothor witchetty grub unique underived uyothothor probably contains uy- 'fish', as in YYoront ngarllúq 'edible grub' incorporating ngart 'fish' 0 1 2 0 0 no
woma flora-fauna Aspidites ramsayii missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
medium HG low mobile