insect (generic)

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
insecto
Meaning Portuguese
insecto

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Cahuilla generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Central Sierra Miwok generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chemehuevi generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chumash Barbareno generic sxonin bug unique underived Beeler 1978:184 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chumash Ineseno generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chumash Obispeno generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Chumash Ventureno generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Cocopa generic no generic unique unknown 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Comanche generic ɨnɨ? bug, insect, creature semantic shift *ɨnɨC Numic Stubbs 2066 (2008:285), usually “spirit, ghost”; this elevates to Numic and changes meaning (unless it's a loan from Ute) broader (“critter” -- extent not clear) underived Robinson & Armagost 1990:164 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Cupeño generic no special term unique unknown 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Esselen generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Gabrielino generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Iipay 'Aa generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Kawaiisu generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Kiliwa generic no generic unique unknown 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Kitanemuk generic kuʔač ˈkuʔaʧr worm, bug (gen)., any “small nameless bug” (Harrington) inheritance *kuʔa- Takic S893 (Stubbs 2009:152), Broader (includes maggots and larvae, leeches, angleworms, but does NOT include named insects) other complex ˈkuʔa-ʧr bug-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:362 no info 0 0 larvae eaten no info gathered (wild) all no info 0 0 N/A N/A no
Lake Miwok generic c' álaj insect loan Wappo “probably from Western Wappo č'ále 'bug'” (1965:235) other complex -aj is suffix Callaghan 1965 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Luiseño generic no generic reported missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Maidu generic kàpí insect, vermin unique broader (“a general class term for unpleasant creatures”) other complex -i is stem former Shipley 1963 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Mojave generic ɂichipay insect; also, in complex expressions, “animal” unique broader (something like “critter”) phrase ɂich ipay= something move= “infest with bugs” with =k Munro et al.1992 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Mutsun generic pitcina maggot, insect unique reduplicated from [pitcan]? Mason 1916:428 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Nisenan generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Northern Paiute generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Northern Sierra Miwok generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Plains Miwok generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Salinan A generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Salinan M generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Seri (Comcaac) generic ziix ccam animal, insect unique broader (any animal) relative clause cosa que tiene vida Comcaac Dictionary 619 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Serrano generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Southern Paiute generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Southern Sierra Miwok generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Southern Ute generic pa?á-vI insect, worm, larva unique Southern Paiute pa'a-vɨ means “animal in general, neither plant nor human” broader ((includes worms) other complex has -pi ABS Givon 1979 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Tübatulabal generic tohhawal tohaˈwal bug, generic term for insect semantic shift *toka “spider” (in SUA) Uto-Aztecan S2055 (Stubbs 2009:285), he has only in SUA narrower (includes nameless insects, not named ones) other complex tohaˈwa-l bug-npn Hill 2010:88 no info 0 0 Voegelin 1938:12 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 N/A N/A no
Tümpisa Shoshone generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Wappo generic č'ále bug unique underived Sawyer 1965 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Washo generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Western Mono generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Wintu generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yavapai generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yokuts Palewyami generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yokuts Yawdanchi generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yokuts Yowlumne generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yuki generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Yuma generic missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 variable
Dâw generic -- -- missing missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Bardi generic buwa buwa inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Burarra generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhangu generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhay’yi generic milkmilk milkmilk semantic shift cf Gupapuyngu, Ritharngu for “mosquito (generic)” reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhuwal generic woṉ buwat doubtful loan simplex Narrower [unidentified beetle] 0 0 0 0 0 no
Djinang generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gooniyandi generic biyirndi unknown WW %pirniny missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gumatj generic wuyuwuyu(') murraymurray unique reduplicated Narrower [unidentified beetle] 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gupapuyngu generic wuyuwuyu(') dhindhinŋaniŋ unique reduplicated Narrower [unidentified beetle] 0 0 0 0 0 no
Guugu Yimidhirr generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
Jaru generic pirniny pirniny unknown also in Walmajarri WW %pirniny uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Karajarri generic jurru jurru loan Yawuru underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kija generic larntiny larntiny unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Koko-Bera generic missing missing
Kuku-Thaypan generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuku-Yalanji generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kurtjar generic eeny eeny semantic shift Unique in this sense; < *miña 'meat, game animal' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuuk Thaayorre generic ruurr ruurr inheritance *tu:rru or *tu:kurr pPama-Nyungan HIGHLY PROBLEMATIC includes spiders, centipede, scorpion, some snails; does not include hornets underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mbabaram generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Miriwung generic gundugundulung gundugundulung unknown reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngandi generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngarinyin generic munumba munumba unknown proto-Worrorran uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngarluma generic pirna pirna unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0
Nimanburru generic djur% djur% inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyikina generic warnminy warnminy unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyulnyul generic djur% djur% inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Pakanh generic yuku- yuku- semantic shift underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Rembarrnga generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ritharrngu generic ṉirriṉirri' buwat doubtful loan cf “buwata” Gupapuyngu and Gumatj Australian Bustard, Yan-nhangu tree species simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tjaapukay generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Olkol generic ugu- ugu- semantic shift Semantic extension from 'tree' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Oykangand generic uk- uk- semantic shift *yuku pPaman; poss. pPama-Nyungan > /uk/ 'tree' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Walmajarri generic pirniny pirniny loan Bunuba =maggots, insect in Jaru; cf. Bunuban etc piyirn? WW %pirniny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wardaman generic dilabududuj dilabududuj unknown uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wik Ngathan generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yan-nhangu generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yawuru generic dyurru dyurru inheritance underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yidiny generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yir-Yoront generic lorr lorr inheritance *tu:rru or *tu:kurr pPama-Nyungan HIGHLY PROBLEMATIC Most insects but not hornets (/ponh/), sugarbag bees (/may-), edible grub (/ngarllúq/, mosquitos, flies; used of centipede; variable with /maqar/ 'spider'; not with /waln/ 'tick', /thonhthvn/ 'scorpion'. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Waurá generic yakawa'ka (can also refer to things in general) jakawa'ka (can also refer to things in general) See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Apalai generic puti, sarahkane puti, sarahkane See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Tiriyó generic akii (plural) akii (plural) See Language page Becky Walker
Matses generic [no generic] [no generic] See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Piaroa generic ic'tɨh isɁtɨh See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Cavineña generic murahuahua (C&L89) murawawa See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kaingang generic ka (IDS) ka (IDS) See Language page PLE