Kurtjar

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
gdj
Location
-17.31°, 141.65°
Notes
Features
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (128)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
agile wallaby, river wallaby flora-fauna Macropus agilis nookin & mpirdelk nookin & mpirdelk unique underived eeny 0 1 0 0 0 no
Australian pelican flora-fauna Pelecanus conspicillatus mponyungkuath ~ maatinkuath mponyungkuath ~ maatinkuath unique compound mpoony 'fishing net' + ngkuath 'big' eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian snubfin dolphin flora-fauna Orcaella heinsohnii wa:y wa:y unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
baler shell flora-fauna Melo amphora ngeel & ngoord ngeel & ngoord unique underived walach shell; eeny is animal 0 0 0 0 0 no
bandicoot flora-fauna Peramelemorphia ntoolingk ntoolingk unique underived 0 0 0 0 0
barn owl flora-fauna Tyto alba liyoerk.ingkuath liyoerk.ingkuath unique Syn. (?) ngookingok < pPNy (?) *nguku, sound-symbolic, prob. loan compound Prob. < eel 'eye' + yeerk 'flash' + ngkuath 'big' (but full stop marks what follows as suffixial); syn. (?) ngookingok is redupl. eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
barramundi flora-fauna Lates calcarifer merr merr unique underived wanhthork ~ wooy 1 1 0 0 0 no
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp nthorgh nhthorgh unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bindii, caltrop flora-fauna Tribulus terrestris moerngk moerngk unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna eeny eeny (= animal), eeny ma:rk.alim inheritance *miña pPaman poss. pPama-Nyungan Animals, incl birds, insects, but not humans, dogs, etc. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-breasted buzzard flora-fauna Hamirostra melanosternon missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-faced cuckoo-shrike flora-fauna Coracina novaehollandiae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-headed python flora-fauna Aspidites melanocephalus nchilngkuath nchilngkuath unique underived eeny 0 2 0 0 0 no
black-soil yam flora-fauna Ipomoea diamantinensis raank & rdeent raank & rdeent unique underived maay 0 1 0 0 0 no
bloodwood flora-fauna Eucalyptus (Corymbia) bleeseri yuaarr yuaarr unique underived luaanh 0 1 1 0 0 no
blowfly maggots flora-fauna Diptera, Sarcophagidae rdowolmp rdowolmp unique underived ? eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
blue-tongue lizard flora-fauna Tiliqua species mpaalbhilgh ~ bhankibhank mpaalbhilgh ~ bhankibhank unique underived bhankibhank is reduplicative eeny 0 1 0 0 0 no
blue-winged kookaburra flora-fauna Dacelo leachii kalmpoerk kalmpoerk unique underived ?? 0 0 0 0 0 no
bluebone flora-fauna Choerodon cyanodus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
brolga flora-fauna Grus rubicunda ngkaabh ~ korkorr ngka:bh, korkorr unique korkorr is sound-symbolic and widespread in the region underived korkorr is redupl. 1 0 0 0 0 no
brown goshawk flora-fauna Accipiter fasciatus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
brush-tailed possum flora-fauna Trichosurus vulpecula bhonchorgh bhonchorgh unique underived eeny 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush cockroach flora-fauna (many species) mbieʀ/mbeʀ mbieʀ/mbeʀ unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bush stone-curlew flora-fauna Burhinus grallarius welbhilbhek welbhilbhek unique underived but poss. redupl. 1 0 0 0 0 no
bush tobacco flora-fauna Lobelia quadrangularis rdowong rdowong unique underived 0 0 0 1 0 no
bush turkey, Australian bustard flora-fauna Ardeotis australis dhoelk dhoelk unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush yam flora-fauna Vigna lanceolata var. lanceolata [see above] [see above] unknown underived 0 1 2 0 1 no
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna Lepidoptera rebhilbhil rebhilbhil unique reduplicated eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
carpet snake flora-fauna Morelia spilota yeen yeen unique 0 1 0 0 0
caterpillar flora-fauna Lepidoptera rrabhirrabh & chaardinyelk & lkeen & kabharroek & nookikord rrabhirrabh & chaardinyelk & lkeen & kabharroek & nookikord unique compound chaard 'collibah' + nyi.lk 'cut'; also redupl (rrabhirrabh); also simplex eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
catfish flora-fauna (many species) choword & mooethimpak & gheerdibird & ligh & ngalanch ~ ngaalinch & nuaampird & thaarrim & ncharard choword & mooethimpak & gheerdibird & ligh & ngalanch ~ ngaalinch & nuaampird & thaarrim & ncharard unique underived wanhthork ~ wooy thaarrim 'small-sized catfish of any sp.' 0 1 0 0 0 no
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna Chilopoda, Myriapoda loothirgh loothirgh unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
channel-billed cuckoo flora-fauna Scythops novaehollandiae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
crested pigeon flora-fauna Ocyphaps lophotes rkooth rkooth unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
darter/cormorant flora-fauna Anhinga melanogaster, Phalacrocorax species keergh & lbhaalgh & karkarr keergh & lbhaalgh & karkarr unique underived Another sense: 'spike, sharp spine'; cf. YYoront ko+kal+w 'darter = spearnose'; lbhaalgh also 'ripples'; karkarr is reduplicative eeny 0 1 0 0 0 no
death adder, five-minute snake flora-fauna Acanthophis praelongus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
dingo flora-fauna Canis familiaris dingo ruaak lkaarriny ruaak lkaarriny unique compound ruaak 'dog', lkaarriny prob. 'wild' 0 0 0 0 0 no
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis familiaris ruaak ruaak inheritance *kutaka pPaman Poss. pPNy underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae rchaarr & reekil ~ looerthil & chenpow & nelbhow rchaarr & reekil ~ looerthil & chenpow & nelbhow unique *tirrkal Local underived eeny nookirr 'young duck' (any sp; poos young of other birds), also an uncommon word for 'belly' 0 1 0 0 0 no
dugong flora-fauna Dugon dugong uthuar uthuar unique underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
earthworm flora-fauna Annelida, Oligochaeta bhoongim bhoongim unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
emu flora-fauna Dromaius novaehollandiae dhongkualk & rriyorringkuath dhongkualk & rriyorringkuath unique compound Poss. dhoong 'seed' + i.lk 'eat' 2 1 2 0 0 no
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna wanthork ~ wooy wanthork ~ wooy unique underived Both terms are generic 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
flower flora-fauna (NA) warbhinchay warbhinchay unique underived ?? 0 0 0 0 0 no
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera nyeen nyeen loan Loan status assumed because of failure to initial-drop; sourec language not known but cf. YYoront nhen. underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
flying-fox (generic) flora-fauna (many species) rrinh & ngkeekingkek ~ maangkuath rrinh & ngkeekingkek ~ maangkuath unique underived rrinh variant rrinhirrinh is redupl, rrinhilim poss. compound; ngkeekingkek is poss redupl 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus johnstoni nuaanchin nuaanchin unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater mussel flora-fauna Velesunio wilsoni nyomok ~ nyimok nyomok ~ nyimok unique underived eeny animal; shell is walach 0 1 0 0 0 No indication as to fresh- or saltwater no
freshwater prawn flora-fauna Macrobrachium rosenbergii wechank & wardarr & nhorgh wechank & wardarr & nhorgh unique underived eeny 0 1 0 0 0 No indication as to fresh- v. saltwater for wechank. no
frill-necked lizard flora-fauna Chlamydosaurus kingii wonpoch ~ penarbhil wonpoch ~ penarbhil unique underived eeny 0 1 0 0 0 no
frog (generic) flora-fauna (many species) bheech & dhoom bheech & dhoom unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
galah flora-fauna Eolophus roseicapilla leemil le:mil inheritance 0 0 0 0 0
turtle (generic) flora-fauna (many species) yaangirr yaangirr loan direction unknown *pangarr Loan status (to pangarr words) is a guess underived eeny 0 1 0 0 0 no
ghost gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus papuana (Corymbia bella) waardinh waardinh unique underived luaanh 2 0 1 0 0 no
goanna (generic) or sand goanna flora-fauna Varanus spp mpaargh & dharbhard mpaargh & dharbhard unique mpaargh does not include rdoth (water goanna) or nchorr (rock goann); dharbhard is poss. 'yound goanna'. underived eeny 0 1 2 0 0 no
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (NA) kuaan & choerkibhay kuaan & choerkibhay inheritance *pukan pPaman pPaman, extending to Warrgamay and poss. as far as Karnic underived kuaan (also choerkibhay?) is preposed to specific terms as a generic 0 0 0 0 0 no
grasshopper flora-fauna Orthoptera ruaangkird ruaangkird unique underived eeny used as a generik with at least one species term 0 0 0 0 0 no
great bowerbird flora-fauna Chlamydera nuchalis rdorchargh rdorchargh unique unknown 1 0 0 0 0 no
green ant flora-fauna Oecophylla smaragdina moelath moelath unique unknown 0 2 2 0 0 no
green sea turtle flora-fauna Chelonia mydas ntelbhirdichergh ntelbhirdichergh unique underived ?? eeny 1 1 0 0 0 no
green tree snake flora-fauna Dendrelaphis punctulata missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
head/body lice flora-fauna Pediculus capitis, Pediculus humanus wolnthord wolnthord unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus yardiman & ruaak yardiman & ruaak loan direction unknown loan source is a language to the south; ruaak ('dog') is an inheritance < *kutaka WW %yarraman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
humpback whale flora-fauna Megaptera novaeangliae kuaanidhincherr & thirirdancherr kuaanidhincherr & thirirdancherr unique compound kuaan 'grass' + dhi.ncherr 'burner' & thirgh 'smoke' + rda.ncherr 'thrower' wanthork ~ wooy 1 1 0 0 0 no
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic eeny eeny semantic shift Unique in this sense; < *miña 'meat, game animal' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
jabiru flora-fauna Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus milikorgh milikorgh unique 0 0 0 0 0
jungle-fowl (scrub-fowl) flora-fauna Megapodius freycinet missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Macropodidae noompird noompird unique underived eeny 2 1 0 0 0 no
land snail flora-fauna Gastropoda lbheerr lbheerr unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
magpie goose flora-fauna Anseranas semipalmata yaangich yaangich unique A syn. (??) is ngookingok, usually designating an owl sp. underived eeny 0 1 0 0 0 no
military dragon flora-fauna Ctenophorus isolepis, Diporiphora spp., Lophognathus spp. missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles spp, Isoptera ngool & kuardoerk ngool & kuardoerk inheritance *kungul pPaman Also in Tangkic; another poss. is *wungul (~ *wungil) underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
mud wasp, hornet flora-fauna (many species) ngaarridhelk & thalkol & wordiword ngaarridhelk & thalkol & wordiword unique underived wordiword is redupl eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
native bee flora-fauna (many species) laang & nteermingk & thorr laang & nteermingk & thorr unique underived nteermingk ? maay 0 0 0 0 0 no
native cat flora-fauna Dasyurus ngkor ngkor unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
northern brown bandicoot flora-fauna Isoodon macrourus ntoolingk ~ wolngkobh ntoolingk ~ wolngkobh unique underived eeny 0 1 0 0 0 no
northern kurrajong flora-fauna Brachychiton diversifolius missing missing missing 0 1 no? 0 0 no
nut tree flora-fauna Terminalia grandifolia missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
octopus flora-fauna Octopus australis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pandanus palm flora-fauna Pandanus spiralis rmaang rmaang unique underived luaanh (also maay) 1 1 The nut is rchaam (maay) 0 0 1 no
paperbark flora-fauna Melaleuca sericea, Melaleuca stenostachya missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
peaceful dove flora-fauna Geopelia placida kordongkok kordongkok unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
pearlshell flora-fauna Pinctada spp missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 1 no
peewee flora-fauna Gryllina cyanoleuca kalkirdol kalkirdol unique underived ?? 0 0 0 0 0 no
pied butcherbird flora-fauna Cracticus nigrogularis kaarrik kaarrik unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pike eel flora-fauna Muraenesox arabicus t̪eʀ (theng ?) t̪eʀ unique missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna Mantodea kabhatok kabhatok unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
prickle bush flora-fauna Sclerolaena bicornis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
quail (generic) flora-fauna Coturnix species, Turnix species li(r)ny li(r)ny unique underived eeny Also used as a generic in lirny nyammil (prob. various spp of Phasianidae) 0 0 0 0 0 no
red river gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus camaldulensis koʀaʀkaɲər koʀaʀkaɲər unique underived ?? 2 0 1 0 1 no
red-tailed black-cockatoo flora-fauna Calyptorhynchus banksi ringk ringk unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
riflefish, archerfish flora-fauna Toxotes chatareus waalirdancharr waalirdancharr unique underived ?? wanhthork ~ wooy 0 1 0 0 0 no
river mangrove flora-fauna Aegicera corniculatum missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 1 no
rock fig flora-fauna Ficus brachypoda ghaak & raghich ghaak & raghich unique underived luaanh Fruit (also ghaak) is maay 0 1 ghaak; black when ripe 0 0 0 no
sacred kingfisher flora-fauna Todiramphus sancta kalmporkcheekird kalmporkcheekird unique compound kalmpork < kalpoerk 'kookaburra' + cheekird 'small, little, slender' 0 0 0 0 0 no
saltwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus porosus worthol worthol unique underived eeny 2 2 0 0 0 yes
saltwater mussel flora-fauna Mytilidae nyomok ~ nyimok nyomok ~ nyimok unique underived eeny animal; shell is walach 0 1 0 0 0 No indication as to fresh- or saltwater no
sawfish flora-fauna Pristis pectinata lkuaarr & konibhargh (~konabhirgh) lkuaarr & konibhargh (~konabhirgh) unique underived wanhthork ~ wooy 1 0 0 0 0 yes
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna Arachnida, Scorpiones dhaam dhaam unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
shark (generic) flora-fauna Selachimorpha worrighith & leempik & bhirkwath worrighith & leempik & bhirkwath unique No generic underived wanhthork ~ wooy 0 0 0 0 0 variable
shell (generic) flora-fauna rreem & woyong rreem & woyong unique underived 0 1 0 0 1 no
short-beaked echidna flora-fauna Tachyglossus aculeatus alka.dilwa alka.dilwa calque compound 0 2 0 0 0 no
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
snappy gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus brevifolia missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnida, Araneae lerd lerd unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
spinifex flora-fauna Triodia species ntirdidhelk ntirdidhelk unique underived ?? 0 0 2 0 0 no
spoonbills (yellow-billed spoonbill, black-billed spoonbill) flora-fauna Platalea flavipes, Platalea regia weethirr weethirr unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Dasyatidae ntooth & lkoyergh & lmoworth & mpechilgh & tharkithark ntooth & lkoyergh & lmoworth & mpechilgh & tharkithark unique No generic underived wanhthork ~ wooy 0 1 0 0 0 variable
stripe-faced dunnart flora-fauna Sminthopsis macroura missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
sugarbag wax flora-fauna manirrok manirrok unique underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
sulphur-crested cockatoo flora-fauna Cacatua galerita kaarrik kaarrik unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
swamp eel flora-fauna Ophisternon gutturale missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
swamp leech flora-fauna Annelida, Hirudinea bhoorr bhoorr unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tawny frogmouth flora-fauna Podargus strigoides rdachardok rdachardok unique underived ?? eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
termite mounds, ant hills flora-fauna Isoptera mpoord mpoord unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna (many species) mpoord & bheenthik mpoord & bheenthik unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
ti-tree flora-fauna Melaleuca bracteata laampil ~ reebhilgh & nchoorr laampil ~ reebhilgh & nchoorr unique underived luaanh 0 0 1 0 0 no
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna Arachnida, Acarina bhoord bhoord unique underived eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
tiger shark flora-fauna Galeocerdo cuvier missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
torresian crow flora-fauna Corvus orru waakiwaak waakiwaak loan Clearly < pPNy *waaka, BUT sound-symbolic and fails to drop initial *C reduplicated < *waaka 0 0 0 0 0 no
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna (NA) luaanh luaanh unique underived Used as generic with specific terms 0 0 0 0 0 no
waterlily flora-fauna Nymphaea macrosperma ngorrirdoethim ngorrirdoethim unique underived ?? maay 0 1 stalk, seeds, corm all eaten and named separately 2 0 0 no
wattle flora-fauna Acacia difficilis matharrilok ~ kuaard matharrilok ~ kuaard unique underived ?? luaanh 0 0 1 0 1 no
wedge-tailed eagle flora-fauna Aquila audax rrok rrok unique underived eeny 1 0 0 0 0 no
willie wagtail flora-fauna Rhipidura leucophrys ntechintergh ntechintergh unique underived ?? 1 0 0 0 0 no
witchetty grub flora-fauna (many species) diƫal diƫal unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
woma flora-fauna Aspidites ramsayii missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
medium HG low mobile