butterfly, moth

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
mariposa
Meaning Portuguese
borboleta

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Lepidoptera wo-ki'-kits Butterfly loan Yokuts Yowlumne mo-ki-kits “moth” (Big Sphynx, variegated); Palewyami waw'-ki'-kitch “butterfly” same underived C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-465 2 0 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Lepidoptera a'ipputunkih Butterfly inheritance *??-pu(tonki) Numic Stubbs 326 (2008:85), T. Shoshone has aasi-, not a'i”, but Stubbs puts in same set same underived etymologically some kind of phrase Crapo 1976:115 2 0 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Lepidoptera málmal ˈmalmal butterfly inheritance *mal- Cupan Note Cupeño malval “butterfly” unclear; Merriam has several words for butterfly, does not get this one for Desert Cahuilla, does not list as generic other complex malma-l (may have reduplication but this is not clear) -7aʃ "pet" possibly possessive classifier -7ash Seiler&Hioki 1979:100 no info 2 0 caterpillars of many species eaten no info no info no info no info 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Lepidoptera hól:ok:iTiwa- butterfly inheritance Sierra Miwokan only Also in Mins; holo part shared with Mip phrase meaning of elements unknown Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Lepidoptera ɂá·sivoɂotsI Butterfly inheritance *asipu- Numic Stubbs 326 (2008:85) Central and Southern Numic same other complex has -tsi DIM; stem probably compound, but elements unidentified Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Lepidoptera ʔaya-tulutul butterfly inheritance Central Chumash only Also in Ineseno phrase meaming of elements unknown for lack of dictionary Beeler 1978:174 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Lepidoptera ʔaya-tulutul butterfly (Merriam confirms 55:19) inheritance Central Chumash only Also in Barbareno phrase but unanalyzable Applegate 51 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Lepidoptera missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Lepidoptera missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Lepidoptera şxmalyáp butterfly inheritance Delta-California Iipay Aa mes-halyaap same underived no analysis in Crawford, but Iipay Aa mes-halyaap suggests diachronic complexity Crawford 1989 2 0 0 0 0 no
Comanche Lepidoptera ueyahcoró butterfly unique same underived probably complex but impossible to recover etymology or analysis Rejon 1995:21 2 0 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Lepidoptera malval ˈmalval butterfly inheritance *mal- Cupan note Cahuilla malmal same other complex ˈmalva-l butterfly-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:161 no info 2 0 larvae eaten no info no info no info no info 0 0 global diverse habitats no
Esselen Lepidoptera missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Lepidoptera ah'-tab-bah, 72-79, 60-431 ˈʔa:tavaʔ butterfly inheritance *ˈʔa:tava Takic See Kitanemuk 'atavatava; perhaps a loan between the 2 languages; see note on “Bat” broader (includes moths and butterflies) underived no npn -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 431 no info 2 0 McC 121 no info gathered (wild) all larvae often eaten raw as found McC 121 0 0 Global Diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Lepidoptera mes-halyaap butterfly inheritance Delta-California Cocopz şxmalyáp same underived mes- a common initial element but meaningless Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 0 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Lepidoptera Ɂaasibɨ-zi butterfly inheritance Proto-Numic Note T.Shoshone aasiputungkwi same other complex Ɂaasibɨ-zi butterfly-ABS Zigmond et al. 2 0 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Lepidoptera kuu=xtap butterfly (vars.) unique same phrase both elements meaningless; kuu onomatopoeic in a bird name Mixco 1985 2 0 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Lepidoptera ʔatavatava ˈʔatavatava butterfly, moth unique broader (includes both butterflies and moths) reduplicated ʔatavatava -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:273 no info 2 0 no info no info no info no info 0 0 global Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Lepidoptera wolóolok butterfly loan Hill Patwin Patwin forms bo:lbolik, ba:lbalik, walalakai “butterfly, poppy” reduplicated Callaghan 1965 2 0 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Lepidoptera 7avélaka Ɂaʹvelaka butterfly unique S324 (Stubbs 2009:85); very similar form in Cahuilla. S's own reconstruction with *p is an anachronism since this is just Cupan same underived no non.possessed.noun suffix Elliott 1999:144 no info 2 Season Song: Butterfly has his wamkish (Kroeber 1925:658 0 no info no info no info no info 0 0 global diverse (depends on species) no
Maidu Lepidoptera kápuslelè butterfly unique other complex kapus is a root Shipley 1963 2 0 0 0 0 no
Mojave Lepidoptera hunapnap butterfly unique Note IA mes-halyaap; C.şxmalyáp ; Yuma xan7a.vlye/p Halpern 3:208 same phrase iihu napanap nose flattened Munro et al.1992 2 0 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Lepidoptera mumul:al:uk, siul:il:uk butterfly (Merriam has she'-o-lo'-lok' Merriam 55:419) unique reduplicated Mason 1916:427; Mason 1916:428 2 0 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Lepidoptera ko-wah'-wah butterfly unique reduplicated Merriam 57:243 2 0 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Lepidoptera soo-ap'-pah “spirit or ghost” (WL); tsoapu (Y) Butterfly semantic shift *so'aC Numic usually it's “moth” words that are the “ghost/spirit” word; Stubbs 2064 (2008:285), W. and Central Numic only broader (butterfly, ghost) other complex has -pɨ ABS Merriam 61:149 2 0 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Lepidoptera hol:ok:iTiw:a- butterfly inheritance Sierra Miwokan only Also in Mics; holo part shared with Mip phrase parts unanalyzable Callaghan 1987 2 0 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Lepidoptera holo:pitin:a:je- butterfly unique Only holo shared with Mis phrase holo:-pitin -a:je; first two elements of uncertain meaning Callaghan 1984 2 0 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Lepidoptera sko:kó7 butterfly unique Salinan other complex s- animal prefix Mason 1918:124; Turner 1980:70 2 0 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Lepidoptera sokóko butterfly unique Salinan reduplicated Mason 1918:124 2 0 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Lepidoptera seenel butterfly unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 556 2 0 0 0 0 no
Serrano Lepidoptera lalava-T butterfly unique other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:27 2 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Lepidoptera aɨcɨvɨtsI Butterfly inheritance *asipu- Proto-Numic Stubbs 326 (2008:85) Central and Southern Numic only same other complex has -tsi ABS Sapir 1930:546 2 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Lepidoptera walap:u- butterfly inheritance Sierra Miwokan only Note W. Mono wa'napusa', Chukchansi wal-lup-soo, in Mics as “moth” underived Broadbent 1964: 2 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Lepidoptera náa?naasi-cI butterfly unique same other complex has -ci ABS Givon 1979 2 0 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Lepidoptera chikkōlolont ʧiko:loˈlont butterfly unique note S885 *sɨkwoti “fly”-- certainly resemblant, although not cognate same other complex ʧiko:loˈlon-t butterfly (root probably has derivation) Hill 2010:16 no info 2 0 Voegelin 1938:12 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 global Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Lepidoptera aasiputungkwi butterfly, moth inheritance *asipu(tonki) Proto-Numic Stubbs 326 (2008:85) Central and Southern Numic only same underived MUST be complex but no clue from Dayley Dayley 1989:2 2 0 0 0 0 no
Wappo Lepidoptera c'ilakhápe butterfly (Merriam confirms 52:579) unique phrase elements unknown Sawyer 1965 2 0 0 0 0 no
Washo Lepidoptera pa7ló7lo butterfly unique reduplicated Merriam 55:313; WPD 2 0 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Lepidoptera wa'napusa' butterfly loan Yokuts Chukchansi wal-lup'-soo, wal-lap'-soo; Wikchamni wal-wal (Merriam) same underived Bethel et al.:280 no info 2 0 no info no info N/A no info 0 0 no
Wintu Lepidoptera saysayboloq butterfly inheritance *bolVq Wintun Shepherd 2005 phrase say “light, lamp”; saysay “glitter”; boloq “fragile, soft, delicate” Pitkin 1985 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Lepidoptera hàɲkrâ·pa butterfly unique unknown Shaterian 1983 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Lepidoptera waw'-ki'-kitch butterfly loan Yowlumne Yokuts only Yawel wo:gay'gitc is resemblant (may be the same word, see Berman notes) same other complex has -itch/-its suffix, probably agentive Merriam 58:531 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Lepidoptera laulau butterfly unique Wik is walwal -- otherwise, unique in Kroeber same reduplicated Kroeber 1961:207) 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Lepidoptera wò/gaigitc, wo:gay'gic butterfly unique Southern Valley Yokuts Kroeber has in Nutunutu, Chunut, Tachi, Wo'lasi, Choynuk, Yowlumne same other complex has -ic' agentive Kroeber 1961:206 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yuki Lepidoptera p'al-p'ol-i K butterfly inheritance *pal-, *palpol ? Yukian Schlichter 1985 reduplicated -i is noun suffix Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yuma Lepidoptera xan7a.vlye/p Butterfly unique resemblant Mojave hunapnap unknown Merriam 61:465, Halpern 3:208 2 0 0 0 0 no
Akawaio order Lepidoptera wagau wagaʊ unknown Akawaio, Pemon shared Pemon See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa order Lepidoptera makálo makáɺo unique Compare Candoshi mákawa uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Cubeo order Lepidoptera tataroco (generic term), avinatataroco, boritataroco, buʉtataroco, jiacãratataroco, jímiatataroco, joroboðatataroco, macatataroco, mácatataroco, pácorotataroco, pṹotataroco, pṹotuarotataroco, tépatataroco, vã́ritataroco, vecʉtataroco, yocatataroco, ab tataloko (generic term), avinatataloko, bolitataloko, buʉtataloko, hiakãlatataloko, hímiatataloko, holoboðatataloko, makatataloko, mákatataloko, pákolotataloko, pṹotataloko, pṹotualotataloko, tɛ́patataloko, vã́litataloko, vɛkʉtataloko, jokatataloko, a inheritance East Tukanoan Attested Wanano, Cubeo. Also avinatatalɔkɔ, bɔlitatalɔkɔ, buʉtatalɔkɔ, ɣiakãlatatalɔkɔ, ɣímiatatalɔkɔ, ɣɔlɔbɔðatatalɔkɔ, makatatalɔkɔ, mákatatalɔkɔ, pákɔlɔtatalɔkɔ, pṹɔtatalɔkɔ, pṹɔtualɔtatalɔkɔ, tɛ́patatalɔkɔ, vã́litatalɔkɔ, vɛkʉtatalɔkɔ, jɔkatatalɔkɔ, a uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw order Lepidoptera mem mæm inheritance East Tukanoan Tukanoan mumu underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano order Lepidoptera puguru puguru inheritance Desano and Siriano uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa order Lepidoptera kočapin; Var. kojchapin, kochipipin (MM) kotʃapin; Var. kohtʃapin, kotʃipipin (MM) unique Also kohtʃapin, kotʃipipin See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Hodï order Lepidoptera warepa waleba unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Waorani order Lepidoptera tegãtai unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup order Lepidoptera b'eb'ěp b'eb'ěp inheritance Hup-Yuhup reduplicated See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Pattie Epps
Kakua order Lepidoptera dǎdaʔ dâdaʔ doubtful loan Cubeo tata(-roco) underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan order Lepidoptera kokót kokót unknown uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi order Lepidoptera péppé péppé inheritance Unknown (attested Waimiri-Atroari, Makushi) See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu order Lepidoptera panapana panapana inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 Reduplicated See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam order Lepidoptera arasi (gom) aɾasi (gom) unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Maihiki order Lepidoptera mɨmɨ ago mɨmɨ ago inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Pemon order Lepidoptera wakau (A1981) wakau (A1981) unknown Akawaio, Pemon shared Akawaio See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sikuani order Lepidoptera koko (generic), madudu (2), materi (2), matsaleri (3), alibosoli (2), jaranasisi (25), koko, madudu (2) inheritance; loan, direction unknown Makiritare also jaranasisi (25), koko (generic), madudu (2), materi (2), matsaleri (3) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tukano order Lepidoptera momôro momôro inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria order Lepidoptera tataroairo (Waltz) tataɾoaiɾo (Waltz) inheritance East Tukanoan attested only Cubeo, Wanano uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana order Lepidoptera mapʰapʰaru mapʰapʰaru inheritance See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Yanomami order Lepidoptera uwãuwãmɨ uwãuwãmɨ unique underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna order Lepidoptera kaijmeru kaihmeɾu unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup order Lepidoptera bebep, totóh bebep, totóh unique Hup-Yuhup reduplicated See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Bardi Lepidoptera aambarn aambarn semantic shift stingray sp. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Bunuba Lepidoptera walimarrgu walimarrgu loan S.Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Burarra Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhangu Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhay’yi Lepidoptera missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhuwal Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Djinang Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gooniyandi Lepidoptera malimali malimali loan Jaru WW %malimali reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gumatj Lepidoptera missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gupapuyngu Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gurindji Lepidoptera malimali malimali loan Jaminjung from Wardaman WW %malimali reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Guugu Yimidhirr Lepidoptera walbuulbul walbuulbul moth, butterfly (also sharpwinged stingray sp) loan direction unknown *walbulV local Kuku-Yalanji To KYal /walbul-walbul/; poss loan, source not determined reduplicated partial 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jaminjung Lepidoptera kartarting kartarting unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jaru Lepidoptera malimali malimali loan Jingulu fom Wardaman WW %malimali uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Jingulu Lepidoptera marlimarlirni marlimarlirni unknown reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Karajarri Lepidoptera benda benda benda benda loan Yawuru reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kija Lepidoptera warlimarrkul warlimarrkul inheritance walmarrku Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Koko-Bera Lepidoptera missing missing
Kuku-Thaypan Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuku-Yalanji Lepidoptera walbul-walbul walbul-walbul loan direction unknown *walbulV local Guugu Yimidhirr To GYim /walbuulbul/; poss loan, source not determined reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kurtjar Lepidoptera rebhilbhil rebhilbhil unique reduplicated eeny 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuuk Thaayorre Lepidoptera mopun; ruurr- mopun; ruurr- unique Poss. calque underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mbabaram Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Miriwung Lepidoptera walimarrgung walimarrgung inheritance walimarrku Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngandi Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngarinyin Lepidoptera wunol wunol unknown proto-Worrorran uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngumbarl Lepidoptera binda binda binda binda inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyangumarta Lepidoptera kapalupalu kapalupalu unique reduplicated partial 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyikina Lepidoptera bindabinda bindabinda inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyulnyul Lepidoptera bendebend bendebend inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Pakanh Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Rembarrnga Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ritharrngu Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tjaapukay Lepidoptera walbirrwalbirr walpirrwalpirr butterfly unique Resembles /walpul/ forms common to GYim and KYal reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Olkol Lepidoptera imilam; ug- ug-imilam butterfly unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Oykangand Lepidoptera ilam ijijag; uk- uk-ilam-ijijag butterfly unique compound 0 0 0 0 0 no
Walmajarri Lepidoptera pirrpirntipirnti pirrpirntipirnti unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wardaman Lepidoptera merlemerlem merlemerlem unknown source of malimali forms or loan from them? WW %malimali uncoded 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wik Ngathan Lepidoptera kalpekalpay kalpvkalpay butterfly, moth calque reduplicated > kalpay 'magpie goose'; cf. YYoront lorr-minh-ngorro 'dark-coloured butterflies & moths' 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wunambal Lepidoptera ngulwana ngulwana unknown proto-Worrorran Ngarinyin? (metathesis?) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yan-nhangu Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yawuru Lepidoptera bindabinda XXgl also butterfly shell bindabinda XXgl also butterfly shell inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yidiny Lepidoptera guban ( TC) & gungga:mbur (TC; <gunggambur>) guban ( TC) & gungga:mbur (TC; <gunggambur>) unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yir-Yoront Lepidoptera minh-ngorro; lorr- & themrr; lorr- lorr-minh-ngorro & lorr-themrr calque Other local languages name all or some butterflies as magpie goose; themrr is unique compound The specific term minh-ngorro 'magpie goose' is itself a genus-species compound; themrr 'sulphur-crested cockatoo' is simplex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Achagua order Lepidoptera á:tutuma á:tutuma loan Bora tootóba, Witoto tɨtɨbɛ See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco order Lepidoptera máadáwi, káawi (R01) má:dáwi, káawi (R01) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari order Lepidoptera káawi káawi See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Yavitero order Lepidoptera kahuľi kahuľi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare order Lepidoptera káthu kátʰu See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi order Lepidoptera meheˈre meheˈre inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá order Lepidoptera mapapalu mapapalu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora order Lepidoptera doodóba, turáácajɨ (T98) tootóba, tʰuráákʰaxɨ inheritance loan into Witoto; possibly Achagua? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane order Lepidoptera tyúhútyúba (W97) tjúʔútjúba See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai order Lepidoptera mapetekere mapetekere unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana order Lepidoptera pijalo pijalo unique See Language page PLE
Makiritare order Lepidoptera matūtu (IDS); matu:tu (KH) matu:tu loan, direction unknown Sikuani See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai order Lepidoptera tama-tama tama-tama unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari order Lepidoptera peepe peːpe See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa order Lepidoptera kanashwe (SM) kanashwe (SM) See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá order Lepidoptera bagábaga bagábaga See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán order Lepidoptera sian, ttuviya sian See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra order Lepidoptera mákawa mákawa doubtful loan Zaparo, from Tupi-Guarani? See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez order Lepidoptera smejme See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna order Lepidoptera dorí (Alv44) dorí unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke order Lepidoptera baba baba unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé order Lepidoptera pʰõpʰã See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave order Lepidoptera habi habi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar order Lepidoptera shímpiampu, wámpang (giant blue butterfly) ʃimpiampu, wampaŋ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa order Lepidoptera wampishuk wampiʃuk See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna order Lepidoptera wámpishuk wámpiʃuk inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses order Lepidoptera podochued, tucudu podotʃued, tukudu unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo order Lepidoptera hotoro hotoro unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua order Lepidoptera cuyotu kujõtu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua order Lepidoptera maripusa (Spanish loan) maɾipusa See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua order Lepidoptera pimpilitu pimpilitu See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano order Lepidoptera pillpintu piʎpintu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa order Lepidoptera herépE' herépæɁ unknown See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva order Lepidoptera rohrota roʔrota unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Makuna order Lepidoptera jogoro xogoɾo inheritance See Language page Amanda Meeks
Siriano order Lepidoptera poogoró poogoɾó See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca order Lepidoptera tĩrã 'ka tĩrã 'ka unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Koreguaje order Lepidoptera cucu kuku unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona order Lepidoptera mumuro, paura mumuro, paura inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya order Lepidoptera mumu mumu See Language page Amanda Meeks
Karitiana order Lepidoptera kynkon kɨnkon unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama order Lepidoptera panama (Mello2000) panama (Mello2000) inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi order Lepidoptera panã panã inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó order Lepidoptera anã; ana musu anã; ana musu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina order Lepidoptera juvááuxo hɯvááɯxo unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Murui Witoto order Lepidoptera tɨtɨbe tɨtɨbɛ (small sp., B83) loan Bora; see also Achagua, Cubeo/Wanano See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito order Lepidoptera paqu'ɨti pak'ɨti unknown See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo order Lepidoptera amanakaw [loan Kokama] amanakaw See Language page Becky Walker
Wari order Lepidoptera terereʔ (Sousa2009) terereʔ (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo order Lepidoptera xapipi xapipi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña order Lepidoptera hababa; hapipi hababa; hapipi See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara order Lepidoptera pilpintu pilpintu See Language page PLE
Kwazá order Lepidoptera tsetseritse tsetseritse See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima order Lepidoptera ɗelto-βen̉ ɗelto-βen̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai order Lepidoptera tumu tumu tumu tumu See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang order Lepidoptera toto toto See Language page PLE
Suyá order Lepidoptera wewe, veve wewe, veve See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi order Lepidoptera hareru hareru See Language page PLE