Secoya

Family
Tukanoan
Region
South America
ISO 639-3
sey
Location
-0.46°, -75.55°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Data Sources
Borman, M. B. and others. 1991. Listas comparativas de palabras en diez idiomas autóctonos ecuatorianos. Cuadernos Etnolingüísticos, 13. Quito: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano. Huber, Randall and Reed, Robert. 1992. Vocabulario comparativo. Palabras selectas de lenguas de Colombia. ILV, Santafé de Bogotá. Piaguaje, Ramón, Elías Piaguaje, Orville E. Johnson, and Mary Johnson, compilers. 1992. Vocabulario Secoya. Quito: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano. Vickers & Plowman. 1984. Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador. Botany 15.


Basic Vocabulary (191)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
above encima, arriba acima location mëiñe mɨ̃ĩ̃ñɛ̃ See Language page Amanda N
and y e grammar cui'ne kwiʔnɛ See Language page Amanda N
ash ceniza(s) cinzas environment huata wã'ta See Language page Amanda N
at en, a em, a location na na See Language page Amanda N
back espalda costas body jete hɛ'tɛ See Language page Amanda N
bad mal mal quality co'aji koʔ'ahi See Language page Amanda N
belly barriga barriga body utapë ũta'pɨ See Language page Amanda N
below abajo, debajo abaixo location cajeye kahejɛ See Language page Amanda N
big grande grande quality jaiquë hai'kɨ See Language page Amanda N
black negro preto colour neaco neakɔ See Language page Amanda N
blood sangre sangue body tsie tsi'ɛ See Language page Amanda N
boil/pimple espinilla, granos espinha, borbulha body tsia pu'ju tsia puʔhu See Language page Amanda N
bone hueso osso body tarapë tařa'pɨ See Language page Amanda N
breast pecho, seno peito body cotisaihuë, ójeyó (seno) kɔ'tisaiwɨ, 'ohɛ'jo (seno) See Language page Amanda N
child niño, niña criança human mamaquë, mamaco mã'mãkɨ, mã'mãkɔ See Language page Amanda N
cloud nube nuvem environment si'di si'di See Language page Amanda N
cold frío frio quality së'sëji sɨʔsɨhi See Language page Amanda N
correct/true verdad, de veras verdade quality cosoma'ñe kɔsɔmaʔñɛ See Language page Amanda N
day día dia time mu'se muʔsɛ See Language page Amanda N
dirty sucio sujo quality si'sio siʔsiɔ See Language page Amanda N
dingo/wolf fauna See Language page Amanda N
dry seco seco quality cuenesico kwæ'næ̃sikɔ See Language page Amanda N
dull/blunt sin filo, mocho, desafilado, embotado, romo maçante, desamolado, não afiado quality porequë pɔ'řɛkɨ See Language page Amanda N
dust polvo poeira environment ne'ña pæ̃ʔ̃ɨ̃ña See Language page Amanda N
ear oreja orelha body cajaro kahã'řo See Language page Amanda N
earth/soil tierra terra environment yeja jeha See Language page Amanda N
egg huevo ovo fauna tsia tsi'a See Language page Amanda N
eye ojo olho body ñacua ñãkwa See Language page Amanda N
far lejos longe quality so'o soʔo See Language page Amanda N
fat/grease grasa gordura body hui'yape wiʔ'japɛ See Language page Amanda N
father padre, papá pai kinship ja'quë haʔkɨ See Language page Amanda N
feather pluma pena fauna naña nã'ña See Language page Amanda N
fire fuego fogo environment toa to'a See Language page Amanda N
flower flor flor environment joro hɔ'řɔ See Language page Amanda N
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment pico pi'kɔ See Language page Amanda N
fruit fruta fruta flora quëise'e kɨ̃ĩsɛʔɛ See Language page Amanda N
good bueno bom quality de'oji deʔ'ohi See Language page Amanda N
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body naña na'ña See Language page Amanda N
hand mano mão body jëtë hɨ̃'tɨ See Language page Amanda N
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar jaë/jao/jequë hã'ɨ̃/'hãõ/'hɛ'kɨ See Language page Amanda N
head cabeza cabeça body siopë sĩo'pɨ See Language page Amanda N
heavy pesado pesado quality dëquëco dɨ'kɨkɔ See Language page Amanda N
how? como como grammar me me See Language page Amanda N
1sg yo eu grammar yë'ë jɨʔ'ɨ See Language page Amanda N
if si se grammar See Language page Amanda N
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location re See Language page Amanda N
intestines intestinos intestinos body utame ũta'mɛ̃ See Language page Amanda N
lake lago lago environment jaira hai'řa See Language page Amanda N
leaf hoja folha environment ja'o haʔ'o See Language page Amanda N
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body a'ritë'hui aʔritɨʔwɨ See Language page Amanda N
leg/foot pierna perna body quëso kɨ̃'sɔ See Language page Amanda N
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment cue'neñe kwæʔnæñɛ See Language page Amanda N
liver hígado figado body seme sæmæ̃ See Language page Amanda N
long largo comprido, longo quality soaco soakɔ See Language page Amanda N
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna me, yëi me mɛ, jɨi mɛ See Language page Amanda N
man/male hombre homem human ëmë ɨ̃mɨ̃ See Language page Amanda N
meat/flesh carne carne fauna hua'I capë waʔi 'kã'pɨ See Language page Amanda N
moon luna lua environment ñañë ñã'ñĩ See Language page Amanda N
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship ja'co haʔkɔ See Language page Amanda N
mouth boca boca body yiopo jiɔ'pɔ See Language page Amanda N
name nombre nome human mami mã'mĩ See Language page Amanda N
near/close cerca de perto quality ja'ye haʔjɛ See Language page Amanda N
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body See Language page Amanda N
neck cuello pescoço body ñajetëcahuë ñahɛ'tɨkawɨ See Language page Amanda N
new nuevo novo quality wahɨko wahɨko See Language page Amanda N
night noche noite time ñami nãmĩ See Language page Amanda N
no/not no não grammar paji pã'hĩ See Language page Amanda N
nose nariz nariz body ocuepë õh'kwæ'pɨ See Language page Amanda N
old viejo velho quality aihuano aiwa'nɔ See Language page Amanda N
one uno um number te'e tɛʔ'ɛ See Language page Amanda N
other otro outro grammar yeco jɛkɔ See Language page Amanda N
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body See Language page Amanda N
person/human being persona pessoa human pai (people) pã'ɨ̃ (people) See Language page Amanda N
rain lluvia chuva environment ocoji (vb.) ɔ'kɔhi (vb.) See Language page Amanda N
red rojo vermelho colour ma ja'ico ma 'jaʔikɔ See Language page Amanda N
right/right hand derecha direita location/body untsurnumani un'zuřnumañi See Language page Amanda N
road/path camino caminho manufacture ma'a mãʔ'ã See Language page Amanda N
root raíz raiz flora sitamo sitamõ See Language page Amanda N
rotten podrido podre quality pocaji põ'kahi See Language page Amanda N
sand arena areia environment meja me'ha See Language page Amanda N
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality jëjësico hɨ̃hɨ̃sikɔ See Language page Amanda N
short corto curto quality nuhuico nũwĩkɔ See Language page Amanda N
shoulder hombro ombro body tata tupë tãta tupɨ See Language page Amanda N
shy/ashamed tímido, vergonzoso timido, com vergonha mental See Language page Amanda N
skin piel pele body ca'ni kãʔ'ni See Language page Amanda N
sky cielo céu environment matëmo mãtɨmo See Language page Amanda N
small pequeño pequeno quality a'riquë aʔri'kɨ See Language page Amanda N
smoke humo fumaça environment pico pihkɔ See Language page Amanda N
star estrella estrela environment ma'ñoco mãʔñɔkɔ See Language page Amanda N
stick/wood palo pau, vara flora tarapë ta'řapɨ See Language page Amanda N
stone piedra pedra environment quëna kɨ̃'na See Language page Amanda N
tail cola, rabo rabo body uiuke u'hukɨ̥ See Language page Amanda N
that ese/esa esse grammar jequë hɛ'kɨ See Language page Amanda N
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar jaohua'i hãõ'waʔi See Language page Amanda N
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality duihi duihi See Language page Amanda N
thin delgado fino quality pẽãkɔ pẽãkɔ See Language page Amanda N
this este/esta este grammar ico i'kɔ See Language page Amanda N
2sg xx xx grammar më'ë mɨ̃ʔ'ɨ̃ See Language page Amanda N
throat garganta garganta body ñajetëca ñahɛtɨka See Language page Amanda N
three tres tres number toaso toa'sõ See Language page Amanda N
thunder truenos trovão environment mojopi caji mõ'hõpi' kahi See Language page Amanda N
bite morder morder body coquëjë'ë kõ'kɨhɨ̃ʔɨ̃ See Language page Amanda N
blow soplar soprar body së'coye sɨʔkɔjɛ See Language page Amanda N
breathe respirar respirar body See Language page Amanda N
burn quemar queimar environment ëo ɨɔ See Language page Amanda N
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body See Language page Amanda N
climb subir subir motion mai, mëi mai, mɨi See Language page Amanda N
come venir vir motion daiye daijɛ See Language page Amanda N
cook cocinar cozinhar impact cua'co kwaʔkɔ See Language page Amanda N
count contar contar mental cuecue kwẽkwɨ See Language page Amanda N
cry llorar chorar mental oi ɔi See Language page Amanda N
cut/hack cortar cortar impact cueñe kwæ̃ñɛ See Language page Amanda N
die/be dead morir morrer state ju'iñe huʔĩñɛ See Language page Amanda N
dig cavar cavar impact quë'iñe kɨ̃ʔĩñɛ See Language page Amanda N
dream soñar sonhar mental See Language page Amanda N
drink beber, tomar beber body ucuye ũ'kujɛ See Language page Amanda N
eat comer comer body aiñe ãĩñɛ See Language page Amanda N
fall caer cair motion taiñe tãiñɛ See Language page Amanda N
fear miedo medo mental kaʔda-je kaʔda-je See Language page Amanda N
flow fluir fluir motion sa'ico sãʔĩkɔ See Language page Amanda N
fly volar voar motion ja'juquë saiji haʔhukɨ 'saihi See Language page Amanda N
grow crecer crescer state ai de'oye ai dɛʔɔjɛ See Language page Amanda N
hear oír ouvir mental asajë'ë asahɨ̃ʔɨ̃ See Language page Amanda N
hide esconder esconder motion cati kati See Language page Amanda N
hit golpear, pegar bater impact huaiye waijɛ See Language page Amanda N
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other jëhuo jɨwɔ See Language page Amanda N
kill matar matar impact huaiye waijɛ See Language page Amanda N
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental asahuë asawɨ See Language page Amanda N
laugh reír rir mental See Language page Amanda N
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion uiñe ũĩñɛ̃ See Language page Amanda N
live/be alive vivir viver, morar body See Language page Amanda N
open/uncover abrir abrir other pa'pa (abrirse) paʔpa See Language page Amanda N
pound/beat machacar, golpear bater impact See Language page Amanda N
say decir dizer mental ka-je, 'kɨa-je ka-je, 'kɨa-je See Language page Amanda N
scratch rascar rasgar impact co'rë kɔʔrɨ See Language page Amanda N
see ver ver mental ñajë'ë ñãhɨ̃ʔɨ See Language page Amanda N
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact See Language page Amanda N
sit sentar(se) sentar state ja'ruye haʔ'řujɛ See Language page Amanda N
sleep dormir dormir body caiñe kãĩñɛ See Language page Amanda N
sniff/smell olfatear, oler cheirar body sëñe sɨ̃ñɛ̃ See Language page Amanda N
spit escupir cuspir body See Language page Amanda N
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact joye hɔjɛ See Language page Amanda N
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact sẽ'ã-jẽ sẽ'ã-jẽ See Language page Amanda N
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact pɨʔ'a-je pɨʔ'a-je See Language page Amanda N
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state dɨ̃'ka-je dɨ̃'ka-je See Language page Amanda N
steal robar roubar other ima, yahue imañe ĩma, jawɛ ĩmañɛ See Language page Amanda N
suck chupar chupar body so'suye sõʔ'sujɛ See Language page Amanda N
swell hincharse inchar body cotoye kɔ'tɔjɛ See Language page Amanda N
swim nadar nadar motion mamiñe mãmĩñɛ̃ See Language page Amanda N
think pensar pensar mental cuasaye kwa'sajɛ See Language page Amanda N
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact jeoñe hẽõñɛ̃ See Language page Amanda N
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact queoñe kẽõñɛ̃ See Language page Amanda N
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other quëhui, sëno kɨwi, sɨ̃nɔ See Language page Amanda N
vomit vomitar vomitar body si'soye siʔ'sɔjɛ See Language page Amanda N
walk caminar, andar andar motion cu'iye kuʔijɛ See Language page Amanda N
work trabajar trabalhar other See Language page Amanda N
yawn bostezar bocejar body See Language page Amanda N
tongue lengua lingua body semeyo sæmæ'jo See Language page Amanda N
tooth diente dente body co'ji kõʔhĩ See Language page Amanda N
two dos dois number cayaye kaja'jɛ See Language page Amanda N
water agua agua environment oco ɔh'k'ɔ See Language page Amanda N
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar mai maiʔ See Language page Amanda N
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar yëquë jɨ'kɨ' See Language page Amanda N
wet mojado molhado quality yaquëji ja'kɨhi See Language page Amanda N
what? que, qué que grammar quea'ni keaʔni See Language page Amanda N
when? cuando quando grammar jesoe hɛsoɛ See Language page Amanda N
where? donde onde grammar jero hɛrɔ See Language page Amanda N
white blanco branco colour poja'ico po'haʔikɔ See Language page Amanda N
who? quien, quién quem grammar nea'ni neaʔni See Language page Amanda N
wife esposa esposa kinship nëjo nɨhɔ See Language page Amanda N
wind viento vento environment tutu tu'tu See Language page Amanda N
wing ala asa body capë ka'pɨ See Language page Amanda N
woman/female mujer mulher human nomio nɔmi'ɔ See Language page Amanda N
yellow amarillo amarelo colour së'ñoja'ico sɨ̃ñohaʔikɔ See Language page Amanda N
2pl ustedes vocês grammar mësaru mɨsa'řu See Language page Amanda N
foot pie body quëojahua kɨ̃ɔhawa See Language page Amanda N
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar See Language page Amanda N
all todo todos other si'ahua'i siʔ'a'waʔi See Language page Amanda N
ankle tobillo tornozelo body jëo peto ca hɨɔ pɛtɔ ka See Language page Amanda N
armpit axila, sobaco axila body See Language page Amanda N
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body cua'cuaro kwaʔkwarɔ See Language page Amanda N
lung pulmón pulmão body hua'ëo wãʔɨ̃õ See Language page Amanda N
sweat sudar suor, suar body ësë caso ɨ̃sɨ kasɔ See Language page Amanda N
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body See Language page Amanda N
bark corteza casca environment soquë ca'ni ʔ'sõ'kɨ' kãʔ'ni See Language page Amanda N
fingernail uña unha body cohuë kɔ'wɨ See Language page Amanda N
heart corazón coração body ahuë a'wɨ See Language page Amanda N
sun sol sol time ësë ɨ̃'s'ɨ See Language page Amanda N
mountain/hill montaña, colina, loma, cerro morro, serra environment jai cuti (montaña), cotihuë (loma) hai 'kũti, kõtiwɨ See Language page Amanda N
green verde verde quality ñajoquë'yo ñãhõkɨʔyo See Language page Amanda N
hot caliente quente quality uji uhi See Language page Amanda N


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (133)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus See Language page Amanda Meeks
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp. o'jo See Language page Amanda Meeks
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna pĩʔ'ã See Language page Amanda Meeks
curassow mitu, montete (Peru), paujil/panjuil (Peru), paujil de Salvin (Peru for Mitu salvini) mutum flora-fauna Crax sp., Nothocrax sp. quë'jepë u'he See Language page Amazonia Amanda Meeks
toucan tucán, pinsha (Peru) tucano flora-fauna Ramphastos sp. ñase jã'se See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
gray-winged trumpeter Grulla, Trompetero Ala Gris jacamim flora-fauna Psophia crepitans See Language page Northern Amazonia (N of Solimões), not in northern Colombia; Dark-winged trumpeter is found south of Solimões Amanda Meeks
guan pava, pucacunga (Peru), pava de Spix (Peru) jacu flora-fauna Penelope sp. hueacarapo (PO79), ñe'ñe (PO79) u'he, tãʔ'mõ See Language page Different types have different localized ranges Amanda Meeks
tinamou tinamu, perdiz, gallineta inambu, inhambu flora-fauna family Tinamidae tontojëo (PO79), nea'anca (PO79) tontoxɨo, neaʔanka See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna family Trochilidae aña pëquë mimi (OP79), cuise (OP79) mĩ'mĩ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
kingfisher martín pescador, catalan (Peru) martim-pescador flora-fauna family Alcedinidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
owl (large) búho, lechuza corujão flora-fauna order Strigiformes cucu, eo pu'pu (type of owls) 'ẽõ'pɨ'pɨ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
macaw ara, guacamaya Arara flora-fauna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ʻtoa-'mã See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
parrot loro real, loro (Sp. form is a loan from Carib) papagaio flora-fauna Amazona amazonica cuiye, ere, hueco, hue'e, oco tu'i, quë'yë, tu'i we'ko See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
dove paloma pomba flora-fauna family Columbidae su'te suʔtɛ See Language page Amanda Meeks
hawk halcón, gavilán gavião flora-fauna family Accipitridae huihue wiwɛ See Language page Amanda Meeks
vulture buitre, gallinazo, rinahui (Peru) urubu flora-fauna family Cathartidae ëtacaro pɨ'pɨdi See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae family pete pɛtɛ See Language page Amanda Meeks
great egret Garza Blanca, Guyratî Garça-Branca-Grande flora-fauna Ardea alba See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
woodpecker pájaro carpintero, carpintero pica-pau flora-fauna family Picidae cone kɔ̃nɛ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis famililaris jo'ya yai, yai ho'ja'jai See Language page Not native; widespread Amanda Meeks
dog (wild; bush dog) sachaperro, Perro de Monte, Zorro Vinagre, Guanfando; Zorro Ojizarco, Zorro Negro, Perro de Orejas Corta cachorro-do-mato flora-fauna Speothos venaticus; Atelocynus microtis See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
anteater oso hormiguero; tapia pelejo or pelejo chico for Cyclopes didactylus tamanduá flora-fauna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) mie mĩẽ See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
armadillo armadillo, carachupa (Peru), yangunturi (Peru for Giant armadillo) tatu flora-fauna family Dasypodidae; e.g. Priodontes maximus (Giant armadillo), Dasypus novemcinctus, Dasypus kappleri jamu hãmõ See Language page Widespread in Amazonia Amanda Meeks
sloth pereza, pelejo (Peru), perezoso (Peru) macaco preguica flora-fauna Choloepus sp., Bradypus sp. u'u uʔu See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
alligator, black caiman babilla; cachirre jacaré flora-fauna Melanosuchus niger, Caiman schlerops; Paleosuchus sp. puë'ë pɨʔ'ɨ See Language page Throughout Amazonia Port term reportedly borrowed from Tupi Amanda Meeks
electric eel anguila eléctrica poraquê flora-fauna Electrophorus electricus hua'i meco, manë meco (negra), yëhui meco waʔi mɛkɔ, manɨ mɛkɔ (negra), yɨwi mɛkɔ See Language page Amanda Meeks
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna 'wa?'i 'wa?'i See Language page Amanda Meeks
pacu fish palometa, garopita, garopa, curhuara (Peru) pacu flora-fauna Mylossoma sp. pacu paku See Language page Amanda Meeks
pirana piraña, caribe piranha flora-fauna subfamily Serrasalmidae põ'jũ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
tigerfish taraira, guabina, huasaco (Peru) traíra flora-fauna Hoplias sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
mandi catfish maparate (used in Peru for some types of catfish, including Auchenipterus sp.), cunchi (used in Peru for some types of catfish), bagre (catfish) mandi flora-fauna Auchenipterus sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
speckled catfish surubí, pintadillo surubim, sorubim flora-fauna Pseudoplatystoma sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
toad sapo sapo flora-fauna order Anura jojo, oma (types of toad) ʻho'ho See Language page Amanda Meeks
iguana iguana, garipiares (Colombia) camaleão flora-fauna Iguana sp. pu'ehuë puʔɛwɨ See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
small lizard lagartija calango flora-fauna order Squamata cosiri, pu'ehuë, siripë kɔsiri, pu'ɛwɨ, siripɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Potamotrygon sp. ñanami ñanami See Language page Amanda Meeks
crab cangrejo caranguejo flora-fauna infraorder Brachyura ca'mi, pene ca'mi (type of crab) kãʔmi, pẽnɛ kãʔmi See Language page Amanda Meeks
anaconda anaconda, boa, boa acuática grande sucuri flora-fauna genus Eunectes ʻmãjõmĩ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
boa boa; mantona (red-tailed boa); boa de altura jiboia flora-fauna family Boidae, subf. Boinae mañumi (esp.) ʻmãjõmĩ See Language page Amanda Meeks
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna aña ˈã'jã See Language page Amanda Meeks
snake (poisonous generic) or rattlesnake víbora (Peru), jergón (Peru), yarara jararaca flora-fauna Bothrops jararaca/atrox aña ʻmĩkaka See Language page Widespread South America Amanda Meeks
tortoise (red foot, yellow foot/giant) tortuga, morrocoy, motelo jabutí, tartaruga flora-fauna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria cou kou See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Amazon dolphin bufeo, delfín, tonina (del Orinoco) boto cor-de-rosa flora-fauna Inia geoffrensis de'ocohua'i (de'o - water, hua'i- fish/meat) dɛ'ɔkɔwaʔi See Language page Downstream of major rapids and waterfalls Amanda Meeks
mushroom champiñón, hongo cogumelo flora-fauna (any edible generic) cajo neñe, cone kahɔ nɛñɛ, kɔ̃nɛ See Language page prioritize generic term that includes any edible species Amanda Meeks
black palm bacaba, mapora, pusui, patabá bacaba flora-fauna Oenocarpus bacaba See Language page Mature forests of Rio Negro and Upper Amazon may be confused in some entries with O. bataua Amanda Meeks
açai palm huasí (Peru), asahi, manaca (Ven), asaí, palmiche (Colombia) açaí flora-fauna Euterpe sp. See Language page floodplains, swamp; esp. northern Amazonia Amanda Meeks
miriti palm moriche (Col, Ven), aguaje (Col, Peru), achual, miriti buriti flora-fauna Mauritia flexuosa See Language page Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela; in and near swamps trunks contain sago-like starch Amanda Meeks
palm for roof thatch pui, irapay, hoja de irapay, caraná caraná flora-fauna Mauritiella armata OR Lepidocaryum tenue (irapay), Mauritius carana See Language page Mauritia carana is limited principally to the Rio Negro and Upper Orinoco regions; dry catinga forests palm Amanda Meeks
paxiuba palm pona, huacrapona, cashapona, macanilla, pachiuba paxiuba flora-fauna Iriartea exorrhiza OR Iriartea deltoidea See Language page Widespread Amazonia palm Amanda Meeks
peach palm, pejibaye palm chontaduro (Col, Ecuador); pipire (Col); pijuayo (Peru), pijiguao (Ven); tembe (Bol) pupunha flora-fauna Bactris gasipaes o'da See Language page Amanda Meeks
seje palm ungurahui (Peru), palma de seje, milpesos, patabá patoá, patuá flora-fauna Jessenia bataua, aka Oenocarpus bataua See Language page mostly north of Equator; common in Amazonia may be confused with O. bacaba - compare entries Amanda Meeks
coca coca coca flora-fauna Erythroxylum coca See Language page secondary scrub vegetation. lower alt. of eastern Andes plant Amanda Meeks
cotton algodón algodão flora-fauna Gossypium (barbadense: long fibers; hirsutum: short fibers) oja'jui See Language page secondary scrub vegetation plant; some sources may confound with kapok Ceiba pentandra (esp. if a single gloss for 'cotton' is given') Amanda Meeks
kapok ceiba, huimba, lupuna (Peru for Ceiba sp.) sumaumeira flora-fauna Ceiba pentandra imi yëi ĩmi yɨ̃ See Language page northern South America and central America; common in disturbed areas tree Amanda Meeks
hot pepper ají, pimentón/pimiento rojo, pucunucho (Peru), charapilla (Peru) pimenta flora-fauna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pia pi'a See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
peanut maní (may be loan from Taino Arawak), cacahuete amendoim flora-fauna Arachis hypogaea See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
pineapple piña abacaxi flora-fauna Ananas comosus isi ĩsi See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
arrow cane, wildcane caña flecha, caña brava, caña isana cana para flechas, frecheira, Cana-do-rio flora-fauna Gynerium sagittatum See Language page tropical regions, especially river banks plant Amanda Meeks
banana, plantain banano, banana, cambur, bellaco, variedad de plátano banana flora-fauna Musa sp. dõ'ka (plantain) See Language page Names for banana/plantain may be derived from bastard plantain by semantic shift. Amanda Meeks
beans frijoles, frejol, caraotas (negras, rojas, blancas) feijão flora-fauna Phaseolus spp. See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (generic) taya ta'ja See Language page Amanda Meeks
maize, corn mazorca, maiz milho flora-fauna Zea mays huea we'a See Language page widespread, esp. in river floodplains plant Amanda Meeks
tobacco tabaco tabaco flora-fauna Nicotiana tabacum mëto mũ'to See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna soquëñë sõkɨ-jɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
achiote, anatto achiote urucum flora-fauna Bixa orellana posa põ'sa See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
inga guaba, guamo, guama, shimbillo (Peru) inga flora-fauna Inga spp. pene pẽne See Language page Secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens. North and South America (Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Suriname, Colombia) Amanda Meeks
avocado palta, aguacate abacate flora-fauna Persea americana See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree Amanda Meeks
bitterwood tortuga caspi, pretina (Peru for tree and tumpline); carahuasca (Peru) envira flora-fauna Duguetia sp. OR Fusaea longifolia OR Guatteria chrysopetala See Language page secondary forests, native to Brazil tree Amanda Meeks
brazil nut castaña castanha do para (B. excelsa); castanha de cutia (C. edulis) flora-fauna Bertholletia excelsa [cf. Couepia edulis 'castanha do cutia'] See Language page 1) Couepia: restricted area within Brazil, Rio Purus basin and middle Solimões. 2) Bertholletia: elev: consistently about 200m; mature forests. Widely distributed from Peru, E. Colombia, Brazil to Nicaragua. tree Amanda Meeks
cashew anarcado, castaña de cajú, nuez de la India, marañon, cajú, merey (Venezuela) caju flora-fauna Anacardium occidentale / giganteum See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree; most sources will not distinguish between occidentale and other varieties Amanda Meeks
genipap jagua, majagua - Colombia, caruto, xagua - Venezuela, bigrande - Bolivia, huito, yaguayagua - Peru, ygualti - Nicaragua, maluco - Mexico genipapo, jenipapo flora-fauna Genipapa americana See Language page widespread lowland SA shrub Amanda Meeks
japurá oreja de murcielago japurá flora-fauna Erisma japura See Language page large tree Amanda Meeks
rubber tree (sorva) caucho, siringa, shiringa seringa, borracha flora-fauna Hevea sp. ëca ɨka See Language page Widespread Amazonia tree Amanda Meeks
ucuqui yugo, caimitillo del monte (Peru) ucuqui flora-fauna Pouteria ucuqui See Language page native to NW Amazonia, found primarily in Vaupes and Caqueta regions other species of Pouteria exist and have much-used edible fruit; these can be subsituted where relevant Amanda Meeks
Amazon tree-grape uva de monte, uvilla (Peru), puruma, caime, caimarona (and variants; Col.) cucura flora-fauna Pourouma cecropiifolia cuiya'i kwiyaʔi See Language page grows wild in Western Amazon basin; cultivated in Colombia since pre-Colombian times a tree; not a true grape Amanda Meeks
manioc (bitter or generic) yuca brava mandioca flora-fauna Manihot esculenta quëi, a'so, quëi huë (generic yuca) ãʔ'so See Language page not generally cultivated in western (subAndean) Amazon. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) argues for a correlation with distribution of dark earths, mostly formed after 1AD, and the modeled-incised pottery tradition. Provides more starch and is more pest-resistant than the sweet variety, but requires much processing. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) proposes that bitter type was developed from sweet through post-ceremic agricultural intensification (motivated by high starch yield Amanda Meeks
manioc (sweet) yuca, caribe macaxeira flora-fauna Manihot esculenta See Language page Primary staple in western/subAndean Amazonia, less important elsewhere No processing required, but lower starch yield and pest resistance than bitter variety Amanda Meeks
potato papa batata flora-fauna Solanum tuberosum ai cuti a'so ai kũti ãʔsɔ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation compare entries for sweet potato Amanda Meeks
potato, sweet potato camote, batata dulce, batata, cumara batata-doce flora-fauna Ipomoea batatas ai cuti a'so ja'hi See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
cará tuber, purple or white camote, sachapapa cará roxo, branco flora-fauna Dioscorea sp. yaji yahi See Language page secondary scrub vegetation; forest clearings plant Amanda Meeks
tannia, yautia huitina (Peru), ñame taioba branca flora-fauna Xanthosoma spp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
bottle-gourd (vine) or calabash (tree) calabazo, calabaza; auyama (Dominican Republic and Venezuela), ayote (parts of Central America), zapallo (parts of South America), tutumo/totumo/totuma (Cresc tree), huingo (Peru for Crescentia cujete), tapara cabaça flora-fauna Crescentia cujete (round variety - tree); (Cucurbita) Lagenaria siceraria (bottle variety - vine) hĩso ('gourd', H&R) See Language page indigenous gardens plant; tree Amanda Meeks
squash calabaza, calabacines, auyamas, zapallos, huingo (Peru) abóbora flora-fauna Cucurbita sp. zapayo (Quechua) sapayɔ See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
cipó vine tamishi, bejuco, yare cipó flora-fauna Heteropsis spp. See Language page secondary forest, floodplain vine Amanda Meeks
fish poison, barbasco barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó flora-fauna Lonchocarpus spp. eo, to'te eo ɛɔ, tɔʔtɛ ɛɔ See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
hallucinogenic vine, banisterium, ayahuasca ayahuasca, yage ayahuasca, caapi flora-fauna Banisteriopsis caapi ja'he ja'he See Language page semi-domesticated, native to Amazonian basin, esp. NW vine Amanda Meeks
hallucinogenic snuff vilca, cebil, yopo paricá, yopo flora-fauna Anadenanthera sp. or virola See Language page Amanda Meeks
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic See Language page Amanda Meeks
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
bullet ant, lesser giant hunter ant conga, hormiga yanabe (Colombia), isula (Peru), Hormiga Veinticuatro tocandira flora-fauna Paraponera clavata ñata ñãta See Language page Amanda Meeks
leaf-cutter ant Colombia: zampopo, hormiga arriera; Venezuela: bachaco; Peru: curuhuinse saúva flora-fauna Atta sp. aro (edible) arɔ See Language page Amanda Meeks
honeybee abeja abelha flora-fauna Apis mellifera; Tetragonisca angustula; Trigona amazonensis mejaë (make honey), a'ëpë (large), huea o'a, jetu majë, ñaco mia (small), ñamero, o'a (black, small), pai o'a, quëyë o'a (grande de sudor) oʔ'a See Language page Amanda Meeks
cockroach cucaracha barata-do-mato flora-fauna order Blattaria See Language page Amanda Meeks
firefly, lightning bug lampírido, luciérnaga (Peru), añañahui (Peru), cocuyo (attributed Taino origin) vagalume flora-fauna fam: Elateridae, Fengodidae, Lampyridae See Language page Amanda Meeks
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna order Lepidoptera mumu mumu See Language page Amanda Meeks
moth mariposa nocturna, polilla mariposa flora-fauna order Lepidoptera pu'ju puʔhu See Language page Amanda Meeks
angleworm lombriz minhoca flora-fauna order Opisthopora huasi wasi See Language page Amanda Meeks
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna class Chilopoda See Language page Amanda Meeks
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna order Scorpiones puni pũni See Language page Amanda Meeks
cicada cigarra, chicharra cigarra flora-fauna super fam. Cicadoidea See Language page Amanda Meeks
flea pulga pulga flora-fauna order Siphonaptera sëquë sɨ̃kɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera sa'yaë, tëte pe'ko See Language page Amanda Meeks
cricket saltón, grillo grilo flora-fauna family Gryllidae pu'su pũʔsu See Language page Amanda Meeks
edible palm-dwelling larva (palm weevil) suri, mojojoy larva, broca-do-coqueiro, aramandaiá flora-fauna Rhynchophorus sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna order Mantodea, family Mantidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles sp. mute mũ'te See Language page Amanda Meeks
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna order Isoptera yuyu ju'ju See Language page Amanda Meeks
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna superfam Ixodoidea co're kɔʔrɛ See Language page Amanda Meeks
wasp avispa; specific type: ronzapa/ronsapa caba flora-fauna order Hymenoptera, sub: Apocrita uti uti See Language page Amanda Meeks
snail caracol, churo (Peru) caracol flora-fauna class Gastropoda See Language page Amanda Meeks
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnidae, Araneae nasojëjë (type of spider) dãʔsohɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
jaguar yaguar, yaguareté, jaguar, otorongo (Peru), tigre (Peru) onca flora-fauna Panthera onca airo yai, toya yai, yai 'jai, 'to'ja 'jai See Language page Amanda Meeks
manatee vaca marina, manatí peixe-boi flora-fauna Trichechus sp. See Language page Amanda Meeks
brown woolly monkey Mono Lanudo Común, Choro, Churucu, mono choro (Peru), mono lanudo cafe, barrigudo de Humboldt macaco barrigudo flora-fauna Lagothrix lagothricha See Language page Amanda Meeks
howler monkey (red-handed) mono aullador, mono coto (Peru) guariba flora-fauna Alouatta belzebul [or other Alouatta sp.] emu ẽ'mõ See Language page Amanda Meeks
tufted capuchin monkey mono negro (Peru), Machín Negro, Maicero Cachón, mono maicero macaco prego flora-fauna Cebus apella tã'ke See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-fronted capuchin Machín Blanco, mono blanco, Maicero Cariblanco, mono blanco (Peru) Caiarara flora-fauna Cebus albifrons See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-fronted spider monkey Machin Blanco, Mono Araña de Vientre Amarillo, maquisapa (Peru), braceadora (Colombia) macaco aranha, coatá, quatá flora-fauna Ateles belzebuth/paniscus wa'ʔo, pãĩ'tã'ke See Language page Amanda Meeks
opossum zarigüeya, rabipelado, zorro, zorrillo mucura flora-fauna family Didelphidae See Language page Amanda Meeks
giant otter Lobo Grande de Río, nutria gigante, lutria ariranha flora-fauna Pteronura brasiliensis je'huaë kʷahĩjaʔo See Language page Amanda Meeks
neotropical otter (small) Nutria, Lobo de Agua, lobito de rio, perro de agua (Colombia) lontra flora-fauna Lontra longicaudis See Language page Amanda Meeks
collared peccary sajino, pecarí de collar, jabalf, Javelina, Saíno, Pecarí de Collar caititu, caetitu flora-fauna Pecari tajacu, Tayassu tajacu jaʔ'wɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
white-lipped peccary Chancho de Monte, Cariblanco, Huangana queixada flora-fauna Tayassu pecari sẽ'se See Language page Amanda Meeks
porcupine puerco espín, erizo (Peru), casha cushillo (Peru) cuandu, porco-espinho flora-fauna family Erethizontidae so'to sɔʔtɔ See Language page Amanda Meeks
cotamundi, coatimundi Coatí, Tejón, Achuni, zorro guache quati flora-fauna genus Nasua cueji kwẽhi See Language page Amanda Meeks
agouti (black agouti, black-rumped agouti) Guatusa Negra, Añuje, Agutí (black-rumped), picure, jochi colorado cutia flora-fauna Dasyprocta spp. wɨ, 'kʷẽ-'hĩ See Language page Amanda Meeks
capybara Capibara, Carpincho, Ronsoco capivara flora-fauna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris kʷeʔso See Language page Amanda Meeks
green acouchi Guatín, Punchana, curi, picurito rabudo, picurito rabilargo cutiara flora-fauna Myoprocta pratti See Language page Amanda Meeks
paca (lowland) Guanta, Paca, Majaz, majás (Peru), labba (Guyana) paca flora-fauna Cuniculus paca (Agouti paca is sometimes used as well although cuniculus is the correct term.) seme sẽ'mẽ, ko'pe See Language page Amanda Meeks
mouse, rat ratón camundongo, rata flora-fauna Mus musculus turi adi 'tu'di See Language page Amanda Meeks
squirrel ardilla, danta (Ven) serelepe, quatipuru, esquilo flora-fauna family Sciuridae sësëco, ma hua'ru sɨ̃sɨkɔ, ma wa'ru See Language page Amanda Meeks
tapir sachavaca, danta anta flora-fauna Tapirus terrestris huequë 'wẽ'kɨ See Language page Amanda Meeks
deer venado veado, cariacu flora-fauna family Cervidae, esp. Odocoileus virginianus ñama jã'mã See Language page Amanda Meeks


Cultural Vocabulary (97)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material po ja'i naña, do'rohuë (both generic terms) pɔ haʔi naña, dɔʔrɔwɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
basket, small canasta, canasto, cesta cesto pequeno, tampado culture-material tsë do'rohuë (densely woven basket) tsɨ dɔʔrɔwɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
bead abalorio, mostacilla, cuenta, gota, puca; necklace=collar miçanga culture-material See Language page Amanda Novak
bed cama cama culture-material cai saihuë kãi saiwɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
hammock hamaca, chinchorro rede culture-material jaërë jãɨrɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
bench, seat banco, silla, asiento banco culture-material ñu'i saihuë, pehuë, ja'ruco ñuʔI saiwɨ, pẽwɨ, haʔrukɔ See Language page Amanda Novak
canoe canoa canoa transport yohuë yɔwɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
drum (large signal) tambor, manguaré, maguaré (Colombia) tambor culture Used to be used by Tukanoan peoples (and others?), sound carried for long distances See Language page Amanda Novak
drum tambor tambor culture-mythology huatihuë watiwɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
shaman, healer chamán, brujo xaman, pajé, feiticeiro culture-mythology dahuë dawɨ In RN region, there is typically one person per village (if that) who is a full-fledged 'shaman'. He is very much a specialist and has considerable power to cure, as well as power to curse. He is respected and feared. Shamans are thought to turn themselv See Language page Amanda Novak
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology Refers to a lower-level healer; in RN region, most older men in a village have this capacity, and command a repertoire of healing spells. Power is primarily for good, whereas the true shaman is capable of malignant acts as well. See Language page Amanda Novak
broom escoba vassoura culture-material yua sëopo yua sɨɔpɔ See Language page Amanda Novak
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology ca See Language page Amanda Novak
fence, palisade cerco cerca other may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Amanda Novak
firewood leña lenha other jeca hɛka See Language page Amanda Novak
Curupira (spirit type) Curupira, Madremonte Curupira culture-mythology malignant forest spirit, covered with long hair, feet turned backward; in Upper Rio Negro region See Language page Amanda Novak
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
deity/powerful spirit/culture figure dios(es), deidad divinidade, figura mítica culture-mythology maija'quë maihaʔkɨ In RN region, frequently translates as 'Bone-Son', 'One on the bone', etc. See Language page Amanda Novak
flute flauta, quena (Peru) flauta culture-mythology pi'cohuë pĩʔkɔwɨ multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Amanda Novak
panpipe carrizo, zampoñas, flautas de pan, rondadora caniço, flauta de pã culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
hollow log/trough for beer-making canoa para chicha cocho de caxiri narcotics See Language page Amanda Novak
ritual song cycle (kapiwaya) kapiwaya capiwaya culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
knife cuchillo faca culture-material a'ri hua'ti, hua'ti aʔri waʔti, waʔti See Language page Amanda Novak
machete machete facão culture-material hua'ti waʔti See Language page Amanda Novak
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool tsu'upo (regular axe) tsũʔupɔ especially for clearing fields See Language page Amanda Novak
arrow flecha flecha subsistence tool waʔ'ho waʔ'ho hunting, warfare See Language page Amanda Novak
spear lanza lança subsistence tool ui tupë, ui yo, ui ui tupɨ, ui jɔ, ui See Language page Amanda Novak
bow arco arco subsistence tool ca'hua, ca'huanoa kaʔwa, kaʔwanɔa arco See Language page Amanda Novak
paddle/oar remo remo transport co'me perupë, perupë cɔ̃ʔmɛ pɛrupɨ, pɛrupɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
plate plato prato culture-material quëna de'hua kɨ̃na deʔwa See Language page Amanda Novak
pot olla, pote panela, vasilha subsistence tool cua'coro kwaʔkɔrɔ See Language page Amanda Novak
basin/bowl tazón, plato hondo, taza tijela culture-material See Language page Amanda Novak
griddle for cooking flatbread tiesto (Colombia), budare (Venezuela), tortera (Peru) forno para beiju subsistence tool agriculture? See Language page Amanda Novak
rattle matraca, maraca marico, chocalho culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool See Language page Amanda Novak
wax cera cera other See Language page Amanda Novak
honey miel mel food paya paja only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Amanda Novak
stone for lighting fires piedra para hacer fuego pedra para acender fogo culture-material See Language page Amanda Novak
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture jui 'me, pĩsi jui 'me, pĩsi See Language page Amanda Novak
tattoo tatuaje, tatu tatuagem culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
thatch/roof crisneja palha, caraná culture-material See Language page Amanda Novak
yurupari, jurupari (or any flutes forbidden to women) yurupari jurupari culture-mythology a ritual complex in various parts of Amazonia involving sacred flutes/trumpets, forbidden to women. See Language page Amanda Novak
fetish, charm fetiche, encanto, filtro de amor, pusanga feitiço, puçanga culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
feather headdress plumaje, corona de plumas enfeite/capacete de penas culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
school escuela escola acculturation See Language page Amanda Novak
bottle botella garrafa acculturation See Language page Amanda Novak
paper papel papel acculturation See Language page Amanda Novak
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
chicken gallina galinha acculturation cura kura See Language page Amanda Novak
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other See Language page Amanda Novak
sugarcane/sugar azúcar, caña de azúcar açucar (de cana) acculturation See Language page Amanda Novak
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material See Language page Amanda Novak
shoes zapatos sapatos dress See Language page Amanda Novak
policeman polícia policía acculturation See Language page Amanda Novak
soldier soldado soldado acculturation See Language page Amanda Novak
cat gato gato acculturation See Language page Amanda Novak
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation See Language page Amanda Novak
hat sombero chapéu dress See Language page Amanda Novak
chief/leader jefe, cacique chefe culture-mythology pãĩ 'ɨ'haɨ pãĩ 'ɨ'haɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
club garrote, cachiporra clava, porrete subsistence tool See Language page Amanda Novak
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress See Language page Amanda Novak
fireplace hogar lareira other See Language page Amanda Novak
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool See Language page Amanda Novak
salt sal sal food ã'si ã'si See Language page Amanda Novak
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology See Language page Amanda Novak
blowgun cerbatana, pucuna (Peru) zarabatana subsistence tool jëohuë hɨɔwɨ currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Amanda Novak
dart (blowgun) dardo, birote (Peru), bala (Peru) dardo, seta subsistence tool hunting and warfare See Language page Amanda Novak
fan abanico abanador, abano subsistence tool jaëpa, ja'ëco haɨpã, haʔɨkɔ, esp. for fanning a cooking fire See Language page Amanda Novak
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food mo (generic fishing) See Language page Amanda Novak
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food See Language page Amanda Novak
hunt cazar caçar food See Language page Amanda Novak
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food Interesting correlation to 'fish' in Tukanoan languages See Language page Amanda Novak
gourd (dipper/bowl) cucharón, pate (Peru), totomo, totuma, totumo cuia subsistence tool hĩso ('gourd', H&R) See Language page Amanda Novak
grater rallador, rallo ralador, ralo subsistence tool esp. for grating manioc, but can be used for other things as well See Language page Amanda Novak
grid of sticks for smoking meat or placing objects (shelf) barbacoa jirau subsistence tool See Language page Amanda Novak
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool See Language page Amanda Novak
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool See Language page Amanda Novak
fermented drink masato, chicha caxiri, chicha culture a'so cono, huea cono ãʔsɔ kɔ̃nɔ, wɛa kɔ̃nɔ prioritizes manioc beer where distinction is made See Language page Amanda Novak
flour/meal from manioc fariña, mañoco (Venezuela); harina farinha food agriculture See Language page Amanda Novak
flat bread, cassava bread pan de yuca, casabe/cazabe beiju food ao ãɔ usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Amanda Novak
starch (tapioca, other) almidón goma de tapioca food See Language page Amanda Novak
tapioca drink, mingau cahuana, caguana mingau food agriculture See Language page Amanda Novak
tipiti (manioc squeezer) tipiti, matafrio, sebucán, exprimador, prensa para yuca tipiti food word of Tupi origin; agriculture: specifically for squeezing poison out of manioc See Language page Amanda Novak
tripod for washing manioc trípode tripé subsistence tool agriculture See Language page Amanda Novak
venom for darts, poison veneno curare subsistence tool tsima tsĩma hunting, currently is falling out of use in Vaupés region, associated primarily with h-g groups (but this may be recent?) See Language page Amanda Novak
woven strainer/sieve colador tejido, cedazo (Peru), cernedor (Peru) peneira, cumatá subsistence tool agriculture? commonly used for sifting dry manioc flour See Language page Amanda Novak
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool can refer to worms; more generic See Language page Amanda Novak
fishtrap trampa de peces, trampa matapi, cacuri subsistence tool quëohuë kɨ̃ɔwɨ See Language page Amanda Novak
bottom grinding stone manufacture if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Amanda N
digging stick subsistence tool See Language page Amanda N
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture use word for top grinding stone if different from bottom stone See Language page Amanda N
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool See Language page Amanda N
spearthrower subsistence tool See Language page Amanda N
house other huë'e wɨʔɛ See Language page Amanda N