at

Semantic Field
location
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
en, a
Meaning Portuguese
em, a

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone -ka inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -va-, -pa inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi -va(a) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno ni-, ni-mi- inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno mi- “locative” inheritance Klar 1977:44 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno ti-, tu-; ni-, nu- (mostlyti-, ni- in RC's speech) inheritance Klar 1977:44 Jane Hill
Cocopa -i, -pi, -Si, -y unknown Jane Hill
Comanche -ka, -ky "in, at, on" inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -'aw [Ɂaw] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino ahng-en-ah (nga) inheritance CHM/MC266 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa -i (suffix) [ɪ] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pi, -vi "at, in" inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk -pea inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok -wa CH inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño -nga inheritance Elliott Jane Hill
Maidu -dik unknown Jane Hill
Mojave vidiily “at this place” unknown Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Mutsun -tak, -tka (after vowel) unknown NW (JPH), L78 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute -ma "on, at, instr" inheritance SAA 1982 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok {-Hwi-} “locational suffix inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A Te-, um- unknown (Shaul ms Salinan prepositions) Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Serrano -pa inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute -pa inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok -m- p. 53 inheritance? Jane Hill
Southern Ute -pa, -vaa(tY) inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal -p inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone ka” inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo -h unknown Jane Hill
Washo -a, -ya unknown J 168 Jane Hill
Western Mono -wee unknown Jane Hill
Wintu ti inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai ?e, he\ “locational suffix” (needs hyphen) unknown Jane Hill
Yuki -at unknown S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma -i H3:210; -k H3:210 unknown Jane Hill
Baniwa ɺiko ɺiko unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona tərə (en); dʒa (a) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Eñepa po po inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani iñömö unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Nheengatu çuiwara (from çui=de/ wara= marca do hábitato) suiwaɾa (from sui= de / waɾa=marca do hábitato) unknown See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Pemon piak (A1981) piak (A1981) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro -nú, -gí -nú, -gí unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sikuani ta ta inheritance Sik-Cuiva-Playero group See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Yanomami iha, ihamɨ iha, ihamɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Arabana [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Bardi -gun; -on; -un -kun; -on; -un inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba yuwa Claire Bowern
Burarra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhangu -ŋa inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala -ŋura inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari -ngu inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu -ŋur inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang -ŋi? inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng m inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ya Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu -ŋura inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji -ngka, -la inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr -an_ -ang inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru ngka,la inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi -on -on inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4534 inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija n inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala -ngka inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung m inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka -la inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngka, la inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ngandi gi inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma -ka Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl -kun -kun inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi -yi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru -ug -uk inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta -ngi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta -ji unknown Claire Bowern
Nyikina -rra -rra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul -an_ -ang inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi -ka Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta -ina unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu 2966 inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri -nga,-la inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa -rra -rra inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy ruj unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu -wa inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha -yi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawuru -gun ~ -gan -kun ~ -kan inheritance Claire Bowern
Piapoco iwéré iwéré See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena yue jue See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero íwa íwa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana i: i: unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Bora tsʰatsʰíi tsʰatsʰíi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane -βɨ -βɨ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio boo See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Tiriyó serɔ mao serɔ mao See Language page Becky Walker
Mapoyo pona pona See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa akcho, akcho´mako, in, ina, nach, ojcho See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca na na See Language page Daniel Valle
Cofán (~ a place) -ni; -tti ni, thi See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Páez te te See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna {-gu [4], gucü [4, 3]} {-gu, gukɨ} See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kïane kʉane See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Ashuar {-num}, {-nam} {-num}, {-nam} See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses nantan (en) nantan See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua ("a/en") -jiva; -ju; nacho; -mu/ ("en") -jimu; -niy; -va -xiva; -xu:; na:tʃo:; -mu:/ -ximu; -nij; -va See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano {-pi} {-pi} See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa denE', nE', n denæɁ, næɁ, n See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Barasano -hɨ -hɨ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana -pɨ -pɨ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Yuruti -pɨ -pɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana -pɨ -pɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Secoya na na See Language page Amanda N
Kokama rupe (suff.) rupe See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Sirionó je he See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina uunaah ɯ̃ɯ̃aaʔ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto -mo -mo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto -mo -mo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto -mo -mo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito jina hina See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo hinya (en), ma (a) hinja (en), ma (a) See Language page Becky Walker
Central Aymara {-na} {-na} See Language page PLE