Mithaka

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
no
Location
-25.14°, 139.60°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (186)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar ngalyawaRa semantic shift Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar ngalyawaRa semantic shift Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar nganyi inheritance Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar yura inheritance Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar yini inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar tana inheritance Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar nhanhi inheritance Claire Bowern
above encima, arriba acima location [missing] missing Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
all todo todos other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
and y e grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body 827 missing Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body wakiRi inheritance Claire Bowern
ashamed xx xx mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
ashes xx xx environment 3192 inheritance Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location -la inheritance Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body 2304 inheritance Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality tirra inheritance Claire Bowern
be alive xx xx body kuli unique Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body wopu inheritance Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location kaltyuRu unique Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality pirna inheritance Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body mataRi inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour tjimpa inheritance Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body kimba semantic shift Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
blunt xx xx quality ngaRamurnrdu inheritance Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body kambu inheritance Claire Bowern
boomerang xx xx manufacture tjira inheritance Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human purla unique Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion kati- inheritance Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment turnrditirri inheritance Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality malt[h]i inheritance Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion thajinda loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact kularni loan Yandruwandha? Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental inki- inheritance Claire Bowern
cut xx xx impact dama inheritance Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state palindu inheritance Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna pandiyapa inheritance Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body thapaji inheritance Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment kunubutha inheritance Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body ngara inheritance Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment pala inheritance Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body tunru unique Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna pampu inheritance Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body mirlki inheritance Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body kuna inheritance Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion puri- inheritance Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality yunrra inheritance Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body nyilki loan Yalarnnga Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship ngapri inheritance Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental kinyandu unique Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna [missing] missing Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment maka inheritance Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna kupi doubtful loan Pitta-Pitta Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion kundindyirri unique Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
foot pie body tina inheritance Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora mangka inheritance Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality patyi inheritance Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state [missing] missing Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body marda inheritance Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body kungku inheritance Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental pangginda loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality ngarda unique Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact panrri inheritance Claire Bowern
hit (with hand) xx xx impact tirri(ri) inheritance Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other pardindadi inheritance Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
if si se grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location [missing] missing Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact panrrindadi semantic shift Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental ngundindadi unique Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment 2889 missing Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental kingki- inheritance Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body pirna inheritance Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment wajinina unique Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body kalu inheritance Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality pajirri inheritance Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna kata inheritance Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body muRali inheritance Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human tyiritayiri unique Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna ngatyandura unique Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment nyangi inheritance? Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship nganrri inheritance Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body dira inheritance Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human [missing] missing Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body wakari inheritance Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
night noche noite time [missing] missing Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar wakala unique Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body mula inheritance Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality mutyutyu inheritance? Claire Bowern
one uno um number kurnu inheritance Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human karna inheritance Claire Bowern
pimple xx xx body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment ngurli unique Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour tjirtiti unique Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
roof xx xx manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora [missing] missing Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality thungka inheritance Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment pala inheritance Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental paRingandakuli unique Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental kalindaRi unique Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality warnrda inheritance Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body pilpiri inheritance Claire Bowern
sick xx xx body wamiwami unique Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state kuli inheritance? Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body dala inheritance Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment dikarra loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body parrinda unique Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality waka inheritance Claire Bowern
smell (tr/intr) xx xx body thungka unique Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment kutu inheritance Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body ngalytya inheritance Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state tarrkija unique Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment tinggu unique Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment marda inheritance Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
sun sol sol time warlka loan Pitta-Pitta Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body kangu inheritance Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body nuRa inheritance Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar nakiti inheritance Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar nuniyi unique Claire Bowern
three tres tres number [missing] missing Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body irlka unique Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body tharli inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body mirlka inheritance or loan depending on view of where Mithaka is placed Claire Bowern
true xx xx quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
two dos dois number parkula inheritance Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment ngapa inheritance Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar mina inheritance Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar winytyala unique Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar wardali inheritance Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour warruputha inheritance Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar walu unique Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship niwa inheritance Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment tjimu unique Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human pulurlu unique Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour [missing] missing Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (9)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna murra unique Claire Bowern
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna t[h]itha loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna paja inheritance Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna munggugu unique Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna tirita inheritance Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna kantha inheritance Claire Bowern
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna tjukuru inheritance Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna pardi inheritance? Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna [missing] missing Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (8)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool [missing] missing Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool wamaja inheritance Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool winrra inheritance Claire Bowern
house other wali inheritance Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
small HG low mobile yes