breast

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
pecho, seno
Meaning Portuguese
peito

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim peel (?) 175 inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pici inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla pi-ly inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok mu:/su- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi pih(i)/(vI) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno kutet inheritance Klar 1977:73 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno tutu inheritance Klar 1977:73 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno kutet inheritance Klar 1977:73 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tYete7 inheritance Klar 1977:73 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno kutet inheritance Klar 1977:72 Jane Hill
Cocopa nymay, 7imay inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche pitsii7, pItsamU inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -pi [pi] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino ah-peep/-cho /7a-pi-p-cho/ "female breasts" inheritance CHM/MC241 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa nyemay [ɲəˈmai] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pihi-vy inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa ny-maayu (senos) inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pi7c inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok mu/u inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño pi-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu mi\ni/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave nyama inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun mus inheritance O77:253 Jane Hill
Nisenan min inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nyngapy “chest” inheritance Thornes? Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok mu:su- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok mu:-, mu:su- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ico/7 (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M icu/' unknown Mason 1918:127 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) iisax iizc unknown Jane Hill
Serrano pi7 (possessed, needs prefix) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute piitsi-vi inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok mu:su- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute pii/vI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal pii-l inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pitsi inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo hu/y inheritance Jane Hill
Washo dishu/: unknown J168 Jane Hill
Western Mono pizi/7 inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu 7imit “milk, breast” inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai nyma/ya inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami mI/\nits inheritance K1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi pHO7OchH “breast, sternum” x inheritance K07:241,G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne me:niT' inheritance Newman 1964 Jane Hill
Yuki huy (“female, milk”) inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa -kóda -kóda inheritance similar to Arutani kotsa; possible loan Arawak > Arutani See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona susu (SM) doutbful loan Onomatopoeic, but possibly a loan since the same form is found in a number of areal languages; Makú /tʃütʃü/; Quechua del Pastaza /tʃutʃu/; Yucuna (Arawak) tʃuʔutʃú; Proto-Chibchan See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ñareba ɲarɛba unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw puùn pûn inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano coretíbi koretíbi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa mak mak inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï ote (breast) me baba (chest) unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani goõ-bæ̃ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup pǔd pǔd inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi i-manatɨ (IDS) i-manatɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu kambi, putiá kambi, putiá inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam thupək (ids), tI IpIk (gom), thɨɨp (EM72) tʰupək, tɯ ɯpɯk (gom), tʰɨɨp unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki cotibɨ ja kotibɨ xã inheritance compare Arawak kuta forms, e.g. Resigaro, Tariana See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon manak (A1981); puete manak (A1981); puet inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro ó?kótáapígú óʔkótáapígú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá pili paluku (EM72) pili paluku (EM72) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani mipa (2)(pecho), müpabü (3)(pecho) inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana kúda kúda inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano cutíro kutíro inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~pe ~pe inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam sufu up sufu up inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami pei hãkãmi (breast), pei suhe-kɨ (udder), pei suhe pə u-ka (nipple), suhe upə (EM72) pei hãkãmi (breast), pei suhe-kɨ (udder), pei suhe pə u-ka (nipple), suhe upə (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna chu'uchú tʃuʔutʃú doutbful loan Onomatopoeic, but possibly a loan since the same form is found in a number of areal languages; Makú /tʃütʃü/; Quechua del Pastaza /tʃutʃu/; Yucuna (Arawak) tʃuʔutʃú; Proto-Chibchan See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup hɔ̃ʔtǝ̂g ~hɔʔ-tǝ̂g unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi ngamarna ngamarna inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba ngamu inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra ngamangama unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu ŋamini inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ŋamini Claire Bowern
Dhuwala ŋamini doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Diyari ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU ngarara inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 680 inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu ŋamini inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang ngaman inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng ngabeleng loan NGY Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi gamoo loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu ŋamini inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngapurlu loan Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr ngamana ngamana inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru ngawulu inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi neemarra; numana nimarra; numana inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri ngamarna inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija kamu-m inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa ama inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala ngamarna inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung gameng inheritance NGY Claire Bowern
Mithaka ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngabulu Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngapulu inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-ngam loan Claire Bowern
Ngarluma bibi inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl ningamboo ningambu semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru dalngan dalngan inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla marrngamarrnga Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta ngamana inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 4835 inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina ngamarna ngamarna inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ŋamo inheritance Claire Bowern
Pirriya ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta ngamanya inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ŋamini, dhiliŋiny Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu ngamini inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngamarna doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru kapuju unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa ngamarna ngamarna inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy miimi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ŋamun inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru ngamarna ngamarna inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua kúta kúta inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco ucuta, ìni 'seno' ukuta, ìni 'seno' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari ji (breast); ukhu(ta) (chest) ji (breast); ukhu(ta) (chest) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena tʃini tʃini See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero c̷ini tsini See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana -ˀdɨn -ˀdɨn inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi etotone etotone inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure šo-n ʃo-n inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá siña (Payne91) siña (Payne91) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani kotsa kotsa See Language page John Blaha
Sape wi wi See Language page John Blaha
Bora woman's breast: (mé)-mïxpʰánye woman's brɛast: (mέ)-mɯxpʰánʲɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane woman's breast: míɸaɲo woman's breast: míɸaɲo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio manak manak inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect manatɨ (SM) manatɨ (SM) See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai manaty, purohpo, puropu manatɨ, purohpo, puropu inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana susu susu doutbful loan Onomatopoeic, but possibly a loan since the same form is found in a number of areal languages; Makú /tʃütʃü/; Quechua del Pastaza /tʃutʃu/; Yucuna (Arawak) tʃuʔutʃú; Proto-Chibchan See Language page PLE
Tiriyó susu susu doutbful loan Onomatopoeic, but possibly a loan since the same form is found in a number of areal languages; Makú /tʃütʃü/; Quechua del Pastaza /tʃutʃu/; Yucuna (Arawak) tʃuʔutʃú; Proto-Chibchan See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare ʔdohɨ-dɨ (IDS); iyohü:Udü (KH) ʔdohɨ-dɨ (IDS); ijohɨ:Udɨ (KH) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo tereri-'bë (chest); mati-ri (breast); punu-'bë (torso) tereri-'bɛ (chest); mati-ri (breast); punu-'bɛ (torso) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai ∅-manatɨ-rɨ ∅-manatɨ-rɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa yubántare See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo aɳatïgï aɳatɨgɨ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca fihista βihista See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá hú hú See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan -apú-chipar, mit -apú-tʃipar, mit inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán utu´cho ɯthɯʔtʃo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra tĩtkorich tĩtkoɾitʃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a´icha tantu´ aʔiʃa tantuʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez mequis mekis See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna mixĩ [5, 1] miʔĩ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina isíʨo isítʃo unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa kocháñ kotʃaɲ See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke -ñeé -ɲeé unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé čuču See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku čüčü tʃütʃü See Language page PLE
Ashuar netsép nɯtsɯp See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa netsep nɨtsɨp See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna detsép, múntsu dɨtsɨp, múntsu inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses shicdiadquid ʃikdiadquid unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ṣ̌oma (also means "milk") ṣ̌oma (also means "milk") inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua dutuy ndutuj unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua chuchu tʃutʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá chuchu tʃutʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua pichu pitʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qhasqu (CP94) qhasqu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa kahtEteh (K76) kahtæteh unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva lluhllu ʤuʔʤu doutbful loan Onomatopoeic, but possibly a loan since the same form is found in a number of areal languages; Makú /tʃütʃü/; Quechua del Pastaza /tʃutʃu/; Yucuna (Arawak) tʃuʔutʃú; Proto-Chibchan See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~ohe-a ~ohe-a See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana cotia, õpẽã (nipple), ũpẽã (nipple) kɔtia, ɔ̃pɛ̃ã, ũpɛ̃ã See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~ohe-a ~ohe-a inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti koo'tía, 'ṹpega (women's breast) koo'tía, 'ṹpega (women's breast) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana o'pẽ bu'ʔu, o'pẽ-dõ (women's breast) o'pẽ bu'ʔu, o'pẽ-dõ (women's breast) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano õpĩ́; corétíbi (pecho) õpĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca kã'rĩbã 'kia (chest); ũ'pea (breast) kã'rĩbã 'kia (chest); ũ'pea (breast) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ũpẽ-ã ũpẽ-ã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka õ'pẽã õʔpẽã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja oᵽɛ̨́ŋʌ̃̀ oɸɛ̨́ŋʌ̃̀ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ã'capʉ ãʔkapʉ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona čučupˀɨ; ohepˀɨ; oheyo tʃutʃupˀɨ; ohepˀɨ; ohejo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya cotisaihuë, ójeyó (seno) kɔ'tisaiwɨ, 'ohɛ'jo (seno) See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana nõm nõm unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama putis putis inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi susu susu doutbful loan Onomatopoeic, but possibly a loan since the same form is found in a number of areal languages; Makú /tʃütʃü/; Quechua del Pastaza /tʃutʃu/; Yucuna (Arawak) tʃuʔutʃú; Proto-Chibchan See Language page PLE
Sirionó ekiã ekiã inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá kam (K12) kam (K12) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina bagóóhya, monn̈o bagóóʔja, mõn:o inheritance similar to Bora form See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto hogóbe, woman's breast: mónoï hogóbɛ, woman's breast: mónoɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto hogóbe, woman's breast: mónoï hogóbɛ, woman's breast: mónoɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto hogobe, woman's breast: monoï hogobɛ, woman's breast: monoɯ inheritance similar to Bora form See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito sipɨ'ɨja sipɨ'ɨha unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo nam+tu namɨtu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari karašišiʔ (katat) karaʃiʃiʔ (katat) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-toxo; e-seʔo (Girard 1971); e-kwá (Girard 1971) e-toxo; e-seʔo; e-kwá See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña yakʷa yakʷa doubtful loan Movima čah-kwa See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara pichu (Spanish loan) ɲuɲu See Language page PLE
Kwazá cẽrẽ cẽrẽ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima čah-kʷa tʃah-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai di-olem di-olem unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang fe Φe pãrɔ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi nõwi nõwi See Language page PLE