Southern Pastaza Quechua

Family
Quechuan
Region
South America
ISO 639-3
qup
Location
-3.33°, -76.53°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Data Sources
Landerman, Peter. 2008, 2nd. ed. Vocabulario Quechua del Pastaza. ILV, Yarinacocha.


Basic Vocabulary (191)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
above encima, arriba acima location awa awa See Language page Daniel Valle
and y e grammar See Language page Daniel Valle
ash ceniza(s) cinzas environment uchpa utʃpa See Language page Daniel Valle
at en, a em, a location See Language page Daniel Valle
back espalda costas body washa waʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
bad mal mal quality See Language page Daniel Valle
belly barriga barriga body vicsa biksa See Language page Daniel Valle
below abajo, debajo abaixo location ucu uku See Language page Daniel Valle
big grande grande quality atun atun See Language page Daniel Valle
black negro preto colour yana jana See Language page Daniel Valle
blood sangre sangue body yawar jawaɾ See Language page Daniel Valle
boil/pimple espinilla, granos espinha, borbulha body yupuchi juputʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
bone hueso osso body tullu tuʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
breast pecho, seno peito body chuchu tʃutʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
child niño, niña criança human llullu wawa ʎuʎu wawa See Language page Daniel Valle
cloud nube nuvem environment puyu puju See Language page Daniel Valle
cold frío frio quality chiri tʃiɾi See Language page Daniel Valle
correct/true verdad, de veras verdade quality shutipa ʃutipa See Language page Daniel Valle
day día dia time puncha puntʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
dirty sucio sujo quality turu tuɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
dingo/wolf fauna lubu (Spanish loan), pishña lubu, piʃɲa See Language page Daniel Valle
dry seco seco quality chaquishca tʃakiʃka See Language page Daniel Valle
dull/blunt sin filo, mocho, desafilado, embotado, romo maçante, desamolado, não afiado quality See Language page Daniel Valle
dust polvo poeira environment pulpu (Spanish loan?) pulpu See Language page Daniel Valle
ear oreja orelha body rinri ɾinɾi See Language page Daniel Valle
earth/soil tierra terra environment allpa aʎpa See Language page Daniel Valle
egg huevo ovo fauna lulun lulun See Language page Daniel Valle
eye ojo olho body ñavi ɲabi See Language page Daniel Valle
far lejos longe quality caru, chipi kaɾu, tʃipi See Language page Daniel Valle
fat/grease grasa gordura body grasa (Spanish loan) gɾasa See Language page Daniel Valle
father padre, papá pai kinship yaya jaja See Language page Daniel Valle
feather pluma pena fauna villma biʎma See Language page Daniel Valle
fire fuego fogo environment nina nina See Language page Daniel Valle
flower flor flor environment sisa sisa See Language page Daniel Valle
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment See Language page Daniel Valle
fruit fruta fruta flora muyu muju See Language page Daniel Valle
good bueno bom quality suma suma See Language page Daniel Valle
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body cawallu kawaʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
hand mano mão body maqui maki See Language page Daniel Valle
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar pay paj See Language page Daniel Valle
head cabeza cabeça body uma uma See Language page Daniel Valle
heavy pesado pesado quality llasha ʎaʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
how? como como grammar imashna imaʃna See Language page Daniel Valle
1sg yo eu grammar ñuca ɲuka See Language page Daniel Valle
if si se grammar See Language page Daniel Valle
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location ucu uku See Language page Daniel Valle
intestines intestinos intestinos body chunchuli tʃuntʃuli See Language page Daniel Valle
lake lago lago environment cucha kutʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
leaf hoja folha environment panga panga See Language page Daniel Valle
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body lluqui ʎuki See Language page Daniel Valle
leg/foot pierna perna body changa tʃanga See Language page Daniel Valle
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment rayu (Spanish loan) ɾaju See Language page Daniel Valle
liver hígado figado body shungu ʃungu See Language page Daniel Valle
long largo comprido, longo quality suni suni See Language page Daniel Valle
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna usa usa See Language page Daniel Valle
man/male hombre homem human cari kaɾi See Language page Daniel Valle
meat/flesh carne carne fauna aycha ajtʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
moon luna lua environment quilla kiʎa See Language page Daniel Valle
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship mama mama See Language page Daniel Valle
mouth boca boca body shimi ʃimi See Language page Daniel Valle
name nombre nome human shuti ʃuti See Language page Daniel Valle
near/close cerca de perto quality caylla, cuchu kayʎa, kutʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body See Language page Daniel Valle
neck cuello pescoço body cunga kunga See Language page Daniel Valle
new nuevo novo quality mushu muʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
night noche noite time See Language page Daniel Valle
no/not no não grammar mana mana See Language page Daniel Valle
nose nariz nariz body singa singa See Language page Daniel Valle
old viejo velho quality mawca mawka See Language page Daniel Valle
one uno um number shuc ʃuk See Language page Daniel Valle
other otro outro grammar shuc ʃuk See Language page Daniel Valle
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body ungushca unguʃka See Language page Daniel Valle
person/human being persona pessoa human runa ɾuna See Language page Daniel Valle
rain lluvia chuva environment tamya tamja See Language page Daniel Valle
red rojo vermelho colour puca puka See Language page Daniel Valle
right/right hand derecha direita location/body cusca kuska See Language page Daniel Valle
road/path camino caminho manufacture ñambi ɲambi See Language page Daniel Valle
root raíz raiz flora angu angu See Language page Daniel Valle
rotten podrido podre quality ismu ismu See Language page Daniel Valle
sand arena areia environment tiyu tiju See Language page Daniel Valle
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality See Language page Daniel Valle
short corto curto quality See Language page Daniel Valle
shoulder hombro ombro body rigra ɾigɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
shy/ashamed tímido, vergonzoso timido, com vergonha mental See Language page Daniel Valle
skin piel pele body cara kaɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
sky cielo céu environment silu (Spanish loan) silu See Language page Daniel Valle
small pequeño pequeno quality uchilla utʃiʎa See Language page Daniel Valle
smoke humo fumaça environment cushni kuʃni See Language page Daniel Valle
star estrella estrela environment istirilla (Spanish loan) istiɾiʎa See Language page Daniel Valle
stick/wood palo pau, vara flora caspi kaspi See Language page Daniel Valle
stone piedra pedra environment rumi ɾumi See Language page Daniel Valle
tail cola, rabo rabo body chupa tʃupa See Language page Daniel Valle
that ese/esa esse grammar chay tʃaj See Language page Daniel Valle
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar See Language page Daniel Valle
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality sangu sangu See Language page Daniel Valle
thin delgado fino quality ñañu ɲaɲu See Language page Daniel Valle
this este/esta este grammar cay kaj See Language page Daniel Valle
2sg xx xx grammar can kan See Language page Daniel Valle
throat garganta garganta body tunguru tunguɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
three tres tres number quimsa kimsa See Language page Daniel Valle
thunder truenos trovão environment misha miʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
bite morder morder body canina kanina See Language page Daniel Valle
blow soplar soprar body pucuna pukuna See Language page Daniel Valle
breathe respirar respirar body samana samana See Language page Daniel Valle
burn quemar queimar environment rupachina ɾupatʃina See Language page Daniel Valle
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body mucuna mukuna See Language page Daniel Valle
climb subir subir motion awayana awajana See Language page Daniel Valle
come venir vir motion shamuna ʃamuna See Language page Daniel Valle
cook cocinar cozinhar impact yanuna januna See Language page Daniel Valle
count contar contar mental yupana jupana See Language page Daniel Valle
cry llorar chorar mental wakana wakana See Language page Daniel Valle
cut/hack cortar cortar impact chillpina, pitina tʃiʎpina, pitina See Language page Daniel Valle
die/be dead morir morrer state wañuna waɲuna See Language page Daniel Valle
dig cavar cavar impact allana aʎana See Language page Daniel Valle
dream soñar sonhar mental muscuna muskuna See Language page Daniel Valle
drink beber, tomar beber body upyana upjana See Language page Daniel Valle
eat comer comer body micuna mikuna See Language page Daniel Valle
fall caer cair motion urmana uɾmana See Language page Daniel Valle
fear miedo medo mental manchana mantʃana See Language page Daniel Valle
flow fluir fluir motion shutuna ʃutuna See Language page Daniel Valle
fly volar voar motion pawana pawana See Language page Daniel Valle
grow crecer crescer state atunyana, viñana atunjana See Language page Daniel Valle
hear oír ouvir mental uyana ujana See Language page Daniel Valle
hide esconder esconder motion pacana pakana See Language page Daniel Valle
hit golpear, pegar bater impact tulupuna tulupuna See Language page Daniel Valle
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other See Language page Daniel Valle
kill matar matar impact wañuchina waɲutʃina See Language page Daniel Valle
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental yachana jatʃana See Language page Daniel Valle
laugh reír rir mental asina asina See Language page Daniel Valle
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion siririna siɾiɾina See Language page Daniel Valle
live/be alive vivir viver, morar body cawsana kawsana See Language page Daniel Valle
open/uncover abrir abrir other See Language page Daniel Valle
pound/beat machacar, golpear bater impact llapina, nitina ʎapina, nitina See Language page Daniel Valle
say decir dizer mental nina, rimana nina, ɾimana See Language page Daniel Valle
scratch rascar rasgar impact aspina aspina See Language page Daniel Valle
see ver ver mental ricuna ɾikuna See Language page Daniel Valle
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact See Language page Daniel Valle
sit sentar(se) sentar state tiyarina tijaɾina See Language page Daniel Valle
sleep dormir dormir body puñuna puɲuna See Language page Daniel Valle
sniff/smell olfatear, oler cheirar body muctina muktina See Language page Daniel Valle
spit escupir cuspir body tyucana tjukana See Language page Daniel Valle
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact chawpina, chillpina tʃawpina, tʃiʎpina See Language page Daniel Valle
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact See Language page Daniel Valle
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact See Language page Daniel Valle
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state shayarina ʃajaɾina See Language page Daniel Valle
steal robar roubar other shuwana ʃuwana See Language page Daniel Valle
suck chupar chupar body tsungana tsungana See Language page Daniel Valle
swell hincharse inchar body punguina punguina See Language page Daniel Valle
swim nadar nadar motion waytana wajtana See Language page Daniel Valle
think pensar pensar mental yuyarina jujaɾina See Language page Daniel Valle
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact shitana ʃitana See Language page Daniel Valle
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact watana watana See Language page Daniel Valle
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other muyurina mujuɾina See Language page Daniel Valle
vomit vomitar vomitar body quiwnana kiwnana See Language page Daniel Valle
walk caminar, andar andar motion See Language page Daniel Valle
work trabajar trabalhar other tarawana tawaɾana See Language page Daniel Valle
yawn bostezar bocejar body See Language page Daniel Valle
tongue lengua lingua body callu kaʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
tooth diente dente body quiru kiɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
two dos dois number ishcay iʃkaj See Language page Daniel Valle
water agua agua environment yacu jaku See Language page Daniel Valle
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar See Language page Daniel Valle
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar See Language page Daniel Valle
wet mojado molhado quality ucu uku See Language page Daniel Valle
what? que, qué que grammar ima ima See Language page Daniel Valle
when? cuando quando grammar imawras imawɾas See Language page Daniel Valle
where? donde onde grammar maypi majpi See Language page Daniel Valle
white blanco branco colour yura juɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
who? quien, quién quem grammar pi pi See Language page Daniel Valle
wife esposa esposa kinship warmi waɾmi See Language page Daniel Valle
wind viento vento environment wayra wajɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
wing ala asa body pishcu rigra piʃku rigra See Language page Daniel Valle
woman/female mujer mulher human warmi waɾmi See Language page Daniel Valle
yellow amarillo amarelo colour quillu kiʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
2pl ustedes vocês grammar See Language page Daniel Valle
foot pie body chaqui tʃaki See Language page Daniel Valle
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar cuti kuti See Language page Daniel Valle
all todo todos other tucuy tukuj See Language page Daniel Valle
ankle tobillo tornozelo body See Language page Daniel Valle
armpit axila, sobaco axila body cashu kaʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body isma, quicha isma, kitʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
lung pulmón pulmão body pulmu (Spanish loan) pulmu See Language page Daniel Valle
sweat sudar suor, suar body umbina umbina See Language page Daniel Valle
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body shicshi ʃikʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
bark corteza casca environment See Language page Daniel Valle
fingernail uña unha body shillu ʃiʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
heart corazón coração body curasún (Spanish loan) kuɾasun See Language page Daniel Valle
sun sol sol time indi indi See Language page Daniel Valle
mountain/hill montaña, colina, loma, cerro morro, serra environment urcu uɾku See Language page Daniel Valle
green verde verde quality quillu kiʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
hot caliente quente quality rupa ɾupa See Language page Daniel Valle


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (133)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus See Language page Daniel Valle
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp. tuta pishcu (pishcu=ave; tuta?) tuta piʃku See Language page Daniel Valle
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna pischcu piʃku See Language page Daniel Valle
curassow mitu, montete (Peru), paujil/panjuil (Peru), paujil de Salvin (Peru for Mitu salvini) mutum flora-fauna Crax sp., Nothocrax sp. pawshi pawʃi See Language page Amazonia Daniel Valle
toucan tucán, pinsha (Peru) tucano flora-fauna Ramphastos sp. sicwanga sikwanga See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
gray-winged trumpeter Grulla, Trompetero Ala Gris jacamim flora-fauna Psophia crepitans See Language page Northern Amazonia (N of Solimões), not in northern Colombia; Dark-winged trumpeter is found south of Solimões Daniel Valle
guan pava, pucacunga (Peru), pava de Spix (Peru) jacu flora-fauna Penelope sp. caruntsi kaɾuntsi See Language page Different types have different localized ranges Daniel Valle
tinamou tinamu, perdiz, gallineta inambu, inhambu flora-fauna family Tinamidae pirtis (Spanish loan), yutu piɾtis, jutu See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna family Trochilidae pusisi pusisis See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
kingfisher martín pescador, catalan (Peru) martim-pescador flora-fauna family Alcedinidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
owl (large) búho, lechuza corujão flora-fauna order Strigiformes curcucu kuɾkuku See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
macaw ara, guacamaya Arara flora-fauna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. wacamaya (Sp. loan? orig. from Taino, Arawak?) wakamaja See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
parrot loro real, loro (Sp. form is a loan from Carib) papagaio flora-fauna Amazona amazonica See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
dove paloma pomba flora-fauna family Columbidae pishcu piʃku See Language page Daniel Valle
hawk halcón, gavilán gavião flora-fauna family Accipitridae anga anga See Language page Daniel Valle
vulture buitre, gallinazo, rinahui (Peru) urubu flora-fauna family Cathartidae ullawanga uʎawanga See Language page Widespread South America Daniel Valle
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae family patu (Spanish loan) patu See Language page Daniel Valle
great egret Garza Blanca, Guyratî Garça-Branca-Grande flora-fauna Ardea alba See Language page Widespread South America Daniel Valle
woodpecker pájaro carpintero, carpintero pica-pau flora-fauna family Picidae See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis famililaris allcu aʎku See Language page Not native; widespread Daniel Valle
dog (wild; bush dog) sachaperro, Perro de Monte, Zorro Vinagre, Guanfando; Zorro Ojizarco, Zorro Negro, Perro de Orejas Corta cachorro-do-mato flora-fauna Speothos venaticus; Atelocynus microtis sacha allcu (sacha=monte) satʃa aʎku See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
anteater oso hormiguero; tapia pelejo or pelejo chico for Cyclopes didactylus tamanduá flora-fauna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) wangana pillan (wangana=huangana (loan); pillan=?), wawniru wangana piʎan, wawniɾu See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
armadillo armadillo, carachupa (Peru), yangunturi (Peru for Giant armadillo) tatu flora-fauna family Dasypodidae; e.g. Priodontes maximus (Giant armadillo), Dasypus novemcinctus, Dasypus kappleri armalillu (Spanish loan) aɾmaliʎu See Language page Widespread in Amazonia Daniel Valle
sloth pereza, pelejo (Peru), perezoso (Peru) macaco preguica flora-fauna Choloepus sp., Bradypus sp. sivi sibi See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
alligator, black caiman babilla; cachirre jacaré flora-fauna Melanosuchus niger, Caiman schlerops; Paleosuchus sp. lagartu (Spanish loan) lagaɾtu See Language page Throughout Amazonia Port term reportedly borrowed from Tupi Daniel Valle
electric eel anguila eléctrica poraquê flora-fauna Electrophorus electricus See Language page Daniel Valle
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna challwa tʃaʎwa See Language page Daniel Valle
pacu fish palometa, garopita, garopa, curhuara (Peru) pacu flora-fauna Mylossoma sp. capawari kapawaɾi See Language page Daniel Valle
pirana piraña, caribe piranha flora-fauna subfamily Serrasalmidae paña paɲa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
tigerfish taraira, guabina, huasaco (Peru) traíra flora-fauna Hoplias sp. pashin paʃin See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
mandi catfish maparate (used in Peru for some types of catfish, including Auchenipterus sp.), cunchi (used in Peru for some types of catfish), bagre (catfish) mandi flora-fauna Auchenipterus sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
speckled catfish surubí, pintadillo surubim, sorubim flora-fauna Pseudoplatystoma sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
toad sapo sapo flora-fauna order Anura sapu (Spanish loan) sapu See Language page Daniel Valle
iguana iguana, garipiares (Colombia) camaleão flora-fauna Iguana sp. ayambi ajambi See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
small lizard lagartija calango flora-fauna order Squamata See Language page Daniel Valle
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Potamotrygon sp. raya (Spanish loan) ɾaja See Language page Daniel Valle
crab cangrejo caranguejo flora-fauna infraorder Brachyura apangura apanguɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
anaconda anaconda, boa, boa acuática grande sucuri flora-fauna genus Eunectes yacumama jakumama See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
boa boa; mantona (red-tailed boa); boa de altura jiboia flora-fauna family Boidae, subf. Boinae cutu yacumana (cutu= coto mono; yacumana=boa) kutu jakumama See Language page Daniel Valle
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna See Language page Daniel Valle
snake (poisonous generic) or rattlesnake víbora (Peru), jergón (Peru), yarara jararaca flora-fauna Bothrops jararaca/atrox pitalala pitalala See Language page Widespread South America Daniel Valle
tortoise (red foot, yellow foot/giant) tortuga, morrocoy, motelo jabutí, tartaruga flora-fauna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria turtuca (Spanish loan) tuɾtuka See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Amazon dolphin bufeo, delfín, tonina (del Orinoco) boto cor-de-rosa flora-fauna Inia geoffrensis See Language page Downstream of major rapids and waterfalls Daniel Valle
mushroom champiñón, hongo cogumelo flora-fauna (any edible generic) See Language page prioritize generic term that includes any edible species Daniel Valle
black palm bacaba, mapora, pusui, patabá bacaba flora-fauna Oenocarpus bacaba See Language page Mature forests of Rio Negro and Upper Amazon may be confused in some entries with O. bataua Daniel Valle
açai palm huasí (Peru), asahi, manaca (Ven), asaí, palmiche (Colombia) açaí flora-fauna Euterpe sp. See Language page floodplains, swamp; esp. northern Amazonia Daniel Valle
miriti palm moriche (Col, Ven), aguaje (Col, Peru), achual, miriti buriti flora-fauna Mauritia flexuosa achwa [Jivaro?] atʃwa See Language page Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela; in and near swamps trunks contain sago-like starch Daniel Valle
palm for roof thatch pui, irapay, hoja de irapay, caraná caraná flora-fauna Mauritiella armata OR Lepidocaryum tenue (irapay), Mauritius carana See Language page Mauritia carana is limited principally to the Rio Negro and Upper Orinoco regions; dry catinga forests palm Daniel Valle
paxiuba palm pona, huacrapona, cashapona, macanilla, pachiuba paxiuba flora-fauna Iriartea exorrhiza OR Iriartea deltoidea taraputu taɾaputu See Language page Widespread Amazonia palm Daniel Valle
peach palm, pejibaye palm chontaduro (Col, Ecuador); pipire (Col); pijuayo (Peru), pijiguao (Ven); tembe (Bol) pupunha flora-fauna Bactris gasipaes chunda tʃunda See Language page Daniel Valle
seje palm ungurahui (Peru), palma de seje, milpesos, patabá patoá, patuá flora-fauna Jessenia bataua, aka Oenocarpus bataua unguravi (Spanish loan) unguɾabi See Language page mostly north of Equator; common in Amazonia may be confused with O. bacaba - compare entries Daniel Valle
coca coca coca flora-fauna Erythroxylum coca See Language page secondary scrub vegetation. lower alt. of eastern Andes plant Daniel Valle
cotton algodón algodão flora-fauna Gossypium (barbadense: long fibers; hirsutum: short fibers) utcu utku See Language page secondary scrub vegetation plant; some sources may confound with kapok Ceiba pentandra (esp. if a single gloss for 'cotton' is given') Daniel Valle
kapok ceiba, huimba, lupuna (Peru for Ceiba sp.) sumaumeira flora-fauna Ceiba pentandra See Language page northern South America and central America; common in disturbed areas tree Daniel Valle
hot pepper ají, pimentón/pimiento rojo, pucunucho (Peru), charapilla (Peru) pimenta flora-fauna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens uchu utʃu See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
peanut maní (may be loan from Taino Arawak), cacahuete amendoim flora-fauna Arachis hypogaea inchic intʃik See Language page plant Daniel Valle
pineapple piña abacaxi flora-fauna Ananas comosus chivilla tʃibiʎa See Language page plant Daniel Valle
arrow cane, wildcane caña flecha, caña brava, caña isana cana para flechas, frecheira, Cana-do-rio flora-fauna Gynerium sagittatum See Language page tropical regions, especially river banks plant Daniel Valle
banana, plantain banano, banana, cambur, bellaco, variedad de plátano banana flora-fauna Musa sp. palanda (Spanish loan?) palanda See Language page Names for banana/plantain may be derived from bastard plantain by semantic shift. Daniel Valle
beans frijoles, frejol, caraotas (negras, rojas, blancas) feijão flora-fauna Phaseolus spp. See Language page plant Daniel Valle
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (generic) See Language page Daniel Valle
maize, corn mazorca, maiz milho flora-fauna Zea mays sara saɾa See Language page widespread, esp. in river floodplains plant Daniel Valle
tobacco tabaco tabaco flora-fauna Nicotiana tabacum See Language page plant Daniel Valle
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna caspi kaspi See Language page Daniel Valle
achiote, anatto achiote urucum flora-fauna Bixa orellana mandru mandru See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
inga guaba, guamo, guama, shimbillo (Peru) inga flora-fauna Inga spp. pacay pakaj See Language page Secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens. North and South America (Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Suriname, Colombia) Daniel Valle
avocado palta, aguacate abacate flora-fauna Persea americana palta palta See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree Daniel Valle
bitterwood tortuga caspi, pretina (Peru for tree and tumpline); carahuasca (Peru) envira flora-fauna Duguetia sp. OR Fusaea longifolia OR Guatteria chrysopetala See Language page secondary forests, native to Brazil tree Daniel Valle
brazil nut castaña castanha do para (B. excelsa); castanha de cutia (C. edulis) flora-fauna Bertholletia excelsa [cf. Couepia edulis 'castanha do cutia'] See Language page 1) Couepia: restricted area within Brazil, Rio Purus basin and middle Solimões. 2) Bertholletia: elev: consistently about 200m; mature forests. Widely distributed from Peru, E. Colombia, Brazil to Nicaragua. tree Daniel Valle
cashew anarcado, castaña de cajú, nuez de la India, marañon, cajú, merey (Venezuela) caju flora-fauna Anacardium occidentale / giganteum See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens tree; most sources will not distinguish between occidentale and other varieties Daniel Valle
genipap jagua, majagua - Colombia, caruto, xagua - Venezuela, bigrande - Bolivia, huito, yaguayagua - Peru, ygualti - Nicaragua, maluco - Mexico genipapo, jenipapo flora-fauna Genipapa americana See Language page widespread lowland SA shrub Daniel Valle
japurá oreja de murcielago japurá flora-fauna Erisma japura See Language page large tree Daniel Valle
rubber tree (sorva) caucho, siringa, shiringa seringa, borracha flora-fauna Hevea sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia tree Daniel Valle
ucuqui yugo, caimitillo del monte (Peru) ucuqui flora-fauna Pouteria ucuqui See Language page native to NW Amazonia, found primarily in Vaupes and Caqueta regions other species of Pouteria exist and have much-used edible fruit; these can be subsituted where relevant Daniel Valle
Amazon tree-grape uva de monte, uvilla (Peru), puruma, caime, caimarona (and variants; Col.) cucura flora-fauna Pourouma cecropiifolia See Language page grows wild in Western Amazon basin; cultivated in Colombia since pre-Colombian times a tree; not a true grape Daniel Valle
manioc (bitter or generic) yuca brava mandioca flora-fauna Manihot esculenta See Language page not generally cultivated in western (subAndean) Amazon. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) argues for a correlation with distribution of dark earths, mostly formed after 1AD, and the modeled-incised pottery tradition. Provides more starch and is more pest-resistant than the sweet variety, but requires much processing. Arroyo-Kalin (2010) proposes that bitter type was developed from sweet through post-ceremic agricultural intensification (motivated by high starch yield Daniel Valle
manioc (sweet) yuca, caribe macaxeira flora-fauna Manihot esculenta lumu lumu See Language page Primary staple in western/subAndean Amazonia, less important elsewhere No processing required, but lower starch yield and pest resistance than bitter variety Daniel Valle
potato papa batata flora-fauna Solanum tuberosum See Language page secondary scrub vegetation compare entries for sweet potato Daniel Valle
potato, sweet potato camote, batata dulce, batata, cumara batata-doce flora-fauna Ipomoea batatas cumal kumal See Language page plant Daniel Valle
cará tuber, purple or white camote, sachapapa cará roxo, branco flora-fauna Dioscorea sp. cumal kumal See Language page secondary scrub vegetation; forest clearings plant Daniel Valle
tannia, yautia huitina (Peru), ñame taioba branca flora-fauna Xanthosoma spp. See Language page Daniel Valle
bottle-gourd (vine) or calabash (tree) calabazo, calabaza; auyama (Dominican Republic and Venezuela), ayote (parts of Central America), zapallo (parts of South America), tutumo/totumo/totuma (Cresc tree), huingo (Peru for Crescentia cujete), tapara cabaça flora-fauna Crescentia cujete (round variety - tree); (Cucurbita) Lagenaria siceraria (bottle variety - vine) puru puɾu See Language page indigenous gardens plant; tree Daniel Valle
squash calabaza, calabacines, auyamas, zapallos, huingo (Peru) abóbora flora-fauna Cucurbita sp. puru puɾu See Language page plant Daniel Valle
cipó vine tamishi, bejuco, yare cipó flora-fauna Heteropsis spp. tamshi tamʃi See Language page secondary forest, floodplain vine Daniel Valle
fish poison, barbasco barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó flora-fauna Lonchocarpus spp. warwascu waɾwasku See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
hallucinogenic vine, banisterium, ayahuasca ayahuasca, yage ayahuasca, caapi flora-fauna Banisteriopsis caapi See Language page semi-domesticated, native to Amazonian basin, esp. NW vine Daniel Valle
hallucinogenic snuff vilca, cebil, yopo paricá, yopo flora-fauna Anadenanthera sp. or virola See Language page Daniel Valle
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic See Language page Daniel Valle
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae See Language page Daniel Valle
bullet ant, lesser giant hunter ant conga, hormiga yanabe (Colombia), isula (Peru), Hormiga Veinticuatro tocandira flora-fauna Paraponera clavata yana curu jana kuɾu (lit. 'black insect') See Language page Daniel Valle
leaf-cutter ant Colombia: zampopo, hormiga arriera; Venezuela: bachaco; Peru: curuhuinse saúva flora-fauna Atta sp. See Language page Daniel Valle
honeybee abeja abelha flora-fauna Apis mellifera; Tetragonisca angustula; Trigona amazonensis sisimba sisimba See Language page Daniel Valle
cockroach cucaracha barata-do-mato flora-fauna order Blattaria pucaracha (Spanish loan) pukaratʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
firefly, lightning bug lampírido, luciérnaga (Peru), añañahui (Peru), cocuyo (attributed Taino origin) vagalume flora-fauna fam: Elateridae, Fengodidae, Lampyridae nina curu (nina=fire; curu = worm/snake) nina kuɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna order Lepidoptera maripusa (Spanish loan) maɾipusa See Language page Daniel Valle
moth mariposa nocturna, polilla mariposa flora-fauna order Lepidoptera See Language page Daniel Valle
angleworm lombriz minhoca flora-fauna order Opisthopora cuyca kuyka See Language page Daniel Valle
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna class Chilopoda sintupí (Spanish loan) sintupi See Language page Daniel Valle
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna order Scorpiones See Language page Daniel Valle
cicada cigarra, chicharra cigarra flora-fauna super fam. Cicadoidea See Language page Daniel Valle
flea pulga pulga flora-fauna order Siphonaptera piqui piki See Language page Daniel Valle
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera See Language page Daniel Valle
cricket saltón, grillo grilo flora-fauna family Gryllidae chilic tʃilik See Language page Daniel Valle
edible palm-dwelling larva (palm weevil) suri, mojojoy larva, broca-do-coqueiro, aramandaiá flora-fauna Rhynchophorus sp. tucu tuku See Language page Daniel Valle
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna order Mantodea, family Mantidae See Language page Daniel Valle
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles sp. sanguru (Spanish loan for zancudo) sanguɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna order Isoptera See Language page Daniel Valle
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna superfam Ixodoidea ipitara ipitara See Language page Daniel Valle
wasp avispa; specific type: ronzapa/ronsapa caba flora-fauna order Hymenoptera, sub: Apocrita avispa (Spanish loan) abispa See Language page Daniel Valle
snail caracol, churo (Peru) caracol flora-fauna class Gastropoda See Language page Daniel Valle
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnidae, Araneae See Language page Daniel Valle
jaguar yaguar, yaguareté, jaguar, otorongo (Peru), tigre (Peru) onca flora-fauna Panthera onca puma (Spanish loan) puma See Language page Daniel Valle
manatee vaca marina, manatí peixe-boi flora-fauna Trichechus sp. See Language page Daniel Valle
brown woolly monkey Mono Lanudo Común, Choro, Churucu, mono choro (Peru), mono lanudo cafe, barrigudo de Humboldt macaco barrigudo flora-fauna Lagothrix lagothricha churu (loan into Spanish) tʃuru (loan into Spanish) See Language page Daniel Valle
howler monkey (red-handed) mono aullador, mono coto (Peru) guariba flora-fauna Alouatta belzebul [or other Alouatta sp.] See Language page Daniel Valle
tufted capuchin monkey mono negro (Peru), Machín Negro, Maicero Cachón, mono maicero macaco prego flora-fauna Cebus apella machin matʃin See Language page Daniel Valle
white-fronted capuchin Machín Blanco, mono blanco, Maicero Cariblanco, mono blanco (Peru) Caiarara flora-fauna Cebus albifrons See Language page Daniel Valle
white-fronted spider monkey Machin Blanco, Mono Araña de Vientre Amarillo, maquisapa (Peru), braceadora (Colombia) macaco aranha, coatá, quatá flora-fauna Ateles belzebuth/paniscus chuwa tʃuwa See Language page Daniel Valle
opossum zarigüeya, rabipelado, zorro, zorrillo mucura flora-fauna family Didelphidae See Language page Daniel Valle
giant otter Lobo Grande de Río, nutria gigante, lutria ariranha flora-fauna Pteronura brasiliensis See Language page Daniel Valle
neotropical otter (small) Nutria, Lobo de Agua, lobito de rio, perro de agua (Colombia) lontra flora-fauna Lontra longicaudis nutri (loan) nutɾi See Language page Daniel Valle
collared peccary sajino, pecarí de collar, jabalf, Javelina, Saíno, Pecarí de Collar caititu, caetitu flora-fauna Pecari tajacu, Tayassu tajacu cawcuma kawkuma See Language page Daniel Valle
white-lipped peccary Chancho de Monte, Cariblanco, Huangana queixada flora-fauna Tayassu pecari wangana wangana See Language page Daniel Valle
porcupine puerco espín, erizo (Peru), casha cushillo (Peru) cuandu, porco-espinho flora-fauna family Erethizontidae tuyuru tujuɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
cotamundi, coatimundi Coatí, Tejón, Achuni, zorro guache quati flora-fauna genus Nasua tijun tixun See Language page Daniel Valle
agouti (black agouti, black-rumped agouti) Guatusa Negra, Añuje, Agutí (black-rumped), picure, jochi colorado cutia flora-fauna Dasyprocta spp. See Language page Daniel Valle
capybara Capibara, Carpincho, Ronsoco capivara flora-fauna Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ungu mayu ungu maju See Language page Daniel Valle
green acouchi Guatín, Punchana, curi, picurito rabudo, picurito rabilargo cutiara flora-fauna Myoprocta pratti See Language page Daniel Valle
paca (lowland) Guanta, Paca, Majaz, majás (Peru), labba (Guyana) paca flora-fauna Cuniculus paca (Agouti paca is sometimes used as well although cuniculus is the correct term.) majás maxas See Language page Daniel Valle
mouse, rat ratón camundongo, rata flora-fauna Mus musculus ucucha ukutʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
squirrel ardilla, danta (Ven) serelepe, quatipuru, esquilo flora-fauna family Sciuridae waywashi waywaʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
tapir sachavaca, danta anta flora-fauna Tapirus terrestris sacha wagra (Spanish loan) satʃa wagɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
deer venado veado, cariacu flora-fauna family Cervidae, esp. Odocoileus virginianus cuyapisi kujapisi See Language page Daniel Valle


Cultural Vocabulary (97)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material tasa tasa See Language page Daniel Valle
basket, small canasta, canasto, cesta cesto pequeno, tampado culture-material See Language page Daniel Valle
bead abalorio, mostacilla, cuenta, gota, puca; necklace=collar miçanga culture-material See Language page Daniel Valle
bed cama cama culture-material tultu tultu See Language page Daniel Valle
hammock hamaca, chinchorro rede culture-material amanga amanga See Language page Daniel Valle
bench, seat banco, silla, asiento banco culture-material parindilla paɾindiʎa See Language page Daniel Valle
canoe canoa canoa transport canwa kanwa See Language page Daniel Valle
drum (large signal) tambor, manguaré, maguaré (Colombia) tambor culture Used to be used by Tukanoan peoples (and others?), sound carried for long distances See Language page Daniel Valle
drum tambor tambor culture-mythology caja (Spanish loan) kaxa See Language page Daniel Valle
shaman, healer chamán, brujo xaman, pajé, feiticeiro culture-mythology supay, yachac supa, jatʃak In RN region, there is typically one person per village (if that) who is a full-fledged 'shaman'. He is very much a specialist and has considerable power to cure, as well as power to curse. He is respected and feared. Shamans are thought to turn themselv See Language page Daniel Valle
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology ambi siqui (ambi=poison; siqui=buttocks) ambi siki Refers to a lower-level healer; in RN region, most older men in a village have this capacity, and command a repertoire of healing spells. Power is primarily for good, whereas the true shaman is capable of malignant acts as well. See Language page Daniel Valle
broom escoba vassoura culture-material pichana pitʃana See Language page Daniel Valle
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology camisa (Spanish loan) kamisa See Language page Daniel Valle
fence, palisade cerco cerca other caylla, cuchu kajʎa, tʃutʃu may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
firewood leña lenha other yanda janda See Language page Daniel Valle
Curupira (spirit type) Curupira, Madremonte Curupira culture-mythology malignant forest spirit, covered with long hair, feet turned backward; in Upper Rio Negro region See Language page Daniel Valle
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology udiyu udiju See Language page Daniel Valle
deity/powerful spirit/culture figure dios(es), deidad divinidade, figura mítica culture-mythology In RN region, frequently translates as 'Bone-Son', 'One on the bone', etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
flute flauta, quena (Peru) flauta culture-mythology lawta (Spanish loan), pingullu lawta multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
panpipe carrizo, zampoñas, flautas de pan, rondadora caniço, flauta de pã culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
hollow log/trough for beer-making canoa para chicha cocho de caxiri narcotics See Language page Daniel Valle
ritual song cycle (kapiwaya) kapiwaya capiwaya culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
knife cuchillo faca culture-material cuchillu (Spanish loan) kutʃiʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
machete machete facão culture-material sabli (Spanish loan from "sable"=sword) sabli See Language page Daniel Valle
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool acha (Spanish loan) atʃa especially for clearing fields See Language page Daniel Valle
arrow flecha flecha subsistence tool wachi watʃi hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
spear lanza lança subsistence tool lansa (Spanish loan) lansa See Language page Daniel Valle
bow arco arco subsistence tool arco See Language page Daniel Valle
paddle/oar remo remo transport rimu (Spanish loan) ɾimu See Language page Daniel Valle
plate plato prato culture-material callana kaʎana See Language page Daniel Valle
pot olla, pote panela, vasilha subsistence tool manga manga See Language page Daniel Valle
basin/bowl tazón, plato hondo, taza tijela culture-material mucawa mukawa See Language page Daniel Valle
griddle for cooking flatbread tiesto (Colombia), budare (Venezuela), tortera (Peru) forno para beiju subsistence tool agriculture? See Language page Daniel Valle
rattle matraca, maraca marico, chocalho culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool viqui, pungara biki, pungara See Language page Daniel Valle
wax cera cera other mapa 'beehive' (cf. Arawak 'bee') mapa 'beehive' See Language page Daniel Valle
honey miel mel food mishqui miʃki only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
stone for lighting fires piedra para hacer fuego pedra para acender fogo culture-material See Language page Daniel Valle
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture wasca waska See Language page Daniel Valle
tattoo tatuaje, tatu tatuagem culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
thatch/roof crisneja palha, caraná culture-material See Language page Daniel Valle
yurupari, jurupari (or any flutes forbidden to women) yurupari jurupari culture-mythology a ritual complex in various parts of Amazonia involving sacred flutes/trumpets, forbidden to women. See Language page Daniel Valle
fetish, charm fetiche, encanto, filtro de amor, pusanga feitiço, puçanga culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
feather headdress plumaje, corona de plumas enfeite/capacete de penas culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
school escuela escola acculturation See Language page Daniel Valle
bottle botella garrafa acculturation See Language page Daniel Valle
paper papel papel acculturation papil papil See Language page Daniel Valle
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
chicken gallina galinha acculturation See Language page Daniel Valle
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other See Language page Daniel Valle
sugarcane/sugar azúcar, caña de azúcar açucar (de cana) acculturation See Language page Daniel Valle
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material camisun (Sp) camisun (Sp) See Language page Daniel Valle
shoes zapatos sapatos dress sapatu (Sp) sapatu (Sp) See Language page Daniel Valle
policeman polícia policía acculturation See Language page Daniel Valle
soldier soldado soldado acculturation See Language page Daniel Valle
cat gato gato acculturation mishu miʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation illapa, ritrucarga (Sp.) iʎapa, ritrucarga (Sp.) See Language page Daniel Valle
hat sombero chapéu dress See Language page Daniel Valle
chief/leader jefe, cacique chefe culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
club garrote, cachiporra clava, porrete subsistence tool See Language page Daniel Valle
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress See Language page Daniel Valle
fireplace hogar lareira other See Language page Daniel Valle
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool See Language page Daniel Valle
salt sal sal food cachi katʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology See Language page Daniel Valle
blowgun cerbatana, pucuna (Peru) zarabatana subsistence tool pucuna pukuna currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
dart (blowgun) dardo, birote (Peru), bala (Peru) dardo, seta subsistence tool viruti biɾuti hunting and warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
fan abanico abanador, abano subsistence tool esp. for fanning a cooking fire See Language page Daniel Valle
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food See Language page Daniel Valle
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food See Language page Daniel Valle
hunt cazar caçar food See Language page Daniel Valle
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food Interesting correlation to 'fish' in Tukanoan languages See Language page Daniel Valle
gourd (dipper/bowl) cucharón, pate (Peru), totomo, totuma, totumo cuia subsistence tool puru puɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
grater rallador, rallo ralador, ralo subsistence tool ishpíngu iʃpingu esp. for grating manioc, but can be used for other things as well See Language page Daniel Valle
grid of sticks for smoking meat or placing objects (shelf) barbacoa jirau subsistence tool pata pata See Language page Daniel Valle
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool See Language page Daniel Valle
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool See Language page Daniel Valle
fermented drink masato, chicha caxiri, chicha culture aswa aswa prioritizes manioc beer where distinction is made See Language page Daniel Valle
flour/meal from manioc fariña, mañoco (Venezuela); harina farinha food agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
flat bread, cassava bread pan de yuca, casabe/cazabe beiju food usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
starch (tapioca, other) almidón goma de tapioca food almidún (Spanish loan) almidun See Language page Daniel Valle
tapioca drink, mingau cahuana, caguana mingau food agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
tipiti (manioc squeezer) tipiti, matafrio, sebucán, exprimador, prensa para yuca tipiti food word of Tupi origin; agriculture: specifically for squeezing poison out of manioc See Language page Daniel Valle
tripod for washing manioc trípode tripé subsistence tool agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
venom for darts, poison veneno curare subsistence tool ambi ambi hunting, currently is falling out of use in Vaupés region, associated primarily with h-g groups (but this may be recent?) See Language page Daniel Valle
woven strainer/sieve colador tejido, cedazo (Peru), cernedor (Peru) peneira, cumatá subsistence tool agriculture? commonly used for sifting dry manioc flour See Language page Daniel Valle
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool can refer to worms; more generic See Language page Daniel Valle
fishtrap trampa de peces, trampa matapi, cacuri subsistence tool tuclla tukʎa See Language page Daniel Valle
bottom grinding stone manufacture rumi ɾumi if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
digging stick subsistence tool See Language page Daniel Valle
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture use word for top grinding stone if different from bottom stone See Language page Daniel Valle
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool See Language page Daniel Valle
spearthrower subsistence tool See Language page Daniel Valle
house other wasi wasi See Language page Daniel Valle