burn

Semantic Field
environment
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
quemar
Meaning Portuguese
queimar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone waihja”-nkyh (VT) inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -chut- (tr.) unknown S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok wy:/k- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi kuci/ki inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7ixut inheritance Klar 1977:73 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno s-ixut “it burns” inheritance A 183 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno siqi (trans) , qu (intrans) inheritance Klar 1977:74 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno sixut (trans), ixut (intrans) inheritance Klar 1977:73 Jane Hill
Cocopa Lymar, ..., 7i:7a:/ (tr) Lyminy “burn up” unknown Jane Hill
Comanche we7hary inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño sex-in [səxin] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino vere:k- unknown Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa aaraaw, wellyaap [aˑˈraˑu], [wəˈɫʸaˑp] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu higwa-, hugwa- unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa maal (of flame), -chi7 “burn, kindle” unknown Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk hu7 inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ju/(u)l- (vt) inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño chuya~i unknown Jane Hill
Maidu ty/ (intr, not of fire) unknown Jane Hill
Mojave ipoom= (intr), tapoom= (tr), inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun yulke “burns (of fire)” inheritance O77:144 Jane Hill
Nisenan sa (vi), sati (vt) inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nai (vt, vi) inheritance Thornes 03:387 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok wykty-, wy:ky- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok h2ls2- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ma/ca:L (A), maltintak (S, pl) “blaze, burn”; unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) quitaj (vi) unknown Jane Hill
Serrano hu7a-i (intr) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute -qut:cy7a- “to burn” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok wyleng-; wyHl-ngHe (intr), unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute kwiya7a (VT) unknown Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tsama-t unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone waya”, wayan, wayangkyn inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo sho/y'shi7 (vi) loan Jane Hill
Washo do/poshi unknown J239 Jane Hill
Western Mono ty/nai- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu hire: (vi), inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai qwa_ti inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi thut (G64:61) inheritance K07:274, G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne *sa:pa inheritance N1944:39 Jane Hill
Yuki k'al- unknown K1911:Voc Jane Hill
Yuma tapo/m H5:95 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa mháita mháita inheritance compare Northern Emberá "bhái" See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona nɨdʒatu inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ẽoñʉ; jãpeóñʉ; juayʉ ẽojɨ; xãpeójɨ; xuajɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw rõò hɔ̃̂ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano soe-ri (sounds similar to the word in Macuna) soe-ɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa transitive: -uka-; intransitive: aʔ (-tɨ, -ti); yuwaatɨn (IDS) transitive: -uka-; intransitive: aʔ (-tɨ, -ti); juwaatɨn (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï mohti'bweitata unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani tã unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup hɔ̃- ~hɔ- inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi transitive: poʔtɨ' intransitive: aramɨ (IDS) transitive: poʔtɨ' intransitive: aramɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu kay kaj inheritance Arawak See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam ĩšiama (EM72) ĩʃiama inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ɨoyi ɨoji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon kika, ya-nepui, akoro (A1981); iki'ka (M2000) kika, dʒanepui, akoɾo (A1981) unique; inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro hoo-khú hoo-kʰú doubtful loan East Tukanoan; Tanimuca, Carapana ho'e, hoe See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá ĩši (EM72) ĩʃi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana dhimíta dʰimíta inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ɨ̃hɨ̂ ɨ̃hɨ̂ inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~hʉ h˜ṹ inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam ĩši, fraa ĩʃi, fɾaa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami fraamaɨ fɾaamaɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna kára'akaje káraʔakahe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup hɔ̃ ~hɔ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana marra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi -marra- -marra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba dywiya?? unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra rro unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu nhära inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal nhära inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala buḻpuḻyun unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari yarki inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU ngarkinta inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 2902 inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu nhära inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang warrdjigi semantic shift Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng jagabbe unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngab- inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu buḻpuḻyun unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji jiya- inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru gamba- inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kampana (5) inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija paperr unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa thingka- unique Claire Bowern
Mangala payipungarri unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung jagabbe unique Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra janki-; jangki- Claire Bowern
Mudburra kamba- inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini yarki inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi rnaki inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma gamba inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl noorogoon wanma <noorogoon wanma> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi ngarrtyi inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla paya-pu Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta kampana inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta kampana inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina -marra- -marra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul maloran malurran inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ḏūba- Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta yanhthi unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu nha:ra inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu nhaara inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri manyji- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru wilkaji- unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa nulurn XXngl probably pv. nulurn inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy nagi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu räwakthin unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha mangga, ngarrtji, thangkana unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi thara- inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka pidlindri unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru larrp +dyu XXgl burn out (fire) larrb +ju unknown Claire Bowern
Achagua éma éma inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco emáca emáka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari kahema:, heema (Ramirez, 2001) kahema:, heema (Ramirez, 2001) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena eta eta See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero kája káha See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare khaka kʰaka See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kʰaʔauˀda-n kʰaʔauˀda-n inheritance? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi kera kera inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure a'haṛ̌ow a'haṛ̌ow unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá usitʸa-ta (transitive verb); usitʸa (intransitive verb) usitʸa-ta; usitʸa unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora áiiβʰétʸso áiiβʰέtʲso unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xɨ́gasu-ʔi, mérai-βe-ʔi xɨ́gasu-ʔi, mέrai-βɛ-ʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio biiuuruu biuru unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai jahkãko jahkãko unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ewa (tr), uka (intr) ewa (tr), uka (intr) unique; inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó ja(tu) ja(tu) inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare transitive: ukā-dɨ; intransitive: daʔtwa-dɨ (IDS) transitive: ukā-dɨ; intransitive: daʔtwa-dɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo -yuwa' -juwa' See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai transitive: akɲi-ko, intransitive: ečakɨ-ra transitive: akɲi-ko, intransitive: ečakɨ-ra inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari kyrysa kɨrɨsa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa ja´pomak, sapoma, sapuma, suchkata, tana, teka, toreka, turiyi See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo fote fote inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca bgai pquasuca βγai pkuasuka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá bhái bhái See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán oqueye okyɛjɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra bótamaama; machĭgamaama mpótamaama, matʃĭnkamaama unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro i'chu' iʔʃuʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez apaz apaz See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna gu gu unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina moko moko unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa xtsejiɲána xtsejiɲána See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé küapá See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-tai] (tr.); [-i-yək; -bɨt] (intr.) tai; i-jək; -bɨt unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar áaskatin a:skatin See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa apeatasa apɨatasa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna aéset, ekémat, apét aɨsɨt, ɨkɨmat, apɨt unknown; inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses nëdënka, pichika, taui nɨdɨnka, pitʃika, taui unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo mɨṣ̌a-; pɨrɨʔa; pɨrɨ-; mɨṣ̌o- (the first three are transitive verbs, the last is intransitive) mɨṣ̌a-; pɨrɨʔa; pɨrɨ-; mɨṣ̌o- (the first three are transitive verbs, the last is intransitive) unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua nucha; pisiye (t.); pisi; rupay (int.) nu:tʃa; pisije:; pisi; rupaj unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua rupachina ɾupatʃina See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá rupachii rupatʃii See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua rupachina ɾupatʃina See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kañay kaɲaj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa kuõ'i'ihkuEhuh kuõɁiɁihkuæhuh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva juwajaha huwahaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano soe-, ɨ̃hɨ̃́- soe-, ɨ̃hɨ̃́- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana 'hoe-, 'ɨ̃́ɨ̃́- 'hoe-, 'ɨ̃́ɨ̃́- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna soe-re; ʉ̃jʉ-rise; ya-re; to burn oneself: ʉa-re soe-ɾe; ɨ̃xɨ-ɾise; ya-ɾe; ɨa-ɾe inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'sóe-, 'ɨ̃́ɨ̃- (intransitive) 'sóe-, 'ɨ̃́ɨ̃- (intransitive) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana ɨ̃'hɨ̃ã (intransitive) ɨ̃'hɨ̃ã (intransitive) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano so'é-, ɨ̃'hɨ̃́- so'é-, ɨ̃'hɨ̃́- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca ho'e ri'ka ho'e ri'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ɨ'ɨ- ɨ'ɨ- See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka sóe hɨ'ɨ sóe hɨ'ɨ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ho'é-, 'ɨ̃́ɨ̃́ ho'é-, 'ɨ̃́ɨ̃́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ʉomʉ ʉomʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ëoji ɨohi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ëo ɨɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana pipop pipop unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama uquita; uqui (refl.) ukita; uki unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi -ɛnɨ -ɛnɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó mẽni; mučuuta; uča; sei, seni; ɲuuta; okei̯ (the first four are the transitive verb, the last three are intransitive) mẽni; mučuuta; uča; sei, seni; ɲuuta; okei̯ unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ɑpy ɑpy unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina biih biiʔ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto bó.o-de bó.o-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto bó.o-de bó.o-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto bo.o-de bo.o-dɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito itɨɨni (intransitive), ituuni (transitive) itɨɨni (intransitive), ituuni (transitive) unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo katawnu katawnu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tom, torotom (E&K97) tom, torotom (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kwakwa-kwe (transitive verb); hihi-kwe (intransitive verb); kiyo- (Girard 1971) kwakwa-kwe; hihi-kwe; kiyo- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña hoho-ya; tiro-ya; toča-; pawa-ya; šowa-ya (The former is the intransitive verb, the rest are transitive) hoho-ya; tiro-ya; toča-; pawa-ya; šowa-ya unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara nakhantaña nakʰaɲa See Language page PLE
Kwazá txitxi-, ke-, tsɛhũ-, hunũ-, hɛdɛ- txitxi-, ke-, tsɛhũ-, hunũ-, hɛdɛ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima tayaco (to burn somethinɡ) tajako See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) si (vb trans), otne (tsipupup)(vb intrans) (ha) si (vb trans), otne (tsipupup)(vb intrans) unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang pũn, kuprũn pũr See Language page PLE
Suyá krã krã See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi txetu tʃetu See Language page PLE