Dhuwala

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
guf
Location
-12.19°, 135.41°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (186)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar nganapurru inheritance Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar ŋalimurru semantic shift Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar ŋarra inheritance Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar nhuma semantic shift Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar nhe inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar walal(a) inheritance Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar ŋayi inheritance Claire Bowern
above encima, arriba acima location garrwar inheritance Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar bulu inheritance Claire Bowern
all todo todos other warrpam' inheritance Claire Bowern
and y e grammar ga inheritance Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body yaṯa inheritance Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body wuḏuy unknown Claire Bowern
ashamed xx xx mental mirrwiḻi unknown Claire Bowern
ashes xx xx environment ḻirrgi(') inheritance Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location -ŋura inheritance Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body muta unknown Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality biḏila unknown Claire Bowern
be alive xx xx body walnga inheritance Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body wuwa' unknown Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location rol unknown Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality dhamburru inheritance Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body ḻäwum(a) inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour gurrŋan(') unknown Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body wuruŋgal unknown Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body boy' inheritance Claire Bowern
blunt xx xx quality dhumuk inheritance Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body murrutjuwal inheritance Claire Bowern
boomerang xx xx manufacture gaḻigaḻi(') inheritance Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body ŋamini doubtful loan Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body ŋar'yun inheritance Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment buḻpuḻyun unknown Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human djamarrkuḻi(') inheritance Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion giḻaŋdhun unknown Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment wutjun unknown Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality ŋulwitj unknown Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion buna unknown Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact nyirmarama unknown Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental bothurru loan Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental ŋapŋapthun unknown Claire Bowern
cut xx xx impact mit inheritance Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state dhiŋgam(a) unknown Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact ŋangi'yun unknown Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna wärraŋ unknown Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality mulka(') unknown Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body buthuru loan Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment munatha(') inheritance Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body nyaḻuma unknown Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna mapu(') inheritance Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body mi:l inheritance Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body guḻa' unknown Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion wirrdjawirrdja'yun unknown Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality barrku inheritance Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body djukurr(') inheritance Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship djawuḻpa unknown Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental barrari unknown Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna buḻuk unknown Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment gurtha inheritance Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna ŋutjatja loan Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion wurruḻuḻ(') unknown Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
foot pie body baŋgina unknown Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora gäku inheritance Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality walutju unknown Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state [missing] missing Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body marwat inheritance Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body ŋarambiya(') unknown Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body djuḻuḻu unknown Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental ŋäma inheritance Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality ŋonuŋ unknown Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion djuḻuḻ'yun unknown Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact ḏar' unknown Claire Bowern
hit (with hand) xx xx impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
if si se grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location djinawa(') inheritance Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body biyapiya inheritance Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body ḏamurruŋ' inheritance Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental miṯan unknown Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental ŋamarama unknown Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body wirrkaḏay' unknown Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body balwak unknown Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion ḏuy unknown Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment maykarraṉ(') loan Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body ngalthiri inheritance Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality lambirri unknown Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna mukmuk unknown Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body burrgutj inheritance Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human ḏirramu inheritance Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna ŋanak inheritance Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment walmuḏa unknown Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship ngama7 inheritance Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body djoliŋ unknown Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human ŋaykaṉa unknown Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body dhungurrk unknown Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality galki inheritance Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body mayaŋ(') unknown Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality yuṯa inheritance Claire Bowern
night noche noite time munha inheritance Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar yaka inheritance Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body ngurru inheritance Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality norrutj unknown Claire Bowern
one uno um number wanggañ inheritance Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other dayaŋgi unknown Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human yolŋu inheritance Claire Bowern
pimple xx xx body mäpaṉ inheritance Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment waṉbana unknown Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour ṉipiṉ unknown Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
roof xx xx manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora [missing] missing Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality boḻuku unknown Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental ŋayawurkthun unknown Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact wirrk unknown Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental ḏirrgiyun unknown Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality raywal unknown Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact biḻtjawunuma unknown Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality dhumbuḻ' unknown Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body rlambarr loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
sick xx xx body dhuŋumirr(i) unknown Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state dhut unknown Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body minyaŋalaŋal unknown Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment djiwarr(') unknown Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body yakurr inheritance Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality nyumikiny inheritance Claire Bowern
smell (tr/intr) xx xx body nhuman inheritance Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment ŋawulul(') inheritance Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body dhuba'yun inheritance Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact balbaw'marama unknown Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact ḏitjpunuma unknown Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact dhämalkuma unknown Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state birr unknown Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment ganyu(') unknown Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment waṯapa(') unknown Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
sun sol sol time walu inheritance Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body wuburr' inheritance Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion watjkaḻyun unknown Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body miraŋ unknown Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar ŋunhi inheritance Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality ŋutu(') unknown Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality bär' unknown Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental guyaŋirr(i) inheritance Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar dhuwala unknown Claire Bowern
three tres tres number ḻurrkun' inheritance Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body miwura unknown Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact ḏup unknown Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment bulkuŋu unknown Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact ḏamarr'marama unknown Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body matha inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body gikina inheritance Claire Bowern
true xx xx quality rumbal semantic shift Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other ŋanydjaḻa'yun unknown Claire Bowern
two dos dois number märrma' inheritance Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion garama inheritance Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment wakutu(') unknown Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality djurruk unknown Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar nhä inheritance Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar nhätha inheritance Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar wanhala inheritance Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour watharr inheritance Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar wäri inheritance Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship galay inheritance Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment bawuthu unknown Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body binbarr unknown Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human baṯami loan Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other dhotju unknown Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour buthalak inheritance Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (9)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna gäyu unknown Claire Bowern
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna wuṯili unknown Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna djikay(') inheritance Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna gathiŋaḻi(') unknown Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna wuŋgan inheritance Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna buḻwutja(') unknown Claire Bowern
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna weṯi(') inheritance Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna djäḻki(') unknown Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna garrwiḏi unknown Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (8)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture guwal unknown Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool waliya unknown Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool biḏitj unknown Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool matjaka unknown Claire Bowern
house other dhulmarr unknown Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
medium HG dense mobile yes