blood

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
sangre
Meaning Portuguese
sangue

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim kwahl' 177 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pyy”-pin inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla ew-ily inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok ki/ch:awy- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi pay-p(), pay/-w(a) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7axul'is inheritance Ono 1996:44 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7axu7lis inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno -7axul'is A 238 inheritance A 238 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno 7inu unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7an unknown Harrington 1974:3 Jane Hill
Cocopa nyxwaT inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche paaj “vein” (no “blood”! which would have classifying suffix) inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -'ew [Ɂɨw] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen max/ana loan (Pinart; Turner 1983:230) Jane Hill
Gabrielino 7akain unknown Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'ehwatt [Ɂəˈxʷat] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pyy-py inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-khWat inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7ych inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ki/ccaw inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño 7ow-la inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu sede/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave nyahwat inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun /patytyan O19 inheritance O77:19 Jane Hill
Nisenan sedej inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pyy (in mypyy “their blood”) inheritance Thornes 03:450 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok kic:aw-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok kic:aw inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A a:/kath (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M pa:/kata unknown Mason 1918:127 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) haait unknown Jane Hill
Serrano YT-T inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pay-G inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok kic:aw- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute paapY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ykwa-n inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pao”-, paoppi inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo neph unknown Jane Hill
Washo a/shang unknown J411 Jane Hill
Western Mono paa/pI inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu tede:ki inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai (?)hWa/t- “red; blood” inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami hi:pa7 inheritance K1963, W&G Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi hOpa 236 xO is o/umlaut inheritance K07:236 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne pa:ya:x loan into protolanguage N1944:215 Jane Hill
Yuki 7a,s inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma -ixwe/T H3:210 T is retroflex t inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa -iiránaa -iiɻánaa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona muɲu inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo jive xivɛ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw yʉʉ̀w jɨ̂w inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano di di inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa meičuʔ meitʃuʔ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï ihkwo unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani wepæ̃; bhepae unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup biyǐw bijǐw inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi mɨ́ŋ mɨ́ŋ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu tui tui inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam ĩep, ĩyə (EM72) ĩep, ĩjə inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki majaye ja maxabe xã unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon yeei piikpö (E1980); mün (M2000) muen; mɨŋ (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá iə (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani jana (2) (Fresh blood), janaba (2) (to bleed) pe-hána, pi-hána inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana díɾi díɾi inheritance cf. Tukano dii See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano diî (hr) diî (hr) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria di díí (stenz) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam ĩyə, ĩə ĩjə, ĩə inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami ɨ̃yə̃-ɨ̃yə̃-pə, ĩyə (EM72) ɨ̃jə̃-ɨ̃jə̃-pə, ĩjə inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna íraji, jirá íɾahi, hiɾá inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup dîw dîw inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana kubmarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi lamar; lamarr; inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba girliy inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra maningan / -maningan unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu gulaŋ unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal gulaŋ Claire Bowern
Dhuwala wuruŋgal unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari kumadi inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU kumari inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu gurrkurr Claire Bowern
Djapu gurrkurr Claire Bowern
Djinang buḏi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng garrngan unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi kungulu doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu maŋgu(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji kungulu inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru giyawali loan Claire Bowern
Jawi gurnbul kurnbul inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri warrupu loan CHECK Claire Bowern
Kija kungulu inheritance NJ Claire Bowern
Malyangapa karti unique Claire Bowern
Mangala kuluyuku loan CHECK Claire Bowern
Miriwung garrngan unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka kimba semantic shift Claire Bowern
Mudburra kungulu (rl?) Claire Bowern
Mudburra kungulu loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini kumarrhi inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi mo-borngo' unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma marda inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl koorurr kururr inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi yungguru inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru gururr kururr inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla kunpurlu Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta pijirri unknown Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta pijirri unknown Claire Bowern
Nyikina kunbulu kunbulu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul konbol konbol inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi gandar Claire Bowern
Pirriya “karuga” inheritance Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta noorkey unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu maŋgu Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu gulang loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri nungu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa gururr, gunbulu kururr, kunbulu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy wulang unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu maŋgu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha yunggudu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi yungkuru inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka junkuru inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru kunbulu kunbulu inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua í:rai í:rai inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco irái iɾái See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari íʔira íʔiɾa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena miaʃi miaʃi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero miyani mijani See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare hi hi See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana iẓai iẓai inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka Vra-mi Vɾa-mi See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi itimalaxa itimalaʃa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure 'iti iti inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá -ɨža -ɨža inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani kaña kaɲa See Language page John Blaha
Sape tsom tsom See Language page John Blaha
Bora tʰḯ-xpʰakhyo {red-liquid, 'red', ('rainbow'), 'water'} tʰɯ́-xpʰakhjo {red-liquid, 'red' ('rainbow'), 'water') inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane tɨ́ɨ́-xóʔo tɨ́ɨ́-xóʔo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio mɨng mɨŋ inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai munu munu inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana mïwu mɨwu inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó munu munu inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare munu (IDS, kH) (Also āki [IDS]) munu inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo misukuru; miti-'bë (vein) misukuru; miti-'bɛ (vein) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai kamšuku kamšuku unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari myny mɨnɨ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa mino dʒu'muts̺u See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo uŋu uŋu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca hyba hɨβa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá oá oá See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan ján(a) hán(a) inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán anjampa ãhãpa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra koraasi koɾaasi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a´ta´ aʔtaʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez é e See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna nagü [3-5, 5] nagɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kwiʨana kwitʃana unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa buìɲe buìɲe See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke -dusé -duçé unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé gué See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku le:me le:me See Language page PLE
Ashuar númpa numpa See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa numpa numpa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna númpa númpa inheritance cf. Cofan See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses intáʔ intáʔ doubtful loan, direction unknown Yagua nda See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo himi himi inheritance/Tacanan Tacanan *ami, Mascoyan See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua nda nda doubtful loan, direction unknown Matses intáʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua yawar jawaɾ See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá iawar iawar See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua rahuai ɾawai See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yawar jawaɾ See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa chukwoja tʃukwɔha inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva cuaho, cuahu kwaʔo, kwaʔu inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ri ri See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana riĩ ɾií See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ri ri inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti díi díi See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana dii dii See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca ri'bea ri'bea inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ri'í ri'í See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka 'dii 'dii See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja di di See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje chie dʒie inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona sˀie sˀie inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya tsie tsi'ɛ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana ge ge unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama tsuwɨ tsuwɨ inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi -l-uwɨ -l-uwɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó eruki eruki unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá tɨwɨ (K12) tɨwɨ (K12) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina tsijíín tsihĩ́ĩ́ inheritance cf. Tukanoan See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto dḯ.e dɯ́.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto dḯ.e dɯ́.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto dï.e, dïru.e dɯ.ɛ, dɯru.ɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito májaaca máhaaka inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo nanaka nanaka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari kišiʔ (wik) kiʃiʔ (wik) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e'na e'na See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña ami ami inheritance/Panoan Panoan *imi, Mascoyan See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara wila wila See Language page PLE
Kwazá See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɗonʔi ɗonʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) du (ha) du unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kyvènh kɨwɛɲ See Language page PLE
Suyá kãmró kãmró See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi käi kǝi See Language page PLE