Kija

Family
Jarakan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
gia
Location
-17.72°, 127.68°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (185)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
above encima, arriba acima location laarn loan Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar X inheritance Claire Bowern
all todo todos other X Claire Bowern
and y e grammar Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body lengkal- loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body karrwi inheritance Claire Bowern
ash ceniza(s) cinzas environment kawurn-pe loan Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location n inheritance Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body therla- unique NJ Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality yilkuwurru unique NJ Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body jaam inheritance Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location yilak inheritance Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality nawarra unique NJ Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body wert inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour manpe- inheritance Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body kungulu inheritance NJ Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body pumu inheritance Claire Bowern
boil/pimple espinilla, granos espinha, borbulha body mirrjil unique NJ Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body kuji- loan NGY Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body kamu-m inheritance Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body ngayirr inheritance Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment paperr unique Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body X inheritance Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human kurntuka- unique Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion pertij inheritance Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment ngumul inheritance Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality warnka- inheritance Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion X missing Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact kert unique Claire Bowern
correct/true verdad, de veras verdade quality yijiya- inheritance Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental X Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental ngartawu loan Bunuban Claire Bowern
cut/hack cortar cortar impact kaj- inheritance Claire Bowern
day día dia time tirranten unique Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state nhang loan Gooniyandi Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact jarrij loan Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna marrany-ji loan NGY Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality manpuluwulu unique Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental kuni inheritance Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body ngurluk inheritance Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality tilpu inheritance Claire Bowern
dull/blunt sin filo, mocho, desafilado, embotado, romo maçante, desamolado, não afiado quality nhunmu- unique Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment jurtu-m loan NGY Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body yarte unique Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment jila inheritance Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body jang inheritance Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna gerewul inheritance Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body murlu- inheritance Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body mana unique Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion partal unique Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality ngirri-pawurru 'not close' inheritance Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body murlungku- loan Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship ngapu- inheritance Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental jilpa inheritance Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna ?pinkirr- loan NGY Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment marne- unique Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna kurntarri- inheritance Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion X missing Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment thawala-m inheritance Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion tuwap inheritance Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment ? unique Claire Bowern
foot pie body thamparla- inheritance Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora mayi- 'veg food' inheritance Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality menkawu- unique Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state pethata unique Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body yamparra- inheritance Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body marla- loan NGY Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar nhawu inheritance Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body kungkulu- unique Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental rangka inheritance Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality jumpurn- unique Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion merrep unique Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact tawarr unique Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other kernek unique Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar kapu inheritance Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar ngayin inheritance Claire Bowern
if si se grammar X Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location walik unique Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body liyirri-m'stomach' jaramperle'big guts' unique Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body yayi unique NJ Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact thet unique Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental pinarri loan NGY Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment X missing Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental kalkal inheritance Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment kanarra- inheritance Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body waruku- inheritance Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body thamparla- inheritance Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion paku loan Bunuban Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment X inheritance Claire Bowern
live/be alive vivir viver, morar body X Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body mirli- inheritance Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality meraangarri unique Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna yiwiny unique Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body kawu-m inheritance Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human jiyile- inheritance Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna miyal- inheritance Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment karnki-ny, Jawurrany- inheritance Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship kura- loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body thewernta- inheritance Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human yinginy- inheritance Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body wengkarra-m unique NJ Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality ngirripa- unique Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body wurlu-m unique NJ Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality kelenge- inheritance Claire Bowern
night noche noite time mentewe unique Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar nguwan inheritance Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body nyumpurr- inheritance Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality warnarra- unique Claire Bowern
one uno um number jirrawu- inheritance Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other remparrk unique Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar yakenge- unique Claire Bowern
pain/painful/sick dolor, doloroso, enfermo dor, doloroso, doente body warrern inheritance Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human jiyile- inheritance Claire Bowern
pound/beat machacar, golpear bater impact taj inheritance Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment jatany unique Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour ngenheng- inheritance Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body jutu-piny loan NGY Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture panan- inheritance Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora lengkal- loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality nhuwul unique Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment warraye-l inheritance Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental jarrak unique Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact kirrkirr unique Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental tek unique Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality jalingkiri unique Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact thelpawu inheritance Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality kurtungu- unique Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body lawate- shoulder blade inheritance Claire Bowern
shy/ashamed tímido, vergonzoso timido, com vergonha mental kanype, mulungpel inheritance Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state rurt unique Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body wajawurr-,mukun-pe, manyjangala--pernnga- 'bark' unique NJ Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment pirriny-ji unique NJ Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body muyu inheritance Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality wanyake- unique NJ Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment kungulu inheritance Claire Bowern
sniff/smell olfatear, oler cheirar body ngart unique Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body thupak inheritance Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact lak inheritance Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact jany unique Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact ngapurt (v) unique Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state that loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment warta-l loan Bunuban Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other yemerl unique Claire Bowern
stick/wood palo pau, vara flora kuwulu- inheritance Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment ngarrkale-, ngaariny (archaic) inheritance Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body jung inheritance Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body X unique Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body pempere loan Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion nyirreka unique Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body nyawa- inheritance Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar ngurru- inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar perre- inheritance Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality X missing Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality wanyja- unique Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental linga-linga unique Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar perra- inheritance Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar nyengen inheritance Claire Bowern
three tres tres number merrkern- inheritance Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body wurlu-m unique Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact waj- unique Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment turlturlp unique Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact mert loan Bunuban Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body tharlarla- inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body minyjuwu- loan Bunuban Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other tuwurrng 'turn over' unique Claire Bowern
two dos dois number pangariny unique Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body yurlak inheritance Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion kirli inheritance Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment kurlu- inheritance Claire Bowern
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar yarrepen inheritance Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar yuwurrun inheritance Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality kiyi-m inheritance Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar kapu inheritance Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar kapukana inheritance Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar kayi unique Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour ngelyak-pe unique Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar yangela inheritance Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship ngulnga loan NGY Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment kernkale-ny, walurrji inheritance Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body X missing Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human ngali-l inheritance Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other warrkam loan Kriol Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body ngapurayi unique Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour kurntukurntulji inheritance Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar nengkerrepen inheritance Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (136)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
agile wallaby, river wallaby flora-fauna Macropus agilis warlpawuny warlpawuny inheritance warlpawu Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae rakiny, rakil rakiny, rakil inheritance raki Jarragan also rakil other complex 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian pelican flora-fauna Pelecanus conspicillatus taparuny taparuny inheritance taparu Jarragan also tapawariny, tapariny, taparungany (?) walakiny WW %taparu underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian snubfin dolphin flora-fauna Orcaella heinsohnii missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
baler shell flora-fauna Melo amphora missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bandicoot flora-fauna Peramelemorphia missing 0 0 0 0 0
barn owl flora-fauna Tyto alba tumpuny tumpuny loan Worrorra WW %dumbi underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
barramundi flora-fauna Lates calcarifer tayiwul tayiwul inheritance tyaliwa Jarragan other complex 1 1 0 0 0 no
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp pankalji pankaltyi inheritance parnkal Jarragan other complex 0 1 0 0 0 no
bindii, caltrop flora-fauna Tribulus terrestris pakany pakany inheritance paka Jarragan WW %pankal underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna jirekel jirekel inheritance jirilke Jarragan WW %tyireke underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-breasted buzzard flora-fauna Hamirostra melanosternon missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-faced cuckoo-shrike flora-fauna Coracina novaehollandiae milwurrangel milwurrangel unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-headed python flora-fauna Aspidites melanocephalus tawul tawul unknown underived 0 2 0 0 0 no
black-soil yam flora-fauna Ipomoea diamantinensis yumpany yumpany unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bloodwood flora-fauna Eucalyptus (Corymbia) bleeseri mawurriny mawurriny inheritance mawurri Jarragan underived 0 1 1 0 0 no
blowfly maggots flora-fauna Diptera, Sarcophagidae wanyi(ny) wanyi(ny) unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
blue-tongue lizard flora-fauna Tiliqua species lumukul lumukul inheritance lumuke Jarragan WW %luma underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
blue-winged kookaburra flora-fauna Dacelo leachii jawurrul jawurrul inheritance thelkakurru Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bluebone flora-fauna Choerodon cyanodus missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
brolga flora-fauna Grus rubicunda kurrantal kurrantal inheritance kurrantal Jarragan WW %kurrantal underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
brown goshawk flora-fauna Accipiter fasciatus karrkany(ji) karrkany(ji) inheritance karrkany Jarragan WW %kurrantal underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
brush-tailed possum flora-fauna Trichosurus vulpecula nangkuny nangkuny inheritance nangku Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush cockroach flora-fauna (many species) kumpulangil kumpulangil loan Ngumpin-Yapa WW %kumpurla underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bush stone-curlew flora-fauna Burhinus grallarius wintuwul wintuwul inheritance wirntiku Jarragan also juwal, juwany, juwalji underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
bush tobacco flora-fauna Lobelia quadrangularis pingkunyil pingkunyil unique WW %wintuku underived 0 0 0 1 0 no
bush turkey, Australian bustard flora-fauna Ardeotis australis pinkirrpal pinkirrpal unique CB: loan or calque? derived wing/feather - having; pinkirr-pa 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush yam flora-fauna Vigna lanceolata var. lanceolata ngawuny(ji) ngawuny(ji) unique underived 0 1 2 0 1 no
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna Lepidoptera warlimarrkul warlimarrkul inheritance walmarrku Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
carpet snake flora-fauna Morelia spilota missing 0 1 0 0 0
caterpillar flora-fauna Lepidoptera jurnpayil jurnpayil unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
catfish flora-fauna (many species) ngerntany ngerntany unique also ngirntany WW %kurrakurra underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna Chilopoda, Myriapoda pirrkulany pirrkulany inheritance pirrkula Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
channel-billed cuckoo flora-fauna Scythops novaehollandiae kurrakurral kurrakurral inheritance kurrakurra Jarragan also kurrukurral WW %kurrakurra reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
crested pigeon flora-fauna Ocyphaps lophotes kerlarukul kerlarukul unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
darter/cormorant flora-fauna Anhinga melanogaster, Phalacrocorax species karrangkarrangu, karrangkarranginy karrangkarrangu, karrangkarranginy inheritance karrakarrangu Jarragan also karrangkarranginy underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
death adder, five-minute snake flora-fauna Acanthophis praelongus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
dingo flora-fauna Canis familiaris dingo marranyji marranyji loan Ngumpin-Yapa also marranyil, merlarri WW %marrany underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis familiaris jula(ny) jula(ny) inheritance tyula Jarragan also ngarriyanytyi underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae jipllyuwul jipllyuwul inheritance tyipilyuku also jipilyuwuny,jipilyukul underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
dugong flora-fauna Dugon dugong missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
earthworm flora-fauna Annelida, Oligochaeta wunthul wunthul unknown also wuntuny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
emu flora-fauna Dromaius novaehollandiae karnanganyja karnanganyja loan Jaru also wiyarrel; karnangantya WW from Qld WW %karnanganytya underived 2 1 2 0 0 no
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna kurntarri kurntarri inheritance kurntarri Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
flower flora-fauna (NA) thawarle thawarle inheritance thawale Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera purnul purnul inheritance purnu Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
flying-fox (generic) flora-fauna (many species) jarringkel jarringkel inheritance tyarinykuri Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus johnstoni lalangkarrany lalangkarrany loan Bunuban underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater mussel flora-fauna Velesunio wilsoni kerrewul kerrewul inheritance Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
freshwater prawn flora-fauna Macrobrachium rosenbergii jalijkel jalijkel loan Bunuban Wardaman tyelin, tyaality in Gur etc but cf. Jarragan ?tyiliny WW %tyality underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frill-necked lizard flora-fauna Chlamydosaurus kingii wawuliny wawuliny loan Ngumpin-Yapa underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frog (generic) flora-fauna (many species) wukeny wukeny inheritance wuku Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
galah flora-fauna Eolophus roseicapilla missing 0 0 0 0 0
turtle (generic) flora-fauna (many species) tarntal tarntal unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ghost gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus papuana (Corymbia bella) warlarriny warlarriny inheritance warlarri Jarragan WW %walarri underived 2 0 1 0 0 no
goanna (generic) or sand goanna flora-fauna Varanus spp karntuwalany karntuwalany unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (NA) mangkayam/ny mangkayam/ny unique other word ruraminy could be cognate of rama in othe Jarr. Lgs. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
grasshopper flora-fauna Orthoptera kirntilji kirntiltyi unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
great bowerbird flora-fauna Chlamydera nuchalis juwijngarriny juwijngarriny inheritance tyuwity+ Jarragan also juwijkarriny WW %tyuwity compound tyuwity-making_noise 1 0 0 0 0 no
green ant flora-fauna Oecophylla smaragdina wawal wawal unknown underived 0 2 2 0 0 no
green sea turtle flora-fauna Chelonia mydas missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
green tree snake flora-fauna Dendrelaphis punctulata warntwarntal warntwarntal unknown reduplicated 0 2 0 0 0 no
head/body lice flora-fauna Pediculus capitis, Pediculus humanus yiwiny yiwiny unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus timanany timanany loan W.Mirndi areal also yawartany WW %timana underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna Trochilidae missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
humpback whale flora-fauna Megaptera novaeangliae missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic larntiny larntiny unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
jabiru flora-fauna Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus missing 0 0 0 0 0
jungle-fowl (scrub-fowl) flora-fauna Megapodius freycinet missing also lantiny missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Macropodidae jiyirriny jiyirriny inheritance tyiyirri Jarragan parawul - female underived 2 1 0 0 0 no
land snail flora-fauna Gastropoda parlilmal parlilmal unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
magpie goose flora-fauna Anseranas semipalmata ngarlakangarri(ny/l), ngerlekengarri ngarlakangarri(ny/l), ngerlekengarri unique also ngerlekengarri other complex ngerlekengarri 0 1 0 0 0 no
military dragon flora-fauna Ctenophorus isolepis, Diporiphora spp., Lophognathus spp. petarril petarril unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles spp, Isoptera nyiwiny nyiwiny inheritance nyiwuny Jarragan also nyiwinyji WW %nyiwiny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mud wasp, hornet flora-fauna (many species) purrngunngunji purrngunngunji inheritance purrngunngun Jarragan reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
native bee flora-fauna (many species) muwal muwal unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native cat flora-fauna Dasyurus pawukuny pawukuny unknown also yinaminy, yinamuny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
northern brown bandicoot flora-fauna Isoodon macrourus missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
northern kurrajong flora-fauna Brachychiton diversifolius werlaltyi werlaltyi inheritance wulawula Jarragan also therrangkelji underived 0 1 no? 0 0 no
nut tree flora-fauna Terminalia grandifolia parekel parekel inheritance partiki Jarragan r<*rt by regular lenition; partiki not attested in Gaj. - more S distribution? WW %partiki underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
octopus flora-fauna Octopus australis missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pandanus palm flora-fauna Pandanus spiralis wirnpel wirnpel inheritance wiyinpe Jarragan underived 1 1 0 0 1 no
paperbark flora-fauna Melaleuca sericea, Melaleuca stenostachya merntam merntam inheritance mernta Jarragan underived 0 0 1 0 0 no
peaceful dove flora-fauna Geopelia placida kurlurturtukijil kurlurturtukijil inheritance kulututuk Jarragan derived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pearlshell flora-fauna Pinctada spp missing missing 1 1 0 0 1 no
peewee flora-fauna Gryllina cyanoleuca pirlirrij pirlirrij unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pied butcherbird flora-fauna Cracticus nigrogularis kererangkulji kererangkulji inheritance kulpirrangkul Jarragan widespread WW kurrpila+ underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pike eel flora-fauna Muraenesox arabicus missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna Mantodea warrernji warrernji unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
prickle bush flora-fauna Sclerolaena bicornis missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
quail (generic) flora-fauna Coturnix species, Turnix species jipikel jipikel inheritance tyipike Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
red river gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus camaldulensis pilirnji pilirnji inheritance pilirn Jarragan Jingulu pirlirna WW %pilirna underived 2 0 1 0 1 no
red-tailed black-cockatoo flora-fauna Calyptorhynchus banksi terranel terranel inheritance terran Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
riflefish, archerfish flora-fauna Toxotes chatareus karrkuwal karrkuwal unique also luwarri-l<proto-form underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
river mangrove flora-fauna Aegicera corniculatum malawany (n/rn -ji) malawany (n/rn -ji) inheritance malawany Jarragan underived 0 0 2 0 1 no
rock fig flora-fauna Ficus brachypoda pangkurnji pangkurnji inheritance pangkurn Jarragan underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
sacred kingfisher flora-fauna Todiramphus sancta jikerrel jikerrel inheritance tyikerre Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
saltwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus porosus jangpawurriny jangpawurriny unique lit. without eating -? derived eat-without; not well known name 2 2 0 0 0 yes
saltwater mussel flora-fauna Mytilidae missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sawfish flora-fauna Pristis pectinata payirrany payirrany unknown underived 1 0 0 0 0 yes
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna Arachnida, Scorpiones kalarrwurany kalarrwurany unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
shark (generic) flora-fauna Selachimorpha missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 variable
shell (generic) flora-fauna parlilmal parlilmal unique underived 0 1 0 0 1 no
short-beaked echidna flora-fauna Tachyglossus aculeatus kernanyjel kernanyjel loan Jarragan Ngarinyin possibly loan from Ngarinyin via Nyikina WW %kinanytyi underived 0 2 0 0 0 no
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna ngamarrany ngamarrany unique As with the other root King Brown is extended to snake life-form underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
snappy gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus brevifolia thalngarr thalngarr unknown underived 0 0 1 0 0 no
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnida, Araneae paarn(ji) paarn(ji) loan with meaning change Nyulnyulan scorpion>spider WW %paarn underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
spinifex flora-fauna Triodia species nyiyirriny(ji) nyiyirriny(ji) inheritance nyiyirri Jarragan underived 0 0 2 0 0 no
spoonbills (yellow-billed spoonbill, black-billed spoonbill) flora-fauna Platalea flavipes, Platalea regia karlpkarlpany karlpkarlpany unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Dasyatidae missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 variable
stripe-faced dunnart flora-fauna Sminthopsis macroura warlujpujil warlujpujil inheritance warluwutypi Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
sugarbag wax flora-fauna ngarnim ngarnim inheritance ngarni Jarragan also jurnuk cf. Gaj. Jinug underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
sulphur-crested cockatoo flora-fauna Cacatua galerita ngamarriny ngamarriny inheritance ngalmarri Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
swamp eel flora-fauna Ophisternon gutturale lanyiny lanyiny unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
swamp leech flora-fauna Annelida, Hirudinea jirlany(il) jirlany(il) unknown underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tawny frogmouth flora-fauna Podargus strigoides kurrkurrjil kurrkurrjil inheritance kurrkurrtyi Jarragan WW %kurrkurr derived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termite mounds, ant hills flora-fauna Isoptera jamentel jamentel inheritance tyamernte Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna (many species) jamentel jamentel inheritance tyamernte Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
ti-tree flora-fauna Melaleuca bracteata jinjilji jinjilji loan direction unknown Bunuba or opposite direction? underived 0 0 1 0 0 no
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna Arachnida, Acarina wekalel wekalel unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tiger shark flora-fauna Galeocerdo cuvier missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
torresian crow flora-fauna Corvus orru wangkarnal wangkarnal inheritance wangkarn Jarragan underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna (NA) kunyjany kunyjany unique WW %wangkurr1 underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
waterlily flora-fauna Nymphaea macrosperma karrjany karrjany inheritance karrtya Jarragan underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
wattle flora-fauna Acacia difficilis purrurn(ji/pu) purrurn(ji/pu) inheritance pulnguwun Jarragan underived 0 0 1 0 1 no
wedge-tailed eagle flora-fauna Aquila audax kerliwirrnginy kerliwirrnginy unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
willie wagtail flora-fauna Rhipidura leucophrys jikirritji jikirritji inheritance tyikirrity Jarragan WW %tyikirrity underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
witchetty grub flora-fauna (many species) lakarnel lakarnel loan Bunuban WW %tyikirrity underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
woma flora-fauna Aspidites ramsayii missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna raki-ny inheritance Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna jireke-l inheritance Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna purnu inheritance Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna jula-ny inheritance Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna rurra- unique Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna ngamarra- inheritance Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna paarn-ji loan Bunuban Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (114)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool paltyarrangkul loan Bunuba also karrpari cf. Ngarinyin karapuri WW %paltyarrangi Patrick McConvell
boomerang (number 7) subsistence tool wirlki loan Walmajarri wirlkin, wirlkirr twisted WW %wilki Patrick McConvell
bowl (coolamon) culture-material yawunytyi inheritance Gaj. Yawuny coolamon, boatcf. larnturrtyi flat coolamon WW %yawuny Patrick McConvell
dance (generic) culture-mythology warrk inheritance coverb WW %warrk Patrick McConvell
digging stick subsistence tool kanany loan Jaru WW %kanany1 Patrick McConvell
dream sueño, soñar sonho, sonhar culture-mythology kuni inheritance or loan <Ngumpin? WW %kuni Patrick McConvell
fire drill subsistence tool kungkala loan Jingulu kungkulimi, (kungkulunmi), 1.kerosene tree [Premna acuminata] (used for fire-drills; 2. fire-drill; Wanderwortkungkulimi, (kungkulunmi), 1.kerosene tree [Premna acuminata] (used for fire-drills; 2. fire-drill; Wanderwortkungkulimi, (kungkulunmi), 1.kerose WW %kungkale Patrick McConvell
fishing line cordel/cuerda p/ pescar, sedal, tanze linha de pesca subsistence tool ngerlam semantic shift also string;Miriwung ngalang string made from ngalwang (tree) "cotton tree", Cochlospermum species; Gaj 1. kapok bush 2. string WW %ngala Patrick McConvell
ghost (of dead person)/evil spirit espíritu malo, espíritu maligno, fantasma, demonio espirito culture-mythology tyuwarri loan Ngarinyin Ngarnyin tyuwaru ghost WW %tyuwari Patrick McConvell
headband dress perntewale inheritance variation in vowels in western diffusion suggests Jarragan is the urce WW %pentewale Patrick McConvell
honey miel mel food ngare inheritance . Ngumpin ngarlu WW %ngare Patrick McConvell
house (European) other mayaru loan Karajarri Wanderwort WW %mayaru Patrick McConvell
paint body, body paint pintura corporal pintura corporal culture-mythology punu inheritance Gaj. Punep WW %punu Patrick McConvell
paper papel papel acculturation merntany semantic shift from paperbark WW %mernta Patrick McConvell
public song cycle culture-mythology tyunpa loan Ngarinyin dance WW %tyunpa Patrick McConvell
song (for entertainment) culture-mythology wangka loan Murrinh Patha a style WW %wangka Patrick McConvell
spear lanza lança subsistence tool karlumpu inheritance Gaj. Karlumpung WW %karlumpu Patrick McConvell
spearthrower subsistence tool ngawalel inheritance Gaj. Ngapale= WW %ngapale Patrick McConvell
string (from vine) culture-material ngerlam inheritance ;Miriwung ngalang string made from ngalwang (tree) "cotton tree", Cochlospermum species; Gaj 1. kapok bush 2. string WW %ngala Patrick McConvell
sugar acculturation warrayeltyi semantic shift from sand; also rungalka WW %warrayal Patrick McConvell
tea food nalityam loan Mudburra from plant nalij WW %nalitya Patrick McConvell
tobacco (European) narcotics nguntyu loan direction unknown WW %ngutyu Patrick McConvell
tree coffin culture-mythology pernterre unknown tree burial, platform Patrick McConvell
dreaming culture-mythology ngarrangkarni loan direction unknown also kuni WW %ngarrangkarni Patrick McConvell
salt sal sal food kilyarn loan direction unknown Mir. Karram Gaj. Kerrelangarin On karampa. Kula WW %kerrela Patrick McConvell
speartip subsistence tool kuruwal loan direction unknown Patrick McConvell
pestle pilón, mano de mortero, mazo, moledor mão de pilão subsistence tool mantyany inheritance upper grindstone Gaj. Mir, mantalng Patrick McConvell
white paint culture-mythology mawuntul loan Ngarinyin Ngar mawul;also kalatil WW %mawuntu Patrick McConvell
house (European) other mayaru loan Karajarri Wanderwort WW %mayaru Patrick McConvell
spear (fighting) subsistence tool nguni loan Wardaman short fighting spear < ngon, also malmurre WW %ngone Patrick McConvell
song (generic) canción, canto canção culture-mythology tyunpa loan Ngarinyin Patrick McConvell
afterworld, land of dead, Heaven tierra do los muertos terra dos mortos culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
armband dress missing Patrick McConvell
awl subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
axe/stone axe hacha (de piedra) machado (de pedra) subsistence tool wumal unique Patrick McConvell
bag (string) culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
bait for fishing cebo, carnada para pescar, empate (Peru) isca subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
basket (general) canasta, canasto, cesta cesto culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
body feather decorations culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
boomerang (small) subsistence tool tyinypa unique type of boom. ?small Patrick McConvell
bottle botella garrafa acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
broom escoba vassoura culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
canoe canoa canoa transport missing Patrick McConvell
cat gato gato acculturation ngirrngiliny semantic shift Gajirrabeng type oF devil spiriT, cat Patrick McConvell
chicken gallina galinha acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
cicatrice culture-mythology kemerre inheritance Mir kamerreng Gaj kemerreng; not ordinary scar Patrick McConvell
clapsticks culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
clothing ropa roupa culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
club (nulla-nulla) subsistence tool missing pikurru-spearthrower Patrick McConvell
cook food food kert unique coverb Patrick McConvell
cook in earth oven food kungkun unique Patrick McConvell
corpse food missing Patrick McConvell
damper food missing Patrick McConvell
dipper (small coolamon) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
drone pipe culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
earth oven food yurnkurr inheritance Gaj. Coverb 'cook in ground overn' Patrick McConvell
fire-saw other missing Patrick McConvell
fireplace hogar lareira other marne inheritance fire Patrick McConvell
firewood leña lenha other marne inheritance marne Patrick McConvell
fish poison barbasco, matapez (Colombia) timbó subsistence tool malawany inheritance one of several species used for f.p. mawiya - poison in gneral Mir malawan river magngrove used as f.p. Patrick McConvell
fish (with fish-poison) pescar con barbasco, barbasquear pescar com timbó; tinguijar food missing Patrick McConvell
fish (with line) anzuelear, pescar con linea pescar (com linha) food missing Patrick McConvell
fish (with spear) food missing Patrick McConvell
fishtrap (permanent) subsistence tool mengerri unknown coverb 'trap fish' uncertain if stone or spinifex Gaj kerlkip trp with spinifex/grass Patrick McConvell
fishtrap (woven) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
flour (bush) food missing Patrick McConvell
flour (European) food missing Patrick McConvell
game animal caza, animal de caza caça, animal de caça food miyal loan Bunuba Bunuba miyha; could be inheritance if a Bnuban-Jarragan ancestor exists Patrick McConvell
glue subsistence tool kaaltyi semantic shift Gaj. kaltyeng 'white clay' Patrick McConvell
grave tumba, sepultura, sepulcro sepultura, sepulcro, cova culture-mythology missing grave for bones; <ngarpu 'father' + ? Patrick McConvell
grog food semantic shift < water, inheritance Patrick McConvell
gun arma, escopeta espingarda, fusil acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
hair belt dress kuta inheritance Gaj. kutang Patrick McConvell
hat sombero chapéu dress missing Patrick McConvell
healer curandero benzador, curandeiro, kumu (Tukano) culture-mythology parumanpeny inheritance Mir paramanpang Patrick McConvell
hunt cazar caçar food tyukpu inheritance Gaj. Tyukpany Mir.tyuk Patrick McConvell
initiation (circumcision) culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
initiation (subincision) culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
knife cuchillo faca culture-material parratykatyi inheritance <parraj 'cut' ; als kerrpithkatyi from kerrpity 'cut' complex Patrick McConvell
loincloth taparrabos, guayuco, pampanilla tanga, tapa-sexo dress missing Patrick McConvell
love song culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
mangrove raft transport missing Patrick McConvell
medicine narcotics missing Patrick McConvell
message stick culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
mortar mortero pilão subsistence tool kutu-kutu-kirriny inheritance grind-REDUP - thing.for complex Patrick McConvell
net subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
nosepeg other nanytyurru unknown kuriling in N.Jarragan Patrick McConvell
paddle/oar remo remo transport missing Patrick McConvell
ochre culture-mythology pate loan Ngarinyin red chre yellow o.kurntultyi; Ngar. patawate direction uncertain Patrick McConvell
pipe for tobacco pipa cachimbo other missing Patrick McConvell
policeman polícia policía acculturation mernmertkaliny inheritance tie (mert) REDUP AGENT complex Patrick McConvell
red paint culture-mythology pate loan Ngarinyin red chre yellow o.kurntultyi; Ngar. patawate direction uncertain Patrick McConvell
resin resina, brea, copal resina, brea, breu subsistence tool kaliwuny unknown kino, edible gum from bloodwoood etc. Patrick McConvell
school escuela escola acculturation missing Patrick McConvell
shelter (native) other missing Patrick McConvell
shoes zapatos sapatos dress missing Patrick McConvell
skirt falda, saya, fustan, pollera saia culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
spear (fishing) subsistence tool missing Patrick McConvell
spirit child culture-mythology missing Patrick McConvell
string (from hair) culture-material rarrim unknown hair strap for coolamonGaj. Rarring bellu unrel? Patrick McConvell
tobacco (native) narcotics pingkuntyi unknown Patrick McConvell
wax cera cera other tyurnukpi inheritance beeswax; Gaj. Mir, tyinuk Patrick McConvell
windbreak other missing Patrick McConvell
yandy (n) culture-material missing Patrick McConvell
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture ngerla-m inheritance Claire Bowern
thatch/roof crisneja palha, caraná culture-material X missing Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture kutu-kutu-kirriny unique Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool kanany inheritance Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture therrat unique Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture manja-ny inheritance Claire Bowern
boomerang/throwing stick (generic) subsistence tool paljarrangku-l unique Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool ngawal- inheritance Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool ngun k.o.s. loan Wardaman Claire Bowern
house other mayaru loan Marrngu Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
medium HG low mobile unknown