wax

Semantic Field
other
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cera
Meaning Portuguese
cera

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Nheengatu irawaçawa irawaʃawa unique Other complex ira 'honey' + çawa 'emphasis' See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani gẽjĩ-ka (IDS) bees wax unique Other complex gẽyĩ=honey; ka=?? See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï me'nau beeswax unique Also: me'nau Other complex bãilã 'honey' See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami puu nasi (beeswax) (MM07) puu nasi (beeswax) (MM07) unknown Derived puu na “bee,” -si some sort of classifier/derivation See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria mi suhti mi suhti bee wax unique Compound honey clothes/covering See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo vácoema vákoɛma beeswax unknown See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano mumi ɨ̂'ta (HR 97) mumi ɨ̂ʔta (HR 97) unique Compound bee excrement' See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Hup næ̌ŋ cak (beeswax) næ̌ŋ cak (beeswax) beeswax inheritance Compound bee climb? See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw nẽeg saák næ̃g ʃǎk inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani manixuxu, banaxuxu (beeswax) manixuxu, banaxuxu (beeswax) loan; unique Arawak mani 'resin' See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero bénθit unique from 'bee' See Language page Ana Paula B.
Pemon morompue (A1981); maitakiing (E1980) (for rubbing on fishing rods) morompue (A1981), maɪtakiŋ (E1980) inheritance; unknown Pemongan subgroup shared Akawaio Alternate:maɪtakiŋ (wax rubbed on fishing rods) See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio maidageng maɪdageŋ unknown Akawaio-Pemon shared Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi moronpɨ moronpɨ beeswax inheritance Pemongan subgroup See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa koropo; wanëpo kɔrɔpɔ; wanëpɔ (MM) unknown; unique Alternate: wanëpɔ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna pi'ijulaji piʔihulahi beeswax unknown Alternate: riʔihwí taɾaná; taɾanahi (earwax) Simplex -hi masculine/neuter gender marker See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana maˀbaiˀba maˀbaiˀba unique from 'bee' See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa -hinako-likomápʰe unique Derived hinako-lipo "ear," -mápʰe 'bee' See Language page Ana Paula B.
Yir-Yoront minmangn ironwood wax unique With +mangn, in several 'wax' terms The most frequently mentioned; other common types are ngurrmangn (beefwood), marrwarrn (sugarbag), purryimangn (pandanus), and there are several others from sugarbag. Barry Alpher
Bardi arraŋk unique Claire Bowern
Gumatj bu:nhdhu unique Claire Bowern
Djinang galanyan loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra galanyan loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu galanyin' unique Claire Bowern
Dhuwal gonydyu inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhay’yi gunydyu inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri karaly unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru karral loan Marrngu Claire Bowern
Yulparija manyal unique Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu marnrdatya inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta milirr unique Claire Bowern
Rembarrnga pirti unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma pulka inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala rlimirri loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Nyikina wara doubtful inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul wark inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru wark inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri limirri unknown spinifex wax. Also watyarn spinifex wax. Also watyarn Patrick McConvell
Mudburra tyikala loan direction unknown WW %tyikala Patrick McConvell
Jaru watyan inheritance Patrick McConvell
Gurindji tyikala loan Jingulu perhaps proto beeswax WW %tyikala perhaps proto beeswax Patrick McConvell
Bunuba kantiy unknown spinifex wax Patrick McConvell
Gajirrabeng katyarrang loan Gajirrabeng beeswax; also penekin WW %katyarrang beeswax Patrick McConvell
Djapu gu:nydyu inheritance Claire Bowern
Jingulu tyikala loan direction unknown plant/ear wax; parnmi beeswax; kirnima spinifex wax WW %tyikala Patrick McConvell
Miriwung talang inheritance beeswax; also kankarrng;semantic change? Kija tarla wax lid in beehive WW %tarla Patrick McConvell
Wardaman gatyarrang missing Gajirrabeng beeswax;also penekin 'wax' WW %katyarrang Patrick McConvell
Kija tyurnukpi inheritance beeswax; Gaj. Mir, tyinuk Patrick McConvell
Yavitero maha-c̷ia 'bee-excrement' maha-tsia 'bee-excrement' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá i'yapi (beeswax; R73) i'japi (beeswax; R73) unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Apalai moronapu moronapu inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana wanë molopin wanǝ molopin inheritance See Language page PLE
Carijona akira (M2000) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó (j)orontï (j)orontɨ unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Yukpa vanomapúchare (vano 'honey') βanomapúʃare (vano 'honey') See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Northern Emberá kãdo'r̃ona 'beeswax' (IDS) kãdo'r̃ona 'beeswax' (IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán tuño tuño phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra kidoora (also 'honey') kidoora unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez čhiʔdʸ [sela] čhiʔdʸ [sela] See Language page Daniel Valle
Pumé ẽ ĩbu 'beeswax' See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave am yak-ot (am=bee) am yak-ot (am=bee) unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar míkia (beeswax) míkia (beeswax) See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa napa nujiri (beeswax) napa nuhiri See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna nuhi (beeswax) nuhi (beeswax) inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses shubu (beeswax) ʃubu (beeswax) unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua jũtũ 'wax', quisiñapa 'beeswax' xũtũ 'wax', kisiɲapa 'beeswax' unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua mapa 'beehive' (cf. Arawak 'bee') mapa 'beehive' See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua mapa 'beeswax' mapa 'beeswax' See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano mapa 'beeswax' (CP94) mapa 'beeswax' See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Sáliva mite mite unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Koreguaje maja 'resin, beeswax' maxa 'resin, beeswax' loan (into protolg?) Quechua/Arawak? See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona mãhã mãhã loan (into protolg?) Quechua/Arawak? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Karitiana oky okɨ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama mapa-uka mapa-uka unique from loan 'bee' See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɛila-tɨkɛ ('honey-scrap') ɛila-tɨkɛ ('honey-scrap') inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó irao rɨmitãˌ tɨmitã (bee wax) irao rɨmitãˌ tɨmitã (bee wax) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Murui Witoto cɨicɨ (beeswax) kɯikɯ (beeswax, B83) unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Záparo tupaka tupaka See Language page Becky Walker
Ese Ejja/Huarayo wini taʔa wini taʔa See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña wini (G71) wini (G71) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá nũtynũ, nũtyrɛ nũtynũ, nũtyrɛ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima chuidimba (J62) tʃuidimba See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang neɲ (beeswax; IDS) neɲ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi benĩka (beeswax) benĩka (beeswax) See Language page PLE