chew

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
masticar, mascar
Meaning Portuguese
mastigar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Cahuilla -mish inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok chi/w:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno axtatan unknown Ono 1996:29 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno aq-lamlam “to chew” unknown A 6 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno hime unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno aqsk'ysy “mascar bien” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa smnyay “chew food” inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche kytsYkwetY unique Jane Hill
Cupeño sakom-in [sakomin] unknown Jane Hill
Gabrielino pera: inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa chuuhwar [tʃuˑ˅ˈxʷar] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu kocogo7o- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7kway/-nya7 "with molars" inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kaci7 unknown Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ju/ute unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño me:cha~i- unknown Jane Hill
Maidu c'awa/j unknown Jane Hill
Mojave chamunye= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun Tikka unknown ? Jane Hill
Nisenan w2l2k unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute ky7waja unique Nichols 1974:165 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok ciwa:T-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok wika:j-y- unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A *(k)itpetmak (S) “bite, chew” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ccaao unknown Jane Hill
Serrano qa:c unknown Jane Hill
Southern Paiute tcogw7ai- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7awa:l- unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute kYchog'wa inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ahaaych-at inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone kyttsohi unknown Jane Hill
Wappo nahc'o/l'si7 unknown Jane Hill
Washo mU i/:k'yl Vt “to chew” unknown J? Jane Hill
Western Mono ky/tsoho- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu c'uka: inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai chmnya/yi inheritance Jane Hill
Yuki sha,y, shoy loan S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma canye/7 H4:22 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa ñhakóta ɲhakóta inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Cubeo jãjʉñʉ xãxɨjɨ unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw aw’ Ɂaw' inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano bahga-ri baʔga-ɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -ompa-n (IDS) -ompa-n (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï kwa'lɨte'ta unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani kapo kapo kæ̃ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup y’aw’- j’aw’- inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi yapo (IDS) yapo (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Ninam watɨtha, wašika (EM72) watɨtʰa, waʃika inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki naquiyi nakiji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon apo, chakauchakauma (A1981) apo, tʃakautʃakauma (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro chakó?-khú chakóʔ-kʰú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá wãšika (EM72) wãʃika inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana pañhanipe pañhanipe unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano jaʔgé jaʔgé inheritance Branch 2, E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria yahcara (Waltz) jahkaɾa (Waltz) inheritance Branch 2, E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam watika, waški watika, waʃki inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami oaɨ oaɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna ajma'akaje (=bite) ahmaʔakahe (=bite) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Arabana [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Bardi -lungguma- -lungkuma- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba minjala doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Burarra jilamja unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Diyari mandatarita inheritance? Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng jang inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngulynguly paya- unique Claire Bowern
Jaru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Karajarri japal punya ngujilakuny (2) loan Yawuru Claire Bowern
Kija X inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala janjunarri (1) inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung jangool inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra nyanyambi Claire Bowern
Mudburra jabardkarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma bilya(-lgu) unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl kabboo <kabboo> semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru djaŋ jaŋ inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta japaly pini (V3) inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta japaly pini (V3) loan Walmajarri Claire Bowern
Nyikina juny juny; jang juny juny; jang inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul djaŋ jaŋ inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi manda- inheritance? Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu X missing Claire Bowern
Walmajarri janga- loan Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Wubuy gard inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawuru djaŋ jaŋ inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua jámuederi jámuederi unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco amíadaca amíadaka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero jlámua hlámua See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana šumaɨa-n šumaɨa-n unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi nisakoatya nisakoatya unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure hik- hik- unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá kaluluka kaluluka unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora dɨmájco (T98) tɨmáxkʰo unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane désácuhi (W97) désákuʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio abö a'bö inheritance Venezuelan See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Wayana apo apo inheritance See Language page PLE
Mapoyo -ya'ma-ri -ja'ma-ri See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai amčikɨ-ra amčikɨ-ra inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa satpu, soko, sostopa, tisai See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca bgyiasuca βγɨiasuka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá kaéi, káedha kaéi, káedha See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan tsatsakó-ja, tsatsakó-pe tsatsakó-ja, tsatsakó-pe unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tse´tseye tsɛʔtsɛjɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra kamĭmaama kamĭmaama unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez pequi peki See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2na3wa3-5 (A58) nanawa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke -ba'i -baʔi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé hura See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-hɨi + uk] hɨi + uk unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar naúrtin, nawáatin naurtin, nawa:tin See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa nawatsa nawatsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna daút, kajít daut, kaxit unique; unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses namiua, quiad namiua, kiad unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo naka-; tao- naka-; tao- inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua sumutuy su:mutuj unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua mucuna mukuna See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kastui kastui See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua mucuna mukuna See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kachuy katʃuj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ćE'ɨh s'æɁɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Carapana bacurique bakuɾike See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna bague-re bague-ɾe inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Siriano baagá-ri baagá-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca dyãʔ'kĩ ri'ka ʎãʔ'kĩ ri'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje me'namʉ meʔnamʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona sanquiji sankihi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Wayampi -suʔu -suʔu semantic shift bite See Language page PLE
Sirionó i̯kʸa; ši̯ĩ̯ i̯kʸa; ši̯ĩ̯ unknown; semantic shift bite See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina faaan; borojo ɸããã; boroho unique; unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Murui Witoto aɨde, aɨrite aɯdɛ, aɯritɛ (B83) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito asajuutaani, saquɨɨni (used specifically for chewing manioc), itipiini (also used specifically for chewing manioc) asawutaani, sakɨɨni, itipiini (last two used specifically for chewing manioc) inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo atsanu (comida), sak+hawnu (cualquier cosa) atsanu (comida), sakɨhawnu (cualquier cosa) See Language page Becky Walker
Wari quio (E&K97) kio (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo ixia-paša-kwe ixia-paša-kwe See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña nako-ya; koro- nako-ya; koro- unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara q´awiña kʰistʰu-ɲa See Language page PLE
Kwazá ja- ja- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɗon-ka-ɓa-na ɗon-ka-ɓa-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai maptsʔapa maptsʔapa unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kajẽ kayɛ̃ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi pa pa See Language page PLE