Malyangapa

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
yga
Location
-30.57°, 140.70°
Notes
Features
Basic Vocabulary
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Cultural Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Basic Vocabulary (186)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By
1pl.excl nosotros (exclusivo) nós (exclusivo) grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
1pl.incl nosotros (inclusivo) nós (inclusivo) grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
1sg yo eu grammar upa unique Claire Bowern
2pl ustedes vocês grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
2sg xx xx grammar imba inheritance Claire Bowern
3pl ellos/ellas eles/elas grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
3sg el/ella ele/ela grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
above encima, arriba acima location [missing] missing Claire Bowern
again de nuevo, otra vez de novo grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
all todo todos other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
and y e grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
ankle tobillo tornozelo body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
armpit axila, sobaco axila body kapuru doubtful loan Karnic Claire Bowern
ashamed xx xx mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
ashes xx xx environment 3179 loan Arabana? Claire Bowern
at en, a em, a location [missing] missing Claire Bowern
back espalda costas body Mal: tharna, inheritance Claire Bowern
bad mal mal quality wanju inheritance Claire Bowern
be alive xx xx body Mal: thipi loan Karnic Claire Bowern
belly barriga barriga body koontoo doubtful loan Paakintyi Claire Bowern
below abajo, debajo abaixo location wirinungka unique Claire Bowern
big grande grande quality parooro inheritance Claire Bowern
bite morder morder body thatja- inheritance Claire Bowern
black negro preto colour maRukatha loan Claire Bowern
blood sangre sangue body karti unique Claire Bowern
blow soplar soprar body Mal: karlka- unique Claire Bowern
blunt xx xx quality Mal: manturru unique Claire Bowern
bone hueso osso body pirna semantic shift Claire Bowern
boomerang xx xx manufacture Mal: pintarra unique Claire Bowern
breast pecho, seno peito body ama inheritance Claire Bowern
breathe respirar respirar body Mal: ngangka- loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
burn quemar queimar environment thingka- unique Claire Bowern
chew masticar, mascar mastigar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
child niño, niña criança human Mal: kuwa inheritance? Claire Bowern
climb subir subir motion kutja- unique Claire Bowern
cloud nube nuvem environment Mal: thalaRa loan Claire Bowern
cold frío frio quality Mal: mantha inheritance? Claire Bowern
come venir vir motion kaba unique Claire Bowern
cook cocinar cozinhar impact Mal: marrpa- loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
count contar contar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
cry llorar chorar mental thumi- unique Claire Bowern
cut xx xx impact Mal: thathi- unique Claire Bowern
die/be dead morir morrer state Mal: pali- inheritance Claire Bowern
dig cavar cavar impact Mal: pika- inheritance? Claire Bowern
dingo/wolf fauna Mal: wilka loan Claire Bowern
dirty sucio sujo quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
dream soñar sonhar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
drink beber, tomar beber body wechana loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
dry seco seco quality Mal: punha unique Claire Bowern
dust polvo poeira environment Mal: thukurru unique Claire Bowern
ear oreja orelha body ure inheritance Claire Bowern
earth/soil tierra terra environment Mal: nhati loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
eat comer comer body thala- inheritance? Claire Bowern
egg huevo ovo fauna kapi inheritance? Claire Bowern
eye ojo olho body mee-ee inheritance? Claire Bowern
faeces heces, mierda, excremento, estiércol fezes body koorna inheritance Claire Bowern
fall caer cair motion purdi- doubtful loan Claire Bowern
far lejos longe quality wagura unique Claire Bowern
fat/grease grasa gordura body marni doubtful loan Claire Bowern
father padre, papá pai kinship kumbidgi inheritance Claire Bowern
fear miedo medo mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
feather pluma pena fauna [missing] missing Claire Bowern
fire fuego fogo environment kal:a \ kadla inheritance Claire Bowern
fish xx xx fauna (none) inheritance Claire Bowern
flow fluir fluir motion Mal: ngaka- loan Claire Bowern
flower flor flor environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
fly volar voar motion Mal: yulparu unique Claire Bowern
fog niebla, neblina nevoeira, bruma, neblina environment [missing] missing Claire Bowern
foot pie body tina inheritance Claire Bowern
fruit fruta fruta flora Mal: manhu loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
good bueno bom quality Mal: mingku unique Claire Bowern
grow crecer crescer state Mal: thanta- loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
hair (of head) cabello cabelo body paparla puntju inheritance Claire Bowern
hand mano mão body murra inheritance Claire Bowern
head cabeza cabeça body kakaminta unique Claire Bowern
hear oír ouvir mental ngaRa- inheritance Claire Bowern
heavy pesado pesado quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
hide esconder esconder motion [missing] missing Claire Bowern
hit golpear, pegar bater impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
hit (with hand) xx xx impact Mal: punta- inheritance Claire Bowern
hold correr, asegurar, sostener segurar other Mal: yaka- unique Claire Bowern
how? como como grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
if si se grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
in/inside dentro, adentro dentro location [missing] missing Claire Bowern
intestines intestinos intestinos body koomowa unique Claire Bowern
itch hormiguear, sentir comezón coçar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
kill matar matar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
know/be knowledgeable saber, conecer saber, conhecer mental Mal: thilkata- unique Claire Bowern
lake lago lago environment Mal: malja unique Claire Bowern
laugh reír rir mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
leaf hoja folha environment paka doubtful loan Claire Bowern
left/left hand izquierdo esquerdo location/body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
leg/foot pierna perna body Mal: mangka, unique Claire Bowern
lie down acostarse, echarse deitar motion Mal: ngurna- inheritance Claire Bowern
lightning rayo, relámpago relampago environment Mal: pirndi loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
liver hígado figado body thangka loan Thura-Yura Claire Bowern
long largo comprido, longo quality palurru loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
louse piollo, piojo piolho fauna [missing] missing Claire Bowern
lung pulmón pulmão body yarka inheritance Claire Bowern
man/male hombre homem human ŋura loan Claire Bowern
meat/flesh carne carne fauna wanga loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
moon luna lua environment Mal: patju loan Kulin? Claire Bowern
mother madre, mamá mãe kinship ŋamana inheritance Claire Bowern
mouth boca boca body yalla inheritance Claire Bowern
name nombre nome human mitji doubtful loan Claire Bowern
nape base del cuello, nuca nuca body ngundi inheritance Claire Bowern
near/close cerca de perto quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
neck cuello pescoço body burnba Claire Bowern
new nuevo novo quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
night noche noite time tonka unique Claire Bowern
no/not no não grammar Mal: kurri unique Claire Bowern
nose nariz nariz body mindi loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
old viejo velho quality karrukarru loan Claire Bowern
one uno um number Mal: kula inheritance Claire Bowern
open/uncover abrir abrir other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
other otro outro grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
person/human being persona pessoa human ŋura unique Claire Bowern
pimple xx xx body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
rain lluvia chuva environment Mal: kurlpi' unique Claire Bowern
red rojo vermelho colour Mal: parkarditjulu unique Claire Bowern
right/right hand derecha direita location/body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
road/path camino caminho manufacture Mal: parlkarra unique Claire Bowern
roof xx xx manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
root raíz raiz flora Mal: palkarra loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
rotten podrido podre quality thungka loan Claire Bowern
sand arena areia environment Mal: pamparra unique Claire Bowern
say decir dizer mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
scratch rascar rasgar impact Mal: mira- loan Karnic Claire Bowern
see ver ver mental pome loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
sharp afilado, filudo, filoso afiado quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
shoot tirar, disparar, balear atirar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
short corto curto quality murta loan Claire Bowern
shoulder hombro ombro body Mal: winka loan Claire Bowern
sick xx xx body Mal: nguntja unique Claire Bowern
sit sentar(se) sentar state ninga inheritance Claire Bowern
skin piel pele body Mal: wapi- unique Claire Bowern
sky cielo céu environment ngayiri loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
sleep dormir dormir body boompopa unique Claire Bowern
small pequeño pequeno quality pumpatha unique Claire Bowern
smell (tr/intr) xx xx body pupitja- loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
smoke humo fumaça environment porndo loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
spit escupir cuspir body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
split partir, dividir rachar, dividir, partir impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
squeeze estrujar, exprimir espremer impact Mal: ngupu- unique Claire Bowern
stab/pierce apuñalar, acuchillar apunhalar impact [missing] missing Claire Bowern
stand estar de pié ficar em pé state [missing] missing Claire Bowern
star estrella estrela environment pul:i inheritance? Claire Bowern
steal robar roubar other Mal: thingma- unique Claire Bowern
stone piedra pedra environment yarnda loan Claire Bowern
suck chupar chupar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
sun sol sol time yako loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
sweat sudar suor, suar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
swell hincharse inchar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
swim nadar nadar motion Mal: kurrka- unique Claire Bowern
tail cola, rabo rabo body kurni loan Claire Bowern
that ese/esa esse grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
thick grueso, gordo, espeso grosso quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
thin delgado fino quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
think pensar pensar mental [missing] missing Claire Bowern
this este/esta este grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
three tres tres number Mal: paRulkuRu unique Claire Bowern
throat garganta garganta body yuni inheritance Claire Bowern
throw tirar, lanzar atirar, jogar impact Mal: purkata unique Claire Bowern
thunder truenos trovão environment pirndi loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
tie up/fasten atar, amarrar amarrar impact Mal: karluta- unique Claire Bowern
tongue lengua lingua body taia palpa y tharliji inheritance Claire Bowern
tooth diente dente body thiya inheritance Claire Bowern
true xx xx quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
turn girar, volter, torcer virar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
two dos dois number barcoolo loan Karnic Claire Bowern
vomit vomitar vomitar body murulta- inheritance Claire Bowern
walk caminar, andar andar motion parapoo unique Claire Bowern
water agua agua environment nocho inheritance Claire Bowern
wet mojado molhado quality [missing] missing Claire Bowern
what? que, qué que grammar minha inheritance Claire Bowern
when? cuando quando grammar Mal: wintju inheritance Claire Bowern
where? donde onde grammar wanta inheritance Claire Bowern
white blanco branco colour Mal: patjarka unique Claire Bowern
who? quien, quién quem grammar [missing] missing Claire Bowern
wife esposa esposa kinship kumpaka inheritance Claire Bowern
wind viento vento environment pardi unique Claire Bowern
wing ala asa body Mal: wilparru unique Claire Bowern
woman/female mujer mulher human walka inheritance Claire Bowern
work trabajar trabalhar other [missing] missing Claire Bowern
yawn bostezar bocejar body [missing] missing Claire Bowern
yellow amarillo amarelo colour Mal: pilthi loan direction unknown Claire Bowern


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (9)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna thulu inheritance Claire Bowern
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Mal: kathu semantic shift Claire Bowern
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna Mal: yurli inheritance? Claire Bowern
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna [missing] missing Claire Bowern
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna kun:u semantic shift Claire Bowern
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna Mal: muthu loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Mal: tharlda loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna thurru inheritance Claire Bowern
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Mal: thipi-thipi unique Claire Bowern


Cultural Vocabulary (8)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
rope/string mecate, cuerda, soga corda culture Mal: parlka loan Claire Bowern
bottom grinding stone manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
digging stick subsistence tool Mal: withawitha unique Claire Bowern
winnow aventar, tirar (sementes) joeirar manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
top grinding stone metate, mano; piedra de moler metate, mano manufacture [missing] missing Claire Bowern
spearthrower subsistence tool Mal: thardu-pira unique Claire Bowern
spear lanza lança subsistence tool kalkurru inheritance Claire Bowern
house other [missing] missing Claire Bowern


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
small HG low mobile yes